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hysterics by an old coal-boat, fresh | than the west. It was in pursuance word was sent that they had been of this plan that he had so abruptly sold; but, ere this arrived, the Indian-ordered a discontinuance of and withola had been blown to splinters—not drawal from the various expeditions even her priceless guns having been looking to the control of the valley saved. The Webb now escaped up of the Yazoo, and the capture or dethe Red river; leaving our supremacy struction of the thirty Rebel steamon the Mississippi once more undis- boats employed on that river or laid puted and unbroken.
| up near Yazoo City. All being at Admiral Farragut, commanding length prepared, and the Winter overbelow Vicksburg, having applied to flow of the Mississippi so far abated Admiral Porter for iron-clads and that the so-called roads of that rerams to operate against certain small gion were no longer generally under but formidable Rebel iron-clads and water, but only beds of the prorams which held possession of Red foundest and softest black mud, Gen. river, the rams Switzerland, Col. McClernand, with his (13th) corps, Chas. R. Ellet, and Lancaster, Lt. was impelled“ down the west bank Col. John A. Ellet, were prepared of the great river to New Carthage; for running the Vicksburg batteries ; McPherson following directly with which they attempted" to do; but his (17th) corps ; each moving no with ill success. Instead of being faster than it could be accompanied started in due season, it was daylight by its trains. The roads were so inwhen they came under the Rebel conceivably bad that the advance fire; whereby the Lancaster was sunk was inevitably laborious and slow. and the Switzerland badly cut up. The river-bank, being higher than The latter succeeded in passing. Of the country back of it, the march several frailer vessels, which from was mainly along the levee; of time to time made the venture, two course, under constant observation or three were sunk; the residue from the Rebel pickets and scouts mainly went by unscathed.
across the river.
When our van was barely two Months had now flitted since our | miles from New Carthage, it was earlier attempts on Vicksburg— stopped by a break in the levee, months of fitful but costly effort to through which the waters of the reduce that Rebel stronghold, which Mississippi were pouring out into the was only stronger and haughtier than bayou Vidal, forbidding approach to ever. Gen. Grant-long since con- the village, which was temporarily vinced that it could not be success. transformed into an island. After fully assailed from above, unless we boats had been collected to effect a had full control of the Yazoo, for crossing of the upper break, it was which he had so persistently but found that the process would not vainly struggled — now decided on only be tedious but would have to an entirely new line of operations- be repeated below. Grant now deturning Vicksburg on the south, and cided to march around the bayon, assailing her from the east rather avoiding New Carthage, and striking 46 Night of March 24-25.
17 March 29.
PORTER RUNS BY VICKSBURG-GRIERSON'S RAID. 301
the Mississippi at Perkins's, 12 miles by a shot, and received another farther, or 35 from his base at Milli- through her steam-drum, disabling ken's Bend. And now the lack of her; yet she floated out of range, transportation on the river below and, being taken in tow by a gunVicksburg, dictated a still farther boat, went through without further march down to Hard Times, opposite, damage; while the Silver Wave ran but rather below, Grand Gulf; ex- the gauntlet entirely unscathed; but tending the distance traversed from the Clay was struck by a shell which Milliken's Bend to 70 miles. set her protecting cotton-bales on fire,
Meantime, Commodore Porter, at just as she had been stopped to prethe suggestion of Gen. Grant, had vent a collision with the crippled made preparation for running the Queen; when her panic-stricken crew batteries of Vicksburg with his iron- launched her yawl and made for the clads, followed by three transports; shore, leaving their vessel to float and the experiment was made ** with down the river in flames till she fair success. The gunboats Benton, burned to the water's edge and sunkLafayette, Price, Louisville, Caron a total loss. We had one man killed delet, Pittsburg, Tuscumbia, and and two wounded by a shell on board Mound City (all iron-clads but the the Benton, but lost none beside, on Price), floated silently down the cur- either gunboats or transports. rent, under cover of thick darkness, Gen. Grant now ordered six more for nearly an hour; and their crews transports to be sent down, towing were beginning to infer that the and partially shielded by twelve Rebels had, for some reason, con- barges laden with forage. Five of cluded not to assail them ; when— the transports made" the venture in just as they were fairly opposite the safety; but the Tigress received a shot city-fire was opened on them from below her water-line which disabled the up-stream batteries, and in a her, so that she drifted helplessly down moment the whole bluff was ablaze and sank near the Louisiana bank, with the flashes, and quaking to the some distance below. Of the barges, roar, of heavy guns, rising tier above three, with five of the transports, tier along the entire water-front of were soon made ready for further the city. The fleet promptly respond- usefulness. ed with grape and shrapnel, firing at The effective Rebel force in the the city rather than the batteries, States bordering on the Mississippi and went by unharined; opening being now mainly engaged in the upon the Warrenton batteries, as it defense of Vicksburg and the Yazoo neared them, so furious a cannonade valley, Grant had determined to rethat they scarcely attempted a reply. taliate one of the destructive cavalry The passage of the gunboats was raids of Morgan, Forrest, and Van thus triumphantly effected; but of Dorn. To this end, Col. B. H. Grierthe three transports—Forest Queen, son, with a cavalry brigade, 1,700 llenry Clay, and Silver Wave-which strong, composed of the 6th and 7th attempted to follow, under cover of Illinois and 2d Iowa, starting from the smoke, the first-named was hulled Lagrange, Tennessee, swept rapidly * Night of April 16.
