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of the 1896 to 22.49 per cent of the 1904 pensioners. In some of the smaller groups, such for instance as that of the silk industry, the proportionate decrease has been even more marked; in this industry group 4.76 per cent of those granted pensions in 1896 died in about 5 years as the result of the injuries, while of those granted pensions in 1904 only 1.04 per cent died from the same cause.

In view of the decreases in the proportion of those sustaining the higher degrees of loss of earning power it is but natural to find that the proportion of those sustaining a loss of earning power of 25 per cent or less has undergone much change during the period included in the table.

The industry group which shows the highest proportion of injured persons still on the pension rolls after about 5 years is that of metal working (associations 12 and 13); of the pensions granted in 1904 there were 86.74 per cent of the pensioners still in receipt of their pensions on an average of 5 years afterwards, and there is little change in this proportion during the period given in the table. Although the total has not changed it is seen that there is a distinct improvement in the character of the disabilities included in this total; thus while the proportion of persons suffering a disability of under 25 per cent has increased considerably, there is a corresponding decrease in the more serious degrees of disability. The death rate also shows an improvement and is below the average for all industrial accident associations.

The industry group with the next highest proportion of injured persons still on the pension rolls at the end of 5 years is that of pottery (association 16), with 64.71 per cent of the pensions granted in 1904 still in force at about 5 years afterwards; while there has been some fluctuation in this proportion during the period included in the table, the proportion of the 1904 pensioners is not very different from that of the 1896 pensioners. The proportion who have sustained a loss of earning power of 25 per cent or less is practically the same for the pensioners of 1896 and of 1904; the proportion of pensioners who sustained a loss of earning power of from 25 to 50 per cent has varied during the period in question, but is practically the same for the 1904 as for the 1897 pensioners; the proportion of pensioners sustaining a loss of earning power of 50 to 75 per cent also fluctuated during the period and was not very different for the 1904 pensioners as compared with the 1896 pensioners; the proportion of pensioners suffering a loss of earning power of from 75 to 100 per cent seems to show a tendency to decrease during the period in the table, and the same is true for the proportion of those who died in the 5-year period. The industry groups of metal working and of pottery are conspicuous in the high proportion of permanent disabilities which the injured persons sustained. Following these two groups the groups having 50 per cent or more of the pensioners still on the pension rolls at the end of 5 years are as follows: Linen (association 20) with 60.74 per cent, printing and publishing (association 55) with 59.68 per cent, leather (association 30) with 58.90 per cent, textiles (associations 20-27) with 58.74 per cent, paper products (association 29) with 56.78 per cent, musical instruments (association 14) with 55.86 per cent, clothing (association 41) with 54.53 per cent, tobacco (association 40) with 54.43 per cent, sugar (association 37) with 53.43 per cent, gas and water works (association 19) with 53.38 per cent, fine mechanical products (association 3) with 52.82 per cent, dairying, distilling, starch, etc., (association 38) with 52.78 per cent, private railways (association 56) with 51.11 per cent, silk (association 27) with 51.04 per cent, iron and steel (associations 4-11,66) with 50.39 per cent, woodworking (associations 31-34) with 50.21 per cent, chemicals (association 18) with 50.03 per cent. With one exception all of these groups show a lower percentage of persons on the pension roll at the end of 5 years in the case of the 1904 pensioners as contrasted with the 1896 pensioners; the exception is the group private railways (association 56), which had 46.22 per cent of the 1896 pensioners on the roll after about 5 years, and this proportion steadily increased during the succeeding 5 years, since which time, however, there has been a decrease, and the 1904 pensioners show approximately the same proportion as the 1897 pensioners; the proportion of pensioners who died during the 5-year period is much above the average for all industrial accident associations, and during the period given in the table has varied between 14.02 per cent and 28 per cent; similarly the proportion of those who still had a loss of earning power from 75 to 100 per cent at the end of 5 years was much above the average, being 8.14 per cent of the pensions granted in 1904.

