addition actual,“pon as nown poeduced, no more inune

how conspicuous a degree, with reference to the business of this very office, he proved himself a man of business, I shall venture a few particulars. This man was Patrick Colquhoun : and, unless destroyed by the comparative smallness of his remuneration, his relative aptitude has stronger, as well as more incontrovertible proofs than can, I trust, be produced, not only by the Right Hon. Secretary's unknown protegés in embryo, whom even I look down upon as so many chits,—but even by the whole of the actually existing barrister-magistrates, produced by the additional 2001. a year, to whom I make my bow, whoever they may be. Treatise (I mean) on the Police of the Metropolis, Treatise on Indigence, Treatise on the Office of Constable and for ought I know, others (for I have not time to hunt for them) bearing most directly on the business of this very office. As to the first mentioned of the number of its editions I am afraid to speak, not having the last before me: the fifth, which I have in hand, is as early as 1797, and there must have been several others after it. Into the merits of them I cannot afford to enter, this paper not being either a Quarterly, an Edinburgh, or a Westminster Review : nor, if I could, could I venture to put my judgment in competition with the single word incompetence, from the lips of the Right Hon. Secretary. I must leave them therefore to that evidence: and, if that evidence be not more probative, than any which the Right Hon. Secretary has adduced in favor of his future protegés, or even in favor of their existing predecessors and intended colleagues, I must give up my cause.

Evidence of this sort in abundance must be omitted. One lot is too. pointed to be thus dealt with. To this Glasgow trader, whatever may be the value of it, was the public indebted for the first addition made to the number of those offices, and the Right Hon. Secretary for a proportionable part of the patronage, to the value of which he is thus laboring to give increase. It was the addition made by the Thames Police Act 39 and 40 Geo. III. anno 1800, ch. 87. Of this business, it fell in my way not to be altogether ignorant. A bill was necessary. Colquhoun had found the facts. I ventured to supply the law. I drew the bill, leaving out as much of the customary surplusage as I durst. In the procedure clauses, for giving execution and effect to the law, I ventured as far as I durst, and further than any one had ventured before. Incompetent as the performance could not but be, coming out of such hands, change of hands rendered its competence unquestionable. At my humble request, a learned gentleman of the first distinction (I know my distance better than to mention him) received it into his, and without the change of a word, it became law. The plan had been formed by Colquhoun, in

conjunction with I forget what body of mercantile men, who wanted a sort of board of which he was to be at the head. The board they did not get : but a present of 500l. testified their sense of his competence with relation to police business.' Such was the nameless Glasgow trader : his name would not have been quite so suitable to the Right Hon. Secretary's purpose, as it is to mine.

As to the three clergymen, leaving the question, as to their incompetence, to be settled by the Hon. Secretary with the Archbishops of Canterbury, defunct and living, the Lord Chancellors, and the several Lord Lieutenants, I proceed to the remaining one of thetwo evils, for which the second 2001. a year as provided by him, is to operate as a remedy. This is—the deficiency in the article of time : the deficiency, if any, present or future, in regard to the quantity of time employed, or eventually about to be employed, by the magistrates in question, in the fulfilment of their duties.

On this evil the Right Honorable Secretary touches, it should seem, with rather a tender hand: allusion and insinuation, rather than assertion, are the forms of speech I see employed. (Per No. 1.) In the business « great increase :" cause, ditto, partly in acts of parliament, partly in population. Triumphant tenders of papers in proof of all these facts,—to which might have been added the existence of the sun at noon day.

Of the existence of the thus delicately-assumed evil, at the hands of the Right Hon. Secretary I look in vain for other proof. From that most authentic source, somewhat less explicit is the evidence I see to the contrary. It is that which has been already seen: it is made of stretching leather: it is wide enough to be applied to whatever can be desired. By the thirty gentlemen, (who, it has been seen, are at once so competent, and, for want of the 2001. a year, só incompetent, these duties, as per No. 11, are performed to the great satisfaction of the country, and this, notwithstanding that, as per No. 4, to prove the necessity of the barrister part, almost constant attendance, he says, is required. Required? Good. But by whom was it, or anything like it, ever required ?--a question somewhat more easy to put than to answer. By any such attendance, or any thing like an approach to it, the place would be spoilt, and no gentleman would accept it: acceptance would of itself be proof of incompetence.

Now the n, forasmuch as, in this office, according to the Right Honorable Secretary's opinion, an “almost constant attendance" is required, and accordingly forms part and parcel of its duties ; and forasm uch as, without exception, these same duties are, according to this his evidence, actually performed-performed not merely to hisi satisfaction, but to the satisfaction of the country :

pri portionis prema evidenti

forasmuch as, I say, evidence of the existence of this one of his two evils, is, notwithstanding the prodigious pile of papers, with the mention of which he at once alarmed and satisfied the House, still to seek ;—for this deficiency, though it is not in my power to provide a supply, it is not, I flatter myself, altogether out of my power, humbly to point out a course by which he may obtain it. True or false, newspaper statement is unofficial statement : unofficial statement is not admitted in evidence, even when no man in Honorable House doubts, or will venture to express a doubt, of the correctness of it. Honorable House knows better than to admit, through such a channel, anything, however well attested, in the character of evidence. Yet are such statements,- unofficial and incompetent as they are,-made use of, every day, in the character of indicative evidence, for the elicitation of acknowleged evidence. This premised, I shall venture to copy from a newspaper a portion of a paragraph: humbly observing, that in every one of the offices in question there exist various persons, from any of whom, if it be agreeable to know it, Honorable House, and in it Right Honorable Secretary may learn at any time, whether, in this same newspaper statement, there be any and what portion and degree of truth, and how far the actual agrees with their “ required constancy of attendance."

