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Ros. The blood of youth burns not with such excess, As gravity's revolt to wantonness.

Mar. Folly in fools bears not so strong a note,
As foolery in the wise, when wit doth dote ;
Since all the power thereof it doth apply,
To prove, by wit, worth in simplicity,

Enter BOYET.
Prin. Here comes Boyet, and mirth is in his face.
Boyet. 0, I am stabb’d with laughter! Where's her

grace ?
Prin. Thy news, Boyet ?

Boyet. Prepare, madam, prepare !
Arm, wenches, arm ! encounters mounted are
Against your peace : Love doth approach disguis'd,
Armed in arguments ; you'll be surpris'd :
Muster your wits ; stand in your own defence ;
Or hide your heads like cowards, and fly hence.

Prin. Saint Dennis to saint Cupid !2 What are they That charge their breath against us? say, scout, say.

Boyet. Under the cool shade of a sycamore, I thought to close mine eyes some half an hour : When, lo ! to interrupt my purpos'd rest, Toward that shade I might behold addrest The king and his companions : warily I stole into a neighbour thicket by, And overheard what you shall overhear ; That, by and by, disguis'd they will be here. Their herald is a pretty knavish page, That well by heart hath conn’d hi: embassage : Action, and accent, did they teach him there ; Thus must thou speak, and thus thy body bear : And ever and anon they made a doubt, Presence majestical would put him out; For, quoth the king, an angel shalt thou see : Yet fear not thou, but speak audaciously. The boy reply'd, An angel is not evil ; I should have fear'd her, had she'been a devil. With that all laugh’d, and clapp'd him on the shoulder; Making the bold wag by their praises holder.

[2] Johnson censures the Princess for invoking with so much levity the ja ron of hr country, to oppose his power to that of Cupid; but that was not her intentio. B ing determinal to engage the King and his followers, she gives for the word of battle St Dennis, as the King, when he was determined to attack her, had given for the word of battle St. Cupid:

Saint Cupid then, and, soldiers, to the field." M. MASON.

One rubb'd his elbow, thus : and fleer'd, and swore,
A better speech was never spoke before :
Another, with his finger and his thumb,
Cry’d, Via! we will do't, come what will come :
The third he caper'd and cried, All goes well :
The fourth turn'd on the toe, and down he fell.
With that, they all did tumble on the ground,
With such a zealous laughter, so profound,
That in this spleen ridiculous appears, 3
To check their folly, passions solemn tears.

Prin. But what, but what, come they to visit us?
Boyet. They do, they do ; and are apparel'd thus,
Like Muscovites, or Russians : as I guess,
Their purpose is, to parle, to court, and dance:
And every one his love-feat will advance
Unto his several mistress ; which they'll know
By favours several, which they did bestow.

Prin. And will they so ? the gallant shall be task'd:
For, ladies, we will every one be mask'd ;
And not a man of them shall have the grace,
Despite of suit, to see a lady's face.
-Hold, Rosaline, this favour thou shalt wear;
And then the king will court thee for his dear;
Hold, take thou this, my sweet, and give me thine ;
So shall Birón take me for Rosaline.
And change you favours too ; so shall your loves
Woo contrary, deceiv’d by these removes.

Ros. Come on then ; wear the favours most in sight. Kath. But, in this changing, what is your intent? Prin. The effect of my intent is, to cross theirs : They do it but in mocking merriment ; And mock for mock is only my intent. Their several counsels they unbosom shall To loves mistook ; and so be mock'd withal, Upon the next occasion that we meet,

[3] The spleen was anciently supposed to be the cause of laughter. STEE.

[4] A mask of Muscovites was no uncommon recreation at court long before our author's time. In the first year of King Henry the Eighth, at a banquet made for the toreign embassadors in the parliament-chamber at Westminster : " came the lorde Henry, Earl of Wiltshire, and the lorde Fitzwater, in twoo long gounes of yellowe satin travarsed with white satin, and in every ben of white was a bend of crimosen satin after the fashion of Russia or Ruslande, with furred hattes of grey on their hedes, either of them havyng au hatchet in their handes, and bootes with pykes turned up. Hall. Henry VIII. p. 6. This extract may serve to convey an idea of the dress used upon the present occasion by the King and his Lords at the per.. formance of the play. RITSON.

come.

With visages display'd, to talk, and greet:

Ros. But shall we dance, if they desire us to't ?

Prin. No; to the death, we will not move a foot ; Nor to their penn'd speech render we no grace ; But, while 'tis spoke, each turn away her face.

Boy. Why,that contempt will kill the speaker's heart, And quite divorce his memory from his part.

Prin. Therefore I do it ; and, I make no doubt,
The rest will ne'er come in, if he be out.
There's no such sport, as sport by sport o'erthrown;
To make theirs ours, and ours none but our own :
So shall we stay, mocking intended game;
And they, well mock’d, depart away with shame.

