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CLOSE OF THE GLENDALE FIGHT.

163

them. Even the guns, so severely | menced ; and, after a furious contest, lasting contested, were not held by them;

'. till after dark, the enerny was routed at all

> points and driven from the field." the cheers of a New Jersey brigade,

Heintzelman, who was present advancing in the dusk to the relief

after the battle, also very inistakenly of McCall, impelling them to fall

reports that McCall was not attacked back in haste to the woods. In this

till 5 P. m., and that in less than an closing struggle, Gen. Meade was

hour his division gave way; adding: severely wounded in the arm and

“General Hooker, being on his left, by hip; Gen. McCall, who had lost all

moving to his right, repulsed the Rebels his brigadiers, riding forward a short in the handsomest manner, with great

slaughter. Gen. Sumner, who was with distance to reconnoiter the apparently

Gen. Sedgwick in McCall's rear, also greatly deserted field, was suddenly con- aided with his artillery and infantry in drivfronted by the leveled muskets of ing back the enemy. They now renewed

their attack with vigor on Gen. Kearny's Rebel infantry, and compelled to left, and were again repulsed with heavy yield himself a prisoner; and when loss.” Gen. Seymour, who had succeeded to Lee, more plausibly though not the command, withdrew by order, at quite fairly, says: 11 P. M., to share in or cover the | “The superiority of numbers and advangeneral retreat, the batteries of the

tage of position were on the side of the ene

my. The battle raged furiously until 9 P. M. division, their horses long since By that time, the enemy had been driven killed. their men worn out with with great slaughter from every position but

one, which he maintained until he was desperate fighting, were left on the

enabled to withdraw under cover of darkhard-fought field, where nearly one ness. At the close of the struggle, nearly fourth of the division had been killed

the entire field remained in our possession,

covered with the enemy's dead and woundor wounded.

ed. Many prisoners, including a General The noise of this vehement strug of division, were captured ; and several bat

teries, with some thousands of small arms, gle had brought Hooker, from our

taken. Could the other commands hare left, and Burns's brigade, and Tay cooperated in the action, the result would lor's 1st New Jersey brigade, from

have proved most disastrous to the enemy.

After the engagement, Magruder was reSlocum's division, to the aid of called to relieve the troops of Longstreet McCall; so that we were doubtless and Hill. His men, much fatigued by their in force to have won the battle just

long, hot march, arrived during the night." after we had lost it, had any daylight remained. Gen. Sumner, speaking

Fitz-John Porter, having been from hear-say, thus mistakenly re

misled as well as delayed in his pas

sage through the Swamp, had only ports it:

reached MALVERN Hill at 9 a. M., ** « The battle of Glendale was the most severe action since the battle of Fair Oaks.

when he proceeded to post his troops, About three o'clock p. m., the action com- | as they arrived, so as to command In this engagement, my loss was uncommonly “The brigade carried into action 723 muskets; heavy in officers as well as men. The 14th, and of this small number the loss was 228, inAlabarna, bearing the brunt of the struggle, | cluding 4 officers killed and 13 wounded.” was nearly annihilated. I crossed the Chicka

Gen. C. M. Wilcox reports the loss of his Alahominy on the 26th, wich 1,400 men. In the fights that followed, I suffered a loss of 849

bama brigade in this battle at 471. Among the killed and wounded, and 11 missing."

Rebel wounded were Brig.-Gens. Anderson and Col. J. B. Strange, commanding 3d brigade, 2d Featherston. It is probable that the respective division of Longstreet's corps, in his report of losses here were about equal. this fight, says:

1 * June 30.

all the approaches, but especially, and assailed at every turn, rendered those from Richmond and the this retreat an ordeal for our men Swamp. The last of our trains and long to be remembered." Gen. Mcour reserve artillery reached him Clellan had reached Malvern the preabout 4 P. M. of this day; about the ceding day. Early this morning, time that Holmes's force, moving leaving Gen. Barnard with directions down the James, appeared on our for posting the troops as they arrived, left flank (our army having here he had gone down the river on the faced about), and opened a fire of gunboat Galena from Haxall's, to artillery on Warren's brigade, on our select a position whereon his retreat extreme left. He was at once aston- should definitively terminate. ished by a concentrated fire from 30 Jackson's corps, consisting of his guns, and recoiled in haste, abandon- own, with Whiting's, D. H. Hill's, ing two of his cannon.

