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gave him his own power, and his own throne, and great 3 authority. And I saw one of his heads wounded, as it

were, to death ; but his deadly stroke was healed : and all 4 the world wondered and followed after the beast. And men worshipped the dragon, because he had given authority to the beast*: and they worshipped the beast, saying,

“ Who is like the beast ? and who is able to make war 5 with him ?” And there was given to the beast a mouth

speaking great things, and blasphemies; and authority t 6 was given him (to continue t] forty-two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blas

pheme his name, and his tabernacle, and those who 7 dwell in heaven. And it was given him to make war with

the saints, and to overcome them: and authority || was

given him over every tribe, and people, and language, 8 and nation. And all that dwelt on the earth, whose name

was not written from the foundation of the world, in the book of life of the lamb that was slain, worshipped him. 9 If any man have an ear, let him hear. If any lead into 10 captivity, he shall go into captivity : If any shall kill with

the sword, he must be killed with the sword. Here is

the patience and the faith of the saints 11. And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth;

and he had two horns like a lamb, but he spake as a 12 dragon. And he exerciseth all the authority || of the first

beast in his presence, and causeth the earth, and those

who dwell in it, to worship the first beast, whose deadly 13 wound was healed. And he doeth great miracles; so

that he maketh fire to come down from heaven on the 14 earth in the presence of men. And he deceiveth those

who dwell on the earth by means of those miracles which it was given him to do in the presence of the beast; say. ing to those who dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast which had the wound by a 15 sword ind yet lived. And he had power to give life to ·

elle wlrich had given authority, R. T. power, N.

+ power, N. Or, to act, or to make war. See Griesbach. The MSS. vary power, X.

the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should

both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship 16 the image of the beast should be killed. And he causeth

all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slaves,

to receive* from him a mark on their right hand, or on 17 their foreheads : [and] that no man might be able to buy

or sell, but he that had the mark; even the name of the 18 beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom. Let

him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is

six hundred and sixty-six. Ch. xiv. And I looked, and, behold, the lamb stood on

mount Sion, and with him a hundred and forty-four thou

sand persons, having his own namef and his Father's name 2 written on their foreheads. And I heard a sound from

heaven, as the sound of many waters, and as the sound

of a great thunder : and the sound which I heard was as 3 that of harpers playing on their harps: and they sang as

it were a new song before the throne, and before the four living c reatures, and the elders : and none could learn

that song, but the hundred and forty-four thousand, that 4 were bought from the earth. These are they that were

not defiled with women: for they are virgins : these are they who follow the lamb whithersoever he goeth: these

were bought from among men, as the first-fruits to God, 5 and to the lamb. And in their mouth was found no

falsehood : for they are spotless 1. 6 And I saw another angel flying in mid-heaven, have

ing an everlasting gospel ll to proclaim unto those who

dwell on the earth, and unto every nation, and tribe, and 7 language, and people, saying with a loud voice, “ Fear

* Gr. MSS. that men should give them, N. m. his own name, omitted in R. T. * was found no guile: for they are spotless before the throne of God. R.T. y the everlasting gospel, N.

God, and give glory to him ; for the hour of his judgement is come: and worship Him who made heaven, and 8 earth, and the sea, and the springs of waters.” And an

other angel followed, saying, “ The great Babylon * is

fallen, is fallen ; [because] she made all nations drink of 9 the wine of the fury of her fornication t." And another

third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “ If

any one worship the beast and his image, and receive the 10 mark of the beast on his forehead, or on his hand; he

shall drink of the wine of the fury of God, which is prepared without mixture in the cup of his anger; and he

shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence 11 of the holy angels, and in the presence of the lamb: and

the smoke of their torment shall go up for ever and everll: and they shall have no rest day or night who worship the

beast and his image, and if any one receive the mark of 12 his name.” Here is the patience of the saints, who keep 13 the commandments of God, and faith in Jesus. And I

heard a voice from heaven, saying tt,“ Write : happy are the dead who die in the Lord henceforth : Yes, saith the Spirit; they rest from their labours ; and their works

follow them $1." 14 And I looked, and, behold, a white cloud, and upon

• the great city, Babylon, R. T. + Or, of her furious fornieation. N. m.