[Trumpets sound within. Boyet. The trumpet sounds; be mask'd, the maskers

[The ladies mask. Enter the King, BIRON, LONGAVILLE, and Dumain, in Rus

sian habits, and masked; Moth, Musicians, and Attendants.
Moth. All hail, the richest beauties on the earth!
Boyet. Beauties, no richer than rich taffata.5
Moth. A holy parcel of the fairest dames,

[The ladies turn their backs to him. That ever turn'd their backs-to mortal views !

Biron. Their eyes, villain, their eyes.

Moth. That ever turn'd their eyes to mortal views ! Out

Boyet. True ; out, indeed.
Moth. Out of your favours,heavenly spirits,vouchsafe
Not to behold

Biron. Once to behold, rogue.
Moth. Once to behold with your sun-beamed eyes,
with your sun-beamed eyes-

Boyet. They will not answer to that epithet ;
You were best call it, daughter-beamed eyes.

Moth. They do not mark me, and that brings me out.
Biron, Is this your perfectness? be gone, you rogue.
Ros. What would these strangers? know their minds,

Boyet :
If they do speak our language, 'tis our will
That some plain man recount their purposes :
Know what they would.

Boyet. What would you with the princess ?
(5] i. e. the taffata masks they wore to conceal themselves.

THEO

Biron. Nothing but peace, and gentle visitation.
Ros. What would they, say they?
Boyet. Nothing, but peace, and gentle visitation.
R08. Why, that they have ; and bid them so be gone.
Boyet. She says you have it, and you may be gone.

King. Say to her, we have measur'd many miles,
To tread a measure with her on this grass.

Boy. They say, that they have measur'd many a mile, To tread a measure with you on this grass. 6

Ros. It is not so: ask them, how many inches Is in one mile: if they have measured many, The measure then of one is easily told.

Royet. If, to come hither, you have measur'd miles, And many miles ; the princess bids you tell, How many inches do fill up one mile.

Biron. Tell her, we measure them by weary steps.
Boyet. She hears herself.

Ros. How many weary steps,
Of many weary miles you have o'ergone,
Are number'd in the travel of one mile?

Biron. We number nothing that we spend for you; Our duty is so rich, so infinite,

That we may do it still without accompt.
Vouchsafe to show the sunshine of your face,
That we, like savages, may worship it.

Ros. My face is but a moon, and clouded too.

King. Blessed are clouds, to do as such clouds do! Vouchsafe, bright moon, and these thy stars, to shine (Those clouds removid) upon our wat’ry eyne.?

Ros. O vain petitioner! beg a greater matter; Thou now request'st but moon shine in the water. King. Then, in our measure do but vouchsafe one

change: 'Thou bid'st me beg; this begging is not strange. Ros. Play, music, then: nay, you must do it soon.

[Music plays. Not yet :-10 dance :- thus change I like the moon.

[6] The measures were dances solemn and slow. They were performed at court, and at public entertainments of the societies of law and equity, at their halls, on particular occasions. It was formerly, not deemed inconsistent with propriety even for the gravest persons to join in them; and ac. cordingly at the revels which were celebrated at the inns of court, it has not been unusual for the first characters in the law to become performers in treading the measures. See Dugdale's Origines Juridiciales. REED.

[7] When Queen Elizabeth asked an embassador how he liked her ladies, • It is hard,' said he, to judge of stars in the presence of the un.' JOH.

King. Will you not dance? How come you thus es

trangd Ros. You took the moon at full ; but now she's chang'd.

King. Yet still she is the moon, and I the man.
The music plays ; vouchsafe some motion to it.

Ros. Our ears vouchsafe it.
King. But your legs should do it.

Ros. Since you are strangers, and come here by chance, We'll not be nice: take hands ;-we will not dance.

King. Why take we hands then?

Ros. Only to part friends :-
Court'sy, sweet hearts; and so the measure ends.

King. More measure of this measure ; be not nice.
Ros. We can afford no more at such a price.
King. Prize you yourselves; What buys your com-

pany?

Ros. Your absence only.
King That can never be.

Ros. Then cannot we be bought : and so adieu ;
Twice to your visor, and half once to you !

King. If you deny to dance, let's hold more chat.
Ros. In private then.
King. I am best pleas'd with that.

[They converse apart. Bir. White-handed mistress,one sweet word with thee. Prin. Honey, and milk, and sugar ; there is three.

Biron. Nay then, two treys, (an if you grow so nice) Metheglin, wort, and malmsey ;-Well run, dice! There's half a dozen sweets.

Prin. Seventh sweet, adieu !
Since you can cog, 8 I'll play no more with you.

Biron. One word in secret.
Prin. Let it not be sweet.
Biron. Thou griev’st my gall.
Prin. Gall? bitter.
Biron. Therefore meet. [They converse apart.
Dum. Will you vouchsafe with me to change a word?
Mar. Name it.
Dum. Fair lady,-

Mar. Say you so ? Fair lord, -
Take that for your fair lady.

Dum. Please it you, [8] To cog, signifies to falsify the dice, and to falsify a narrative, or to lie.

JOHNSON 35 VOL. II.

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