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distance ahone's brigo, and Howardly muske

distance being maintained on either | grew and Col. C. Davis, of S. C., side. Mahone's brigade was brought and Col. Long, taken prisoners. He up to the aid of Pryor, and Howard's claims to have taken 10 guns, 6,000 to that of French ; and finally muskets, and “ several bundred” Meagher's Irish regiments went to prisoners—an expression which the the front, and a desultory conflict was number of our wounded who fell maintained for some two or three into his hands must have fully justihours, during which Gen. Howard fied. He probably took few others, lost his arm and had two of his staff and no officer of distinction. wounded. The Rebels at length Gen. McClellan reports our total desisted, and retreated unpursued. loss at 5,739," whereof 890 were Their reports assert that they made killed, 3,627 wounded, and 1,222 no attack, but only repelled one. missing : some of these probably

The Rebels remained through the dead, and others left on the field day in quiet possession of Couch's wounded, to fall into the hands of and Casey's camps, sending off mus- the enemy. Among our killed were kets, tents, and camp equipage to Col. G. D. Bailey, Maj. Van ValkenRichmond ; following themselves burg, and Adjt. Ramsey, of the 1st after nightfall. Johnston says that N. Y. artillery ; Cols. J. L. Riker, Smith did not renew his attack on 62d, and James M. Brown, 100th our right, because of his discovery of N. Y., Rippey, 61st, and Miller, 81st strong intrenchments in that quarter, Pa. Among our wounded wire which he had not seen the night be- Gens. Naglee, Pa., Devens, Mass., fore. It is certain that he was not 0. (). Howard, Maine, and Wessells; disturbed by any demonstration on Col. E. E. Cross, 5th N. II., and our part, and retired wholly unmo- many other valuable officers. lested. Ten days later, we had not Considering that the bulk of the recovered the ground held by Casey's loss on either side fell on regiments advance on the morning of May 31. which together bronglit less than

Johnston reports the loss in 15,000 men into the field, the admitSmith's division at 1,233, and in ted loss is quite heavy. Keyes's Longstreet's ” at “ about” 3,000 ; corps numbered about 12.000 men total, 4,233; saying nothing of any present; of whom 4,000 were dead or loss sustained by Huger. Among wounded before 5 P. M. of the 31st. his killed were Gen. Robert IIatton, Perhaps as many had fled to the of Tenn. ; Cols. Lomax, 3d Ala., rear; yet Gen. McClellan's dispatch Jones, 12th Ala., Giles, 5th S. C., to the War Department, written so and Lightfoot, 22d N. C.; while, be- late as noon of the second day, in side himself, Gens. Rhodes and Gar- saying that “Casey's division gave land, with Cols. Goodwin, 9th Va., way unaccountably and discreditand Wade Hampton, S. C., were ably," is indiscriminate and unjust. wounded. He also lost Gen. Petti- A green division of less than 7,000

12 Gen. McClellan says that Hill estimates his 13 But in a confidential dispatch of June 4th, loss at 2,500, and adds this number to the above to the War Department, he says: “The losses total, making in all 6,733 : but it is evident that in the battles of the 31st and 1st will amount to Johnston includes Hill's loss in that of Long- 7,000.” Though this may have been an estistreet, who was in command of both divisions. I mate merely, it was very near the truth.


149 men could not fairly be expected to Call's division of McDowell's corps arrest and repel a determined ad- should follow as speedily as might vance of the entire Rebel army, be. Gen. McClellan responded :whereof two choice divisions, num. | “I am glad to learn that you are pressing bering 15,000 men, were hurled forward rëenforcements so vigorously. I directly upon them. That some of

shall be in perfect readiness to move for

ward and take Richmond the moment our men belaved badly is true; but

McCall reaches here, and the ground will the responsibility of their failure rests admit the passage of artillery. I have adon the Generals by whom they were

vanced my pickets about a milo to-day;

driving off the Rebel pickets, and securing badly handled. They were sent up a very advantageous position.” by brigades to confront Rebel divi He soon afterward“ telegraphed : sions, and thus beaten in detail ; and, ||

“I am completely checked by the weathwhen at last the time came for fighter. The roads and fields are literally iming with the advantage of numbers passable for artillery-almost so for intan

try. The Chickahominy is in a dreadful on our side, the directing, impelling

state. We have another rain-storm on our will was absent.

