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killed, captured, or dispersed his Maj. Foster at Lone Jack, Jackson entire command. Poindexter, after county, wounded and defeated him, wandering alone through the woods with the loss of his two guns, and for several days, was made a pris- compelled him to fall back to Lexoner; and Porter, driven back upon ington, upon which place Coffey was McNeil by the same movement of advancing with an army now augGen. Loan, was compelled to disperse mented to 4,500 men; when, finding his band to save it from destruction.. that Gen. Blunt was in strong force, This was the last appearance of the threatening his line of retreat, while Rebels in formidable force northward Loan's and Wright's and other comof the Missouri river; though small mands were concentrating upon him bands of guerrillas continued to from every direction, he relinquished plunder and murder there, as else- the hope of capturing Lexington and where, for more than a year. relieving the Rebels north of the
Independence, on the western bor- river, and turned to fly. Eluding der of the State, was about this time Gen. Blunt in the night, he was hotly attacked” by a Rebel band of 500 to pursued to the Arkansas line, but 800, under Col. Hughes; and its gar escaped without serious disaster. rison, 312 men of the 7th Missouri Gen. Schofield was soon after sucavalry, was surrendered by Lt. Col. perseded in the command of the deBuel, after a short resistance. Gen. partment, by Gen. Curtis, but immeCoffey, with 1,500 Rebel cavalry from diately placed at the head of the Arkansas, early in August, invaded | forces confronting the enemy in the south-western Missouri, and, avoid-south-west, where the Rebels, now ing Springfield, moved rapidly north- | led by Gen. T. C. Hindman,” were ward. Col. Clark Wright, 6th Mis- threatening a fresh invasion. Setting souri cavalry, was sent with 1,200 forward from Springfield" to Sarcoxie men in pursuit; Gen. Totten being to reconnoiter the enemy's position, directed by Schofield to strike the Gen. Salomon's advance had been band which had just captured Inde- overwhelmed at Newtonia by a large pendence, before it could be joined body of Rebel cavalry. Salomon had by Coffey; while Gen. Blunt, com- therenpon moved forward to their manding in Arkansas, was requested support, and renewed the battle at to send a force from Fort Scott, to noon; fighting until sunset without cooperate in cutting off Coffey's re- serious loss, ultimately retiring in good treat; and Col. Fitz-Henry Warren, order from the field. He estimated his 1st Iowa cavalry, was dispatched from strength at 4,500, and the enemy's in Clinton with 1,500 men to effect a his front at 7,000. Gen. Schofield, junction with Maj. Foster; who, with being rëenforced by Gen. Blunt from the 7th militia cavalry, 800 strong, Arkansas, found himself at the head had been pushed out from Lexington of 10,000 men; while the Rebels at by Totten, in quest of Hughes. Newtonia were estimated at 13,000
These combinations upon our side to 20,000. He resolved to advance failed most signally. Coffey and that night and attack at daylight Hughes united their forces and fought next morning; Gen. Blunt approach
" Aug. 11. Sept. 24. Late M. C. from Arkansas. ** Oct. 1.
GEN. SCHOFIELD ADVANCES INTO ARKANSAS. 37 ing Newtonia from the north and to Ozark, resolved not to fight until west, and Gen. Totten from the east. rëenforcements should arrive, and He found, on coming up, that the that further pursuit would be useless; enemy had sent their baggage to the so he retraced his steps, via Bentonrear, and were preparing to retreat. | ville, to Cross Hollows and Osage Immediately charging with cavalry Springs, sending Gen. Herron, with and artillery, the Rebels fled without the 1st Iowa and 7th militia cavalry, resistance, and were chased 30 miles about 1,000 in all, to attack in the into Arkansas. It appeared that, rear some 3,000 or 4,000 Rebel cavthough in great numbers, they were alry who were encamped on White badly armed, many of them not at river, 8 miles from Fayetteville; while all; having been sorely disappointed Gen. Totten, advancing via Fayetteby the capture of a vessel laden with ville, was to assail them in front. arms for their use on the Mississippi Gen. Herron reached their camp at some time previously. Schofield early dawn," and immediately atpressed on" to the old battle-ground tacked with such vigor that the of Pea Ridge, only to find the ene- Rebels, though in superior numbers, my's forces divided : a part, under fled rapidly into the mountains, with Cooper, having moved westward to the loss of their camp equipage. Gen. ward Maysville, with intent to oper- Totten did not arrive till after they ate on our communications with Fort had vanished. Gen. Schofield found Scott, while the main body had re- no further enemies within striking treated south-westerly toward Hunts- distance, until compelled by sickness ville, leaving two or three thousand to resign his command," leaving Miscavalry in our front to screen these souri substantially pacified. movements. Gen. Blunt was there- But Gen. Hindman, commanding upon sent after Cooper; and, after a the Confederate forces in Arkansas, hard night's march, found him in was not disposed to rest satisfied with camp near Maysville, and at once at- such a conclusion of the campaign. tacked, capturing his 4 guns and Having collected, by concentration completely routing his command. and conscription, a force estimated The Rebels fled in disorder across by our officers in his front at 25,000 the Arkansas to Fort Gibson. Their to 30,000 men—while he officially reloss in material would have been ports that, for want of stores, etc., he greater had they had more to lose. was able to take on this expedition
Gen. Schofield, with the residue of but 9,000 infantry, 2,000 cavalry, and his army, made a forced march over his artillery—he crossed the ArkanWhite River Mountains, to a point 8 sas river at or near Van Buren, and miles west of Huntsville, where Rains advanced upon our scattered and nuhad encamped the day before. His merically far inferior division, which advance was next morning pushed was watching him from the neighforward into Huntsville, whence a borhood of the last conflict. It was few Rebel cavalry fled at his ap- now December; but the weather was proach. He here learned that Rains clear. and dry, and the days bright was retreating across the mountains and warm, though the nights were * Oct. 17. 56 Oct. 28.
