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TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED.-Continued.

[graphic]

12 South German precious and

nonprecious metal work-
ing:
1907. .(424 cases).. .24 96 12.89 37.23 11.93 32.22 3.57 .96 2.36 7.31 4.25 .24
1897. -(199 cases

11.56 37.68) 11.06 30.15 8.54 1.01 2.51 5.53 3.02 . 50 13 North German metal work

ing:
1907......(1,109 cases).. 1.09 1.73 13.55 30.91 14.09 29.91 6.64 2.08 2.34 5.32 5.32 .99

1897 .. (335 cases)...61 1.23 14.15 25.85 13.54 31.6910.15 2.78 3.58 4.48 4.78 .90 14 Musical instruments: 1907... ..(225 cases).

.45) 13.06 32.88) 14. 86 31.98 6. 77 1.331 7.11 4.44 .44 1897. -(89 cases).

16.67 29.76 14.29 33.33 5.95 1.12 6.74 6.74 1. 12 15 Glass:

1907 (347 cases). . 2.92 6.12 18.36 25.37| 11.66 19.24 12.24 4.09 4.616.05 2.02 2.02

1897 -(235 cases).. .92 5.96 11.93 28.90 10.09 24.31 11.01 6.88 2.98 2.55 3.83 1.70 16 Pottery:

1967. (310 cases).. .67 1.68 15.10 29.53 13.09 28.52 8.39 3.02 3.23 4.84 5.16.97

1897... .. (166 cases).. 2.00 2.00 18.67 26.67 10.67 27.32 10.67 2.00 1.81 2.41 4.22 1.20 17 Brick and tile making:

1907. .....(1,931 cases).. .31 1.88 17.30 30.06 13.49 26.97 8.94 1.05 3.47 4.40 4.35 1.71

1897 - (1,085 cases).. .67 2.12 14.92 30.70 11.45 26.85 12.32 .97 2.95 7.19 4.15 1.94 18 Chemicals:

1907 .. (2,038 cases).. 2.16 2.26 14.85 30.05 11.93 26.57 7.65 4.53 2.94 5.15 3.63.83

1897 (1,007 cases).. 1.78 3.14 13.73 29.45 10. 48 25.16 11.64 4.62 2.68 4.57 3.97 1.69 19 Gas and water works:

1907 ..(435 cases).. 3.76 3.06 14.35 28.00 13.65 22.59 8.24 6.35 2.07 4.83 3. 45.92 1897... ..(179 cases).. 4.79 2.40 14.97 20. 96) 17.37 28. 14 10.77 1.681 4. 47 4.47 1.68

20 Linen:
1907. .(280 cases).

.74 22.51 31.37) 15.50 25.46 3.32 1.10 5.00 5.36 5.00 .36
1897
(202 cases)..

52 15. 63 36.46 16.15 23.44 7.80 2.97 3.96 5.45 .99 21 North German textile:

1907. (546 cases). 19 1.67 19.29 31.73 11.87 30.61 4.27 .37 4.40 5.81 7.69 18
1897
(343 cases)

. 31 .31 18.01 27.95 12.42 30.12 10. 25 .63 4.37 4.08 7.87.87 22 South German textile: 1907. -(291 cases).

17.01 33.33) 17.36 28.82 3.13 35 3.09 3.78 7.22 .34 1897 (228 cases).. . 46 .92 17.34 33.33) 11.87 28.31 6.39 1.38 2.19 3.51 7.89 .88 23 | Silesian textile:

1907.. ..(187 cases). . 1. 66 25. 41 23.20 14.92 27.07 6.63 1.11 3.74 4.81 5.88 1.07 1897 ..(181 cases).

1.16 16.28 31.40 17.44 23.26 9.30 1.16 3.31 6.08 4.97 .55 24 Alsace-Loraine textile: 1907 ..(227 cases).

.45 18.57 31. 43 12.16 31. 53 4.51 1.35 2.64 4.41 7.93 1.32 1897. ...... (203 cases). I 1.58 .53 16.32 31. 58l 16.32 26.84 6.30 531 1.971 4.431 9.36| 49 TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS—Continued.

TEXTILES—concluded. 25 Rhineland-Westphalian

textile:

1907 (440 cases).. 0.23 0.46 11.81 32.41 16. 67 26.85 9.49 2.08 1.82 4.55 6.36 0.99

1897. (387 cases).. .27 .55 13.23 27.30 14.32 30.54 12.16 1.63 2.07 5.68 7.49 .78 26 Saxony textile:

1907.... (675 cases) .91 1.06 17.52 30.51 13.75 27.79 7.55 .91 2.52 5.04 6.67 1.33

1897 (782 cases).. .93 18.15 29.01 12.72 27.95 9.93 1.05 3.32 3.84 8.18 1.41 27 Silk;

1907 .(93 cases).. 1.08 1.08 11.83 34. 40 8. 601 32.25 7.533.23) 1.080 1.08 7.53) 1.08 1897 (68 cases).