hands. I shall attack as soon as the Gen. Hooker, next morning," by

weather and ground will permit; but there

will be a delay, the extent of which no Heintzelınan's order, made a recon one can foresee, for the season is altonoissance in force, advancing to with- / gether abnorinal. In view of these cir

cumstances, I present for your considerain fuur miles of Richmond, unresisted

tion the propriety of detaching largely from save by pickets. Gen. McClellan, IIalleck's army, to strengthen this; for it on learning this movement, ordered would seem t.

would seem that Halleck has now no large

organized force in front of him, while we Hooker to be recalled to and take

have. If this cannot be done, or even in position at Fair Oaks. The General connection with it, allow me to suggest the

movement of a heavy column from Dalton commanding wrote this day to the

upon Atlanta. If but the one can be done, Secretary of War:

it would better conform to military princi

ples to strengthen this army. And, even " The enemy attacked in force and with

altlıough the rëenforcements might not argreat spirit yesterday morning; but are eve

rive in season to take part in the attack rywhere most signally repulsed with great

upon Richmond, the moral effect would be loss. Our troops charged frequeutly on

great, and they would furnish valuable as both days, and uniformly broke the enemy.

sistance in ulterior moveinents. I wish to The result is, that our left is within four

be distinctly understood that, whenever the miles of Richmond. I only wait for the

weather permits, I will attack with whatriver to fall to cross with the rest of the

ever force I may have, although a larger force and make a general attack. Should I

force would enable me to gain much more find them holding tirm in a very strong po

decided results. I would be glad to have sition, I may wait for what troops I can

McCall's infantry sent forward by water at bring up from Fortress Monroe. But the

once, without waiting for his artillery and morale of ry troops is now such that can venture much. I do not fear for odds

cavalry." against me. The victory is complete; and Secretary Stanton promptly re all credit is due to the gallantry of our offi- , sponded : 17 cers and men.”

“Your dispatch of 3:30, yesterday, has The President, on hearing of this | been received. I am fully impressed with bloody battle, placed the disposable

the difficulties mentioned, and which no art

or skill can avoidl, but only endure, and am troops at Fortress Monroe at the ser

striving to the uttermost to render yon vice of Gen. McClellan, sent five new every aid in the power of the Government. regiments from Baltimore by water

Your suggestions will be immediately com

municated to Gen. Halleck, with a request to his aid, and nctified him that Mc

that he shall conform to them. At last ad11 June 2. 15 June 7.

16 June 10.

17 June 11,

vice, he contemplated sending a column to | tempting to many imitations, some operate with Mitchel against Chattanooga, Lof thom

ga; of them brilliant in design and exe

milliont in dosion and eve and thence upon East Tennessee. Buell reports Kentucky and Tennessee to be in a cution; some of them damaging to critical condition, demanding immediate at- I the adverse party : others disastrous tention, Halleck says the main body of Beauregard's forces is with him at Okolo- to their executors; but, on the whole, na. McCall's force was reported yesterday involving a squandering of horseas having enibarked, and on its way to join

flesh and an amount of useless devasyou. It is intended to send the residue of McDowell's force also to join you as speed

tation which rendered them decidedly ily as possible.

unprofitable, and hardly reconcilable "Fremont had a hard fight, day before yesterday, with Jackson's force at Union

with the legitimate ends of warfare. Church, eight miles from Harrisonburg. He Gen. McClellan, at midnight on claims the victory, but was badly handled.

the 14th, telegraphed to the War It is clear that a pretty strong force is operating with Jackson, for the purpose of de

| Department as follows: taining the forces here from you. I am | “HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 1 urging, as fast as possible, the new levies.

“Camp Lincolx, June 14, 1862. j “Be assured, General, that there never has been a moment when my desire has

“ All quiet in every direction. The stambeen otherwise than to aid you with my

pede of last night has passed away. Weawhole heart, mind, and strength, since the

ther now very favorable. I hope two days

more will make the ground practicable. I hour we first met; and, whatever others may say for their own purposes, you have

shall advance as soon as the bridges are never had, and never can have, any one

completed and the ground fit for artillery

to move. At the same time, I would be more truly your friend, or more anxious to

glad to have whatever troops can be sent support you, or inore joyful than I shall be

to me. I can use several new regiments to at the success which I have no doubt will

advantage. soon be achieved by your arıns.”

