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rule: «No allusion to anything said in a former debate.” Good, if responsibility be good for nothing : not so clearly so, if responşibility be good for anything. So far as regards facts, it is a counterpart to that mendacity licence, which in Scotch Reform and elsewhere has been held up to view as one of the pillars and main instruments of English Judicature. · Throughout this examination, I have never been altogether free from feelings of compunction, at the thoughts of the sort of liberty all along taken with the author of the Special Jury Bill. On the present occasion, I found him doing as, in his place, every body else has done. On that other occasion, I see him taking a course peculiar to himself. Time does not at this moment permit me so much as to read the Bill. I cannot therefore, on the ground of any opinion of my own, venture to say a syllable of it. But, if it does but completely substitute, as I am assured it does, lot to packing, and is in other respects what it has been certified to be, by those whose discernment and love of justice I stand assured of, it will, by this one measure, ensure to him a stock of popularity and public confidence, such as I tremble but to think of. • Should this measure be carried through, he must however content himself, as well as he can, with the reputation of probity: for as for that of consistency, it will quit him, and seek refuge in its chosen seat, the bosom of his Noble and Learned Friend. Consistency being where it is,-how anything of this sort should have found its way into the Secretary of State's Office, is the mystery of mysteries!'
One word more as to patronage. On the present occasion, it is to the lessening the value of it to the Honorable Secretary that my endeavors, such as they are, have been applying themselves : yet, so far am I from grudging him any good thing obtainable without preponderant evil to the community in the case of the County Courts' Bill, no desire a man in his place can have, for feeling the patron.. age of it is in his own hands, can be more sincere than mine for seeing it there. Supposing the situation equally acceptable to the only class of expectants worth providing for, here is a stock of patronage worth at least three times as much as that other.
County Court Judges, thirty : salary of each, 8001. : this gives 24,0001. a year-thrice as much as the 6,0001. '
No hands can I find anywhere, which, in point of aptitude (matchless Constitution standing as it stands), would bear a thought in comparison of his. Lord Lieutenants? ---they are so many invisible objects. In the High Court of Public Opinion, nobody will see them, nobody will know who they are. The Judge chosen by each will be chosen of the family most connected in the county, which is as much as to say, the most unapt that could be chosen.
Armed as he is like any Achilles, still the place of a Secretary of State is at the bar of public opinion, and he stands an object to all eyes. Here are mine, for example, weak as they are, yet better perhaps than none, thus watching him : could they keep running after thirty, or I don't know how many more, Lord Lieutenants ?
Chancellors !-« aye—there's the rub.” Sooner than see the patronage in the hands of the Model of Consistency, or even of any other English feefed Judge,-sooner, much sooner, would I see it added to the porte-feuille of the Chancellor of France.
SPEECH of Mr. SECRETARY PEEL, on introducing
the Police Magistrates' Salary Increase Bill, 21st March, 1825. Extract reported in The Times and the Morning Chronicle, of the 22d :
He held in his hand papers, from He held papers in his hand, showwhich, if he chose to enter into any ing in the clearest manner the great detail, he could prove to the satisface increase that had taken place in the tion of the Committee, that since business of the Police Offices since the institution of Police Magistrates, their first institution, arising from the business which devolved on the great increase of the population those individuals had, owing to va of the metropolis amorigst other rious Acts of Parliament which had 'causes. It appeared from those pabeen passed, independently of the pers, that since their first establishincrease of population, greatly aug. ment, considerable additions had mented. Although that circumstance been made to the business of the would of itself be a sufficient reason Offices, by various Acts of Parlia. for increasing the salary of the magis- ment, passed at different times, but trates, he resied his proposition on . he would lay his proposition on grounds which he hoped the Com- stronger grounds. mittee would consider even more satisfactory: When the Police Magistrates were In the first instance, the salaries of first appointed, it was the practice the Magistrates amounted only to to select individuals to fill the office, 4001. per annum, it was afterwards who, he must say, were incompetent raised to 6001., but, it was well to discharge the duties which de- known, that under the former regule volved on them. He found from lation the persons appointed were
the papers which had been laid on totally incompetent to the duties. He the table, that out of twelve Police found that of the twelve Magistrates Magistrates appointed at a former first appointed, three were Barristers. period, there were only three Barris One was a Major, three Clergymen, ters, the rest were composed of a two Starch Dealers, and one Glas. Major in the Army, a Starch Maker, gow Trader. three Clergymen, a Glasgow Trader, and other persons who, from their occupations, could not but be considered as utterly unqualified to perform the duties of Magistrates. 3.
3. The law had fixed no limitation with He thought the Committee would be respect to the previous education of pleased to hear, that though there persons appointed to the office of was no limitation fixed by law to deMagistrate, but he thought the Com- termine the eligibility of the persons mittee would be pleased to hear, to fill such offices, Lord Sidmouth that a limitation on that point had and himself had confined themselves been prescribed by the Secretary of strictly to the appointment of Bara State. Neither his predecessor in risters alone, and had not nominated office (Lord Sidmouth) nor himself any to the office of Magistrate who had ever appointed a person to fill were of less than three years standing. the office of Magistrate who had not He would ask the Committee, under been a Barrister of three years stand- those circumstances, ing. That was a rule to which, in his opinion, it was most desirable to adhere.