and Ewell's divisions, came in the The rear of our wasted, wayworn Rebel advance down the Quake army reached the position assigned Road, whereon our army had mainly it, upon and around Malvern Hill, emerged from the Swamp; while during the next forenoon," closely Magruder, with most of Huger's pursued by the converging columns division, advancing on the direct of the Rebels. The anxious days | roads from Richmond, menaced and and sleepless nights of the preceding soon assailed our left. Longstreet's week; the constant and resolute and A. P. IIill's divisions, having efforts required to force their 40 miles had the heaviest of the fighting thus of guns and trains over the narrow, far, and been badly cut up, were held wretched roads which traverse White in reserve by Lee in the rear of JackOak Swamp; their ignorance of the son, and were not brought into locality and exposure to be ambushed action. It is none the less true, how

30 July 1.

matter how circuitous, had been searched out by 40 Mr. Samuel Wilkeson, who shared in this ex- questioning prisoners and by cavalry excursions. perience, wrote of it as follows to The New York

Every one was filled by one of the advancing

columns. The whole front was in motion by Tribune :

seven P. M., Gen. Keyes in command of the ad. “Huddled among the wagons were 10,000 vance. stragglers--for the credit of the nation be it said “I rode with Gen. Howe's brigade of Couch's that four-fifths of them were wounded, sick, or | division, taking a wagon-track through dense utterly exhausted, and could not have stirred woods and precipitous ravines winding sinuously but for dread of the tobacco warehouses of the far around to the left, and striking the river South. The confusion of this herd of men and some distance below Turkey Island. Commencmules, wagons and wounded, men on horses, ing at dusk, the marcha continued until daylight.

en on foot, men by the road-side, men perched | The night was dark and fearful. Ileayy thunder on wagons, men searching for water, men fam rolled in turn along each point of the heavens, and ishing for food, men lame and bleeding, men with dark clouds overspread the entire canopy. Wo ghostly eyes, looking out between bloody band were forbidden to speak aloud; and, lest the light ages, that hid the face—turn to some vivid ac of a cigar should present a target for an amcount of the most pitiful part of Napoleon's re bushed rifle, we were cautioned not to smoke. treat from Russia, and fill out the picture-the Ten miles of weary marching. with frequent grim, gaunt, bloody picture of war in its most halts, as some one of the hundred vehicles of terrible features.

the artillery train, in our center, by a slight de" It was determined to move on during the viation, crashed against a tree, wore away the right. The distance to Turkey Island Bridge, hours to dawn, when we debouched into a magthe point on James river which was to be nificent wheat-field, and the smoke-stack of the reached, by the direct road was six miles. But Galena was in sight. Xenophon's remnant of those vast numbers could not move over one the Ten Thousand, shouting, · The seal the seal' narrow road in days; hence every by-road, no I were not more glad than we.”

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UNION

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THE BATTLE OF MALVERN HILL.

165. ever, that the entire Army of Vir- and Griffin's divisions, holding our ginia was present, engaged in or sup- advance on the right. Being unsupporting the attack, and animated by ported, however, by the general adà sanguine confidence that its re- vance which had been ordered, Hill sults could differ only in being more was hurled back with heavy loss, decisive from those of the recent though Ewell's and Jackson's own bloody conflicts. But much time divisions had meantime been sent was consumed in getting into position forward to his aid; as A. P. Hill's and bringing up the artillery neces- division was brought up by Long. sary to respond to our heavy and street to the aid of Magruder. well-placed batteries, so as to cover the advance of assaulting columns of

C.MILLY WILLIS CH.) - REBEL

H4 ARTILLERY infantry.

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CARTHWRICHTE Jackson, at 3 P. M., pushed forward D. H. Hill's division on his right, and Whiting's on his left, with part of Ewell's in the center, holding his own division in reserve; Huger simultaneously advancing on their right, with Magruder's three divisions on his right, under general orders to break our lines by a concentric fire of artillery, and then “charge with a yell” on our entire front with columns of infantry, which, however torn and thinned by our fire, should rush right over our defenses, as they did in the final assault at Gaines's Mill, and drive our fugitive army into the James far more hurriedly than Porter's wing had been driven across the Chickahominy.

