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causes, a transportation industry-in this case the livery, drayage, cartage, etc., group (association 59), with 49.76 per cent—had the highest proportion of its accidents arising in this cause.

The cause designated as operation of railways (Class XIII) caused 9.71 per cent of the total number of injuries compensated in 1907, and of these injuries 13.59 per cent resulted fatally. Of all the fatal accidents compensated 16.59 per cent were caused by this class.

As would be expected, the industry groups with the highest proportion of accidents due to this cause are the various forms of railway transportation and those groups in which special branch roads, spurs, etc., are used for the movement of material, etc.; thus private railways (association 56) had 56.54 per cent of its accidents in 1907 due to this cause, street and small railroads (association 57) had 45.36 per cent, engineering, excavating, etc. (association 64), had 23.61 per cent, and the State railways had 46.44 per cent.

The cause indicated as shipping and water transportation (Class XIV) was responsible for 1.06 per cent of all the accidents compensated, but this cause is conspicuous by having 42.34 per cent of these accidents resulting in death, this being the highest proportion shown by any of the causes given in the table; these fatal accidents, however, formed but 5.65 per cent of all fatal accidents. The industry groups with the highest proportion of accidents due to this cause are naturally those including water transportation; thus the group inland navigation (association 60-62) had 46.22 per cent and marine navigation (association 63) had 43.57 per cent.

The accidents caused by bite, kick, push, etc., of animals (Class XV) are not numerous, being 1.64 per cent of the total number compensated in 1907, and of course occurred in those industries in which animals are used in large numbers. Thus the group livery, drayage, cartage, etc. (association 59), had 14.28 per cent of its accidents originating in this cause; blacksmithing, farriers, etc. (association 66), had 13.99 per cent, and meat products (association 65) had 10.27 per cent.

The accidents caused by tools, hand apparatus of various kinds, etc. (Class XVI), formed 4.10 per cent of all the accidents compensated, and with one or two exceptions are not conspicuous in any of the industry groups. The group meat products, etc. (association 65), had 34.54 per cent of its accidents so caused, while blacksmithing (association 66) had 15.51 per cent.

TABLE 11.-CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS: PER CENT OF PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED

AND BY (Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beiheft,

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1 Mining: 1907

.(11,381 cases)..

.47 .62 3.09
1897
.(5,670 cases).. .81

2.44
2 Quarrying:
1907.

-(2,677 cases). . 37 1.57 6.01 1897.

.(1,554 cases). 39 1.22 3.92 3 Fine mechanical products: 1907.

-(1,481 cases). 1.55 1.42 37.00 1897

(567 cases). 2. 47

3.35 39. 15 4-11 Iron and steel: 1907

.(14,083 cases). .87 1.24 23.49 1897

.(6,873 cases).. 2 2.34 2 1.85 2 26.00 12, 13 Metal working: 1907. -(1,533 cases)..

2. 15 57.47 1897

.(534 cases).. 1.50 2.81 56.55 14 Musical instruments: 1907.

-(225 cases)..

2.22 57.78 1897.

(89 cases)..

1.12 2. 25 53. 93 15 Glass: 1907

(347 cases).. 58 1.73 13.82 1897

(235 cases).. 43 2.55 14.04 16 Pottery: 1907

(310 cases). .65 3. 23 22.26 1897.

(166 cases)..

.60 4. 82

25.91 17 Brick and tile making: 1907. -(1,931 cases)..

2.43 13. 62 1897.

-(1,085 cases).. 1.38 1.38 14.75 18 Chemicals: 1907.

..(2,038 cases).. 93 1. 62 17. 22 1897

-(1,007 cases).. 1. 19 2. 98 15. 10 19 Gas and water works: 1907.

.(435 cases).. 1.60 22 3.00 1897.

(179 cases).

1.68

. 56 1.12 20 Linen: 1907

(280 cases).. 1.07 3.57 55.71 1897

(202 cases).. 1.49 2.48 55.94 27 Silk: 1907

..(93 cases).

5.38 41.93 1897.

(68 cases).. 5.89 4.41 54.41 20-27 Textiles (including linen and silk): 1907.

.(2,739 cases).. 1.02 3.72 50.64 1897.

.-(2,394 cases). 1.63 3.26 55.97 1 Number of cases not reported.

BY ACCIDENTS COMPENSATED FOR THE FIRST TIME, 1907 AND 1897, BY CAUSES INDUSTRIES.

II Teil. Gewerbe-Unfallstatistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 352-362, 366-383.)

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27

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9.64 2.96 .84
9. 62 2.67

54
2 Including blacksmithing, etc.

04

1.07

2.15

2.15
2.94

2. 15
1.47

3.22
7.35

20-27

54
54

1 97
2. 12

5.91
4.30

TABLE 11.-CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS: PER CENT OF PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED

AND BY INDUS

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B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIATIONS-continued. 28 Paper making: 1907

(793 cases).. 1897.

(592 cases).. 29 Paper products: 1907

(500 cases). 1897.

(271 cases) 30 Leather: 1907.

(537 cases).. 1897.

(292 cases).. 31-34 Woodworking: 1907.

.(5,280 cases). 1897.

(2,868 cases) 35 Flour milling: 1907.

.(1,027 cases).. 1897

.(1,007 cases).. 36 Food products: 1907.

.(789 cases). 1897.

(340 cases).. 37 Sugar: 1907

(508 cases). 1897

(509 cases). 38 Dairying, distilling, and starch: 1907

(409 cases).. 1897

(360 cases).. 39 Brewing and malting: 1907

(1,608 cases).. 1897.

.(1,142 cases).. 40 Tobacco: 1907

.(81 cases).. 1897

(57 cases).. 41 Clothing: 1907

(676 cases).. 1897

- (295 cases). 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907

(34 cases). 1897

(38 cases) 43-54 Building trades (not including institutes): 1907.

(11,031 cases).. 1897

.(7,930 cases).. 55 Printing and publishing: 1907

(428 cases). 1897

(252 cases). 56 Private railways: 1907..

(168 cases).. 1897..

(125 cases). 57 Street and small railroads: 1907

(485 cases). 1897

(168 cases). . 58 Express and storage: 1907.

.(3,932 cases).. 1897.

-(1,426 cases). 59 Livery, drayage, cartage, etc.: 1907

(2,500 cases).. 1897.

(1,242 cases).. 60-62 Inland navigation: 1907

.(753 cases). 1897

(527 cases). . 63 Marine navigation (not including institute): 1907

....(459 cases).. 1897.

..397 cases). 64 Engineering, excavating, etc. (not including

institute):
1907.

.(2,143 cases)..
1897.

.(1,226 cases).. 65 Meat products: 1907

(1,120 cases).. 1897

(329 cases)

89 2.37

1.78 3.05

61.83
58. 65

59 1.35

.68

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BY ACCIDENTS COMPENSATED FOR THE FIRST TIME, 1907 AND 1897, BY CAUSES TRIES-Continued.

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65

09

6.79

2.23
3. 65

2.68
2.43

9. 91
6.99

6. 61
4.86

54
30

10.27
6.08

34.54
35. 56

5. 36
3. 65

5.78

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