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diers, with his transports and two re- / concerning Texas but that of a mamaining gunboats; while there were rine expedition ; which was accordnot Rebel soldiers enough within a ingly resolved on. day's ride to have brought to a halt Meantime, a considerable force had one of his regiments, properly led. been sent, under Gen. F. J. Herron, Dick Taylor's force, such as it was, to Morganzia, opposite but above was far away; Houston, flanking Port Hudson, where the Rebels had Galveston, was but 40 miles distant; a vicious habit of taking advantage Gen. Washburne was at Brashear, of the narrowness and crookedness with a force equal to Franklin's, of the Mississippi to 'bushwhack? ready to cooperate in the purposed our passing vessels. No resistance advance, in case the latter had taken being here encountered, an outpost these poor earthworks, defended by a had been established several miles captain 46 and 250 men, and sent back inland, consisting of the 19th Iowa his transports for rëenforcements. and 26th Indiana, with two guns, Instead of taking them, however, or under Lt.-Col. Leake, with 150 caveven trying, Franklin-finding no alry, under Major Montgomery-in place to land where he might not get all, some 600 to 800 strong. Though his feet wet-slunk meekly back to it was known that Green, with a far New Orleans ;" leaving the Texans stronger Rebel force, was in their to exult, very fairly, over a fruitful front across the Atchafalaya, no provictory gained against odds of at least per vigilance was exercised; and, twenty to one.
three weeks after this outpost had Gen. Banks now concentrated his been established, it was surprised ** by disposable forces on the Atchafalaya, Green, who, with a far superior force, with intent to advance directly upon crossed the bayou during a dark Shreveport; but found this utterly night, surrounded our camp, and impracticable. The country west captured our guns and most of our and north-west of Brashear had been infantry—not less than 400, incluso exhausted by the armies that had ding Leake and Lt.-Col. Rose. The successively occupied it that no food cavalry escaped with a loss of five and little forage was to be gleaned | men. We had 14 killed and 40 from it; an intense drouth now pre- wounded. Gen. N. J. T. Dana had vailed all over that flat region; where, just succeeded Herron in command though bayous abound, living springs at Morganzia. and brooks of drinkable water are In order to mask his intended scarce; the roads were few and very movement on Texas by sea, Gen. bad, often winding for miles through Banks now pushed out a consideradense forests; and it was not possi- ble force, under Gen. C. C. Washble to transport by wagons all the burne, to Opelousas, which was reachfood and forage needed by an army ed without a conflict; but, when strong enough to overcome all proba- Washburne commenced " his retreat ble resistance. No course seemed to the Teche, pursuant to orders, the open for a fulfillment of the desires Rebels, under Taylor and Green, and expectations of the Government followed sharply on his track, and, * F. A. Odlum. °7 Arriving Sept. 11. * Sept. 30. * Nov. 1.
GENS. BANKS AND DANA IN WESTERN TEXAS.
