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gan's division, now numbering less Dennis's brigade, which was in adthan 6,000, was seriously engaged on vance, and of which the 20th Ohio, our side; but Crocker's division came 23d Indiana, and 20th Illinois fougho up just after the battle was won by desperately and suffered severely. the advance of Stevenson's brigade, Our loss in this affair was 69 killed and a splendid charge with fixed (including Col. Richards, 20th Illi. bayonets by the 8th Illinois, Lt.-Col. nois, who fell at the head of his regiSturgis. The enemy had previously ment, and Maj. Kaga, 20th Ohio), been strongest in the numbers en- 341 wounded, and 32 missing: total gaged, and had fought stubbornly; 442. The Rebels lost 103 killed, charging to turn the left flank of with 720 wounded and prisoners.

VOL. II.—20

We took prisoners from ten different | fenses of Jackson; when McMurray's regiments; and Johnston reports that and Dillon's batteries were brought Gregg's force numbered 6,000. Here up and poured a deadly fire into the McPherson and Logan were con- routed masses of the foe. Here our stantly under fire; the latter having troops were halted and our lines his horse shot twice. McPherson's rëformed, while "skirmishers were generalship and dash elicited the ad- thrown out and officers sent forward miration of our soldiers.

to reconnoiter: these soon reported McPherson pushed on next morn- the capital of Mississippi evacuated; ing" to Clinton, which he entered and, at 4 P. M., the flag of the 59th unopposed at 2 P. m., and commenced Indiana was waving over the dome tearing up the railroad thence toward of the State House ; Sherman's comJACKSON; Gen. Sherman advancing mand about this time entering the simultaneously on the direct road city from the south-west. from Rayinond to Jackson. McPher- McPherson's loss in this collision son's march was resumed at 5 A. M. was 37 killed, 228 wounded and next day;" and, at 9 a. M., when missing; while that he inflicted five miles from Jackson, the enemy's on the enemy amounted, in killed, pickets were driven in; and, pro- wounded, and prisoners, to 845. ceeding 24 miles farther, their main Our captures in Jackson included 17 body was encountered in strong force, pieces of artillery; while railroads, under Gen. W. H. T. Walker, whose manufactories, and army stores, were command consisted partly of South extensively destroyed. Carolina and Georgia troops, which Grant was in Jackson directly after had only arrived the evening before. its capture; and, after giving orders A tremendous shower occurred while to Sherman for the thorough deMcPherson was making his disposi- struction of its railroads, military tions, which delayed his attack for an factories, and stores, directed Mchour and a half. At 11 A. M., the Pherson to retrace his steps next rain having nearly ceased, our sol. morning" to Clinton, following himdiers advanced, preceded by a line of self in the afternoon; impelling Mcskirmishers, who were soon exposed Clernand's corps westward next mornto so heavy a fire that they were re- ing“ upon Edwards's Station; while called to their regiments, when an Sherman, having finished his work at order to charge was responded to Jackson, was ordered to evacuate that with hearty cheers. Our whole line city and rejoin him so soon as might swept forward in perfect array, driv- be; for Grant had learned in Jackson ing the enemy out of the ravine which that Gen. Jo. Johnston, who had just covered their front, and up the hill arrived in our front and assumed " whereon their batteries were posted; immediate command of the Rebel when, without having checked our forces in this quarter, had ordered momentum, they broke and fled pre. Pemberton to march out from Vickscipitately, eagerly followed for a mile burg and assail our rear: the Rebels and a half, till our infantry was with- routed in Jackson having fled northin range of the guns forming the de- ward from that city, as if intending

* May 13. « May 14. "May 15. « May 16. * May 13.


