« 上一頁繼續 »
THE REBEL ATTACK AT PITTSBURG LANDING.
maining brigades, edo for a time;
Shed it back taller Rebel forts and
under Gen. John C. Breckinridge, still alive, when we recovered those closely following. This order, how- tents next evening. ever, was soon sacrificed to the exi- | Thus was Prentiss's division routed gencies of the contest.
before it had time to form in line of Rumors of a Rebel advance, and battle; and Hildebrand's brigade, the capture of some of our officers on Sherman's right, was demolished thereby, had reached our camps on with equal expedition, in spite of Friday;" and an Obio brigade had Sherman's best exertions. His efbeen sent out to reconnoiter, which forts and influence, backed by the had a brush with a smaller Rebel most reckless self-exposure, held his force, and pushed it back to a battery remaining brigades, under Buckland which was found in position near our and McDowell, steady for a time; lines. Gen. Lew. Wallace's division but these were soon compelled to was thereupon ordered out, and ad-fall back behind the next ravine, vanced to Adamsville, on the road to leaving their camps, with all their Purdy; but, meeting no opponent, tents and tent equipage, to the enemy. after passing a night in drenching McClernand's division, comprising rain, it returned to its camp. On 10 regiments and 4 batteries, had Saturday, there was firing along our been astonished with the rest, but front, which ought to have incited not yet directly assailed. Moving inquiry, if not alarm, but did not up, at 7 a. M., to the support of Sher
As day broke, our pickets in man, it found his division mostly Prentiss's front came rushing into gone or going; its best officers killed camp, barely in advance of the pursu- or wounded, its batteries either caping Rebels, whose shells were tearing tured or badly cut up. Buckland's through our tents a moment after- brigade, which had gone after Hildeward. Some of our men were dress- brand's, forming our extreme right ing; others washing or cooking; a on the front, had fallen back to avoid few eating their breakfasts; many, certain destruction. To all practical especially officers, had not yet risen. intents, and in spite of its leader's The next instant, magnificent lines desperate and untiring exertions, of battle poured out of the woods in Sherman's division was out of the front of our camps, and at double- fight by 8 o'clock that ominous mornquick rushed in upon our bewildered, ing. It seemed a miracle that their half-dressed, and not yet half-formed commander, always in the hottest of men, firing deadly volleys at close the Rebel fire, escaped with a single range, then springing upon the help musket-ball through his hand. less, coatless, musketless mob with Prentiss formed his division as the bayonet. Some fell as they ran; quickly as possible, and not far in others as they emerged from their the rear of their camps, where his tents, or as they strove to buckle on men faced to the front and fought their accouterments; some tried to stubbornly for a time; but they had surrender; but the Rebels could not been strangely drawn up in an open stop then to take prisoners. Some field, leaving to the enemy the cover of these were found, though disabled, of a dense scrub-oak thicket in our 59 April 4.
60 On Sunday, April 6.
they ran; the reared to th
Koplanations. A Positions of Maj.-Gen. Grant's forces on the morning 10 Positions of Grant and Buell on the morning of of April 6th.
D Positions of Grant and Buell on the evening of B Positions of Grant, with the divisions of Nelson and
April 7th. Crittenden, on the evening of April 6th.
E Reserve Artillery.
front, whence they could pour volley portion of his command; and by 10 after volley in comparative security. o'clock it had been virtually demolSoon, our men were flanked on either ished. Prentiss himself, with three side, and fell back, perceiving that regiments, held an unassailed posithey were squandering their lives to tion until, having long since become no purpose. Thus the division lost completely surrounded, he was finally all coherence and efficiency; its lead- obliged to surrender;" when over er became separated from a large 2,000 of our men in one body were
61 This did not occur till about 4 P. M.; but he line of battle, the Rebels having flanked and had long before ceased to form a part of our | passed on beyond him.
PRENTISS CAPTURED- MOCLERNAND WORSTED.
leys of muskean pouring in shard vol.
