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HOOD BELEAGUERS THOMAS IN NASIIVILLE. 683 Forrest had followed sharply since | of a full sixth, not of its numbers, daylight, but to no purpose.
but of its effective force-a loss Our loss in this sanguinary en- which it had no means of replacing. counter was officially reported at 189 killed, 1,033 wounded (including Hitherto, Thomas had resisted very Maj.-Gen. D. S. Stanley, severely), and considerable odds; but, when Hood 1,104 missing (many of these doubt- sat down" before Nashville, the case less wounded also, and nearly all was bravely altered. The Rebel captured): total, 2,326. Not a gun army had by this time been reduced, was left behind in our retreat. by the casualties and hardships of an
Gen. Thomas reports the Rebel loss offensive and unscasonable campaign, in this struggle at 1,750 killed, 3,800 to 40,000 at most; A. J. Smith's wounded, and 702 prisoners : total, command, transported from Missouri 6,252.
on steamboats, had just arrived," and Hood, in a conversational account been posted on our right; while Gen. of the battle, says:
Steedman, with 5,000 of Sherman's
| men and a Black brigade, bad como " The struggle lasted till near midnight; when the enemy abandoned his works and up by rail from Chattanooga. Add crossed the river, leaving his dead and his the garrison of Nashville, and a divi. wounded in our possession. Never did troops fight more gallantly. During the
sion organized from the employés day, I was restrained from using my artil- of the quartermaster's, commissary's, lery, on account of the women and children and railroad departments, now workremaining in the town. At night, it was massed, ready to continue the action in the ing diligently on the defenses, and it morning; but the enemy retired. We cap- was clear that Thomas's infantry outtured about a thousand prisoners, and sev
numbered that which affected to beeral stands of colors. Our total loss, in killed, wounded, and prisoners, was 4,500. siege him, in a city which had already Among the killed were Maj.-Gen. P. R.
been extensively fortified. Still, he Cleburne, Brig.-Gens. Gist, John Adams, Strahl, and Granbury. Maj.-Gen. Brown,
was so deficient in cavalry that he with Brig.-Gens. Carter, Manigault, Quarles, paused to mount a few thousand men Cockrell, and Scott, were wounded, and hofone shollonging the enemy too
before challenging the enemy to a Brig.-Gen. Gordon captured. The number of dead left by the enemy on the field indi- decisive conflict. This perplexed Gen. cated that his loss was equal to or near our Grant; who, chafing at the idea of own. The next morning at daylight-the wounded being cared for and the dead such a display of Rebel audacity in buried—we moved forward toward Nash- the heart of Tennessee, had left his ville : Forrest with his cavalry pursuing the camp on the James and reached enemy vigorously."
| Washington on his way westward, The loss of Pat. Cleburne—the when he was met by telegraphic reStonewall Jackson of the West'— ports which convinced him that his would of itself have been a Rebel Tennessee lieutenant, like Sheridan, disaster. He was an Irishman by needed no supervision. birth, who had served as a private in Thomas, reluctant to relax his hold the British army; and who left be on the railroad to Chattanooga, had hind him no superior as a rough and left Gen. Rousseau, with 8,000 men, ready fighter. By the carnage of in Fortress Rosecrans, at Murfreesthis day, Hood's army was depleted boro': the railroad being further de18 Dec. 2.
