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front of the General's cottage. The struc- | Generals had arranged to carry Corinth by ture is a sort of sieve now-bullets have one grand assault. In their reconnoissance punctured it so well. But the desperadoes Friday evening, they had found no fort whiero got no farther into town.

Fort Richardson was, and they overlooked “Battle was raging about Fort Richard Fort Robinett. Ugly obstacles. When they son. Gallant Richardson, for whoin it was drove their wedge toward Corinthi, one named, fought his battery well. llad his sup flinge on the Bolivar road, the other on a ports fought as his artillerymen did, the rec branch of the Chewalla, they intended both ord would have been different. The Rebels wings should extend together. Topographigained the crest of the hill, swarmed around cal and artificial obstructions interrupted the little redoubt, and were swept away | Van Dorn. He was obliged to swepp over from it as a breath will dissipate smoke. ) a rugged ravine, through dense thickets, up Again they swarmed like infuriated tigers. hili, over a heavy abatis, with liis left; it At last, a desperate dash, with a yell. Rich | was necessary for his center to dip down ardson goes down to rise no more. llis hill under the fire of Fort Williams, Capt. supports are not on hand. The foe shouts Gau's siege-guns in the rear of the town, triumphantly and seizes the guns. The and under lieavy musketry, while his right horses are fifty yards down the hill toward had to girdle a ridge and move over alınost Corinth. A score of Rebels seize them. / insurmountable abatis under a point-blank The 76th Illinois suddenly rises from cover fire of both Fort Williams and Fort Robinin the ravine. One terrible volley, and ett, supported by a splendid division of there are sixteen dead artillery horses and a veteran troops. The latter fort had 10dozen dead Rebels. Illinois shouts, charges pounder Parrotts, three of them the for,up the hill, across the plateau into the bat- mer 30-pounder Parrotts, which devour .tery. The Rebels fly out through einbra- men. It was a task to be accomplished, or aures and around the wings. The 56th yells a terrible failure to be recorded. Price had again and pursties.

comparatively plain sailing, and lost no time. " The Rebels do not stop. IIamilton's vet- | Van Dorn was seven or eighit minutes beerans, meantiine, have been working quietly hind time. During that precious seren min, -110 lung-work, but gun-work enough. A utes, Price was overwhelmed, and Van Dorn steady stream of fire tore the Rebel ranks was left with a feat of desperation to be acto pieces. When Davies broke, it was ne- complished. He tried it andaciously. His cessary for all to fall back. Gen. Rosecrans men obeyed magnificently. Evidently, he thought it well enough to get Price in relied chiefly on Texas and Mississippi; for deeply. A Rebel soldier says Van Dorn the troops of those States were in front. bat on his lorse grimly and saw it all. | The wings were sorely distressed in the en“That's Rosecrans's trick,' said he; 'he's tanglement on either side. Two girdles of got Price where he innst suffer.' Maybe bristling steel glistened on the waist of the this is one oť the apocrypha of battle. A ridge. Two brigades, one supporting the Rebel soldier says it's truth. But llam- | front at close distance, moved up solidly toilton's division receded under orders-at ward the face of the fort. The Parrotts of backward step; slowly, grimly, face to the bo'h redoubts were pouring shot, and shell, foe, and firing. But when the 56th ll- and grape, and canister, into them from the

inois charged, this was changed. Da- inoment of command -- Forward-Charge l' Svies's misfortune had been remedied. The shouted clearly from the brave Col. Rogers whole line ndvanced. The Rebel host was (acting Brigadier) of Texas. They tell me broken. A destroying Nemesis pursued it was a noble exhibition of desperate darthein. Arms were flung away wildly. | ing. At every discharge, great gaps were They ran to the woods. They fell into cut through their ranks. No faltering, but the forests. Oh! what a shout of triumph the ranks were closed, and they moved steadand what a gleaming line of steel followed ily to the front, bending their heads to the them. It is strange, but true. Our men storin. Dozens were slauglitered while do not often shout before battle. Ileavens! thrusting themselves through the rugged what thunder there is in their throats after timber, but no man wavered. Onward, onvictory! They' report that such a shout ward, steady and unyielding as fate, their was never before heard in Corinth, Price's General in front. At last, they reach the Orice invincible' now invisible legions were ditch. It is an awful moment. They pause broken, demoralized, fugitive, and remorse to take breath for a surge-a fatal pause. lessly pursued down the hill, into the Texas Rogers, with the Rebel Bag in his swamps, through the thickets, into the for- | left, revolver in his right, advanced firing, ests. Newly disturbed earth shows where | leaped the ditch, scaled the parapet, waved they fell, and how very often.

his banner aloft, and tumbled headlong into "Gen. Van Dorn's attack was to have the ditch. A patriot's bullet had killed him been simultaneous with that of Price. The l in the moment of triumph. Five Texans REBEL DEFEAT AT CORINTII.