McClernand for a while
hurried to the Rebel rear as prisoners, 1 grape, and the next rushed across the and soon started on the road to creek and began pouring in sharp volCorinth.
leys of musketry, while the Rebel batMcClernand for a while stood firm ; teries, firing over the heads of their but the defection of Sherman's divi- infantry, soon made our position unsion on one side, and Prentiss's on tenable. Stuart fell back to the next the other, left the Rebels free to ridge; and, finding the Rebels who hurl themselves against him in tre- had followed Prentiss beginning to mendous force. Two green regi- come in on his right, sent to Gen. ments, the 15th and 16th Iowa, which W.H. L.Wallace for assistance. Gen. he now brought to the front under McArthur's brigade was promptly a heavy fire, gave way at once in dispatched to Stuart's support; but, disorder. Changing his front to bearing too much to the right, was meet the Rebel onset, he faced along soon sharply engaged with the purthe Corinth road and planted his suers of Prentiss. Falling back to a batteries to command it; so that the good position, he held it, though Rebels were for a time foiled in their wounded, until Wallace came to his efforts to advance; and an effort to aid; but Stuart, receiving no direct come in on his rear, over ground support, was driven back from one abandoned by Sherman's division, was ridge to another, until by noon, himhandsomely repulsed, with heavy mu- self wounded, several of his officers tual loss, by Dresser's rifled battery. fallen, and his command sadly shat
But one division could not sustain tered, he fell in behind McArthur to the weight of more than half the rëorganize. And thus, of our six diRebel army, admirably handled, and visions, three had been thoroughly constantly advancing fresh regiments routed before mid-day. to replace those already blown or Gen. Grant had arrived on the battoo badly cut up. After repulsing tle-field about 8 A. M.; but, early as several determined attacks, some was the hour, his army was already times advancing a little, but gener beaten. As this, however, is a circumally giving ground, and losing three stance of which he is not easily conColonels of the line and three officers vinced, it did not seem to make as of his staff, with at least half the vivid an impression on him as on effective force of his batteries, Mc- others. Sending word to Lew. WalClernand, by 11 A, M., found himself lace to hasten up with his division pushed back, with Hurlbut's fresh on our right, he devoted his personal division on his left, and the debris attention to reforming bis shattered of Sherman's on his right.
brigades, rëestablishing his silenced Meantime, a brigade of Sherman's batteries, and forming new lines of division, under Col. David Stuart, defense to replace those so suddenly which had been oddly posted on our demolished. Hurlbut’s and W. H. L. extreme left, holding what was known Wallace's divisions were still intact; as the Hamburg road, had been sud- while of the others the better but not denly shelled from the opposite bluffs the larger part of those not already of Lick creek, by a force which the disabled fell into line on their flanks, next instant peppered them with or just behind them.
Hurlbut held the direct road to pelled them to fall back also, or be Corinth, with woods at his back flanked and surrounded as Prentiss and open fields commanded by his had been. Just now, their leader fell, batteries in his front; and here he mortally wounded; closing in death stood, fighting a more numerous, a day's work which had won for him equally gallant, and victory-flushed the admiration of all beholders and enemy, for more than five hours. the lasting gratitude of his country. Here he was thrice charged in full The division fell back into line with force, and thrice he repulsed the foe Hurlbut's new position; losing of its with terrible slaughter. The close batteries but a single gun, whereof ranks which rushed upon him were the carriage had been disabled. first plowed through and through Lew. Wallace was at Crump's with grape, then, as they came Landing, with his force extended on nearer, with more deadly musketry; the road to Purdy, when he received, until the shouted orders, entreaties, at 111 A. M., Grant's order to bring menaces, of frantic officers no longer his division into the fight. He had availed, and the long lines sank back been anxiously awaiting that order, defeated to the shelter in their rear. listening to the sound of the mutual Here fell, at 23 o'clock, Albert Sidney cannonade since morning; and his Johnston, the Rebel commander-in- column was instantly put in motion. chief, struck in the thigh by a frag- Snake creek, with steep banks and ment of shell, but sitting silently on swampy bottom, was in his way; but his horse for some minutes, and only his men were eager for the fray, and taken off to die. Beauregard at once were soon making good time in the assumed command; but the death of direction indicated. But he was Johnston was concealed, so far as met, near the creek, by messengers possible, until his army had returned from Grant with tidings that our adto Corinth. An hour later, Hurl-vanced divisions had been overbut's division, worn out by incessant powered and beaten back; so that the fighting against fresh regiments, fell road on which he was hastening back nearly half a mile, to a position would now lead him directly into the about that distance from the Landing. midst of the enemy, who could easily
W. H. L. Wallace's division was in envelop him with thrice his numlike manner exposed to and attacked bers. He thereupon turned abruptly by the exultant Rebels about 10 A. M.; to the left, moving down the west and for six hours was hotly engaged, bank of Snake creek to the river with scarcely an intermission. Four road, which follows the windings of times was it charged along its whole the Tennessee bottom, and crosses line; and every charge was repulsed the creek at its mouth, close by Pittswith heavy slaughter. Once or twice, burg Landing. This countermarch our men pursued their retreating foes; delayed his junction with our sorelybut the disparity of numbers was too pressed combatants until after nightgreat, and they were soon pushed fall; and thus 11 regiments of our inback to their lines. They were still fantry, 2 batteries, and 2 battalions fighting as eagerly and confidently of cavalry, remained useless throughas ever, when Hurlbut's retreat com- out that day's bloody struggle.