10 Night of April 22. 50 April 17.
right, and madrned sharply to the other points
southward, through Ripley, New ordinates. Detachments necessarily Albany, Pontotoc, Clear Spring, made to the right and left to destroy Starkville, Louisville, Decatur, and Rebel supplies or mislead pursuersNewton, Miss.—thus passing behind of whom thousands were sent after all the Rebel forces confronting and him from Jackson, Vicksburg, and resisting Grant-until, having passed other points—were frequently comJackson, he turned sharply to the pelled to ride 60 miles per day of right, and made his way W.S. W. these horrible roads in order to regain through Raleigh, Westville, Hazle- the main body—which, during the hurst, and Gallatin, to Union C. H., 28 hours preceding its arrival at back of Natchez; thence zigzagging Baton Rouge, had marched 76 miles. by Bogue Chito to Greensburg and enjoyed four fights, and forded the Clinton, La., and so to Baton Rouge;" | Comite river where it was necessary having traversed more than 600 miles to swim many of the horses. Grierof hostile territory in 16 days; cross- son's conclusion that the Confederacy ing several considerable rivers by was a mere shell, which needed but ferriage, burning great numbers of to be fairly pierced to demonstrate railroad bridges, trestles, cars, and its rottenness, was justified by his dépôts of supplies, having several experience; but a leader less able, sinart engagements with Rebel forces alert, wary, untiring, and courageous, hastily gathered to obstruct his prog- would have found that shell far easier ress, killing or wounding about 100 of to enter than to emerge from. them, beside capturing and paroling over 500 prisoners, and destroying All being at length ready,“ Gen. 3,000 stand of arms, at a total cost of Grant directed a naval attack on the 27 men, including Lt. Col. Blackburn, batteries of Grand Gulf; which was 7th Illinois. Col. Grierson sent back, gallantly made by Admiral Porter, after he was fairly on his way, the with his gunboat ficet. But five 2d Iowa, as also 175 of the least ef hours of mutual cannonade, during fective men of his remaining regi- which our larger boats were often ments; so that this brilliant raid was within pistol-shot of the Rebel batactually made with less than 1,000 teries, brought no decisive advantage men. It was a succession of forced to our arms. The enemy's fortificamarch:s, sometimes without rest for tions were strong; many of their 48 hours; often through drenching guns planted on the bluffs at too rain, over long stretches of swamp, great an elevation to be effectively so completely submerged that no assailed from the water; the hillroad could be discerned; so that, in sides were lined with rifle-pits ; crossing one swamp, eight miles wide, beside which, they had field-guns on the Okanoxubee, near Louisville, which could be moved from point to no less than twenty fine horses were point, and so concentrated wherever drowned. Grierson proved himself they could be most effective to preeminently fitted for his place, as did vent a landing or defeat an assault. Col. Prince, of the 6th, and Lt.-Col. After watching the cannonade from a Loomis, 7th Illinois, and their sub- tugboat from 8 d. M. to 1 P. M., 61 May 2.
62 April 29.
less than 11 was within pictor larger boats
SHERMAN'S FEINT ON HAINES'S BLUFF.
Grant decided against its further boats, and proceeded to the mouth prosecution; having determined to of the Yazoo, where he found Capt. debark his troops now on shipboard, Breese, with the iron-clads Black and march still farther down the Hawk, Choctaw, and De Kalb, and Louisiana bank, to a point opposite several wooden boats, all ready, with Rodney; while the gunboats and steam up; and they at once ascendtransports should run the Grand ed the Yazoo, stopping for the night Guilf batteries, as they had run those at the mouth of the Chickasaw of Vicksburg and Warrenton, and bayou, and moving up next morning be ready to cross his army at a point to within range of the Haines's Bluff where little resistance was antici- batteries, which were engaged for pated. Accordingly, at dark, our gun- four hours by our iron-clads and the boats again engaged the batteries, Tyler—the enemy replying with while our transports ran by them; spirit; but, though the Tyler was receiving but two or three shots, hit once, and the Choctaw rewhich did them no essential harm. peatedly, none of our men were
Finally, having learned from a seriously hurt. Toward evening, negro that there was a good road Blair's division was debarked in full from the little hamlet of Bruinsburg, view of the enemy, and seemingly half way down to Rodney, running prepared to assault; our gunboats back to Port Gibson, in the rear of thereupon renewing their fire and Grand Gulf, the General decided to provoking the enemy to reply. cross at this point; and, by daylight Thus the menace of an assault was next morning, ** both gunboats and maintained till after dark; when our transports were ferrying over the troops were quietly röembarked. 13th corps; our soldiers, so fast as Next day, equally threatening delanded, taking three days' rations in monstrations were made, accom: their haversacks, and pushing out on panied by reconnoissances on all the road to Port Gibson, followed by sides; meanwhile, orders were rethe 17th corps.