» Nov. 20.
chilly; while the roads were in good of Blunt, he rested his men but an condition. Gen. Blunt, commanding hour or so before putting his column the 1st division, in good part of Kan- again in motion, and had proceeded sas troops, numbering about 5,000 but 5 or 6 miles when his advance men, was at Cane Hill, or Boones was met by the 1st Arkansas and borough, some 10 miles north-west of 7th Missouri (Union) cavalry, being a Van Buren, and 18 south-west of part of those he had dispatched from Fayetteville, when he was apprised Elkhorn to the aid of Blunt, who had of this advance," with one of his just before been attacked and thrown three brigades (Gen. Salomon's), pro- into great disorder by Marmaduke's tecting his trains at Rhea's Mills, 8 Rebel cavalry, forming the vanguard miles north. Determined not to be of Hindman's army. driven out of Arkansas, he tele- Gen. Blunt had been skirmishing graphed in various directions for for the last two days with what he Gen.' Herron, commanding the 2d supposed the advance of the enemy's. and 3d divisions, now in Missouri, main body; but learned, at 8 P. M. of and left subject to his orders by Gen. the 6th, that Hindman had turned Schofield's departure; and attempted, his left and interposed between him by showing a bold front and direct- and all of Herron's infantry and aring his cavalry to skirmish sharply tillery. Col. Wickersham, with 4 cavwith the Rebel vanguard, to delay alry regiments, reported to Blunt at Hindman's advance until Herron Cane Hill two hours afterward, with could reach him. Blunt's dispatch tidings that Herron would be at Fayfound so that able and earnest leader etteville early next morning. at Wilson's creek, some 10 miles Blunt now attempted to warn Hersouth of Springfield, but with most ron of his danger, but it was too late; of his command from 10 to 20 miles his messengers were intercepted by nearer the Arkansas line. Within Marmaduke's cavalry. Hindman was three hours, his divisions were in mo- probably reaching for Blunt's trains tion southerly, making marches of at Rhea's Mills, when, to their mufully 20 miles per day, with all their tual astonishment, he locked horns guns and trains. Having reached with Herron on Illinois creek, near Elkhorn," he dispatched Col. Wick- the settlement known as PRAIRIE ersham, with his 3,000 cavalry, to GROVE. the more immediate relief of Blunt; Herron, divested of his cavalry, and pushing on to Fayetteville, had but about 4,000 men in hand, marching all night, he entered that and ought to have stood on the deplace at 4 A. M., on Sunday morning, fensive," availing himself of every Dec. 7th. Impressed with the peril | advantage of position and shelter.
3 Dec. 2. » Dec. 3. 40 On the evening of the 5th. From a prisoner taken, I learned that Hindman
41 Gen. Herron, in a private letter to a friend was on the ridge, with his whole force, and inat Dubuque, Iowa, dated Dec. 16, says:
tended to whip me out before Blunt could get "For four miles, we fought their cavalry, dri- | up; in other words, to take us one at a time. ving them back to Illinois creek, where I found The case looked tough, with Blunt ten miles their whole force strongly posted on a long away, and 25,000 men between us; but I saw ridge, with magnificent positions for batteries at a glance there were just two things that could For ono mile in front, it was clear ground, and be dono; namely, fight them without delay, and my road lay right in the center of their line. I depend on the chanco of Blunt's hearing me
BATTLE OF PRAIRIE GROVE.