" It ought to be distinctly understood

that McDowell and his troops are comGen. McCall's division arrived by

pletely under my control. I received a water during the two following telegram from him requesting that McCall's days;'s on the last of which, Gen. J.

immediately on his arrival. E. B. Stuart, with 1,500 Rebel cavalry “That request does not breathe the proand 4 guns, attacked and dispersed per spirit. Whatever troops come to me

| must be disposed of so as to do the most two squadrons of the 5th U.S. caval

good. I do not feel that, in such circumry, Capt. Royall, near Hanover Old stances as those in which I am now placed, Church; thence proceeding to make

Gen. McDowell should wish the general in

terests to be sacrificed for the purpose of a rapid circuit of our grand army, via increasing his command. Tunstall's Station, seizing and burn-' “If I cannot fully control all his troops, I ing two schooners laden with forage, I fight the battle with what I have, and let

want none of them, but would prefer to and 14 wagons; capturing and taking others be responsible for the results. off 165 prisoners, 260 mules and

" The department lines should not be al

lowed to interfere with me; but Gen. McD., horses; halting three hours to rest and all other troops sent to me, should be at Talleysville, in the rear of our placed completely at my disposal, to do

with them as I think best. In no other army; resuming his march at mid- |

way can they be of assistance to me. I night; crossing the Chickahominy | therefore request that I may have entire near Long Bridge, by hastily impro

and full control. The stake at issue is

too great to allow personal considerations vised bridges, next forenoon; and

to be entertained; you know that I have reaching Richmond unassailed next none. morning. This was the first of the

| “The indications are, froin our balloon

reconnoissances and from all other sources, notable cavalry raids of the war, that the enemy are intrenching, daily in

18 June 12-13.



creasing in numbers, and determined to thousand men have left Richmond to rëentight desperately.”

force Jackson, it illustrates their strength

and contidence. After to-morrow, we shall On the 20th, he telegraphed to the fight the Rebel army as soon as Providence President:

will permit. We shall await only a favor

able condition of the earth and sky, and the “By to-morrow night, the defensive completion of some necessary preliminaworks, covering our position on this side of ries the Chickahominy, should be completed. I am forced to this by my inferiority of To-morrow and to-morrow passed, numbers, so that I may bring the greatest and still our army did not advance; possible numbers into action, and secure the

until, on the 24th, a young man of army against the consequences of unforeseen disaster."

suspicious character was brought in At this time, his returns to the

by Gen. McClellan's scouts from the Adjutant-General's office give the

direction of Hanover Court House, following as the strength of his army

who, after some prevarication, conon the Peninsula : Present for duty, |

fessed himself a deserter from Jack115,102; special duty, sick, and in

son's command, which he had left arrest, 12,225; absent, 29,511—total,

near Gordonsville on the 21st, mov156,838.

ing along the Virginia Central Rail

road to Frederickshall, with intent Stonewall Jackson, having done

to turn our right and attack our rear us all the mischief he could in the

on the 28th. To McClellan's disValley, arrested McDowell's overland

patch-announcing this capture, and march to join McClellan, and sent

asking information of Jackson's posi40,000 or 50,000 of our men on all

tion and movements, Secretary Stanmanner of wild-goose chases, was

ton replied " as follows:

“We have no definite information as to now on his way in full force to Rich

the numbers or position of Jackson's force. mond; hence, misleading reports of Gen. King yesterday reported a deserter's his movements were artfully circu- statement, that Jackson's force was, nine

days ago, 40,000 men. Some reports place lated among our commanders. Gen.

10,000 Rebels under Jackson at GordonsMcClellan telegraphed" to the War ville ; others that his force is at Port ReDepartment that he had information

public, Harrisonburg, and Luray. Fremont

yesterday reported rumors that Western from deserters that troops had left Virginia was threatened; and Gen. Kelly, Richmond to rëenforce Jackson, and that Ewell was advancing to New Creek,

where Fremont has his dépôts. The last that they were probably not less than

telegram froin Fremont contradicts this 10,000 men. To this the President rumor. The last telegram from Banks says responded, that he had similar infor

the enemy's pickets are strong in advance

at Luray. The people decline to give any mation from Gen. King at Fredericks-information of his whereabouts. Within burg; and added : “If this is true, it the last two days, the evidence is strong is as good as a rëenforcement to you."

| that, for some purpose, the enemy is circu

lating rumors of Jackson's advance in McClellan on that day telegraphed various directions, with a view to conceal to the President:

the real point of attack. Neither McDowell,

who is at Manassas, nor Banks and Fre"A general engagement may take place mont, who are at Middletown, appear to have at any hour. An advance by us involves a | any accurate knowledge on the subject. battle more or less decisive. The enemy | “A letter transinitted to the department exhibit at every point a readiness to meet yesterday, purporting to be dated Gordonsus. They certainly have great numbers ville, on the 14th inst., stated that the acand extensive works. If ten or fifteentual attack was designed for Washington 19 June 18.