16.13 20.97 8.06 35.48 16.13 3.23) 4.41 ..... 7.35 1.47 28 Paper making:

1907.. (793 cases).. 3.84 6.79 15. 75 24.46 12.68 19.08 9.35 8.05 2.65 3.66 3.28 1.51

1897 (592 cases).. 3.94 4.48 16.13 26.70 10.75 21.68 9.68 6.64 3.04 3.55 4.22 1.52 29 Paper products: 1907. .(500 cases)..

. 40 12.96 34. 41| 15. 18 30.77 5.87 .21 1.80 4. 401 5.20 1897 (271 cases).

39 19.38 27.92 12.02 30.32 9.58 .39| 4.80 3. 69 6.64 .74 30 Leather: 1907. (537 cases)..

981 13.58 35.04 14. 57 28.35 6.69 .79 1.49 4.10 3.72 . 56 1897. .(292 cases).. .75 1.13 12. 41 32. 7112.73 29.37 9.77) 1.13 .68 4.45 3. 08

WOODWORKING. 31 Saxony woodworking:

1907. (484 cases).. 1.26 .21 14. 92 29.62 13. 87 28.99 9.87 1.26 2.27) 4.13 3.51 1.45 1897.. (252 cases).

.41 15.04 32.52 13. 41 28.05 8.13 2.44 2.38 7.94 4.37 1.98 32 North German woodwork

ing:

1907... ...(3,344 cases).. .27 .4813.73 33.31 13.55 30.49 7.27 90 2.57 5. 655. 051 1.23

1897... (1,872 cases). .39 1.01 13.19 33. 7112. 46 27.73 10.15 1.36 2.03 4.91 4.70 1. 12 33 Bavarian woodworking: 1907 ...(631 cases).

.83 13.43 31.51 14.93 33. 17 5. 64 .32 3.01 5.55 3.65 .79 1897 - (392 cases). . .82 1.09 11.41 30.71] 13.32 32.34 9.51 .80 3.06 3.06 4.08 1.28 34 Southwest German wood

working:

1907. ..(821 cases).. .37 .87) 15. 12 29.12 13.14 31.83 8.43 1.12 3.05 4.87 4.63 1.71

1897.. (352 cases).. 29 2.02 12.39 34.01 11.53 27.67 10.36 1.73 1.70 4.26 3.41 1.70 35 Flour milling:

1907... ...(1,027 cases). . 1.36 2.92 11.98 26. 19 13.83 24.44 14. 61| 4.67 2.53 3. 99 3.99 2.04 1897....

- (1,007 cases). . 1.30 3.10 14.39 24. 8814. 49 24.88 11. 99 4.97 2.28 3.38 4.57 2. 48 36 Food products:

1907 (789 cases). . 1.16 1.93| 13.48 28.24 13.86 26. 1911.94 3.20 2.92 3.93 5.96 1.65

1897 (340 cases).. 2. 43/ 17.33 28.97 12.16 26. 44 10.33 2.34 1.47 3.82 5.00 1.47 37 Sugar:

1907 (508 cases).. 3.98 4.98 15.34 25.10 12.95 22.51 9.16 5.98 2.56 3.35 3.74 1.57

1897. 509 cases). 3.93 6.42 13. 66 24.64 10.14 22.15 12. 84 6.22 1.18 3.73 4.13.98 38 Dairying, distilling, and

starch:

1907 -(409 cases).. 49 4. 94 17.53 21.73 13.09 24.94 13.58 3.70 2.69 4.16 2.93 2.44

1897. - (360 cases).. 1.15 3.34 12.98 24. 33 9.35 28.72 16.03| 4.10 2.22 5.28) 4.17 2.22 39 Brewing and malting:

1907.. ..(1,608 cases).. 1.01 2.28 12.81 24.73 14.14 28.7912.37 3.87 1. 87 5.35 5.85 2. 49

1897 .(1,142 cases).. 4. 17 10.42 43.75 14.58 16.67 10.41 2. 89 5. 34 5.08 3.06 40 Tobacco: 1907 ..(81 cases).

11.25 32.50 17.50 27.50 10.00 1.25 3.70 6.17 7. 41 1897 ..(57 cases).

72 17.56 28. 32 9.68 31. 1811.11 1. 43 5. 26 3.51 1.75 41 Clothing:

1907 (676 cases). . 15 . 15) 13.31 33.27 11.39 31.07 10.36 .30 1.48 4.14 5.77 .89 1897 (295 cases).