39 Anxious, however, for Blunt's safe-, when they were likewise repulsed ty, and apprehending that he might with great slaughter. A fresh bribe at that moment enveloped by an gade, consisting of the 26th Indiana overwhelming Rebel force, he drove and 37th Illinois infantry, being now the Rebel cavalry impetuously across brought up from the right to the the creek, only to find their infantry relief of our exhausted center, Col. and artillery strongly posted on a Houston ordered and led a charge high, wooded ridge, three-quarters of against the same Rebel battery which a mile distant; their numbers con- had been fruitlessly charged already. cealed by the timber and thick un- Again it was taken, and again the derbrush. Sending across a light captors were compelled to abandon battery, which was instantly driven it by the overwhelming fire of infanback, he, while still threatening a try concentrated upon them. fresh advance on the road, cut a Thus the battle stood, still desperpath to the creek, half a mile farther ately contested, neither lost nor won, down, and pushed across a battery when, at 24 P. M., Herron heard the at a point which enabled it to draw welcome music of a battery opening the fire of the Rebel artillery. This at some distance on his right, and movement, being unsuspected and was soon assured that Blunt's division unperceived by the enemy, was en was on hand. tirely successful; and, before the Reb- Blunt had that morning sent Col. els had recovered from their surprise Wickersham, with hiş cavalry, in adand confusion, Herron had pushed vance, followed by Gen. Salomon's three full batteries, backed by three infantry brigade, with directions to good regiments of infantry, across move rapidly on the Fayetteville road, the regular ford. These batteries and form a junction, if possible, with were so excellent and so admirably Herron. Three miles north of Cane served that they had silenced, in one Hill, however, Wickersham had taken hour's firing, their Rebel antagonists. the left-hand road to Rhea's Mills, Ours were thereupon advanced instead of the right, leading directly across an open field, firing volleys to Fayetteville; and Blunt, on reachof grape and canister, until within ing the fork, had followed, deeming a hundred yards of the ridge held it imprudent to dislocate his comby the Rebels, when the 20th Wis- mand. Coming up at length with consin and 19th Iowa infantry were Wickersham, he ordered bim to face ordered to charge the Rebel battery toward Fayetteville, and endeavor to in their front. They did so most reach Herron. Wickersham had gallantly, hurling back its supports barely started, when, a little after and taking the battery; but were un- noon, the boom of artillery was heard able to hold it, and compelled to in the north-east, and, leaving Gen. fall back. Their charge was at once Salomon's brigade to guard his trains returned with interest by the Rebel at Rhea's Mills, Blunt set forward, infantry, intent on the capture of over a blind, hilly road, with his two our three batteries, and rushing up to others, in the direction of the fire. within a hundred yards of the guns, At 1:45 P. M., Gen. Blunt, in adand coming up, or retreat and lose my whole train. It required no time to make a decision."
vance of his division, came into full! As darkness came on, the firing view of the field where the battle gradually slackened and ceased ; the was fiercely raging. The Rebels were Rebels recoiling into their woody very strongly posted on high, rolling covert, our soldiers sleeping on their ground, covered by timber, and only arms in the open field where they approached from the north over had so bravely struggled, expecting large, open fields, which afforded no to renew the combat at daylight. cover, save that a part of them borc Meanwhile, our wounded were all a crop of ripe corn. Blunt's eccen- cared for, the trains of the whole tric advance had brought him in front army sent to Fayetteville; and Gen. of the enemy's left, where they had Salomon's brigade, relieved from the been massing a large force for the duty of guarding them, ordered to purpose of flanking Herron's position. the field; ammunition brought up The flankers found an enemy much and distributed, and everything made nearer than they expected, and were ready for proceeding to business at at once hotly engaged with Blunt's dawn; but, just before daylight, Gen. division. Its three batteries, firing Blunt received a flag of truce from shell and case-shot at short range, Hindman, asking a personal intersoon proved an overmatch for the two view with reference to the burial of Rebel batteries opposed to them, the dead and relief of the wounded. driving them and their supports back Blunt met Hindman accordingly, and into the woods; where they were was soon satisfied that the meeting charged by Col. Weer, leading the so solicited was but a trick; that 10th, 13th, and part of the 2d and Hindman had no force present of 11th Kansas and 20th Iowa, and a near but his staff-escort, and a party musketry fight of three hours was left to gather up his wounded; that maintained with equal energy by the the bulk of his army had commenced contending hosts. Meantime, our retreating several hours before. batteries were advanced at various | Our loss in this battle was 167 points and served with rare efficiency; killed, 798 wounded, and 183 missLieut. Tenney, with six 10-pound ing-total, 1,148. Most of the missParrotts, repelling with shell and can- ing were captured in Marmaduke's ister, while unsupported, a formidable initial attack on our cavalry, and infantry attack. Here fell the Rebel were exchanged directly afterward. Gen. Stein, of Missouri. A battery Of our loss, no less than 953 fell on of 10 guns, well supported, opening Herron's command of hardly more upon Tenney, he in ten minutes si than 4,000 men. Lt.-Col. McFarlenced its clamor, dismounting two land, who led the 19th Iowa in its of the guns, and driving off the resi- first charge, was killed; as was Maj. due. An attempt to capture Rabb's Burdett, of the 7th Missouri cavalry. and Hopkins's batteries, which were Lt.-Col. Black, 37th Illinois, and supported by the 11th Kansas, Lt.- Maj. Thompson, 20th Iowa, were Col. Moonlight, was defeated with among the wounded. The Rebel fearful slaughter.
loss“ must have been greater, because * Gen. Blunt, in his official report, says: not fall short of 3,000, and will probably much “The enemy's loss in killed and wounded can exceed that number, as many of them, not se