At 4: P. M., our surprised but remaining guns—22 only—and plant otherwise over-matched army, apart them on the bluff in a semicircle, from Lew. Wallace's division, had commanding the roads whereby the been crowded back into a semicircle Rebels must approach. Gunners of three or four hundred acres imme- proving scarce, Dr. Cornyn, surgeon diately around, but rather to the left of the 1st Missouri artillery, volunof the Landing. It could retreat no teered in that capacity, and proved farther. A deep, rapid river in its himself a workman who needed not rear could only be crossed with the to be ashamed. There was rare loss of half its remaining men and virtue inherent in those 22 guns, and every thing beside. Of its five divi- men around them who knew how to sions, two had been beaten back; the evoke it. other three utterly routed. Our ar- It was hardly 6 o'clock when the tillery was half lost or disabled ; our Rebel batteries, once more in posifield-hospitals overflowing; our tents tion, opened, at a distance of a few and camp-equipage mainly in the hundred yards, on our last possible hands of the enemy; our losses in holding-ground. Our next recoil men enormous; and those who had must be over the bank, into the not fallen were in good part dis- hideous, helpless massacre of a grandheartened; not less than 5,000 men er Ball's Bluff. Promptly and most in uniform, possibly twice that num- efficiently, Webster's guns make reber—to say nothing of sutlers, com- ply. Soon, the Rebel infantry was missaries, and the usual rabble of seen crowding up to their guns, opencamp-followers-were huddled under ing fire at rather long range, to find the bank of the river, not all of them our shattered battalions reformed and privates, but all repeating the stereo- giving abundant answer. At this typed excuse, “Our regiment is all moment, the gunboats Tyler and cut to pieces," and resisting every Lexington, which had all day been entreaty of their möre zealous officers chafing at their impotence, opened to bring them again into line. on our left, firing up a deep ravine
But the Rebels, whose losses had that seemed to have been cut through also been heavy, fearing a trap, hesi- the bluff on purpose. Seven-inch tated for a few minutes to follow W. shell and 64-pound shot were hurled H. L. Wallace's division, as it recoiled by them diagonally across the new from the position it had so long and Rebel front, decidedly interfering so stoutly defended. Those mo- with the regularity of its formation, ments were incalculably precious, and preventing that final rush upon and were thoroughly improved. Col. our guns and the supporting infantry J. D. Webster, chief of staff to Gen. whose success would have perfected Grant, a believer in artillery, im- their triumph. So, far into the evenproved the opportunity to collect our ing of that busy, lurid Sabbath, our
63 Among the apocryphal anecdotes in circula- | asked Buell. “Oh, across the river," responded tion, one represents Gen. Buell as remonstrat- Grant. “But you could not have ferried over ing, two or three days afterward, against the more than 10.000 men,” persisted Buell. “Well, soldiership which placed Grant's army on the there would not have been more than that," re. south rather than on the north bank of the plied Graut. Temerity was then so rare among Tennessee. "Where was your line of retreat ?" | our Generals that it seemed a virtue.