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learned that Kirby Smith had crossed between 10 and 11 A. M.; and the the Kentucky, and that Bragg was batteries of his advance division were moving to concentrate his forces sharply engaged with the enemy not either at Harrodsburg or PERRY- long afterward. VILLE. His own movement was Bragg was present in person ; but therefore directed toward Perry- his forces were commanded more imville; three miles in front of which, mediately by Maj.-Gen. Bishop Polk, moving with his 3d or central corps, who had in hand five divisions—two he encountered, on the afternoon of under Hardee, and those of Patton the 7th, a considerable Rebel force, Anderson, Cheatham, and Buckner drawn up in order of battle; but that of Withers having been sent which his advance pressed back a by Bragg, the day before, to support mile or so without much fighting; Smith, who was retreating farther to when he, expecting a battle, sent the east, and was deemed in danger orders to McCook and Crittenden, of being enveloped and cut off. commanding his flank corps, to ad- Bragg gives no other reason for vance on his right and left at 3 next fighting before concentrating his enmorning.
tire command than that the enemy McCook did not receive the order were pressing heavily on his rear; till 24 A, M., and he marched at 5; but it is clear that he had deliberbut Crittenden, unable to find water ately resolved to turn and fight at for his corps at the place where Buell Perryville. had expected it to encamp for the Maj.-Gen. McCook, having reached night, had moved off the road in the position assigned him with but quest of it, and was six miles farther two of his three divisions—that of away than he otherwise would have Gen. Sill having been detached and been; so that the order to advance sent to Frankfort—had directed the was not duly received, and his arri- posting of his troops and formation val at Perryville was delayed several of his line of battle-Gen. Rousseau's hours.
division on the right, in line with the A great drouth then prevailing in left of Gilbert's corps, and Gen. JackKentucky, causing severe privation son's on the left, near the little hamand suffering to men and animals, let of Maxwell, on the Harrodsburg the fight commenced early next morn-road-rode off and reported in pering, by an attempt of the enemy to son to Gen. Buell, 24 miles distant, repel the brigade of Col. D. McCook, in the rear of his right; and received which had been pushed forward by verbal orders to make a reconnois. Buell on his immediate front to sance in front of his position to Chapcover some hollows in the bed of lin creek. Returning to his comDoctor's creek, whence a little bad mand, and finding nothing in prowater was obtained. This attempt gress but mutual artillery practice, was defeated by sending up the di- to little purpose, he ordered his batvisions of Gens. Mitchell and Sheri- teries to save their ammunition, dan, to hold the ground until our while he made the directed reconnoistwo flank corps should arrive; which sance; at the same time advancing the left, Gen. A. D. McCook, did his skirmishers and extending his
BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE-GEN. JACKSON KILLED. 219
ROAD TO PERRYVILLE
left, in order to obtain a more advan- | rapidly charging masses of infantry tageous position, and enable his men and artillery, hitherto concealed in to procure from the creek the water woods and hollows, but which seemed for which they were suffering. So as if magically evoked from the much being accomplished, and no earth. enemy in sight save some cavalry on Cheatham's division, which had the bluffs across the creek, he pro- been silently moved from the Rebel ceeded, at 14 P. M., to the left of his left to their right, led this assault, line; in no apprehension of an attack responding with terrific yells and until he should see fit to make one. more hurried step to the fire of our
batteries, until within short musketrange, when, at their very first volley, Maj. Gen. James S. Jackson" fell dead. His falt disorganized the raw and over-matched brigade of Gen. Terrill, which he was desperately exerting himself to steady, and it gave way in utter panic; Gen. Terrill himself following his chief's example and sharing his fate not long afterward ; as did, at a later hour, Col. George Webster, 98th Ohio, commanding a brigade.
Terrill's brigade being thus instantaneously routed, with the loss of Parsons's battery, the whole force of the Rebel charge fell upon Roussean, who was ready to receive it. An attempt to flank and crush his left was promptly met by new dispositions : Starkweather's brigade, with Stone's and Bush's batteries, being faced to that flank, and receiving the enemy with volley after volley, which tore
his ranks and arrested his momentum 2. BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE.
for two or three hours, until our amHe was grievously mistaken. munition was exhausted, and Bush's Hardly had he been half an hour battery had lost 35 horses; when our away from his front, when his left, guns were drawn back a short discomposed mainly of green soldiers, tance, and our infantry retired to reunder a brave but inexperienced com- plenish their cartridge-boxes; then mander, and not fully formed in order resuming their position in line. of battle, was suddenly and vehe- Rousseau's center and right were mently assailed in front and flank by held respectively by the brigades of
* Union Member of Congress from the by 9,281 votes, to 3,364 for Bunch, “State IId district of Kentucky; elected in 1861, | Rights,” i. e., semi-Rebel.