Gr. mixed. | It would be very unreasonable to infer the gloomy doctrine of eternal misery from the loose and figurative language of a prophetic vision, in opposition to the plainest dictates of reason and justice, and to the whole tenor of divine revelation. But if any one is disposed to lay undue stress upon this text, it may be sufficient to remark, that it is not here asserted that the torment continues, but that the smoke of it ascends for ever and ever. The smoke of a pile in which a criminal has been consumed may continue to ascend long after the wretched victim has ceased to suffer. And a memorial of the punishment which has been inflicted on vice may remain long after vice itself has been utterly exterminated. After all, as the prophecy relates wholly to states of things in the present world, the punishments threatened ought, in all reason, to be understood of temporal punishments, and not of the sufferings of a future life. So in Jude, ver. 7, Sodom and Gomorrha are represented as suffering the vengeance of eternal fire, i. e. of a temporal calamity, a fire which completely destroyed them. Here are they who keep, R. T.

tt saying unto me, R. T. It Or, go with them.

the cloud one sitting, like a son of man*, having on his

head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the templet, crying with

a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, “Put in thy

sickle, and reap: for the time is come [for thec] to reap; 16 for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” And he that sat on

the cloud applied his sickle to the earth ; and the earth 17 was reaped. And another angel came out of the temple 18 which was in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And

another angel came out from the altar, who had authority over the fire thereoft, and called with a loud cry 10 him that had the sharp sickle, saying, “ Put in thy sharp

sickle, and cut the clusters of the vine of the earth ; for 19 its || grapes are fully ripe.” And the angel applied his

sickle to the earth, and cut off the clusters of the vine of

the earth, and cast them into the great wine-press of the 20 wrath of God. And the wine-press was trodden, out of

the city ; and blood came out of the wine-press up to the bridles of the horses, for the space of a thousand and six

hundred furlongs. Ch. xv. And I saw another sign in heaven, great and won

derful ; seven angels having the seven last scourges : for 2 by them the wrath of God was finished ft. And I saw as

it were a laver of glass** mingled with fire; and those that had gotten the victory over the beast It, and over his

image Ill, and over the number of his name, standing by 3 the laver of glass**, having the harps of God. And they

sang the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the lamb, saying, Great and wonderful are thy works,

O Lord God Almighty; righteous and true are thy ways, 4 O King of the nations 1. Who shall not fear (thee,] ()

the Son of man, N.

† Or, heaven, MSS. power over fire, N. See Wakefield.

vines of the earth; for their, X. f and cut the vines of the earth, and cast the clusters, N. tt filled up, N. ** Or, Sea of chrystal, Wakefield. It Or, who were pure from, or uncorrupted by the beast, etc. See Schleusner. O R. T. adds, and over his mark. $ King of Saints, R, T. O King eternal, N. See Griesbach. The VSS. vary..

. Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all the nations shall come and worship before thee ; for

thy righteous acts are made manisest.” 5 And after that I looked*, and the temple of the taber6 nacle of the testimony in heaven was opened : and the

seven angels, who had the seven scourges, came out (of

the temple,] clothed in pure white linen, and girded 7 about their breasts with golden girdles. And one of the

four living creatures gave the seven angels seven golden

phialst full of the wrath of God who liveth for ever and 8 evert. And the temple was filled with smoke from the

glory of God, and from his power; and none was able to

enter into the temple, till the seven scourges of the seven CH. angels were finished. And I heard a loud voice out of

the temple, saying to the seven angels, “ Go, and pour

out the seven phials of the wrath of God upon the earth.” 2 And the first went, and poured out his phial upon the

earth; and a bad and noisome ulcer fell upon the men that had the mark of the beast, and upon those that wor

shipped his image. 3 And the second [angel] poured out his phial upon the

sea; and it became blood like that of a dead man : and

every [living] creature died in the sea. 4 And the third angelll poured out his phial upon the

rivers and springs of waters; and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying; “ Thou art

righteous, that art, and wast, and that art holy tt, be6 cause thou hast thus executed judgement : for they have

XVI.

* I looked, and behold, R. T.

+ bowls, N. Oradas.-In every instance where this word occurs, the Primate translates it bowls.

| Gr. ages of ages. \ R. T. has angel, where it is wanting in the improved text, and is supplied by the Primate, ver. 4, 8, 10, 12, 17.

I Thou art righteous, O Lord, R. T.

tt Or, thou Holy One, N. m. Beza, in one MS. found Ó BROUEVOs, who shalt be, which the public version follows.

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