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in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing,

nor uncircumcision ; but faith which worketh by love. ay Once ye ran well: who hindered you that ye might not 8 obey the truth? This persuasion came not from him who 9 called you. A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 10 I am persuaded concerning you, through the Lord, that

ye will not think otherwise than I do : but he who trou.

bleth you will bear his judgement, whosoever he be. 11 And as to myself, brethren, if I still preach circum

cision, why do I still suffer persecution ? then would the

stumbling-block of the cross be done away. 12 I could wish that they were even cut off* who disturb 13 you. For, brethren, ye have been called to freedom :

only use not freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but by 14 love serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in

· one commandment, even this ; « Thou shalt love thy 15 neighbour as thyself.” But if ye bite and devour one

another, take heed that ye be not consumed by one

another. 16 Now I say, Walk by the spiritt, and fulfil not the 17 desire of the flesh. For the flesh desireth against the

spirit, and the spirit against the flesh : and these are con

trary the one to the other; so that ye do not the things 18 which ye would. But if ye be led by the spiritt, ye are 19 not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are ma

nifest, which are these ; [Adultery,] fornication, un· 20 cleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, sorcery, hatred, con

tentions, rivalries, wrath, disputes, divisions, heresies, 21 envyings, murthers, drunkenness, revellings, and such

like : of which I tell you beforehand, as I have also

told you before, that those who do such things will not 22 inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the spirit · is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness,

• Or, would even cut themselves off from you, N. m.
+ Or, Walk spiritually, Wakefield.

Or, spiritually led, Wakefield.

23 faithfulness, meekness, temperance : against such things 24 there is no law. Now those that are Christ's have cru25 cified the flesh with its passions and desires. If we live 26 by the spirit, let us walk also by the spirit. Let us not

be vain-glorious, provoking one another, envying one

another. Ch. vi. Brethren, if a man be even discovered in any offence*,

ye that are spiritual restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempt2 ed. Bear ye one another's burthens; and thus fulfil the 3 law of Christ. For if a man think himself to be some. 4 thing, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. But

let every man try his own work ; and then he will have 5 glorying in himself alone, and not in another. For every

man will bear his own burthen. 6 Now let him that is taught in the word, make him that

7 teacheth partaker of all good things. Be not deceived : . God is not deluded : for whatsoever a man soweth, that 8 he will reap also. For he who soweth to his flesh, from

the flesh will reap destruction : but he who soweth to the 9 spirit, from the spirit will reap everlasting life. And let

us not be weary in well-doing : for in due time we shall 10 reap, if we faint not. As therefore we have opportunity,

let us do good to all men; but especially to those that are

of the household of faith. 11. Ye see how large an epistle † I have written to you 12 with mine own hand. As many as desire to make a fair

show in the flesh, such would compel you to be circum

cised, only lest they should be persecuted for the cross of 13 Christ. For neither do they themselves that are circum

cised keep the law; but they desire to have you circum14 cised, that they may glory in your flesh. But far be it

that I should glory, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus

• If a man be overtaken in any fault, Wakefield, with the public version.
+ Or, in what large and inclegant letters. See Whitby, Doddridge, Wakefield.

Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I 15 unto the world. For in Christ Jesus neither is circum.

cision any thing *, nor uncircumcision ; but a new crea16 tion t. And as many t as shall walk by this rule, peace

be upon them, and mercy; and upon the Israel of God. 17 Henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my 18 body the marks of the Lord Jesus. Brethren, the favour||

of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.

• neither circumcision availeth any thing, R. T.
+ a new creature is every thing. N.
I N. adds, of you, which are unnecessary if not injurious to the sense.

Or, the gracious gospel. q. d. May the grace and kindness of the gospel be conferred upon you, and cordially received by you in preference to the severe injunctions of the law,

THE

EPISTLE OF SAINT PAUL

TO

THE EPHESIANS.

CHAP. I.

PAUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God,

to the saints, and faithful in Christ Jesus, that are at 2 Ephesus* : favour be to you, and peace, from God our

Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus

Christ, who hath blessed us with every spiritual blessing 4 in heavenly things through Christ: according as he chose

us in Christ, before the foundation of the world, that we 5 might be holy and spotless before him in love : having

predestinatedt us to the adoption of sons by Jesus Christ

for himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 to the praise of his glorious favourf, with which he hath

* The words ey EDECW, at Ephesus, are wanting in one manuscript: they were als so wanting in some ancient copies in the time of Basil, in the fourth century. Marcion's copy read “Laodicea.” And though the external evidence is very great in favour of Ephesus, yet Mill, Benson, Paley, and many others think it probable that this letter was addressed by Paul to the Laodiceans, and is alluded to Col. iv. 16. It is indeed hardly possible, that the apostle should have dictated a letter to a society of Christians amongst whom he had resided three years, without once alluding to that circumstance, or to any of the extraordinary events which had occurred during his abode at Ephesus, See Acts xix. 2 Cor. i, 8. 1 Cor. xv. 32. Paley's Hor. Paul. p. 242.

+ Or, fore-appointed, or predetermined, N.m. . Gr. the glory of his grace, i. e. of his gratuitous goodness. So ver. 7. N.m.

7 favoured us through the beloved Son* : through whom

we have redemption by his blood, even forgiveness of 8 our offencest, according to the riches of his favour; in

which he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and 9 understanding; having made known to us the mystery

of his will, according to his good pleasure, which he 10 purposed in himself concerning the dispensation of the

fulness of times, that he would gather togetherll to himself in one all things through Christ, which are in the

heavens and which are on the earth, even through him ; 11 through whom we have obtained an inheritance also,

having been predestinated according to the purpose of

him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own 12 will : that we should be to the praise of his glory, hav13 ing first hoped in Christ : in whom ye also having be

lieved, (after ye heard the word of truth, the glad tidings

of your salvation, in whom, I say, ye also having believed,) 14. have been sealed with the holy spirit of promise, (which

is the earnest of our inheritance,) unto the redemptiontt of the purchased** possession, unto the praise of his glory.

by which he hath made us accepted through the beloved Jesus, N. See Mr. Lindsey's Ans. to Robinson, p. 178. + Or, deliverance through

By the terms we and us, the apostle often speaks affectionately of the gentiles. See Locke. Their redemption signifies their deliverance from idolatry and vice : this was through the blood of Christ, by whose death the new covenant was ratified. The for giveness of sin was transferring them from a heathen state, in which they are represented as sinners, to a covenant and privileged state, in which they are said to be justified and holy.

The primary signification of the word avaxe ahalow, which the apostle here uses is, to sum up an account, or, to reduce many sums to one. See Schleusner. The proper meaning of it in this place seems to be, to unite all things under one head. And in this view, as Mr. Locke justly observes, things in heaven and things on earth may be under. stood to signify the Jewish and the gentile world. The Jewish nation is called heaven, Dan. viii. 10. And the great n en among the Jewish nation are called the powers of heaven" by Christ himself, Luke xxi. 26; and Eph. i7. 10. 19, is best explained upon this supposition. See Locke's note, in loc. This remark of Mr. Locke's is both curious and important, and will serve to explain many passages in this epistle, and in that to the Colossians, which was written at the same time, and in the same figurative style.

f in heaven and on earth, N. 7. Or, deliverance. ** Or, peculiar, N. m.

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