« 上一頁繼續 »
FIGHT AT POCOTALIGO- FORT MCALLISTER.
its way; but easily driving the ene- , ed, supporting 3 guns, and night commy, who burned bridges, &c., before ing on, he, too, retreated to his boats ; it, and soon made another stand in a burning bridges behind him. There wood behind a burned bridge, whence was some pursuit notwithstanding; they were expelled by flanking, and but the gunboats were ugly customstill pursued nearly to Pocotaligo; ers, and were not seriously molested. where the Rebels, under Gen. Walk- When the tide had risen, they floated; er, opened heavily with artillery from and Barton returned with them, una swamp behind a creek. Our cais- molested, to Port Royal. sons being far behind, our guns were Our loss in this expedition was not soon without a cartridge, and none far from 300. Walker reports his at to be had nearer than ten miles. | 14 killed, 102 wounded, 9 missing; Night was coming on; and Brannan but this does not include the losses
-aware that his 4,000 men were no at Coosawhatchie. match for all that the railroad would bring speedily from Charleston and The river Ogeechee, rising in the from Savannah to assail ther-wise- heart of eastern Georgia, after a genly took the back track to Mackay's erally S. E. course of some 200 miles, landing; where he at once embarked " usually parallel with the lower half and returned to Hilton Head of the Savannah, and, for the last 40
Meantime, Col. Barton, with 400 miles, very near it, falls into Ossabaw men, the gunboats Patroon and Mar- | sound, some 10 miles S. W. of Savanblehead, and the little steamboat nah. A few miles up the Ogeechee, Planter, had gone up the Coosaw- the Rebels had constructed a strong hatchie nearly to the village of that earthwork known as Fort McAllisname—the gunboats getting aground ter, in a bend of the stream, enabling two or three miles below, and the it to rake any vessel which should Planter about a mile below. Hav- attempt to pass it. A row of heavy ing debarked his men, Barton pushed piles across the channel, with some on, and encountered a train filled torpedoes in the river below, renwith rëenforcements sent to the dered ascent at once difficult and enemy from Savannah, under Maj. perilous. The steamer Nashville lay Harrison, 11th Georgia-Gen. W. S. under the protection of these works; Walker, commanding in Brannan's having long watched an opportunity front, having telegraphed both ways to run out to sea laden with cotton; for all the men that could be spared disappointed in this, by the vigilance him. This train was fired on while of our cruisers, she was unladen, fitted in motion, and considerable loss in. up as a war vessel, and again watched flicted; Maj. Harrison being among her opportunity to run out-not bethe killed. The greater number es- ing so easily stopped now as formercaped to the woods and joined the ly. Com'r Worden, who was watchdefenders of the village and railroading her, in the iron-clad Montauk, bridge, against whom Barton now at length discovered” that she had advanced; but, finding himself large- got aground, just above the fort, and, ly outnumbered by men strongly post- at daylight next morning, went up, " Oct. 23.
** Feb. 27, 1863.
smoke-stack wehe and yells. * a double salut
backed by the Seneca, Wissahickon, i proach nearer than 1,200 yards; the and Dawn, to attempt her destruction. Other iron-clads being, of course, far
He found her still aground; and, ther off, and the schooners farther by disregarding torpedoes, and the still. Thus placed, the Passaic, Pafire of the fort, was able to steam tapsco, and Nahant, opened fire; and within 1,200 yards of her; and, by it was kept up, with one or two inexperiment, soon had her exact range, tervals, from 81 A. M. to 4 P. M., and and was peppering her with 11 and by the mortar-schooners every 15 15-inch shells; while his consorts— minutes thenceforth till next mornforbidden a near approach by the ing; when Capt. Drayton—who had narrowness of the channel-fired at dropped down the river out of range her from positions farther down the at nightfall-went up again and took stream. Twenty minutes thereafter, a look at the enemy's works; finding she had been set on fire by shells them so substantial and effective which exploded within her, and that he concluded to waste no more flames were seen to burst from every good cartridges upon them, and came quarter; at 9:20 A. M., her large pivot away under a double salute of shells gun forward was exploded by the and yells. His 15-inch shells, each heat; at 9:40, her smoke-stack went weighing 345 pounds, had dismountoverboard; and at 9:55, her magazine ed one of their 9 great guns, and exploded, shattering her into worth- taken a wheel from another; but no less fragments. Meantime, the fort man had been killed, and but one kept firing away at the Montauk, wounded on either side. Captain striking her five times, but doing no Drayton, while standing behind the damage; and a torpedo which ex- turret of his “Monitor,' had received ploded beneath her, as she steamed a mere scratch from a splinter of down the river, accomplished very shell, and the Rebel loss was swelled little. Our other vessels received no to 3 wounded by an accident after harm. We lost no men.