229

who followed pitched forward through the still vomiting destruction. With the enemy : embrasures like logs, and fell into the fort. plunging in upon him, brave Robinett, with

"But we anticipate. Reinem ber that the his faithful gunners of the 1st United States two redoubts are on the same ridge: Fort Artillery, had double-shotted his guns and Williains commanding Fort Robinett, which belched death upon the i:furiato enemy; and is in front. llad the Rebels taken the latter, now he sent the iron hail after the fugitives : the guns of the former would have destroyed with relentless fury. The abatis was full of them. They were separated by a spaco not thein, but they were subdued. Directly, i exceeding one hundred and fifty yards. The they began to wave their handkerchiefs Ohio brigade, commanded by Col. Fuller, upon sticks in token of submission, shout-; was forined behind the ridge, on the right ing to spare them for God's sike. Over of the redoubts. The left of the 630 Ohio | two liundred of them were tiiken within an rested on Fort Robinett, its right joining area of a hundred yards, and more than two the left of the 27th Ohio; the 39th was hundred of thein fell in that frightful assault' behind the 27th, supporting it; the right upon Fort Robinett. Fifty-six de:d Rebof the 430 joined the left or the 63u, form-els were leaped up toge her in front of ing a rigl.t angle with it, and extending to that relloubt, most of whom were of the Fort Williams, behind the crest of the ridge. | 21 Texas and 4th Mississippi. They were The 11th Missouri, Col. Mower (U. S. A.), buried in one pit; but their brave General was firmed behind the 630 Ohio, its left in sleeps alone: our own noble fellows testhe angle, and the regime:t fuce i obliquely tifying their respect by rounding his gravo to the right of the 630. lhe positions of smoothly and marking his resting-place. these gallant regiments s!iould be described, “A great shout went up all over Corinth. because their actions are menorable.

The bat:le was a shock. It really began at * Col. Fuller, perfec ly collecteil, required half-past 9 o'clock, and pursuit was comhis brigade to lie filt on their faces when mence:l at 11 o'clock. The pursuit of the not engaged. While the enemy was steadily beaten foe was terrible. Sheets of flame approaching, he warned them to wait till blazed through the forest. Huge trunks they could see the whites of their eyes, then were shattered by crashing shells. You fire coolly. It was at the moment the Tex. inay track the fiving conflict for miles by an Rogers was flaunting his flag on our scarified trees, broken branches, twisted ginparapet, that the 63d was ordered to fire. barrels and shattered stocks, blood-stained Dead Capt. McFadden gave the first com | garments and mats of human hair, which lio mind of his life to firo on the fiell of battle, on the ground where inen dierl; hillocks and le fell mortally wounded. There were which mark ditches where dead Rebels were only 230 of the 630 in the conflict; but covered, and smoothly rounded graves where their volley was fearful. It is said fifty Reb- slaughtered patriots were tenderly buried.” els fell at once. Six volleys were fired, and the Rebels were gone. The 63d again lav Gen. Rosecrans's official report dwn. Directly, the supporting brigade of the Rebels advanced. The 63d was ordered

says: to make a halt left wheel to sweep the front “When Price's left bore down on our of th: redoubt, and the maneuver was land- center in gallant style, their force was so sotnely executed. The 11th Missouri moved overpowering that vur wearied and jaded on the left into line into the vacant space; troops yielded and fell back, scattering the 4:3d moved by the right of companies among the houses. I had the personal morto the left, and the 27th half-faced to the tification of witnessing this untoward and left. Suddenly, the enemy appearet; and a untimely stampede. furious storin oild and grape was launched : "Riddled and scattered, the ragged head at them. The 65d fired fire or six volleys, of Price's right storming columns advanced and the Rebels rushed upon them. A ter- to near the house, north side of the square, rific hand-to-hand coinbat ensued., The in front of Gen. Halleck's former headquarrage of the combatants was furious and the ters; when it was greeted by a storm of uproar hideous. It lasted hardly a minute, grape from a section of Iminell's battery, but the carnage was dreadful. Bayonets soon röenforced by the 10th Ohio, which were used, muskets clubbed, and men were sent then whirling back, pursued by the 5th felled with brawny fists. Our noblo fellows / Minnesota, which advanced on them from were victors, but at sickening cost of their position near the dipôt. the 250 of the splendid 6:2, 125 lay there “Gen. Sullivan was ordered and promptly on the field, wounded, dead, or dying. The advanced to support Gen. Davies's center, last final strugile terininated with a how] | IIis right rallied and retook battery Powell, of rage and disin.y. The fue finng away into which a few of the storining column their arms and fled like frightened stags to had penetrated; while II:amilton, having the abatis and forests. The batteries were played upon tho Rebels on his right, over

the open space effectively swept by his ar- | with very little rest, Gen. Rosecrans tillery, advanced on them, and they fled. Loodorod ó 1 h.. The battlo was over on the right.