H ARRIS'S BAT'Y
COL. HARRIS'S BRIGADE
POSITION ABANDONED BY
OUR RAW TROOPS
Harris and Lytle, who fought bravely, | Wood, and here fought desperately but lost ground, in consequence of for two hours against superior numthe disaster on our farther left. Fi- bers. A lull occurring in the fusilnally, a desperate charge was made lade, Gooding rode forward, about upon Lytle's front and right, favored dark, to ascertain the Rebel position; · by irregularities of ground, which when his horse was shot under him
covered and concealed it, and his and he made prisoner. His brigade brigade was hurled back; Lytle him- then fell back, having lost 549 men self falling at this moment, and, be- out of 1,423; taking position in line lieving his wound mortal, refusing with McCook. There was some ranto be carried off the field.
dom artillery firing afterward ; but The charging Rebels now struck darkness substantially closed the batthe left flank of Gilbert's corps, held tle. by R. B. Mitchell and Sheridan, Gen. Buell did not learn until 4 which had been for some little time P. M. that any serious conflict was in engaged along its front. The key of progress. He now heard with asits position was held—and of course tonishment from McCook that he had well held—by Brig.-Gen. Philip H. been two hours hotly engaged; that Sheridan, who had been engaged in both the right and the left of his the morning, but had driven the corps were turned, or being turned; enemy back out of sight, after a and that he was severely pressed on short but sharp contest, and had just every hand. Rëenforcements were repelled another assault on his front, immediately ordered to McCook from advancing his line as his assailants the center, and orders sent to Critretired, and then turning his guns tenden—who was advancing with upon the force which had just driven our right division—to push forward Rousseau's right. And now Gen. and attack the enemy's left; but Mitchell pushed forward the 31st Crittenden's advance only reached brigade, Col. Carlin, on Sheridan's the field at nightfall, when a single right, and charged at double-quick, brigade (Wagner's) went into action breaking and driving the enemy into on the right of Mitchell's division, and through Perryville, to the pro- just before the battle was terminated tection of two batteries on the bluffs by darkness. beyond, capturing 15 heavily laden At 6 A. M. next day," Gilbert's ammunition wagons, 2 caissons with corps advanced by order to assail the their horses, and a train-guard of 140, Rebel front, while Crittenden struck retiring amid the Rebel confusion to hard on his left flank; but they found this side of the town, and thence no enemy to dispute their progress. opening fire with his battery as dark- Bragg had decamped during the ness came on
night, marching on Harrodsburg; Meantime, the 30th brigade, Col. where he was joined by Kirby Smith Gooding, which had been sent by and Withers; retreating thence southGilbert to the aid of McCook, had ward by Bryantsville to Camp Dick formed on our extreme left, confront- Robinson, near Danville. ing the division of the Rebel Gen. Bragg admits a total loss in this
% Oct. 9.
BRAGG DECAMPS FROM KENTUCKY.
battle of not less than 2,500; includ- | The retreat was conducted by ing Brig.-Gens. Wood, Cleburne, and Bishop Polk, and covered by WheelBrown, wounded ; and claims to have er's cavalry. And, though Kentucky driven us two miles, captured 15 was minus many thousands of aniguns, 400 prisoners, and inflicted a mals, with other spoils of all kinds, total loss of 4,000. Buell's report by reason of this gigantic raid, it is admits a loss on our part of 4,348– not probable, in view of the inevi916 killed, 2,943 wounded, and 489 table suffering and loss of animals on missing; but as to guns, he concedes their long, hurried, famished flight a loss of but ten, whereof all but two through the rugged, sterile, thinly were left on the ground, with more peopled mountain region, that all the than 1,000 of their wounded, by the Rebels took back into East Tennessee Rebels.