the fight; but an enormous expenCom. Dupont, encouraged by this diture of ammunition on either side cheap success, now resolved to give had effected nothing of moment. the fort itself a trial : to which end, Our shells often tore up the sand to the iron-clads Passaic, Capt. Dray- a depth of ten feet, clouding the air ton, Patapsco, Montauk, Ericsson, with it; but it descended nearly into and Nahant, with three mortar- its former position ; ' even the emschooners, steamed * up the Ogee-brasures of the Rebel battery were chee, and opened fire: the Passaic but moderately damaged. Our vesleading, the rest following, and all sels saved their ammunition by let. firing at the fort at the shortest ting Fort McAllister alone thererange they could severally attain. after. But the obstructions proved insuper- The National steamboat Isaac able, and forbade the Passaic to ap- Smith, having been sent “ up Stono 's March 3.
the fort, and to the rear of it for half a mile, the * The Savannah Republican, March 12, says:
earth was dug up into immense pits and gullies “Considerable havoc was made in the sand
by the enemy's shell and shot." (It sees a Provi. banks in the fort; and the quarters of the men
dence in the saying of Confederate life.]
a were almost entirely demolished. * * * Inside * Jan. 30. 1863.
RAID OF REBEL IRON-CLADS FROM CHARLESTON. 465 river on a reconnoissance, went seven , if she would, forthwith attacked the miles above Legaréville without get- Keystone State, Capt. Leroy; lodging ting sight or sound of an enemy; but, a shell in her forehold, which set her when 6 miles on her way back, was on fire. Leroy sheered off, until the opened upon in a bend by three fire was got under; when, having a masked batteries, which had not full head of steam, he attempted to been observed before, and thereby run his assailant down; but, as he speedily crippled and captured. The approached at full speed, another Com. McDonough went to her assist-shot was sped through both his vesance; but arrived too late, and could sel's steam-chests, utterly disabling do nothing. Several months there- her; ten rifled shells striking her, after, the Rebels attempted to run and two of thein bursting on her the Isaac Smith out of Charleston quarter-deck. harbor; when she was sunk" by the By this time, it was growing light, gunboat Wissahickon.
and our fleet had been thoroughly The morning after their capture aroused. The Augusta, Quaker City, of the Smith was signalized by the Memphis, and Housatonic, went in; Charleston Rebels by a far bolder the Memphis taking in tow the Keyand more significant exploit. At 4 stone State—which had one-fourth of A. M., favored by a thick haze, their her crew disabled, mainly by scaldiron-clads Palmetto State, Capt. D. ing—and drawing her out of the N. Ingraham, and Chicora, Com'r enemy's fire; when the Rebel gunTucker, with three steamboats as boats turned homeward, and took tenders, stole upon our blockading refuge behind the shoals in the fleet, lying off the bar, while the Swash channel; thence making their Powhatan and the Canandaigua, our way back to Charleston, and issuing two largest men of war, were at Port there a bulletin declaring the blockRoyal, coaling; and, first nearing ade raised and the port open;" the the Mercedita, Capt. Stellwagen, the British consul at Charleston and the Palmetto State ran into her amidships commander of H. B. M. ship Petrel with full force, and fired into her corroborating the statement; and the side at close range a 7-inch shell, foreign consuls in the Confederacy which passed through her condenser were officially notified of the alleged and steam-drum, blowing a hole fact in a circular from J. P. Benjathrough her farther side, scalding min, Confederate Secretary of State, several of her men, and completely “ for the information of such vessels disabling her. Stellwagen, unable of your nation as may choose to carry either to fight or fly, surrendered. on commerce with the now open port
The Palmetto, leaving her to sink of Charleston.” The “ vessels" thus * June 7.
respectively of the Confederate States naval and 57 “HEADQ'RS LAND AND NAVAL FORCES, | land forces in this quarter, do hereby formally
" CHARLESTON, S. C., Jan. 31. declare the blockade by the United States of the "At about 5 o'clock this morning, the Confed- said city of Charleston, South Carolina, to be erate States naval force on this station attacked raised by a superior force of the Confederate the United States blockading fleet off the harbor States from and after this 31st day of January, of the city of Charleston, and sunk, dispersed, | A. D. 1863. or drove off and out of sight for the time, the en.
"G. T. BEAUREGARD, General Com'ding. tire hostile fleet.