10 Nov. 30-Dec, 1.
fended by a block-house at Overalls | Morning broke" auspiciously. The creek, five miles north, which was at- weather was still mild, and a dense tacked" by Bate's division of Cheat- fog, lasting till near noon, concealed ham's corps, but firmly held till Gen. our movements. Gen. A. J. Smith, Milroy, with three or four regiments, with his thinned corps, with Wilcame out from Murfreesboro', and re- son's cavalry on his right, now moved pelled the assailants. During the out on the Hardin pike, to flank the next three days, a division of Lee's left of the enemy's infantry; while corps and 2,500 of Forrest's cavalry Johnson's cavalry division, advancröenforced Bate, and Fortress Rose-ing on the Charlotte pike, struck at crans was threatened, but not really Chalmers's cavalry on that wing and assaulted; Buford's cavalry finally a Rebel battery, posted at Bell's land. shelling and charging" into Mur- ing on the Cumberland, which he freesboro', but being promptly driven attacked late that afternoon, in conout by a regiment of infantry. The junction with our gunboats under Rebel cavalry moved hence north to Lt.-Com'r Fitch. They did not carry Lebanon, and threatened to cross the it; but it was evacuated during the Cumberland, but found it patroled by ensuing night. gunboats and drew off. Gen. Milroy, Hatch's division of Wilson's car. being this day sent out from Mur- alry first struck the enemy; driving freesboro' with 7 regiments of infan- him from his position, and taking try, attacked the Rebels on the Wil prisoners and wagons. Swinging keson pike, driving them and taking slightly to the left, Hatch, dismount207 prisoners, with 2 guns; losing ing his men, assaulted and carried a 30 killed and 175 wounded. redonbt, taking four guns, and turn
Hood had established " his lines ing them on their late possessors. A south of Nashville, with his salient on second stronger redoubt was soon Montgomery hill, opposite our center, reached; and this, too, was carried : and but 600 yards distant. Wilson, the spoils being four more guns and with cavalry, was across the river at 300 prisoners. McArthur's division Gallatin, watching for raiders from of Smith's infantry, closing on the Forrest's command. And now en- left of the cavalry, cooperated in sued a week of severe cold, wherein these assaults, so far as the impetuous both armies were nearly torpid : the charges of the cavalry allowed them Rebels, worse clad and more ex a chance to do so. posed, probably suffering more sensi- The 4th corps, Gen. T. J. Wood bly. When at length the temperature commanding (because of Stanley's softened," Thomas issued orders for a wound), had moved parallel with general advance on our right next Smith, closing on his left, and had day; to cover which, Gen. Steedman, also, about 1 P. M., assaulted Monton our left, sharply and successfully gomery hill: the assault being imattacked the enemy's right that even-mediately delivered by Col. Sidney ing: pushing it back toward Hood's P. Post, 59th Illinois, with the 3d center, and causing a movement from brigade of the 2d (Wagner's) divithat center to its support.
sion, who gallantly carried the work, 90 Dec. 4.
31 Dec. 8. * Dec, 4. » Dec. 14. 94 Dec. 15.
taking some prisoners. And now, before night. Steedman had gained giving a hand to Smith's left, Wood's a little more ground on our extreme corps resumed its advance; carrying left. And now our line was röadby assault Hood's entire line of de- justed: Wilson's cavalry on our exfenses, taking several guns and 500 treme right; Schofield next; then prisoners, and forcing the enemy Smith in the center, with Wood on back to a new position at the foot of his left; Steedman still farther in Harpeth hills.
that direction, but less advanced. Schofield, meantime, had been sent The day's work had given us 16 up on Smith's right, so as to enable guns, 1,200 prisoners, many small our cavalry to operate freely on the arms, and 40 wagons; while our enemy's flank and rear; and, moving losses had been light. Never had rapidly, had come into action just men fought with more alacrity or
Wood's left suns, and m
; while Smith
greater steadiness than those who now swept over the enemy's works in lay down on their arms, prepared to their front; Wilson's troopers, disfinish their work on the morrow. mounted, charging still farther to the
The second day opened with an right, and barring all retreat by the advance by Wood, pushing back the Granny White pike. And now, enemy's skirmishers eastward across hearing the shouts of victory on our the Franklin pike, and then, inclin-right, Wood's and Steedman's corps ing to the right, moving due south renewed the assault on Overton's from Nashville till he confronted hill, and, though they encountered a Hood's new line of defenses on heavy fire, swept all before them. Overton's liill, five miles from the The routed Rebels fled through the city. Hereupon, Gen. Steedman, Brentwood pass, leaving most of their pushing rapidly down the Nolens- guns, and many of their comrades as ville pike, closed in on Wood's left prisoners. flank ; while Smith came in on Wilson instantly mounted Knipe's Wood's right; Schofield, facing east. and Hatch's divisions of cavalry, ward, threatened the enemy's left and pushed them down the Granny flank; and Wilson, still farther to White pike, hoping to reach Franklin the right, and more advanced, gained ahead of the fugitive host, and bar the Rebel rear-reaching across the their farther flight; but, after proGranny White pike, and threatening ceeding a mile, he found a barricade to cut them off from any line of across the road, and the enemy's retreat on Franklin. And now, cavalry under Chalmers behind it. while this movement against his Col. Spalding, 12th Tennessee cav. rear was prosecuted, our entire front alry, charged and carried the posiadvanced till within 600 yards of tion, scattering the enemy, and taking the enemy; and, at 3 P. M., Post's some prisoners, including Gen. E. brigade, supported by Streight's, W. Rucker ; but it was now too late was directed by Wood to assault to reach Franklin that night, and Overton's hill in front; while Col. our men lay down on their arms, Morgan's Black brigade was im- while the enemy pursued their dispelled by Steedman against it far- orderly flight. ther to our left.