The infantry attack, after a brief cannonade, was made accordingly, and for the most part with great intrepid

Explanations

A Warren's brigade ity; and, though the carnage was fearful, some ground was gained by Magruder on our left, where Kershaw's and Semmes's brigades, of McLaws's

i Keyes's corps division, charged throngh a dense

d! Heintzelman's corps. wood, nearly up to our guns; as did |

div. Franklin's corps those of Wright, Mahone, and Anderson, still farther to their right, P Cavalry. and Barksdale, nearer to the center; while D. H. Hill, with Jackson's fore- Porter, with Sykes's and Morell's most division, charged on Couch’s | divisions, held our left, with Couch's

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Sumner's corps.

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division next, then Kearny and Hook- | ion, were ordered up to the support er, forming Heintzelman's corps; next of Porter and Couch, who held our to these, Sedgwick and Richardson, right front, which Jackson was chargunder Sumner; with Smith and Slo- ing; but not one of our guns was cum, under Franklin, on our right; even temporarily captured or seriwhile McCall's shattered Pennsylva- ously imperiled throughout the fight, nia Reserves and our cavalry were wherein the losses of the Rebels must posted in the rear, near the river. have been at least treble our own." Batteries above batteries, along the Darkness closed this one-sided carbrow of the hill, rendered the attack nage; though our guns were not all little less than madness, on any other silent till 9 o'clock, when the Rebels presumption than that our men were on our front had been fairly driven cowards, who, if resolutely charged, out of range; though on our left they would inevitably run. Apart from sunk to rest in ravines and hollows the great strength of our position, we somewhat in advance of the ground had more men than the Rebels, and they had held when their artillery many more and heavier guns; and first opened. And still, as throughthen the battle opened too late in out the struggle, our gunboats conthe day to justify a rational hope of tinued to throw their great missiles success: the main assault being inade, clear over the left of our position, after a very considerable pause for into the fields and woods occupreparation, so late as 6 P. M.; yet it pied by the enemy, probably doing was made with such desperation—the little positive execution, since that sheltering woods enabling the Rebels enemy was not in sight, but adding to form their columns of assault with materially to the disconforts of his in a few hundred yards of our bat-position. Gen. McClellan, who had teries, emerging on a full run, and been down to Harrison's Bar in the rushing upon our lines in utter reck | Galena, in the morning, landed tolessness of their withering fire—that ward night, and was on the field Sickles's brigade of Hooker's division, during the last desperate charge of and Meagher's, of Richardson's divis- the enemy.“

41 Jackson reports the loss of his corps (com- “The next morning, by dawn, I went off to prising his own, Ewell's, Whiting's, and D. H. ask for orders; when I found the whole army Hill's divisions) in this fight: 377 killed, 1,746

in the utmost disorder; thousands of straggling

men asking every passer-by for their regiment; wounded, 39 missing; total, 2,162. Magruder

ambulances, wagons, and artillery, obstructing thinks his loss will not exceed 2,900 killed and

every road; and altogether, in a drenching rain, wounded, out of 26,000 or 28,000 under his or presenting a scene of the most woeful and disders. Brig-Gen. Ransom reports the losses in heartening coufusion." his brigade at 499, out of 3,000. Brig.-Gen. There has been much unseemly controversy Mahone, of Huger's division, reports a total loss respecting McClellan's being or not being on a of 321, out of 1,226. Gen. A. R. Wright reports gunboat during this action; the interest thereof the loss of his already weakened brigade, in being heightened by this passage in Gen. M.'s this fight, at 362. D. R. Jones reports the testimony before the Committee on the Conduct losses in his division at 833. Among the l of the War: wounded in this fight were Brig.-Gen. Jones, “Question: Were you down to the river, or on Va.; Col. Ransom, 35th N. C., severely; and

board the gunboats during any part of that day. Col. Ramseur, 45th N. C.

between the time you left the field and your re

turn to it? Brig.-Gen. J. R. Trimble, of Ewell's divis.

" Answer: I do not remember; it is possible I ion, giving an account of the conduct of his bri

may have been, as my camp was directly on the gade in this battle, says:

river."

OUR RETREAT TO HARRISON'S BAR.

