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ARMY SLAVE-CATOHING PROHIBITED.

257

that the alternative of conceded Dis- | Mr. James F Wilson, of Iowa. Mr. union or constrained Emancipation Wilson, of Mass., soon reported' his might yet be avoided. His first An- bill; of which he pressed the considnnal Message* cautiously avoided the eration ten days afterward; but it subject; but proposed a systematic was resisted with great ingenuity and colonization in some territory to be earnestness by all the Opposition and acquired outside of the present limits by a few of the more conservativo of our country of those Black; who Administration Senators. Other bills had already, or might thereafter, be having obtained precedence in the come free in consequence of the war. Senate, Mr. F. P. Blair reported to He coolly added :

the House from its Military Commit"It might be well to consider, too, tee, an additional Article of War, as whether the free colored people already in follows: the United States could not, so far as individuals may desire, be included in such colo

"All officers are prohibited from employ. nization."

ing any of the forces under their respective

commands for the purpose of returning fuCongress acceded to this, so far as gitives from service or labor who may have to appropriate $100,000 in aid of the escaped froin any persons to whoin such ser

vice or labor is claimed to be due. Any colonization as aforesaid of the freed

officer who shall be found guilty by courtmen of the District of Columbia; martial of violating this article shall be diswhich sum, or most of it, was duly missed from the service.” squandered—toine satisfaction of cer- This bill was strenuously opposed tain speculators, and the intense, pro- by Messrs. Mallory and Wickliffe, tracted misery of a few deluded of Kentucky, as also by Mr. ValBlacks, who were taken to a wretch- landigham, of Ohio, while ably ed sand-spit, known as Cow Island, advocated by Mr. Bingham, of Ohio; on the coast of Hayti, and kept there and passed by a (substantially) party so long as they could be: and this was vote: Yeas 83; Nays 44. Having the practical finale of the Coloniza been received by the Senate and retion project.

ferred to its Military Committee, it

was duly reportedo therefroin by Mr. The XXXVIIth Congress having H. Wilson ; vehemently opposed by convened for its second (or first reg- Messrs. Garret Davis, of Ky., Carlile, ular) session, Gen. Wilson, of Mass., of Va., Saulsbury, of Del., and supgave notice in Senate of a bill to ported by Messrs. Wilson, of Mass., punish officers and privates of our Howard, of Michigan, Sherman, of armies for arresting, detaining, or de- Ohio, McDougall, of Cal., and Anlivering persons claimed as fugitive thony, of R. I., and passed :-Yeas slaves; and Mr. O. Lovejoy, of 111., 29; Nays 9-a party vote, save that simultaneously introduced a bill of Mr. McDougall, of Cal., voted Yea. like tenor in the House. Mr. Wilson The bill thus enacted was approved submitted his bill on the 230; a re- by the President, March 13th, 1862. solve to the same effect having been Gen. Wilson, upon evidence that submitted by Mr. Sunner six days the above act was inadequate to rebefore; as one of like nature was strain the negro-catching propensities this day laid before the Ilouse by of some officers in the service, proDec. 3, 1861. Dec. 2, 1861. Dec. 4. Jan. 6, 1862. Feb. 25. March 4. March 10.

VOL. II.-17

d (or firskaving it as duly ra

posed " further action to the same | bill; which provided for the Aboliend; and the Senate considered " his tion of Slavery in the District, and resolution of inquiry. Mr. Grimes, the payment to the masters from the of Iowa, in supporting it made a Treasury of an average compensation statement as follows:

of $300 each for the slaves thus "In the month of February last, an manumitted. The bill was so amended officer of the 3d regiment of Iowa infantry, as to abolish also the Black Laws of stationed at a small town in Missouri, succeeded in capturing several Rebel bridge. said District. Mr. G. Davis, of Ky.. burners, and some recruiting officers be bitterly opposed the bill ; proposing longing to Price's army. The information that led to their capture was furnished by

so to amend it as to send out of the two or three remarkably shrewd and intelli- country all persons freed thereby ; gent slaves, claimed by a Lt.-('olonel in the

which was ardently supported by Rebel army. Shortly afterward, the master dispatched an agent, with instructions to

Mr. Saulsbury, of Del. Mr. Doolittle seize the slaves, and convey them within (Repub.), of Wisc., favored colonize the Rebel lines: whereupon, the Iowa officer

ing the freedmen, but moved to add seized thein, and reported the circuinstances to headquarters. The slaves, soon under-“ with their own consent;" which standing the full import of Gen. Halleck's prevailed-Yeas 23 ; Nays 16—and celebrated Order No. 3, two of thein attempted an escape. This was regarded as an unpar

Mr. Davis's proposition, as thus donable sin. The lowa oficer was imine- amended, was lost by a tie vote-19 diately placed under arrest; and a detach

to 19; and the emancipating billment of the Missouri State Militia-men in the pay of this Government, and under the after having been ably supported by command of Gen. Halleck---were sent in pur- | Messrs. Wilmot, of Pa., Ilale, of suit of the fugitives. The hunt was successful. The slaves were caught, and returned to

N. 11., Pomeroy, of Kansas (against their traitor master; but not until one of paying the masters), King, of N. Y., them had been shot by order of the soldier

soldier | Wilson, of Mass., Harlan, of Iowa, in comnand of the pursuing party." Mr. Sumner followed in an able

Wilkinson, of Minn., Sumner, of speech in advocacy ; but the subject

Mass., Fessenden, of Maine, Brownwas overlaid by others deemed more

ing, of Ill., and Morrill, of Maine, urgent; and the bill was not conclu

and further opposed by Messrs. sively acted on.

Wright (Union), of Ind., Willey, of At an early period " of the session,

West Va. (who wished the question Gen. Wilson had proposed a refer

of Emancipation submitted tu a popence of all laws relating to persons of

ular vote of the District), Kennedy, color in the District of Columbia,

of Md., McDougall, of Cal., and and to the arrest of fugitives from

Bayard, of Del.--was passed :" Yeas labor, to the Standing Committee on

29; Nays 14-as follows: said District, with instructions that Yeas — Messrs. Antliony, Browning, they consider the expediency of a | Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Doclit

tle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, llale, compensated Abolition of Slavery

Harlan, Harris, Iloward, Ilowe, King, Lane, therein ; and he soon afterward in of Ind., Lane, of Kansas, Morrill, Pornery, troduced " a bill of like purport: Sherman, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Triumbull.

Wade, Wilkinson, Wilmot, and Wilson, of which was read twice and referred" Mass.-29. to the Committee aforesaid. Mr. | Nays--Messrs. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Morrill, of Maine, duly reported

| Henderson, Kennedy, Latham, McDougall,

| Nesmith, Powell, Saulsbury, Stark, Willey, from said Committee Gen. Wilson's | Wilson, of Mo., and Wright-14.

" April 3. April 14. 13 Dec. 14. ^ Dec. 16. Dec. 22. " Feb. 13. 7 April 3.

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