stealing up,s under cover of woods, | 100 prisoners. Moving thence on to our right, under Gen. Burbridge, Pass Cavallo, commanding the weststruck suddenly and heavily, about ern entrance to Matagorda Bay, our noon, while the 23d Wisconsin was army invested Fort Esperanza, which engaged in voting for State officers, was thereupon abandoned; most of that being election day in their its garrison escaping to the main land. State. That regiment was speedily Banks had expected to follow up reduced from 226 to 98 men-many this success—which gave us control of the rest, of course, prisoners, in- of the coast from the Rio Grande to cluding its Colonel, Guppy, who was the Brazos—by a movement on Inwounded; while the brigade of which dianola or on Matagorda : but this it formed a part went into the fight involved a collision with whatever numbering 1,010, and came out 361. Rebel force could be collected in The loss was mainly in the 67th In-Texas; and he deerned himself too diana, which ingloriously surrender- weak to challenge such an encounter. ed without having lost a man. Our With a moderate rëenforcement, he right, thus suddenly assailed in great might have seized Galveston Islandforce, and with intense fury, was sealing up the coast of Texas against broken, and was saved from utter blockade-runners: as it was, he felt destruction by the devoted bravery obliged to desist and return to New of the 23d Wisconsin and the efficient Orleans. service of Nim's battery. We lost Gen. Dana, after Banks had left one gun, which was not recovered ; him in command at Brownsville, sent the Rebels, upon the bringing up an expedition up the river 120 miles of the 3d division, Gen. McGinnis, to Roma, which encountered much retreating rapidly to the shelter of privation, but no enemy; then anthe adjacent woods. Washburne re- other 70 miles eastward, toward Corports a loss of 26 killed, 124 wound- pus Christi, which found no Rebel ed, and 566 missing (prisoners); } force in this direction. The Rebels total: 716. The Rebels lost 60 killed, had shifted their Mexican trade to 65 prisoners, and 300 wounded. Eagle Pass, 350 miles up, whither
Dana was unable to follow them. Gen. Banks's new expedition, 6,000 Being afterward ordered to Pass Castrong, led by Banks himself, but vallo, he found“ two of our brigades more immediately commanded by in quiet possession of Indianola, on Gen. Dana, made " directly for the the main land, with an equal force Rio Grande, debarking" at Brazos on the Matagorda peninsula opposite, Santiago, driving off the small caval- and all Texas west of the Colorado ry force there stationed, and follow- | virtually abandoned to our arms. ing it to Brownsville, 30 miles above, He believed we had force enough which was entered by our advance on then on that coast to have moved the 16th; as was Point Isabel two days boldly inland and contested the maslater. The Rebel works commanding tery of the State; but he was overAransas Pass were next taken by as ruled, and soon relieved from comsault, which gave us their guns and mand. Xov. 3. 51 Oct. 26. ** Nov. 2.
53 Jan. 12, 1861.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC UNDER BURNSIDE
GEN. BURNSIDE reluctantly, and to impel their dispatch from Washwith unfeigned self-distrust, succeed- ington— did not start so early as ed' to the command of the Army of they should have done, and then exthe Potomac. The devotion to Mc-perienced detention from bad roads Clellan of its principal officers, and and grounded vessels on the way: so of many of their subordinates, was that they did not reach Falmouth till so ardent that any other commander after most of Lee's army had been must have had a poor chance of concentrated on the heights across the hearty, unquestioning support; and river, ready to dispute its passage. Burnside would gladly have shrunk Fredericksburg was summoned by from the ordeal. Having no alterna- Gen. Sumner: the authorities replytive, however, but disobedience of ing that, while it would not be used to orders, he accepted the trust, and im- assail us, its occupation by our troops mediately commenced preparations would be resisted to the utmost. for a movement of his forces down Most of the inhabitants thereupon the Rappahannock to FREDERICKS- abandoned the place, which was BURG, which he had selected as on occupied by Barksdale's Mississippi the proper as well as the direct line of brigade, sharp-shooting from behind operations from Washington against houses; while Lee's engineers pressed Richmond : masking his purpose, for the fortification of the heights behind a few days, by menacing an advance it, and Wade Hampton dashed across on Gordonsville. Lee soon penetra- the river above, raiding up to Dumted his real design, and commenced fries and the Occoquan, capturing á parallel movement down the south 200 cavalry and a number of wagbank of the river; while J. E. B. ons; and a like dash across was Stuart, raiding across at Warrenton made below Port Royal, in boats, Springs, entered Warrenton just after by part of Beale's regiment; taking our rear-guard had left it, obtaining some prisoners. Our gunboats havample confirmation of his chief's ing steamed up the river so far as conclusions; whereupon, the residue of Port Royal, D. H. Hill assailed' Longstreet's corps was moved rapidly them with cannon, and compelled eastward. Meantime, Gen. Sumner's them to retire; when he proceeded advance had reachedi Falniouth, and to fortify the right bank, so as to attempted to cross to Fredericksburg, prevent their return. but been easily repulsed; the bridges The Rappahannock, above Port being burned and our pontoons—ow- Royal, being generally narrow, with ing to a misunderstanding between high bluffs often approaching it, now Gens. Halleck and Burnside, each of on one side, then on the other, Leo whom conceived that the other was decided that he could not prevent its Nov. 8, 1862. Nov. 15. Nov. 18. • Nov. 17. Nov. 21. Nov. 28. .Dec. 5.