“We believe,” says the Globe and Traveller, as quoted in the Examiner of March 27, 1825,-“ we believe a Magistrate attends at each of the offices from 12 to 3, and looks in again in the evening. There are three magistrates in an office, so that this duty is imposed on each of them twice a week. We know that there is some business for which the presence of two. Magistrates is necessary; but it is to be recollected that at almost all the offices, volunteer Magistrates are frequently in attendance. We are convinced that a very large statement of the time each Magistrate needs be in attendance, is every other day, three hours in the morning, and twice a-week, two hours in the evening."

In regard to this evil, if any thing that comes from so incompetent a quarter could be heard, I could, I think, do something towards tranquillizing the Right Honorable Secretary. Aptitude is not quite so easily secured as asserted. But attendance-the maximum of possiblė attendance-every master-man; how humble soever in condition_every master-man that really desires it, has it. To the extent of his desires, the Right Honorable Secretary has it in his own individual office. With the assistance of Honorable and Right Honorable House, to the same extent, he may have it in the instance of every other public office without exception. If, then, in any instance, and in any degree, he fails to have

VOL. XXV. Pam. NO. L.

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it, it is because he does not desire, not because he is not able, to obtain it.

You may maximize attendance, and you may minimize it. The maximization problem has been solved, and with illustrious success, in the case of the children of the indigent, when worked on a steam scale. As some are killed off, others succeed; and capital—the one and the only thing needful—accumulates. Examined in his place, or elsewhere, one Honorable Member of Honorable House could give, on this point, if I have not been misinformed, instructive information. His name, if I mistake not, begins with a P.

Those whose will it is to minimize attendance might, if in the above newspaper report there be any approach to truth, receive instruction, if it be worth while, by applying to another P, no less a P. than Mr. Secretary Peel. But it is not worth while : those who understand nothing else, understand this. Everybody, man and boy, knows how to be idle, every man knows what it is to stand looking on, and helping, while others are idle. Every man knows what it is to pay, as well as to be paid, for doing work, and all the while seeing and leaving it undone. Other arts travel at their different paces. Under matchless constitution, the art of sinecurism is at its acme.

In my small way, I have a manufactory of my own, in which, with the same sort of instrument (imagination), with which the Right Hon. Secretary has manufactured aptitude in the instance of his three-year-old Barrister-Magistrates, and for my own amusement (as the half-retired chimney-sweeper swept chimneys) I make judges. My judges are judges of all work, and of all hours. They do not, it is true, sit each of them, every day in every year, and on every day, every hour of the four-and-twenty ; but, in each judicatory they, following one another, do all this. When sleeps injustice, so may justice too, said a voice to me in one of my dreams. My muse is but a hobbling one :- she has not been to school to the Laureat's: the too is somewhat of a botch: but I remember her so much the better. In one thing I endeavor to copy the Right Honorable Secretary's noble and learned friend - it is the quality so judiciously selected for his eulogium-consistency. The ends to which my Judicial Establishment, and my Procedure Code, in conformity to the Constitutional Code to which they þelong, are from beginning to end directed, are the ends of justice: under matchless Constitution, the ends to which the Judicial Establishment is, and the Procedure Code, if there were any, would be, directed,-are the ends of Judicature. What these are, it is not for me to presume to inform the Hon. Secretary : over and over again he must have heard them, amidst peals

of laughter, or floods of tears, from hỉs Learned and matchlesslyconsistent Friend, before or after the second bottle.

Such being the bill such the oştensible and declared objects of it-such the evils asserted or insinuated—such the remedies provided—such the arguments employed in proof of the evils, and in recommendation of the remedies—what, after all, is the real object? The topic must not be omitted : though to few of the readers, if any, whose patience has brought them thus far, can anything on this head be regarded as much more needed, than were the Hon. Secretary's proofs of encrease of population and acts of Parliament. · Loss, by waste of public money, is in every instance an evil : in the present instance, loss in the article of aptitude is, in my view of the matter, a still greater evil. To the augmentation of aptitude, perfectly inoperative will be the 2001. a year: not so to the diminution of it. 1,0001. a year is a salary for a nobly related puisne, at one of the highest boards. I am fearful of mistakes, and have no time for searches. When Red Books had the salaries to them, 1,0001. if recollection does not mislead me, was the number attached to the office of Puisne Admiralty Lord.

In the heaven of office, there are many mansions. Of a Police Magistrate, the station cannot be altogether on a level with that of an Admiralty Lord : but the 2001. a year will raise the lower office to a level next below that of the higher one. To a reverend youth - even to one born honorable, a spiritual benefice yielding 8007. a year is not altogether an object of disdain : eased, as above, of labor, though not so perfectly as in the other case, why should even this temporal one? Without some improvement, attendance is a burthen the lay incumbent cannot be altogether eased of: thought he may be eased of without difficulty. When two Magistrates are necessary, there must be a non-honorable to yield thought, but the honorable will serve as well as the non-honorable to yield auspices: when one Magistrate suffices, the dignity of the honorable man will need no disturbance. But, the only case, in which burthens so degrading to honorable men will require to be imposed, is an extreme case. Naturally speaking, there will in general be unpaid Magistrates enough, to whom, for the time and trouble of attendance, the power and the amusement will afford sufficient compensation. One of these suppléans, the nonhonorable, takes care to provide, each time, for his honorable friend and colleague. Thus is the labor of the honorable minimized : and, sadly have his non-honorable colleagues been deficient in what everybody owes to his rank, if the quantity of time actually

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