But in order to enable the Secretary whether 600l. a year could be suffiof State to abide by that rule, and cient to tempt a professional man of to carry it into practice, it was neces- adequate abilities to relinquish their sary to augment the present salary hopes of rising at the Bars of Police Magistrates. He implored the House to consider, whether 600l. a year (the present salary) was sufficient to induce a Barrister to give up the emoluments of private practice, and the hope of preferment in his profession, to undertake the duties of a Magistrate, 5.
5. . which required their almost constant The duties at the office would reattendance? It could not, he thought, quire his constant attendance, and be considered an unreasonable pro- the Committee, he thought, would position, that in future the Secretary not consider it unreasonable to emof State should be empowered to give power the Secretary of State to grant to each police magistrate the sum 'them each a salary, not exceeding of 800l. per annum.
800l. a year.
6. He hoped that he should not be told, It was true, he might be told that - that individuals might be found who there were many individuals now would be willing to undertake the ready to accept those offices; but magisterial duties for a less sum. It though that was certainly the case,
was very true that such was the case, they were most of them country genHe was constantly receiving appli- tlemen, who had discharged the duty cations from persons who were anxin of Magistrates in their respective qus to be appointed Police Magis counties, but that was no reason trates. Those applications proceeded why they should be selected to fill principally from Country Magistrates, the situation of Police Magistrates who had discharged the duties of in the metropolis. He respected, as their office ably and satisfactorily; but much as any man could, the unpaid whom nevertheless he did not think magistracy of the country; but it did right to appoint to be Police Magis- not follow, that because they were trates in the metropolis. He held enabled by the weight of their chathe unpaid magistracy in as high racter and influence to perform the respect as any man, but he could ordinary routine duties of Country easily conceive that a gentleman Magistrates, they were competent might, in consequence of the influ- to discharge the more arduous busience which he derived from local ness of the police in this city. circumstances the relations of landlord and tenant for instance-be able to discharge the duties of a Country Magistrate, in a satisfactory manner, who would be incompetent to undertake the important ones of a Police Magistrate.
• Police Magistrates' was the name Many Acts of Parliament had ingenerally given to those magistrates 'creased the duties of those offices; to whom he alluded, but those per- important questions in civil causes sous were mistaken who supposed often came before them, and under that the duties which they had to the Building Acts they were often perform were merely executive. obliged to hear the evidence of surThey were called on to administer veyors on each side, and to deter. the law in a great number of com- mine many points which required a plicated cases which were submitted considerable degree of legal knowto them. Out of some recent Acts lege. He would rather rest his proof Parliament some very important position on that single statement, questions arose, which the Police than enter into the details contained Magistrates were called on to de- in the papers which he held in bis cide. Several nice cases had occurred hands. under the Building Act. He knew one case of that description which had occupied the attention of the magistrates for a couple of days, during which surveyors had been examined on both sides. He thought that a salary of 800l. a year was not more than a fair remuneration for the practice which a Barrister must abandon when he undertook the duties of a Magistrate.
8. It appeared to him, that the individuals appointed to administer justice in this country were more parsimoniously dealt with than in almost
It appeared to him, that this country was more parsimonious in its provisions on the administration of justice than any other, and he was sure any other country in the world. that there could not be a worse ecoHe thought this was poor economy, to nomy than such saving, either with give inadequate remuneration to in- regard to the highest or to inferior dividuals selected to administer jus- officers. tice, whether in the highest office of judge, or in the less important but still very important office of Police Magistrate.
9. He might, he did not doubt, get persons
9. The great object should be to procure persons qualified to discharge the duties [hear, hear !]
10. those persons who could not succeed in their profession--the refuse of the bar -to fill the office of Police Magistrate at a lower salary than he proposed to give he could save 1001. or 2001. a year by such a proceeding, but the public would have cause to lament it.
10. To tell them that they might take the refuse of the bar, would be to recommend a course which the public would soon have reason to lament, On those grounds he trusted that the Committee would not consider the addition of 2001. a year to their present salaries too much to remunerate them for the services of the Police Magistrates.
11. The present Police Magistrates were of They were acquainted with the chathe highest personal respectability, and racter of the individuals who filled performed their duties to the great sa- those offices at present. Their knowtisfaction of the country. They were lege, experience, and respectability, thirty in number, only four of whom were unquestionable. They were thirty were nol barristers. The Right Hon. in number, and their services had Gentleman concluded with moving, already proved the importance of the 6. That it is the opinion of the Com duties they had to fulfil. The Homittee that each Justice appointed, norable Gentleman concluded with or to be appointed, under the Act for moving a Resolution-“That each the more effectual administration of of the Justices appointed, or to be the office of justice of the peace, shall appointed, to the Police Offices of receive a salary not exceeding 8001.” the Metropolis, shall be allowed a
salary not exceeding 8001. a year, to be paid by one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State."