“D. N. INGRAHAM, Flag-officer Com'ding “Therefore, we, the undersigned, commanders
Naval Forces in South Carolina." VOL. II.-30
invited did not attempt to profit by, to their appointed rendezvous in the the opportunity thus afforded them, mouth of the North Edisto river, but continued to steal into and out half way to Charleston harbor; where of that harbor during the darkest they were all finally assembled," nights and in the most clandestine, awaiting the conditions of wind and insidious manner. None of our ves- tide deemed most favorable. A calm, sels were sunk or lost—the Mercedita clear night," following a full moon, having been deserted by her captors, proffered the awaited conjuncture; who never put a man on board-be- and Com. Dupont steamed" in full ing clearly no prize. She had but force up to the harbor bar; shifting 3 men killed and 4 wounded; the there his pennant from the gunboat Keystone had 20 killed-mainly by James Adger to the stately, mailed scalding—and 20 wounded.
'Ironsides,' in which he proposed to
direct and share in the bombardment. Gen. Foster, commanding the 18th By 9 A. m. next day, his fleet had all corps in North Carolina, having been crossed the bar, and was in line along ordered to South Carolina, to coop- the east shore of Morris island, headerate with Com. Dupont in an attack ing toward the most formidable array on Charleston, steamed” from Beau- of rifled great guns that had ever fort, N. C., with 12,000 excellent yet tested the defensive resources of troops, landing them at Hilton Head; naval warfare. whence-finding Com. Dupont not. The iron-clads thus pitted against yet ready—he ran up to Fortress the tremendous ordnance of Fort Monroe in quest of siege-guns. Gen. Sumter and her satellites were the Hunter—to whom Foster's advent following: had been a complete surprise-there- 1. Weehawken, Capt. John Rodgers ; upon took command of Foster's men,
2. Passaic, Capt. Percival Drayton;
3. Montauk, Com'r John L. Worden; broke up his corps organization, and
4. Patapsco, Com'r Daniel Aminen: —this exercise of authority being de 5. New Ironsides, Com'r Thos. Turner;
6. Catskill, Com'r Geo. W. Rodgers; murred to ordered Foster's staff out
7. Nantucket, Com'r Donald M. Fairfax; of his department. Foster thereupon 8. Nahant, Com'r John Downes; obtained authority from Gen. Halleck 9. Keokuk, Lt.-Com'r Alex. C. Rhind; to return to his own department, leav- with the gunboats Canandaigua, Unaing his 12,000 men to serve as a re dilla, Housatonic, Wissahickon, and enforcement to Gen. Hunter; under | Huron in reserve, below the bar, ready whose auspices, in conjunction with to support the iron-clads should they Com. Dupont, the contemplated at- attack the batteries on Morris island. tack was now to be made. Halleck’s The day was bright, bland, ar sending of Foster into Hunter's de- warm-like one of the finest of the partment without notice to the latter later days of a Northern May-the has not been explained.
air of midday flashing with the wings Our preparations for this attack of countless butterflies—though a were made, so far as possible, at Hil- slight haze or smoke in the morning ton Head: the iron-clads, so fast as so obscured remoter objects that the ready, slipping quietly, one by one, landmarks relied on to give bearings * Feb. 2. *April 3.
10 April 5. “ April 6.
DUPONT'S IRON-CLADS ASSAIL FORT SUMTER.
in the difficult navigation (for vessels glass from the Coast Survey steamof heavy draft) of these intricate boat Bibb, lying in the Swash chanchannels were indistinguishable, and nel, three miles below Sumter : the advance thereby postponed till a | “We are, this moment, looking directly gentle northern breeze cleared the
up into the harbor and the city, which lies
in the vista beyond—its wharves and ships, sky. But, as ebb-tide came at 11 | houses and steeples, standing out in the A. m., and—the bar being safely background like a picture. Steeples and
roofs are crowded with spectators; the passed—that was deemed the stage
deemed the stage neighboring shores are lined with onlookers, of water best fitted to the steering of just as when, now two years ago, less two those clumsy alligators—it is not
days, the same spectators stood on the same
| coignes of vantage to see, in the same harprobable that our plans were seriously bor, another bombardment, while another deranged by this circumstance.
flag from that which now flaunts in our
eyes, floated from the walls of Sumter. Let us improve this pause to
“We are facing Fort Sumter, and looking glance at the scene, as it imprinted directly up the harbor. We have, accord.tself on the mind of an observer 12 ingly, Sullivan's island on our right, and
Morris island on our left. These two islscanning it through a powerful field- ands end each in curved points of land, and,
" Mr. William Swinton, correspondent of The New York Times.