307 to form a junction with Pemberton corps, being now close upon him, and at some point on the Big Black, the rest of McClernand's, followed by above the railroad. It was, there- McPherson's corps, rapidly coming fore, Grant's business and purpose to up. prevent this conjunction by meeting Gen. Grant now reached the front, and beating Pemberton before it could and found Hovey's skirmishers close be effected. At 5 A. M., "Grant learned to the enemy's pickets, while his that Pemberton's force consisted of troops were rapidly coming into line, 80 regiments, with 10 batteries of and might, had they been strong artillery, probably numbering in all enough, have opened the battle at about 25,000 men," now eagerly ad- any moment. The enemy in their vancing with intent to fall unexpect- front held a very strong position on edly on his rear; and he resolved to a narrow ridge, with his left resting anticipate the delivery of this blow. on a height, where the road toward Pushing forward Blair's division to- Vicksburg made a sharp turn to the ward Edwards's Station, he directed left, with the crest of the ridge and McClernand to follow, with that of his left fank covered by a dense Osterhaus; McPherson, with his en- forest. McPherson's corps, except tire corps, following directly. Ransom's brigade, soon came up,

Pemberton was in position near and was thrown to the right, so as to Edwards's Station, when he received threaten the enemy's rear. Still, our a dispatch from Johnston suggesting numbers on the field were inade-he says not ordering--a combined quate, and Grant forbade an attack attack on McPherson, then at Clin- until he could hear from McClerton, and called a council to consider nand, who was advancing with two the proposition. After hearing its divisions, from Bolton Station on our advice, he decided to attack next right, but on parallel roads which morning; but was delayed by the converged two miles east of Edswollen condition of a branch of Ba-wards's Station. But, while Grant ker's creek till afternoon; when he was thus impatiently listening for advanced four or five miles, and took the sound of McClernand's guns, and up a strong position on CHAMPION sending him orders to push forward Hills, southward of the railroad, and rapidly, the firing between Hovey's about midway between Jackson and and the Rebel skirmishers gradually Vicksburg. Here he received, next grew, by 11 A. M., into a battle; andmorning,“ a note from Johnston, di- since a single division could not long recting him to move northward, so resist two or three times its numbers as to form a junction with his own —one brigade and then another of shattered forces, most of which had Crocker's division was sent in to Ho80 recently been driven out of Jack- vey's support; while McPherson's othson. Pemberton thereupon ordered er division, under Logan, was working his trains sent back toward the effectively upon the enemy's left and Black, and would have followed with rear, essentially weakening his efforts his army, but it was too late; Gen. in front. McClernand's remaining Hovey's division, of McClernand's divisions failed to arrive at the front,

67 May 16. " A Rebel report says 17,500. « May 14. 10 May 16.

however, until after the enemy had | turing seven guns and several hunbeen driven with heavy loss from the dred prisoners, and thus gaining the field; Logan's division having pene- road in the Rebel rear, which cut off trated so nearly to the road leading Loring's retreat, and compelled him to Vicksburg as to cut off Loring's to escape as he could. division from Pemberton, and com- Before the Rebel defeat was depel it to retreat deviously southward, cided, Hovey having repeated his call evading our left, and narrowly escap- for rëenforcements, Grant ordered ing capture, by the sacrifice of all McPherson to advance whatever of its guns; thus reaching Jackson on his corps was still disposable by the the 19th.

left to the enemy's front; and, proThe credit of this victory devolves ceeding himself to observe this move mainly on Hovey and his heroic di- ment, he discovered that the Rebels vision, which was for hours closely en- were in full retreat. On reaching gaged with superior numbers strong- the Raymond road, he saw Carr's and ly posted and well covered by the then Osterhaus's division of McClerdense forest, who fought gallantly, nand's corps, well advanced on the and repeatedly crowded back our left, and ordered them to pursue the line by the sheer weight of that op- enemy with all speed to the Black, posing it. When his infantry had and, if possible, across that river. thus been crowded back from the This pursuit continued till after dark; ridge they had carried by desperate resulting in the capture of a train of fighting, and compelled to abandon cars loaded with provisions and mu11 Rebel guns they had taken, Hovey nitions, but very little else;" though massed his artillery, strengthened by the Rebels lost considerably in muni. Dillon's Wisconsin battery, on eleva- tions and stores, which they were ted ground at his right, and opened obliged to abandon to the flames. on the advancing foe an enfilading Sherman's corps had no part in fire that arrested and turned them this engagement, being still on its back, under a tempest of cheers from way from Jackson when it closed; our boys. The loss of this single di- and Ransom's brigade of McPhervision was 211 killed, 872 wounded, son’s corps only arrived after the eneand 119 missing: total, 1,202—about my had retreated. As but three divione-third of its force, and nearly half sions of McClernand's corps were even our entire loss in the battle. But constructively present, it is morally McPherson's corps fought, so far as certain that this action was fought it had opportunity, with equal gal- by fewer men on our side than on lantry, and was handled with equal that of the Rebels. skill; Stevenson's brigade making a Grant reports our loss in this desbrilliant charge across ravines, up a perate struggle at 426 killed, 1,842 hill, and through an open field, cap-wounded, and 189 missing : total,