20 June 25.

and Baltimore, as soon as you attacked point, and that all the available means of Richmond; but that the report was to be ihe Government should be concentrated circiuated that Jackson had gone to Rich- here. I will do all that a General can do mond, in order to mislead. This letter with the splendid army I have the honor looked very much like a bliud, and induces to coinmand ; and, if it is destroyed by overme to suspect that Jackson's real movement whelming numbers, can at least die with it now is toward Richinond. It came from and share its fate. But, if the result of the Alexandria, and is certainly designed, like action, which will probably occur to-morthe numerous rumors put atloat, to mislead. row, or within a short time, is a disaster, I think, therefore, that, while the warning the responsibility cannot be thrown on my of the deserter to you may also be a blind, shoulders; it must rest where it belongs. that it could not safely be disregarded. I Since I commenced this, I have received will transmit to you any further informa- additional intelligence, confirming the suption on this subject that may be received position in regard to Jackson's movements here."

and Beauregard's arrival. I shall probably

be attacked to-morrow, and now go to the That day, having his bridges com

other side of the Chickahominy to arrange pleted, Gen. McClellan ordered an for the defense on that side. I feel that advance of his picket-line on the left,

there is no use in again asking for rëen

forcements." preparatory to a general forward

The President responded as folmovement; and, during the day, and, au


u lows: Heintzelman's corps, with part of Keyes's and Sumner's, were pushed

“Washington, June 26, 1862.

"Your three dispatches of yesterday in forward,” he reports, through a relation to the affair, ending with the stateswampy wood, though smartly re

ment that you completely succeeded in

making your point, are very gratifying. sisted, with a loss on our side of 51 The later one, suggesting the probability killed, 401 wounded, and 64 missing: of your being overwhelmed by 200,000 men,

and talking of to whom the responsibility total, 516. Returning from over

will belong, pains me very much. I give looking this affair, Gen. McClellan you all I can, and act on the presnmpti telegraphed to the War Department

that you will do the best you can with what

you have; while you continue—ungene as follows:

rously I think-to assume that I could give "Several contrabands, just in, give infor

you more if I would. I have omitted-I mation confirming the supposition that

hot shall omit-no opportunity to send you reJackson's advance is at or near Hanover

enforcements wlienever I can." Court Ilouse, and that Beauregard arrived, with strong rëenforcements, in Richmond yesterday. I incline to think that Jackson

Gen. Robert E. Lee, having sucwill attack my right and rear. The Rebel ceeded to the chief command of the force is stated at 200,000, including Jackson | and Beauregard. I shall have to contend

Rebel army, had, in counsel with the against vastly superior odds, if these reports master spirits of the Rebellion, at be true. But this army will do all in the length resolved on striking a decisive power of men to hold their position and re- | pulse any attack. I regret my great inferi- blow. To this end, reenforcements ority in numbers, but feel that I am in no had been quietly called in from all way responsible for it, as I have not failed |

available quarters, swelling the Rebel to represent repeatedly the necessity of rëenforcernents; that this was the decisive Army of Virginia, including Jack

» But Brig.-Gen. A. R. Wright, of Huger's di. Gen. McClellan at night telegraphed, over his vision, who opposed this movement, reports

own signature, to the War office in Washington, that he had 3,000 men in all, resisting not less

that he had accomplished his object, had driven

me back for more than a mile, had 'silenced my than 8,000 or 10,000 on our side; and adds:

batteries, and occupied our camps, there is not "The object of the enemy was to drive us one word of truth in the whole statement. Then back from our picket-line, occupy it himself, the fight ceased at dark, I occupied the very and thereby enable lim to advance his works line my pickets had been driven from in the several hundred yards nearer our lines. morning; and which I continued to hold until In this, ho completely failed; and, although the total rout of the Federal army on the 29th."

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