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Rev. Arthur B. Fuller, Chaplain 16th Mass., who . Among the volunteers first to cross was I was killed by a rifle-shot. 20 Dec. 11-12.

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HEROIC ASSAULTS ON MARY E'S ILEIGHTS. 345 most of Hancock's corps, especially force Franklin; while Hooker hiniMeagher's Irish brigade, composed self, believing the attack hopeless, of the 630, 69th, and 88th New York, required repeated and imperative orthe 28th Massachusetts, and the 116th ders from Burnside to induce him to Pennsylvania, whichi dashed itself re-order an advance; but Humphreys's peatedly against those impreguable division was at length thrown out from heights, until two-thirds" of its num- Fredericksburg, and bore its full part ber strewed the ground; when the in the front attack, losing heavily. remnant fell back to a position of And thus the fight was maintained comparative safety, and were suc- till after dark-assault after assault ceeded as they had been supported, being delivered by divisions advancby other brigades and divisions; each ing against twice their numbers, on to be exposed in its turn to like ground where treble the force was pitiless, useless, hopeless slaughter. required for the attack that sufficed Thus Hancock's and French's corps for the defense; while a hundred were successively sent up against | Rebel cannon, posted on heights those slippery heights, girdled with which our few guns on that side of batteries, rising, tier above tier, to the river could scarcely reach, and its crest, all carefully trained upon could not effectually batter, swept the approaches from Fredericksburg; our men down from the moment that while that fatal stone wall—so strong they began to advance, and while that even artillery could make no they could do nothing but charge, impression on it-completely shel- and fall, and die. And when night tered Barksdale's brigade, which, so at length mercifully arrested this soon as our charging columns came fruitless massacre, though the terwithin rifle-shot, poured into their races and slopes leading up to the faces the deadliest storm of musketry. Rebel works were piled with our Howard's division supported the two dead and our disabled, there was no in advance; while one division of pretense that the Rebel front had Wilcox's (9th, late Burnside's) corps been advanced one foot from the was detached to maintain communi ground held by it in the morning. cation with Franklin on our left. We had reason enough for sorrow,

Hooker's grand division was divi- but none for shame. ded, and in good part sent to röen- Franklin, on our left, beside his

" Gen. Meagher, in his official report, says: Heights, towering immediately in their front.

“Of the 1,200 I led into action, only 280 ap Never at Fontenoy, Albuera, nor at Waterloo, peared on parade next morning."

was more undoubted courage displayed by the Among his officers who fell, he mentions Col.

sons of Erin than during those six frantic dashes

which they directed against the almost impregHeenan, Lt.-Col. Mulholland, and Maj. Bard

nable position of their foe. well, 116th Pa.; Maj. Wm. Horgan and Adj.

"That any mortal men could have carried the J. R. Young, 88th N. Y.; Maj. James Cavanagh, position before which they were wantonly sacri69th N. Y.; and Maj. Carraher, 28th Mass. | ficed, defended as it was, it seems to me idle for The London Times's correspondent, watching

a moment to believe. But the bodies which lio the battle from the heights, and writing from

in dense masses within 40 yards of the muzzles

of Col. Walton's guns are the best evidence what Lee's headquarters, says:

manner of men they were who pressed on to "To the Irish division, commanded by Gen. | death with the dauntlessness of a race which has Meagher, was principally committed the despe gained glory on a thousand battle-fields, and rate task of bursting out of the town of Freder- never more richly deserved it than at the foot icksburg, and forming, under the withering fire of Marve's Heights on the 13th day of Decemof the Confederate batteries, to attack Marye's 1 ber, 1862."

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