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CONTENTS OF NO. XLVIII.

I. Administration of the Indian Government under the Marquess of Ilast-

ings.

II. Improvement and Embellishment of the Metropolis. By Sir W.

Hillary. (Original.]

III. The late Duke of Richmond on Annual Parliaments and Universal

Suffrage.

IV. A Letter to Mr. Wilberforce on Impressment.

V. On the Causes and Mitigation of Pestilential Fever, &c. By T. Fors-

ter, M. B. Second Ed.

VI. Ç. Brinsley Sheridan on the Greek Revolution. Second Ed.
VII. Letter to Lord Melville, with a Plan to raise British Seamen.
VIII. Somatopsychonoologia, &c.: an Examination of the Controversy
concerning Life, carried on by Laurence, Abernethy, Rennell, and others.
Second Ed.
· IX. On the general Principles and present Practice of Banking, &c. By
T. Joplin. Second Ed.

PAGE
VII. Comparison between the powers of ENGLAND and

Russia, as they stand in relation to Europe at large.
By M. L'Abbé De Pradt. Translated eaclusively
for the Pamphleteer .......................... 485

VIII. A brief Sketch of the Progress of Opinion on the

subject of CONTAGION; with some Remarks on
QUARANTINE. By W. MACMICHAEL, M.D..... 519

CONTENTS OF NO. L.

I. A Sketch of Ireland, in 1824 : the Sources of her Evils considered, and their
Remedies suggested. By Sir W. Hillary. Second Ed. with additions.

II. Remarks on the Asiatic Policy of England and Russia. [Original.]

III. A Second Letter to Sir C. Forbes, on the suppression of Public Discussion in
India, and the Banishment, without Trial, of two British Editors from that country by
the acting Governor-General.

IV. A Letter to Charles Butler, Esq. in vindication of English Protestants from
his attack on their sincerity in the “ Book of the Roman Catholic Church." By C. J.
Blomfield, D.D. Bishop of Chester. Third Ed.

V. A Letter to the Rt. Rev. C. J. Blomfield, D.D. Bishop of Chester; from Charles
Butler, Esq. in vindication of a passage in his “ Book of the Ronian Catholic Church,”
censured in a Letter to him by bis Lordship. Second Ed. revised and enlarged.

VI. Rapport sur l'Etat Actuel des Prisons dans les Départements du Calvados, de
l'Eure, de la Manche, et de la Seine-Inférieure ; et sur la Maison de Correction de
Gallon.

VII. Observations on the Regiam Majestatem. Second Ed.

VIII. A Plan for the Construction of a Steam Life Boat; also for the Extinguish-
ment of Fire at Sea, &c. by Sir W. Hillary. Second Ed.

IX. Remarks on some of the Evils of Ireland, and their Removal. [Original.] '

X. The Case of Ireland set at rest: addressed in a Letter to the Rt. Hon. R. Peel,
M. P. By W. Firth.

XI. Statistical Illustrations of the Territorial Extent and Population, Commerce,
Taxation, Consumption, Insolvency, Pauperism, and Crime, of the British Empire ; &c.

XII. The Plagiary warned. A Vindication of the Drama, the Stage, and Public
Morals, from the Plagiarisms and Compilations of the Rev. J. A. James, in a Letter to
the Author. Second Ed. with alterations,

SKETCH

OP

I RE L A N D,

IN 1824 :

THE SOURCES OF HER EVILS CONSIDERED,

AND

THEIR REMEDIES SUGGESTED.

BIBLIO

ART

BY SIR WILLIAM I AUTHOR OF " AN APPEAL TO THE BRITISH NATION ON THE HUMANITY AND POLICY OF FORMING A NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF LIFE FROM SHIPWRECK ;" AND OF " SUGGESTIONS FOR THE . " IMPROVEMENT AND EMBELLISHMENT OF THE

METROPOLIS."

SECOND EDITION, WITH ADDITIONS.

LONDON :-1825.
Pam. NO. XLIX.

vol. XXV.

IRELAND

COTTON

1325

IN 1824.

There is not perhaps any subject more calculated to make a deep impression on the human mind, than the contemplation of an ancient, a brave, and a high-minded people struggling with adversity; but the impression becomes infinitely more powerful, when we view that people perishing from want in the midst of abundance ; an increased population, with an increase of wretchedness; with all the bounties of heaven and the abundant fruits of the earth, in appearance, lavished on them in vain.

Such is, such long has been, Ireland. According to their history and their traditions, they were the earliest civilized people of the west; certainly, one of the first who received Christianity. Blessed with a luxuriant soil; placed in a happy temperature of climate ; situated most favorably for commerce with every quarter of the globe ; inhabited by a brave, ardent, and intelligent people : this country, for many succeeding centuries, has been stationary in misfortune, whilst all the surrounding nations have been advancing in prosperity and civilization : for six hundred years treated as a conquered people, alternately the prey of civil dissensions or religious persecutions; of partial insurrections or open rebellions ; horrible burnings, barbarous murders, martial law, and numerous execu

tions.

To produce such an accumulated mass and succession of miseries, almost without interruption through so many ages, there must have been some great and radical defect; and clearly to ascertain the nature and extent of that cause, is the first step towards removing the evil.

Variously has this, at different times, been explained. The arbitrary domination of the Conqueror was long held to be the primary cause. When the religion of England was changed by the Reformation, and Ireland remained Catholic, difference in religious opinions and the attendant persecutions and confiscations, were, and long continued to be, regarded as the paramount evil : to these

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