ordered all but those on the skirmish “During all this, the skirmislers of the line to lie down, while five days' left were moving in our front. A line of rations should be issued to them, and battle was formed on the ridge. About twenty minutes after the attack on the that they should start in pursuit of the right, the enviny advanced in four columns enemy early next morning; but, just

to before sunset, Gen. McPherson argrape and canister until within fifty yards; when the Ohio brigade arose and gave thein rived, with five fresh regiments from a murderous fire ot' musketry, before which Gen. Grant, and was given the adthey reeled and fell back to the woods. They, however, gallantly riformed and ad

vance on the trail of the flying vanced again to the charge, led by Col. enemy, whom he followed 15 miles Rogers, of the 2d Texas. This time, they

next day;" having a skirmish with reached the elge of the citih; but the deadly musk try fire of the Ohio brigade again his rear-guard that night. broke them; and, at the word charge, the Meantime, another division, which 11th Missouri and 27th Ohio sprang up and Gen. Grant bad pushed forward from forward at thein, chasing their broken frag- | ments back to the woods. Thus by noon | Bolivar, at 3 A. M. of the cventfi:1 ended the battle of the 4th of October." I 4th, under Gen. Hurlbut, to the re

In his testimony before the Com- lief of Corinth, had struck the head mittee on the Conduct of the War, of the enemy's retreating forces and he says:

skirmished with it considerably dur“Between 3} and 4 o'clock A. 1., the enemy ing the afternoon. Hurlbut was opened his batteries furiously from a poilit joined and ranked, next morning, by in front of battery Robinett; but in the

Ord. The Rebel advance, having course of an hour he was silenced and driven from his position. Our troops, thus crossed the Hatchie river at Davis's

.could bridge, were encountered by Ord and scarcely bo called slumber, nerved them: 1 selves for tho coming figlit; the brunt of driven back so precipitately that they which camo on about 10 o'clock, when, the were unable to burn the bridge, logenerny charging our right center, Davies's

ing 2 batteries and 30) prisoners. division gave way, but speedily rallied, and, 15.with the aid of Hamilton's division and a Ord, being in inferior numbers, did cross-fire from battery Robinett, poured in not pursue across the river, but a fire so destructive that the enemy were thrown into continusion and finally driven

| gathered up 900 small arms which

gathered up 300 om this part of the field; at the same time, the Rebels had tlırown away. He ho also charged battery Robinett; but was

reports that his losses in killed and thoroughly repulsed, after two or three efforts, and retired to the woods. With our wounded during that day's pursuit inferior nunbers of exhausted troops, we were several hundreds probably esstood on tho defensive, sending skirmishers to the front and expecting another charge

ceeding those of the enemy, who from the enemy, til about 3 o'clock P. M.; fought only under dense cover, with when, finding that their skirmishers yielded

every advantage of ground, compelto ours, we began to push them, and by 4 | o'clock became savisfied that they intended | ling our men to advance across open to retire fro:r'our inmediate front; but so fields and up hills against them. superior was their strength that I could not

Gen. Veatch was among our wounded. believe they would altogether abandon the operation. By 6 P. M., our skirinishers had Van Dorn crossed the llatchie pushed theirs back five iniles.".

that night at Crumm's Mill, 12 miles Our soldiers, having now been farther south, burning the bridge bemarching and fighting some 48 hours, hind him. McPherso: rebuilt the

37 Oct. 6.

aro

UNION AND REBEL LOSSES AT CORINTH.

231

bridge and crossed next day; " con- with 2,248 prisoners." He estimated tinuing the pursuit to Ripley, fol- their loss in wounded at 5,692. Ho lowed by Rosecrans with most of his says the prisoners represented 53 reg:army, gathering up deserters and inents of infantry, 16 of cavalry, 13 stragglers by the way. Rosecrans batteries, and 7 battalions; and that was anxiously eager to continue the their numbers engaged were nearly pursuit, and telegraphed to Grant for double his own," which he makes less permission to do so," believing the than 20,000 in all.“ Among his tro Rebel army utterly demoralized and phies were 14 flags, 2 guns, 3,300 incapable of resistance; but he was small arms, &c.; while the Rebels, in directed to desist and return to their retreat, blew up many ammuCorinth. Nine days after his return, nition and other wagons, and left the he was relieved from his command at ground strewn with tents, accouterCorinth, and ordered to report at ments, &c. Among our killed were Cincinnati; where he found a dis- Gen. Pleasant A. Hackleman," Col.