All of the other industry groups had less than 50 per cent of the pensioners on the pension rolls after about 5 years, the lowest two groups being inland navigation (associations 60-62) and marine navigation (association 63), the former having 33.87 per cent and the latter 37.80 per cent of the pensions granted in 1904 still in force after about 5 years. Each of these groups, however, has had a high death rate of its pensioners, while the proportion of those sustaining the various degrees of loss of earning power does not differ greatly from the average for all industries.

TABLE 14.- DURATION OF DISABILITY AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER: PER CENT OF INJURED PERSONS RECOVERING FROM INJURIES WITHIN FIVE YEARS AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER OF THOSE STILL DISABLED, BY INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1896 TO 1907.

(Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beiheft, III Teil. Gewerbe-Unfall

statistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 228-253.)
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT ASSOCIATIONS.1

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1896.
1897
1898.
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907

5,385 23. 34 30. 19 32.74 | 34.11 27.70 12. 52
5, 670 24.60 31.66 34.64 35.78 29. 42 11.02
6,323 | 24. 17 30. 40 32. 39 34. 08 28.04 11. 22
6, 306 23. 49 28. 77 31.81 34.00 30. 69 11.51
6,890 | 18. 94 | 25. 62 | 29. 65 31.86 33. 23 11.67
7,931

19. 14 26.57 31.32 33. 46 32.54 11.00
8,132 20.03 29.33 33. 45 36.01 32. 71 11. 27
9,043 21. 63 30. 41 35. 39 38. 23 32. 44 10.25
9,931

22. 84 32.10 37. 44 42. 18 30. 39 9. 96
10,054 23.72 33. 47 40.67
10, 821 24.53 38. 10
11,381 26.09

4. 47
3. 79
4. 20
3.81
3. 78
3. 62
3. 72
3. 63
3. 22

2. 57 2. 42 2. 17 2. 61 2. 19 2.56 2.39 2. 21 1.95

47.26 46.65 45. 63 48. 62 50.87 49. 72 50. 09 48. 53 45. 52

18. 63 17.57 20. 29 17.38 17. 27 16.82 13.90 13. 24 12.30

1 Not including institutes.

TABLE 14.-DURATION OF DISABILITY AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER: PER CENT OF INJURED PERSONS RECOVERING FROM INJURIES WITHIN FIVE YEARS AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER OF THOSE STILL DISABLED, BY INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1896 TO 1907– Continued.

QUARRYING (association 2).

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1896. 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906. 1907

....

488 534 589 621 705 760 862

940
1,116
1, 242
1,334
1,533

7.17 6. 56 6. 56 8.81 66.59 11.68
5. 62 7.86 9.55 10.11 69.29 9.36
8. 49

9.85 11.71 12.05 65. 20 9.00
10. 47 13. 69 13. 69 14. 49 61.51 13. 53
8.37
9.08

10.92 13. 47 63. 55 12.06
6.32 8. 82 11.71 11.71 61.97 13.55
8.70 11. 48 11.02 15. 78 62.06 10. 68
1.81 7.87 10. 96 10. 64 69.78 10.00
1.88 10.66 10.31 10.66 72.40 9.14
1.21 9. 50 10.95
.68 10.27
91

4. 10
3.37
2.88
3. 86
2.27
4.21
3. 95
2.13
2. 15

5. 54 87.92 4. 69 86.71 6. 02 83.70 4.03 82.93 4.82 82.70 4.22 83.95 4.52 81.21 3.83 85.74 3.0586.74

3.28 3.18 4. 25 2.58 3.83 4.34 3. 01 3. 62 2.60

TABLE 14.—DURATION OF DISABILITY AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER: PER CENT OF INJURED PERSONS RECOVERING FROM INJURIES WITHIN FIVE YEARS AND LOSS OF EARNING POWER OF THOSE STILL DISABLED, BY INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1896 TO 1907– Continued.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS (association 14).

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[graphic]
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