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This passage is somewhat obscure. The Druid's "burning words" which follow seem inconsistent with the assertion that the "terrors of his tongue' were "tied," or restrained. The meaning may perhaps be thus represented :Princess, if you find us weeping over your wrongs in private, instead of denouncing the perpetrators in public, blame us not, for our silence hitherto has arisen from the very intensity of our indignation.-Your personal appeal, however, demands that we should now give utterance to it:-Rome shall perish, &c. This interpretation is based on the conjecture that "ties" is used for "has hitherto tied." Another explanation may be found in the Appendix, Note A.
2 In the blood-that is, with the blood, as we say, to write in ink.
3 Gaul-It does not appear that the Gauls were among the nations that swept over the Roman empire in the fifth century.-Perhaps "Goth" should be read for "Gaul."
Sounds, not arms, shall win the prize ;
"Then the progeny that springs
"Regions Cæsar never knew,
Such the bard's prophetic words,
She, with all a monarch's pride,
"Ruffians! pitiless as proud,
Shame and ruin wait for you."
THE STARTLED STAG.
THE stag at eve had drunk his fill,
In allusion to the love of the Italians for music. As a striking indication of the change in character above referred to, it may be mentioned that the word virtus, which among the ancient Romans meant "active courage," is used by the modern Romans in the softened form of virtù, to signify "a taste for the fine arts."
Monan-a spring in the district of Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland.
And deep his midnight lair1 had made
And faint, from farther distance borne,
As chief, who hears his warder call,
The dew-drops from his flanks he shook;
That thickened as the chace drew nigh;
With one brave bound the copse he cleared,
Yelled on the view the opening pack,
Rock, glen, and cavern, paid them back;"
Lair-derived from lay or lie-the place where any one (deer or other animal) is laid. Cowper uses the word in the well-known lines:
"But the sea-fowl is gone to her nest,
The beast is laid down in his lair."
2 Glenartney-a vale in Menteith.
3 Beacon--from Anglo-Saxon bien-ian to beck or beckon, to call by signs,anything so placed as to give a signal or warning. The use of the word in the above passage is highly picturesque.
4 Benvoirlich-one of the Grampian mountains.
5 As chief, &c.-This description is full of animation.
The stag awakening at the summons of his pursuers-his proud survey of the scene-his decisive action-his escape;-the entrance of the hunting-party-the shouts and hallows which give "Benvoirlich's echoes no rest"-and the deep silence which succeeds-are all touched with the hand of a master.
6 Uam-Var-a mountain in Menteith.
7 Paid them back-echoed back the sound.
To many a mingled sound at once
THE GLORY OF GOD IN CREATION.3
THE spacious firmament on high,
And spangled heavens, a shining frame,
1 Cairn-a heap of stones-here, a crag or cliff.
2 Linn-a waterfall, precipice.
3 This beautiful poem is a paraphrase of the first four verses of the 19th Psalm, with which it should be compared.
* For some variations in the commencement, See Appendix, Note B. The words firmament, sky, and heaven may be thus distinguished-Firmament, (from firmare, to strengthen,) that which strengthens, and is therefore solid; the arch or vault of heaven. The old astronomers believed the sky to be a sort of solid frame, in which the stars were set. Sky, (from 6%α, a shadow,) originally a cloud or shadow; afterwards, the region of clouds- cloudland; Chaucer speaks of "not a skie" being left " in all the welkin."
Heaven-that which is heaved or heaven up, comprehending all the upper regions, as opposed to earth.
In accordance with these distinctions we may correctly speak of the spacious firmament-the blue sky-the spangled heavens, but scarcely of the firmament, with the sky and the heavens, as above.
The unwearied sun, from day to day,
Soon as the evening shades prevail,
While all the stars that round her burn,
What, though in solemn silence all
"The Hand that made us is Divine."
THE SLEEPING BABE.3
"She is not dead, but sleepeth :" Luke viii, 52.
THE baby wept;
The mother took it from the nurse's arms,
1 Tale-The idea of the Creation's declaring, as if in speech, the goodness and greatness of God is preserved throughout the poem, by the use of the words, "proclaim," " publish," "tell," "story," "tidings," &c.
2 What though, &c.-Bp. Horsley translates the 3rd verse of 19th Psalm thus:-"There is no speech, no words,
No voice of them is heard;
Yet their sound goes throughout the earth;"
which is nearly the same rendering as Cranmer's in the Book of Common Prayer. 3 The simple beauty of these lines well deserves attention; particularly, the striking use made of the double meaning of the word sleep. The change in the tense from past to present, heightens the climax, which is almost sublime.