Gen. Buell in command of the Army Cols. Thrush, Baker, and Miles ; of the Ohio and Department of the while Gen. Richard J. Oglesby," Cumberland, including all of Tennes- Adjt.-Gen. Clark, of Rosecrans's see east of the Tennessee river. staff, and Col. Mower, 11th Missouri,

Gen. Rosecrans reports his total were among the severely wounded. los3 at Corinth and in the pursuit at On the Rebel side, Acting Brigadier3 2,359–315 killed, 1,812 wounded, Rogers, Johnston, and Martin were and 232 missing; and says that the killed, and Cols. Pritchard, Daily, Rebel loss in killed alone was 1,423, and McClain were wounded.

> Oct. 6.

40 Pollard—who rarely or never finds the Rob** He gives these reasons for his eagerness, el losses the greater-says: in his testimony before the Committee on the I “ Our loss in all the three days' engagements Conduct of the War:

was probably quite double that of the enemy. "Mississippi was in our hands. The enemy In killed and wounded, it exceeded 3,000; and had concentrated all his available force for an it was estimated, beside, that we had left moro offensive movement, had been thorouglely beaten than 1,500 prisoners in tho hand3 of the enoat Corintlı, and liad then retreated, blowing up my." his ammunition wagons and caissons; their men

“ Ho says, in his official ropo:t : throwing away their camp and garrison equi. pago ia the flight. Thio weather was cool : tho |

"We fought the combined Rebel force of roads were dry, and likely to be so for a month Mississippi, commandled by Van Dorn, Prico, to come. Corn was ripe, and, as yet, untouched. | Lovell, Villipigue, and Rust in person; numberWe had 3,000,000 of rations in Corinth, and ing, according to their own authority, 38,000 ammunition for six mouths. There was but onc men." bridgo injured on the Mobile and Ohio road; and 49 He says, in his testimony before the Comit could be put in running order by a regimca: | initteo on the Conduct of the War: in hall' a day. The enemy were so alarmed that, when Hamilton sent a reconnoissanco to Black

"Our own force in the fight was about 15,700 land, they vacated Tupelo, burning even the

infantry and artillery, and about 2,500 effective bacon which they could not take away on the

cavalry." first train. I had eighty wagon-loads of as.

* Repeatedly a Whig candidato for Congress sorted rations which had reached mo that night at Ripley, and had ordered the 30,000 from

| in the Franklin district, Indiana. Chewalla to Hurlbut.”

| “Since elected Governor of Illinois.

XI.

SLAVERY IN TIIE WAR–EMANCIPATION.

The Federal Constitution was the prohibition. Hence, when the framed in General Convention, and State Conventions were assembled to carried in the several State Conven- ratify or reject it, with such eminent tions, by the aid of adroit and politic R-volutionary patriois as Patrick evasions and reserves on the part of Henry, John Hancock, Samuel its framers and champions. The Adams, George Clinton, and Luther existing necessity for a stronger cen- Martin, leading in the opposition, tral authority, which had been devel- the clauses affecting Slavery were oped during the painful experiences vigilantly, and not unsuccessfully; of our preceding years of indepen. scrutinized for grounds of attack dence, were most keenly felt by the the provision concerning the African mercantile and mechanical or manu- Slave-Trade being assailed in some facturing classes, who were conse- States from the side of Slavery, in quently zealous advocates of a “more others from that of anti-Slavery, with perfect Union.” The rural districts, vigor and effect. In the North, on the other hand, were far less these assaults were parried by pointseriously affected by commercial em- ing to the power conferred on Conbarrassment and currency dilapida- gress to abolish the traffic after twention, and were naturally jealous of a ty years, as so much clear gain : to distant and unfamiliar power. Hence reject the Constitution would not the r«ticence, if not ambiguity, of the arrest the traffic now, but would text with regard to what has recently destroy the power to prohibit it herebeen termed “ coercion," or the right after. On the other hand, the Fedof the Federal Government to subdue eralists in the Southern Conventions by arms the forcible resistance of a met their adversaries by pointing to State, or of several States, to its legit- the privilege secured to the slaveimate authority—a reticence which holders of hunting their fugitive was imitated by the most prominent chattels in other States than their advocates of ratification, whether in own-a privilege hitherto non-existThe Federalist or in the several State ent-and asked them what was to be Conventions. So with regard to gained by rejecting that. In fact, Slavery as well. It is plain that the the Constitution was essentially a General Convention would have matter of compromise and mutual utterly and instantly prohibited the concession--a proceeding wherein Foreign Slave-Trade, but for the pro- Thrift iz apt to gain at the cos: of claimed fact that this would insure Principle. Perhaps the majority in the rejection of their handiwork by no State obtained exactly what they the still slave-hungry States of South wanted, but were satisfied that, on Carolina and Georgia, if not of North the whole, they were better with the Carolina also ; though Virginia was Constitution than without it. among the most earnest advocates of Patrick Henry alone, in opposing

claimed lavo-Trade, prolibited the

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