44 15.12 34.02 14. 09 30. 93 5. 34 .06 2.03 2.71 4.75 2.37 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907. .(34 cases).. 1

20. 59 32.35 17.65 26. 47 2. 94 5. 88 8.82 5. 88 1897.. ..(38 cases)..

25.00 12.50 25.00 34. 37 3.13 2. 63 BUILDING TRADES (NOT IN

CLUDING INSTITUTES). 43 Hamburg building trades:

1907... .(505 cases).. 20 11.16 33.06 15.42 36.51 3.45 20 1.98 5.94 6.14 .79 1897.. (302 cases)..

15.12 34.02 14.09 30.93 5.84 1.66 7.95 4.97.33 44 Northeast building trades:

1907... ...(1,927 cases). . 16 36 11.89 33.52 15.85 32.90 4.74 58 2.59 5.97 4. 62 .62 1897 ....(1,680 cases). . .731 12.421 34. 21l 11.991 33.471 6.631 .49 2.08l 5. 89 5. 42 .83

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TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

[graphic]

B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS-Continued.
BUILDING TRADES (NOT IN-

CLUDING INSTITUTES)

concluded. 45 Silesian-Posen building

trades:

1907. .(1,084 cases).. 0.19 0.47 12.09 31. 44 15.20 32. 86 7.37 0.38 1.75 6.92 5.44 0.74 1897. (717 cases)

. 29) 13. 01 28.95 13. 89 32. 89 10. 53 .44 2.37 6.00 5.3 1.21 46 Hanover buildings trades: .(629 cases).

17) 13. 22 28.75 20.83 32.56 4.30 .17 2.07 5.88 5.25 .32 1897 (457 cases).

1.15 14.32 33. 72 12.01 31.41 6.93 .46 2. 41 6.13 5.91] 1.97 47 Magdeburg building trades: 1907 (389 cases). . 27 27) 14. 59 35. 27) 18.83 28.65 2.12

2.57) 7.20 4.11. .... 1897 (179 cases).

.59 15. 88 31. 18 12.35 34.71 5. 29 5.35 5.59 4. 47 48 Saxony building trades: 1907......(1,109 cases).. .27

9.33 35. 41 14. 55 35.04 5. 31 09 1.08 6.58 5.32 27 1897 (767 cases

12. 40 35.98 12.40 30.59 8. 36 .27 1.96 6.52 5.48 52 49 Thuringian building trades: 1907. (391 cases).

26 12. 11 30.41 15. 21 36.08 5. 67 26 1.28 3.07 6.65 77 1897 (239 cases)..

85 14.96 31.20 13. 68 29. 48 9. 83 3.35 6.69 5.44 1.26 50 Hessen-Nassau building

trades:
1907 (694 cases)..

15] 12. 83 31.48 17.35 31.77 5. 69 73) 1.59 5.62 5.04 .72 1897. (474 cases). . 46 91] 13. 20 30.30 15.72 30.30 9. 11 1.27 3.80 4.85 1.27 51 Rhineland - Westphalian building trades: ..(1,855 cases)..

38) 10. 89 31. 15 15.01 31.95 10. 35 16 1. 99 5.88 5.77 1.62 1897.. .(1,063 cases). . 19 19 10.56 33.78 12.75 30.54 11. 61 .382. 26 6.40 4.61] 1. 41 52 Wurttemberg building

trades:
1907. .(583 cases). . 17

12.50 33.51 16.32 32. 98. 4. 17 .35 2.23 5. 66 6.86 69 1897.. .(403 cases).

14.61 29.47 16. 62 31. 23) 7.81 26 2.73 4.96 6.45 1.49 53 Bavarian building trades:

(1,149 cases). .28 37| 15. 07 26. 98 16.74 36. 47 3. 72 37 2.35 2. 61 6.61 .35 1897. (1,175 cases).

27 . 09 14. 09 31.17 17.07 32.97 4.34 1.96 4.51 5. 53 .77 54 Southwest building trades: 1907........(716 cases)..

11.70 30.67 14.84 37.51 4.71 .57 1.82 5. 45 6.01 1897..... .(474 cases). 21 431 16.92 28. 90 15. 63 29.34 8. 57 3.16 4.64 4.01 2.11 55 Printing and publishing:

1907. .(428 cases). . 1. 2.36 15. 33 24. 53 10.6 30.19 13.21 2.59 2.80 3.97 7.71 1.40

1897.. .(252 cases). . .79 1.19 9.92 35.71 13.49 26.59 11.90 .41 1.59 7.94 5.95 .79 56 Private railways:

1907. .(168 cases).. 1.80 4.79 13.77 22.16 12.57 23.9511 98 8.98 1.19 4.17 7.14 2.98

1897.. (125 cases) .84 4.17) 10.83 15.83 18.33 25.00 13. 33 11.67 1.60 4.80.80 57 Street and small railroads:

1907 (485 cases). 2. 49 5.42 15.59 21.00 15.59 20.37 10. 60 8.94 2.47 3.30 2.68 1.44 1897.....

