« 上一頁繼續 »
had prepared for the press an answer to some little scribbling quack in London, who had written a scur, rilous libel against him; but whether by the dissuasion of friends, as thinking him a fellow not worth his notice, or for what other cause, Mr. Philips knoweth not, this answer was never published b. And indeed the best vindicator of him and his writings hath been Time. Posterity hath universally paid that honour to
the same time with the com- lace. It does not appear, howmencement of the Paradise Lost ever, that Mr. Todd, who gives and the Thesaurus, at the ter. this account, examined this Pammination of his controversy with phlet himself. Two other tracts More, and finished it after the ascribed to Milton in the same Restoration, but at what par- volume of tracts at Lambeth Paticular time is not stated. Philips lace, Mr. Todd has shewn not seems to have
e confounded it with to be his by decisive internal his former system of divinity, evidence. See Todd's Life of which was not drawn like this Milton, p. 127-130. ed. 2. In from the Bible only, but com- the same work, p. 133-138, the piled from the systems of con
reader will also find an ample temporary divines. E.
account of the other works in This pamphlet is supposed which, with or without reason, to have perished, according to Milton has ever been supposed Mr. Todd. Another however is to have had any share ; except extant, entitled, “ An argument, that Mr. Todd does not notice a
or Debate in Law, of the great piece published in 1650, entitled
Question concerning the Mi. The grand case of conscience con“ litia; as it is now settled by cerning the ingagement stated and “ ordinance of both the Houses resolved, and of which Wood says “ of Parliament. By J. M. Lon- Milton was thought to be the * don, 1642.” 4to. on the title author. But Dr. Birch observes, page of a copy of which (in the that the style of the work does possession of the Marquis of Staf- not in the least favour that supford) the second Earl of Bridge- position. Peck also has a long water, the elder Brother in Comus, but very unsatisfactory argument wrote the name of the poet as the to prove Milton the translator of author Oldys also ascribed it Buchanan's Baptistes, 1642, and to Milton; as well as some per- he assigns to Milton, with little son, apparently of that age, who or no pretence of reason, one or numbered some of Milton's tracts two other trifles, which are atwith others iu a volume of Tracts tached to Peck's Memoirs of Milin the Library of Lambeth Pa- ton, 1740. E.
his merits, which was denied him by great part of his contemporaries.
After a life thus spent in study and labours for the public, he died of the gout at his house in Bunhill-Row on or about the 10th of November 1674, when he had within a month completed the sixty-sixth year of his age. It is not known when he was first attacked by the gout, but he was grievously afflicted with it several of the last years of his life, and was weakened to such a degree, that he died without a groan, and those in the room perceived not when he expired. His body was decently interred near that of his father (who had died very aged about the year 1647) in the chancel of the Church of St. Giles's Cripplegate; and all his great and learned friends in London, not without a friendly concourse of the common people, paid their last respects in attending it to the grave. Mr. Fenton in his short but elegant account of the Life of Milton, speaking of our author's having no monument, says, that “he “ desired a friend to inquire at St. Giles's Church; " where the sexton showed him a small monument, “ which he said was supposed to be Milton's; but the
inscription had never been legible since he was employed in this office, which he has possessed about
forty years. This sure could never have happened in “so short a space of time, unless the epitaph had been
industriously erased: and that supposition, says Mr. “ Fenton, carries with it so much inhumanity, that I “ think we ought to believe it was not erected to his
• See Mr. Warton's note on “ ritas sciet," in the Ode Ad J. “ Si quid meremur, sana Poste Rousiun, v. 86. E.
memory.” It is evident that it was not erected to his memory, and that the sexton was mistaken. For Mr. Toland in his account of the life of Milton says, that he was buried in the chancel of St. · Giles's Church, “ where the piety of his admirers will shortly “ erect a monument becoming his worth and the en
couragement of letters in King William's reign.” This plainly implies that no monument was erected to him at that time, and this was written in 1698: and Mr. Fenton's account was first published, I think, in 1725; so that not above twenty-seven years intervened from the one account to the other; and consequently the sexton, who it is said had been possessed of his office about forty years, must have been mistaken, and the monument must have been designed for some other person, and not for Milton. A monument indeed has been erected to his memory in Westminster Abbey by Auditor Benson in the year 1737; but the best monument of him is his writingsa.