il Grant evidently blames McClernand for lack the nature of the ground and the density of the of energy in this battle; though he says:

forest, to discover his numbers. As it was, the

battle of Champion Hills, or Baker's creek, was "The delay in the advance of the troops im- | fought mainly by Hovey's division of McCler. mediately with McClernand was caused, po nand's corps and Logan's and Quinby's divisions doubt, by the enemy presenting a front of artil- | (the latter commanded by Brig-Gen. M. M. lery and infantry where it was impossible, from Crocker) of McPherson's corps."


309 2,457. The Rebels lost quite as his men who could reach it fled, heavily in killed and wounded, some leaving 18 guns, 1,500 prisoners, sev2,000 prisoners, 15 or 20 guns, with eral thousand stand of arms, and thousands of small arms, &c. Among large quantities of commissary stores, their killed was Gen. Lloyd Tilgh- to fall into the hands of the victors, man, of Maryland.

whose entire loss here was but 29 Next morning," the pursuit being killed, and 242 wounded. But the renewed, the enemy were found bridges were of course burned by the strongly posted on the Black, with fugitives; and the deep river, with its a bold, wooded bluff directly at the forest-covered western bluff lined water's edge on the west side, while with sharp-shooters, baffled our adon the east, an open, cultivated bot- vance for hours. Our only pontoon tom, nearly a mile broad, has a train was with Sherman, now on his bayou of stagnant water, ten to way to Bridgeport, several miles fartwenty feet wide and two to three ther up; and our attempts to force feet deep, to the east of it. This had a passage, under cover of a fire of been made to serve as a wet ditch, artillery, were baffled until after with a line of rifle-pits behind it; and dark; when the Rebels, aware that here Carr's division was stopped two they would be flanked if they ator three hours, until Lawler, com- tempted to remain here, fell back to manding his right brigade, discover the friendly shelter of the fortificaed a way of approach whereby ittions of Vicksburg. could be successfully assaulted, and Floating bridges having been conordered a charge, which was gallantly structed here and three miles above, made; but the volley which was fired during the night, the passage of both by the enemy at close range as his McClernand's and McPherson's corps command rushed across the level, coinmenced at 8 A. m.;" Gen. Sheropen ground, down to the bayou, man crossing simultaneously on his taking our column in flank, swept pontoons at Bridgeport, and pressing down 150 of our men. None faltered on to within 3} miles of Vicksburg; nor turned back, however, nor even when, turning to the right, he took stopped to fire till they were all possession, unopposed, of Walnut across the bayou; when, pouring in IIills and the banks of the Yazoo a deadly volley, without waiting to adjacent. McPherson, striking into rëload, they swept on with fixed Sherman's road, followed it to the bayonets, leaving the Rebels, who | point where the latter had obliqued had not yet found time to röload, no to the Walnut Hills, where he halted choice but surrender. Gen. Oster for the night; while McClernand, haus, wlio with his division had come advancing on the direct highway up on our left, was here wounded by from Jackson nearly to Vicksburg, a fragment of shell.

swayed to the left, so as to cover the Beside the railroad bridge, Pember- roads leading into that city from the ton had constructed an army bridge south-east; so that by next morning over the Black, composed mainly of the investment of the doomed city three steamboats ; across which, all was substantially complete ; while 72 May 17.

** May 18.

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