(168 cases 1.21 3.64 18.18 23.03 12. 73 20.00 13.33 7.88 3.57 3.57 1.79 1.79 58 | Express and storage:

* 1907......(3,932 cases).. 731 .62 11.87 29.03) 12. 47| 29. 52 13. 61 2.15 2.09 5.82 4. 96 2. 67

1897. - (1,426 cases).. .67 11.83 29.73 11.32 28.47 15. 24 2.44 2.73 5.61 5. 47 2.38 59 | Livery,drayage, cartage, etc.

1907... ... (2,500 cases).. 1.25 1.77) 10.39 23.15 13.28 29.14 16.83 4.19 2.04 5.04 4.44 3.32 1897. (1,242 cases).. 1.16 1.33 9.54 22. 13 13.27 27. 28 19.65 5. 64 1.93 3.70 4.27 2.17

INLAND NAVIGATION. 60 West German inland navigation:

.(276 cases). 3.85 4.23) 13.46 25.00 11.54 21. 92 11.92 8.08 1.81 4.35 2.54 72 1897 (155 cases).. 1.39 4.17 10.42 22.22 9.03 28.4616.67 7.64 6.45 5.81 2.58 61 Elbe inland navigation:

....(325 cases). .93 1. 86 16.10 33.13 14.24 19.50 8.05 6.19 3.08 5.85 2.46 1.85 1897...... .(216 cases 2.00 6.00 18.50 27.00 13.50 19.50 6.50 7.00 2.31 4.17 3.70 . 93 62 | East German inland naviga

tion:

1907.... .(152 cases). - 4.05 3.38 12. 84 27.03 9. 46 24.32 11. 49 7.43 1.97 4.61 4.61 1.32

1897... .(156 cases).. 1.92 1.28 9.62 35.90 11.54 21.15 8.33 10.26 5.13 3.21 2.56 63 Marine navigation (not in

cluding institute):

1907... .....(459 cases).. 7.69 6.46 16.63 22.58 11. 41 17.62 8.68 8.93 1.74 2.61 2. 40.65 1897.. (397 cases). 1 4.701 6. 711 19.131 25. 841 11. 41l 17. 11l 8. 39 6. 711 2.02 3.27 3.781 1.76

. 42

TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Concluded.

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[merged small][graphic]

NATURE OF THE INJURIES SUSTAINED BY THE WORKMEN.

the group

In Table 7 is given information regarding the nature of the injury sustained by the workmen receiving compensation for the first time in 1907.

In this table each injured person is counted only once, that injury which is the most serious determining the classification.

The group of injuries designated as wounds, contusions, fractures, etc., forms nearly 95 per cent of the total number of injuries for which compensation was paid both in 1907 and 1897. The injuries designated as suffocation formed approximately 3 per cent, but this proportion is largely caused by accidents in the mining industry;

of injuries designated as burns, scalds, acid burns, etc., ranks third and formed 2.89 per cent of the injuries compensated in 1907. The other three classes of injuries formed insignificant parts of the total. As has been the case heretofore, injuries to the arms and legs formed the most numerous class of accidents, the two comprising 58.43 per cent of all injuries compensated in 1907; wounds, fractures, etc., of the arms comprised 32.41 per cent of the 1907 injuries as compared with 37.92 per cent in 1897, while wounds, fractures, etc., of the legs comprised 26.02 per cent in 1907 as compared with 25.21 per cent in 1897. There is a tendency therefore toward a more even distribution of the various kinds of injuries, and it is probable that safety devices on working machinery have been influential in reducing the large number of injuries to the hands, etc., the type of injury characteristic of modern apparatus. In some of the industries, such as printing and publishing (association 55), wounds, fractures, etc., of the arms formed 81.35 per cent of the injuries in 1897, while in 1907 this had been changed to 67.52 per cent. The same prominence of wounds and fractures to the arm is also shown in the other industries where presses, stamping machines, etc., formed an important part of the equipment of the establishment; thus in the metal-working industries, the musical-instrument industries, the textile industries, woodworking industries, clothing industries, meatproducts industries, etc., these injuries make up about 70 per cent of the injuries for which compensation was paid in 1907, and in most of these industries the proportion of wounds, fractures, etc., to the arms is smaller in 1907 than it was in 1897.

The injuries caused by burns, scalds, acid burns, etc., occur most frequently in the chemical industries, the iron and steel industries, the clothing industries, etc. In many of the industries mentioned there is a marked reduction in the proportion of injuries caused by this type of accident, and in some cases, such, for instance, as the glass industry, the proportion of cases due to these accidents has decreased nearly one-half in 1907 as compared with 1897.

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