was equal in value to the outfit with 'Gen. Buell officially reports his which they had set forth on this adeffective force which advanced on venture. Perryville at 58,000; whereof 22,000 Sill's division—which had followed were raw troops, who had received Kirby Smith from Frankfort, and little or no instruction. He estimates had had a little fight with his rearthe Rebel army in Kentucky at guard near Lawrenceburg—reached 55,000 to 65,000 men ; but of this Perryville at nightfall on the 11th; aggregate not more than two-thirds up to which time Buell had made no were present. As the fighting of decided advance. Pushing forward all but the raw troops in this battle, a strong reconnoissance next day to on our side, was remarkably good, Dick's river, he found no enemy this that of the Rebels present must have side; and he learned at Danville, two been still better, since they inflicted days later, that Bragg was in full rethe greater loss, gained the more treat. He sent forward in pursuit at ground, and captured some cannon; midnight Wood's division, followed yet it is plain that Bragg obtained by the rest of Crittenden's and then here all the fighting he was anxious by McCook's corps, while Gilbert's for; since he abandoned some 1,200 marched on the Lancaster road to the of his sick and wounded at Harrods- left. Wood struck the Rebel rearburg, and 25,000 barrels of pork, guard next morning at Stanford, but with other stores, at various points; to little purpose; the enemy retiring making no stand even at Camp Dick when assailed in force, felling trees Robinson-a very strong position, across the road behind him, and conbehind the perpendicular bluffs of suming all the forage of the region Dick's river—but retreated precipi- he traversed, rendering extended purtately by Crab Orchard, Mount Ver- suit impossible. McCook's and Gilnon, London, and Barboursville, to bert's divisions were halted at Crab Cumberland Gap, and thus into East Orchard; while Crittenden kept on Tennessee; burning even large quan- to London, whence he was recalled tities of cloths and other precious by Buell; farther pursuit being evigoods, for which transportation over dently useless. The Government, the rough mountain roads necessarily deeply dissatisfied with this impotent traversed was not to be had. | conclusion of the campaign, now re
lieved Buell from command, ap- | fore them, or made a stand only to be pointing Maj. Gen. Rosecrans in his routed; yet the number of recruits
to their standard was confessedly If the disappointment on our side moderate. Excepting in a few of at the escape of Bragg with his plun- | the rich slaveholding counties around
Rebels was even greater. They had portion of the State which Bragg so loudly and boastingly proclaimed failed to reach, those in sympathy that they entered Kentucky to stay, with the Rebellion were everywhere that they had incited their partisans a decided and in many counties an throughout the State to compromise inconsiderable minority.” themselves by demonstrations which were now shown to have been rash The transfer of Gen. Halleck to and useless; so that thousands of the Washington had left Gen. Grant in more prominent were impelled to fly command of the district of West Tenwith Bragg, who embarrassed his nessee, with his headquarters at Jackmarch and devoured his scanty sup- son or at Bolivar, while Gen. Roseplies, yet were of no value to the crans was left in command in northcause when they had together en-ern Mississippi and Alabama, when tered—not in triumph—their beloved Gen. Buell, taking a two of his diviDixie. Bragg's invasion had demon- sions, moved northward in pursuit of strated afresh the antagonism of at Bragg. Rosecrans was at Tuscumleast two-thirds of the Kentuckians bia when advised,»' by telegram from to the Rebellion—a demonstration Gen. Grant, that a considerable Rebel more conclusive than that uniformly force was moving north ward between afforded by her elections, because them, and that its cavalry had althere could now be no pretense that ready attacked Bolivar, and cut the the people were overawed or their line of railroad between that post and verdict corrupted. For weeks, a gal. Jackson. Hereupon, leaving luka in lant, formidable, triumphant Rebel charge of Col. R. C. Murphy, 8th army had held undisputed possession Wisconsin, Rosecrans moved eastof the heart of the State; its cavalry ward with Stanley's division to his had traversed two-thirds of it, afford-old encampment at Clear creek, seving opportunity and solicitation to en miles from Corinth. Murphy preall who were inclined to enter the cipitately abandoned his post on the Confederate service; their cause had approach of the Rebel cavalry, allowenjoyed the prestige of several bril- ing a large amount of stores, with 680 liant and profitable successes, while barrels of flour, to fall into the hands the Union forces everywhere fled be of the enemy. A reconnoissance in % Oct. 30.
to our armies both in Kentucky and Maryland. 37 Pollard says:
The references we have made to the sentiment “ It is to be admitted that the South was bit of each of these States leaves but little room to terly disappointed in the manifestations of pub. doubt the general conclusion, that the dread of lic sentiment in Kentucky; that the exhibitions Yankee vengeance and love of property were of sympathy in this State were meager and senti- too powerful to make them take risks against mental, and amounted to but little practical aid these in favor of a cause for which their people of our cause. Indeed, no subject was at once had a mere preference, without any attachments more dispiriting and perplexing to the South to it higher than those of selfish calculation." than the cautious and unmanly reception given ? Aug. 20.
About Sept. 1.