In this two days' battle, Thomas The assault was duly made; but had taken 4,462 prisoners, including the enemy had seen all the prepara- 287 officers (one of them a Majortions for it, had concentrated accord- General), 53 guns, and many small ingly, and now received it with such arms. Hood's invasion had been suda storm of grape, canister, and mus- denly finished, and his army utterly ketry, as our men charged over demoralized. abatis up the hill, that they were Our cavalry followed closely next driven back, terribly cut up-Col. day; Knipe's division riding over a Post being among the wounded. But rear-guard that had been posted the survivors were promptly rëformed at Hollow Tree gap, 4 miles north by Wood, and his front restored ; of Franklin; taking 413 prisoners. while Smith's and Schofield's men, Pressing on after the fugitives, Wilinstantly charging on our right, son found them again facing him in
HOOD CHASED OUT OF TENNESSEE.
687 Franklin, attempting to defend the suit was continued to Lexington," crossing of Harpeth river; but John- Ala.; when, learning that Hood had son's division, which had been sent got across the Tennessee at Baindown the Hillsboro' pike, now came bridge, Thomas ordered a halt; Gen. up from the south and struck the Steedman having already been sent enemy's rear, forcing him to decamp; from Franklin across to Murfreesleaving 1,800 of his wounded and boro', and thence by rail to Steven200 of purs in hospital here to fall son, where was Gen. Granger, with into Wilson's hands.
the former garrisons of Huntsville, Four miles south of Franklin, an- Athens (Ala.), and Decatur, with other stand was made by the enemy's directions to réoccupy our former rear-guard; but Wilson ordered his posts in north Alabama, then cross body-guard (4th regular cavalry) to the Tennessee and threaten the enecharge through their center, while my's railroad communications. The Knipe and Hatch pressed their flanks; reached Decatur on the 27th ; only and again they were routed and scat- to learn that Hood was already so tered, losing more guns. Night now far advanced that operations south closed in, and enabled most of the of the Tennessee would be useless. fugitives to escape.
Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee had been The pursuit was kept up for seve- requested by Thomas to send all the ral days; but rain fell almost inces- gunboats he could spare up the Tensantly; the country was flooded; nessee to head off Hood; and had the brooks were raging rivers ; the done so; but, though he reached fleeing enemy of course burned Chickasaw, Miss., on the 24th, dethe bridges after crossing them; stroying there a Rebel battery, and Thomas's pontoon train was away capturing 2 guns at Florence, he did with Sherman; and the roads were not intercept Hood. hardly passable in the rear of the flee- While Hood invested Nashville, he ing foe. Thus the Harpeth, Ruther- sent 800 cavalry, with 2 guns, under ford's creek, and Duck river, were Brig.-Gen. Lyon, by our right across crossed; the weather at length chang- the Cumberland to break up the ing from dreary, pelting rain to bit- Louisville railroad in Thomas's rear. ter cold; Forrest—who had been ab- Lyon was manifestly too weak to sent on a raid when our army pushed effect any thing of importance. He out from the defenses of Nashville— took Hopkinsville, Ky., and was soon rejoining Hood at Columbia, and afterward attacked, near Greensburg, forming a rear-guard of 4,000 infan- by Lagrange's brigade, and worsted; try under Walthall, and all his caval- losing one of his guns and some prisry that was still effective. With this, oners; hurrying thence, sharply purafter leaving Pulaski," he turned sued, by Elizabethtown and Glasgow sharply on our leading brigade of to Burkesville, where he rëcrossed cavalry (Harrison's) and captured a the Cumberland, and raced southgun, which was carried off, though ward by McMinnville and Winchesthe ground on which it was lost was ter, Tenn., to Larkinsville, Alabama; almost instantly recovered. The pur- thence moving east and attacking" 3 Dec. 25.
26 Dec. 28.
* Jan. 10, 1865.