ceived from Grant to desist from the Meantime, Gen. Sherman, with feint and hurry the whole corps forththe 15th corps, had been left above with to Grand Gulf. Vicksburg, expecting to follow on Sending orders to the divisions of the track of the 13th and 17th, until Steele and Tuttle to march southhe received a letter from Gen. ward at once, Sherman kept up the Grant, near Carthage, depicting the feint till after nightfall; then quietly badness of the roads, and directing dropped down the Yazoo to Young's him to remain where he was for the Point; and next morning “ Blair's present. Two days later, Grant division moved up to Milliken's wrote him that he proposed to Bend, to remain there as a garrison attack Grand Gulf next day, and till relieved by fresh troops from suggesting a simultaneous feint on above; while Steele's and Tuttle's the Rebel batteries near Haines's hurried down the west bank of the Bluff. Sherman accordingly em- Mississippi to Hard Times, where barked Blair's division on ten steam- they were ferried across, and were
» April 30. “ April 26. 66 April 29-10 A. M. Lui May 2. May 6 and 7.
pushed forward 18 miles next day, to connoissances employed in obtaining Hankinson's Ferry.
information of the enemy. Grant's advance, under McCler- Grant had expected to remain nand, first encountered the enemy 58 some time at Grand Gulf, accumulawhen eight miles out from Bruins- ting provisions and munitions, while burg; but the Rebels were not in he sent a corps down the river to coforce, and fell back unpursued till operate with Gen. Banks in the remorning; when McClernand ad- duction of Port Hudson; but the vanced, and, when approaching Port information here obtained dictated a GIBSON, was resisted with spirit by a change in his plans–Banks not har. Rebel force from Vicksburg, under ing yet invested Port Hudson. AcMaj.-Gen. Bowen ; the country being cordingly, his army was pushed forbroken into narrow ridges, separated ward" on two parallel roads up the by deep ravines, which afforded left bank of the Big Black: Mcgreat advantage to the defensive. Pherson on that nearest the river ; Our superiority in numbers being McClernand on the higher, or ridge decisive, however, they were steadily road; while Sherman's corps, dividriven ; Grant finally sending up J. ded, followed on each; all the ferries E. Smith's brigade of McPherson's on the Big Black being watched to corps to the support of our left, under guard against a surprise from the Osterhaus; when, late in the after- enemy, who had taken care to burn noon, the enemy was defeated with the few bridges. heavy loss, and pursued toward Port Thus advancing, our army encounGibson. Our loss was 130 killed, tered no serious resistance until its 718 wounded. We captured 3 guns, van, under McPherson, then moving 4 flags, and 580 prisoners. Night on Clinton and Jackson, was encounsoon closed in, and our troops slept tered, near RAYMOND, by two Rebel on their arms till morning; when it brigades, under Gen. Gregg, who had was found that the enemy had re- taken a good position, with two battreated across Bayou Pierre, burning teries, commanding the road in our the bridge behind them, abandoning front, having his infantry posted on Port Gibson, and evacuating Grand a range of hills to the right of the Gulf, as our army advanced " in its road, and in the timber and ravines rear to Hankinson's Ferry on the just in front. The fight here was Big Black, skirmishing and taking a short one. The Rebels opened it some prisoners, mainly stragglers, with great fury, attempting to charge but not seriously resisted.
and capture De Golyer's battery, Gen. Grant now rode across to which was in position on our front; Grand Gulf, with a small escort of but, being repulsed by a terrific fire cavalry, to make arrangements for of grape and canister, they broke and changing his base of supplies from fled precipitately, so that McPherson Bruinsburg to this point, while his had scarcely begun the fight when it army awaited the arrival of wagons, was ended; the Rebels fleeing at full provisions, and Sherman's corps ; speed through Raymond, which our meantime, scouts were busy and re- troops occupied at 5 P. M. Only Lo65 May 1-2 A. 31.
bø May 3.