to alter by part of the Fort Royal, in, was
I had left it
passage at points where the river was was done to the buildings, though fully commanded from its bluffs on less than might naturally have been the north, while a considerable inter- expected. What with firing on it vale adjoined it on the south ; but from either side, however, and the the tenacity with which Fredericks- often wanton devastations of our solburg was held by sharp-shooters com- diers, it was ultimately reduced to a pelled Burnside to dislodge them by state of general dilapidation. bombardment from the Falmouth | Our army being at length in posibluffs, whereby considerable damage | tion along the north bank, Burnside
commencedo throwing over pontoons, the left advance of Jackson's corps; to Fredericksburg; also at a point which was confronted by Franklin's nearly two miles below. The Engi- grand division, about 40,000 strong. neer corps had laid the upper pon- On our right, or in and before Fredtoon two-thirds of the way, when day- ericksburg, were the grand divisions light exposed them to the fire of the of Hooker and Sumner, numbering enemy's sharp-shooters, which drove at least 60,000. But, while 300 Rebel them off; and the work was comple- guns were advantageously posted on ted by the 7th Michigan, who had 5 every eminence and raked every foot killed and 16 wounded, including of ground by which they could be Lt.-Col. Baxter. Supported and fol- approached, our heavy guns were all lowed by the 19th and 20th Massa- posted on the north side of the river, chusetts, they speedily finished the where their fire could rarely reach job, having dashed across the river the enemy; while they made some in boats;' taking 35 prisoners. We havoc among our own men until lost 300 in all in laying our pontoons Burnside silenced them. and clearing the city of the enemy. The weather had been cold, and
Gen. Franklin, on our left, en- the ground was frozen; but an Ineountered less resistance—the make dian Summer mildness had succeedof the land being there favorable to ed, which filled the valley of the Rapus—and laid his pontoons without pahannock with a dense fog, covering loss. Possession of both banks being for a time the formation of our colthus secured, two other pontoons umns of assault; while a portion of were laid at either point, and our ar- our guns were firing wildly and usemy mainly pushed across during that lessly; but at length a bright sun and the following days. The next dispelled the mist, and, at 11 A, M., was that chosen for the assault on Couch's division, on our right, emergthe Rebel position; whose strength, ing from among the battered buildthough underestimated by Burnside, ings, moved swiftly to the assault. was known to be very considerable. Braver men never smiled at death
Lee's army, fully 80,000 strong, than those who climbed Marye's Hill was stretched along and behind the that fatal day; their ranks plowed southern bluffs of the Rappahan- through and torn to pieces by Rebel nock from a point a mile or so above batteries even in the process of forFredericksburg, to one four or five mation; and when at heavy cost they miles below. At its right, the bluffs had reached the foot of the hill, they recede two miles or so: the Massapo- were confronted by a solid stone nax here falling into the Rappahan- wall, four feet high, from behind nock; the ground being decidedly which a Confederate brigade of inless favorable to the defensive. It fantry mowed them down like grass, was organized in two grand corps, exposing but their heads to our bulwhereof that of Stonewall Jackson lets, and these only while themselves held the right; that of Longstreet firing. Never did men fight better the left. A. P. Hill commanded or die, alas! more fruitlessly than did * Night of Dec. 10–11.
Rev. Arthur B. Fuller, Chaplain 16th Mass., who . Among the volunteers first to cross was I was killed by a rifle-shot. 10 Dec. 11-12.