In his youth he was esteemed extremely handsome, so that while he was a student at Cambridge, he was called the Lady of Christ's College. He had a very
d See notes on the Mansus, “ Poems and Translations writv. 90. and the lines by Dr. George “ ten upon several occasions, and at the end of the notes on the " to several persons. By a late Latin poems. Mr. Todd notices “ Scholar of Eaton. London, a curious poem to the honour of “ 1689." Milton, written soon after his In 1793, according to Mr. death, although not published Todd, a marble bust by Bacon till the year 1689. It is entitled was erected to the memory of “ A propitiatory sacrifice to the Milton, in the middle aisle of s ghost of J. M. by way of Pas- Cripplegate Church, by the mu
toral, in a dialogue between nificence of Mr. Whitbread. E. “ Thyrsis and Corydon;" and
e He took notice of this himmay be found at p. 110, &c. of self in one of his public Prolu
fine skin and fresh complexion; his hair was of a light brown, and parted on the foretop hung down in curls waving upon his shoulders; his features were exact and regular; his voice agreeable and musical; his habit clean and neat; his deportment erect and manly. He was middle-sized and well proportioned, neither tall nor short, neither too lean nor too corpulent, strong and active in his younger years, and though afflicted with frequent head-aches, blindness, and gout, was yet a comely and well-looking man to the last. His eyes were of a light blue colour, and from the first are said to have been none of the brightest; but after he lost the sight of them, (which happened about the 430 year of his age,) they still appeared without spot or blemish, and at first view and at a little distance it was not easy to know that he was blind'. Mr. Richardson had an
sions before the University, At And Milton is supposed to have quibusdam audivi nuper Domina. hurried into Italy in search of Birch.
his unknown admirer. If any ' Dr. Symmons, I know not thing of the kind happened to upon what authority, says, that him,
it was probably a jest conthe lustre of his eyes was pecu- trived by his College acquainte liarly vivid; their colour, accord- ances, desirous to amuse theming to Aubrey, was a dark gray. selves at the expense of his Aubrey adds quaintly, “ His har- vanity; for they are represented “ monical and ingenious soul did as having informed him of what “ lodge in a beautiful and well- had passed. But the story has * proportioned body." Dr. Sym- not even the merit of being orimons, (Life of Milion, p. 573. ed. ginal; if the parallel tale, which 2.) has told briefly, and Mr. Todd Mr. Todd reports, was extant has given át full length (Life, p. before the seventeenth century. 25-28. ed. 2.) a story, resting Milton's own account of his on no foundation, of Milton's personal appearance in his Sehaving been observed sleeping cond Defence, (Pr. W. ii. p. 374. under a tree by an Italian Lady, ed. 1753.) written when he was travelling through England, who about forty-six, is as follows. De left in his hand some lines from formis quidem a nemine, quod Guarini's twelfth Madrigal, in sciam, qui modo me vidit, sum compliment to his beauty, and unquam habitus ; formosus necdisappeared before he awoke. Te, minus laboro : statura fateor
account of him from an ancient clergyman in Dorsetshire, Dr. Wright, who found him in a small house, which had (he thinks) but one room on a floor; in that, up one pair of stairs, which was hung with a rusty green, he saw John Milton sitting in an elbow chair, with black clothes, and neat enough, pale but not cadaverous, his hands and fingers gouty, and with chalk stones; among other discourse he expressed himself to this purpose, that was he free from the pain of the gout, his blindness would be tolerable. But there is the less need to be particular in the description of his person, as the idea of his face and countenance is pretty well known from the numerous prints, pictures, busts, medals, and other representations which have been made of him. There are two pictures of greater value than the rest, as they are undoubted originals, and were in the possession of Milton's widow: the first was drawn when he was about twenty-one, and is at present in the collection of the Right Honourable Arthur Onslow, Esq. Speaker of the House of Comnon sum procera; sed quæ me- illæsi ita sine nube clari ac lucidi, diocri tamen quam parvæ propior ut eorum qui acutissimum 'cersit: sed quid si parva, qua et nunt: in hac solum parte, memet summi sæpe tum pace tum bello invito, simulator sum. In vultu, fuere; quanquam parva cur dici- quo « nihil exsanguius" 'esse tur, quæ ad virtutem satis magna dixit, is manet etiamnum color est. Sed neque exilis admodum, exsangui et pallenti plane coneo sane animo iisque viribus ut trarius, ut quadragenario major cum ætas vitæque ratio sic fere- vix sit cui non denis prope
annis bat, nec ferrum tractare nec strin- videar natu minor; neque corgere quotidiano usu exercitatus pore contracto neque cute. In nescirem; eo accinctus, ut ple- bis ego si ulla ex parte mentior, rumque eram, cuivis vel multo multis millibus popularium meorobustiori exæquatum me puta- rum, qui de facie me norunt, exbam, securus quid mihi quis in- teris etiam non paucis, ridiculus juriæ vir viro inferre posset. Idem merito sim. Atque hæc de forma hodie animus, eædem vires, oculi mea vel coactus. E. non iidem ; ita tamen extrinsecus