167

Our victorious army began at once, not leave Malvern till after daylight to evacuate, by order," the strong of the 2d. The last of our wagons position wherein they had just was not in place at the new position achieved so decided and bloody a till the evening of the 3d, when the success, leaving their dead unburied rear-guard moved into camp, and and many of their wounded to fall | the army was at rest. A small into the hands of the enemy; mak- Rebel force had followed our rearing a hurried and disorderly night- guard, and this day threw a few march, over roads badly overcrowd- shells; but was soon driven off by ed, to the next position selected by the response of our batteries and their commander, at Harrison's Bar, gunboats. seven miles down the James. The Gen. McClellan reports the aggremovement was covered by Keyes's gate losses of his army in the Seven corps, with the cavalry, which did Days' fighting and retreating, from

The following extract froin the Diary of Dr. tion for the army and its dépôts. I returned to R. E. Van Grieson, then Surgeon of the gunboat | Malvern before the serious fighting commenced ; Galena, of which the accuracy is not disputed,

and, after riding along the lines, and seeing most

cause to feel anxious about the right, remained seems to embody all the essential facts:

| in that vicinity.' “U. S. STEAMER GALENA, July 1, 1862. "9 A. M. McClellan has just come on board |

The Rebels made no attack on our right, and again.

it was at no time in action. “10 A. N. Under way down the river, taking 43 Even Fitz-John Porter's devotion to his McClellan with us; who, being considerably fatigued, has gone into the cabin for a little sleep.

| chief was temporarily shaken by this order, About noon, we came to Harrison's Bar. which elicited his most indignant protest. • 12:30 P. M. Tug came alongside, and took

4 Gen. Hooker, when examinea before the McCle lan and Franklin to the encampment. In about an bour, McClellan returned, when we start

Committee on the Conduct of the War, testified ed up the river. As we pass on up, we can hear | with regard to this affair as follows: heavy firing. After passing Carter's Landing, it

" Ques.: Were you in the battle of Malvern ? increases to a perfect roar. McClellan, though

Answer : Yes, sir; and at that place wo quietly smoking a cigar on the quarter-deck,

won a great victory. seems a little anxious, and looks now and then

"Q.: Could you have gone into Richmond inquiringly at the signal officer, who is receiving

after that fight? a message from shore. After a while, the sig

"A.: I have no doubt we could. The day nal officer reports · Heavy firing near Porter's

$ | before, I had had a fight at Glendale; and, unDivision. Next came a message demanding his

der the ordera, I had to leave my wounded bepresence on shore. A boat is manned, and Mc

hind me, and I left two surgeons to take care of Clellan left. The firing still continues-nearer them. The enemy, in coming to Malvern, had and louder than before. About 6 P. M., we ran

to march right by my hospital. My surgeons a little farther up, and threw in a few shell with

afterward reported to me that, abou: 3 P. M. on good effect.

the day of the battle of Malvern, the enemy "9P, . The firing has about ceased. News

commenced falling back, and kept it up all on shore - Slaughter immense'- Enemy in

night; that they were totally demoralized, full retreat.'

| many of the men going off into the woods and "10 P. M. McClellan has just returned with

| trying to conceal themselves from their officers; Gen. Marcy. Mac says "They took one gun

and that they were two days collecting their from us yesterday; but to-day we have taken

forces together. many of their guns and colors.'

"Q.: Had the defeat of the enemy at Malvern ** Yes,' said Marcy, 'we whipped them like the

been followed up by our whole force, what devil to-day.'

would have been the probable result ? "12 y. From what I can gather from the

"A.: Richmond would have been ours beconversation of McClellan, we may expect to see

yond a doubt. the major part of the army at Harrison's Land

"Q.: Instead of that, you fell back to Harri. ing to-morrow."

son's Landing ? Gen. McClellan, in his report, says:

“ A.: Yes, sir. We were ordered to retreat; * I left llaxall's for Malvern soon after day, and it was like the retreat of a whipped army. break. Accompanied by several general officers, We retreated like a parcel of sheep; everybody I once more made the entire circuit of the posi- on the road at the same time; and a few shots tion, and then returned to Ilaxall's, whence I from the Rebels would have panic-stricken the went with Capt. Rodgers to select the final loca- / whole command."

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