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The results of strikes, arranged by industries, are shown in the table which follows:
Not including 2 sympathetic strikes which ended with the original strikes; of these 1 succeeded and 1 failed.
* Not including 1 sympathetic strike which ended with the original strike; this was compromised. 3 Not including 4 sympathetic strikes, of which 1 succeeded, 1 failed, and 2 were compromised.
The following table shows the number of strikes, establishments involved, strikers, aggregate days of duration of strikes, and number of working-days lost by strikers and by other employees, the facts being classified according to causes or objects of strikes:
STRIKES, BY CAUSES OR OBJECTS.
1907. (Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for this table do
not agree with those for other tables.)
As in previous years, the strikes were mostly due to wage disputes, approximately 53 per cent, involving 63 per cent of the establishments, being attributable to this cause in 1907, while in 1908 such disputes amounted to nearly 56 per cent of the total number, and affected 73.5 per cent of the strikers.
Of the 11,646 persons taking part in strikes in 1907, 5.45 per cent were in strikes which succeeded, 57.58 per cent were in strikes which succeeded partly, and 34.87 per cent were in strikes which failed. Of the remaining strikers 230, or 1.98 per cent of the entire number, were in strikes the results of which were indefinite, and 14, or 0.12 per cent, were in strikes the results of which were not reported.
In 1908 a considerably larger proportion (17.83 per cent) of the strikers were successful, while the number in strikes succeeding partly was much smaller than in the previous year. More than onehalf (57.2 per cent) of all strikers failed to gain the object of their strikes
In the following table, showing the results of strikes, the cause is taken as the basis for the tabulation:
STRIKES, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS.
1907. [Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for this table
do not agree with those for other tables.]
The proportion of successful strikes was greatest in both years in case of strikes undertaken to prevent reduction of wages and least in those to secure the recognition of trade-unions and to affect regulations governing work. Of 120 strikes in 1907 in which wages were the subject, 50 per cent were reported as partly successful, 15.8 per cent as successful, and 26.7 per cent as failing. In 1908 there were 86 strikes on wage subjects, of which 31.4 per cent succeeded partly, 25.6 per cent succeeded, and 37.2 per cent failed. In neither year was a strike for the recognition of a trade-union successful, and of 21 strikes in the two years undertaken for the purpose of affecting regulations governing work, but 1 succeeded, though 7, or 53.8 per cent of those undertaken in 1907, are reported as partly successful, as were 2, or 25 per cent, of those in 1908.
The duration and results of strikes are shown in the table which follows:
STRIKES, BY DURATION AND RESULTS.
It is seen from the foregoing table that in 1907, of the 138 strikes reported, 69, or precisely one-half, lasted 7 days or less. Of These 15, or 21.7 per cent, succeeded; 26, or 37.7 per cent, succeeded partly, and 27, or 39.1 per cent, failed. In the case of 1 strike the result was not reported. Of strikes lasting longer than 7 days, 9, or 13 per cent, succeeded; 30, or 43.5 per cent, succeeded partly, and 22, or 31.9 per cent, failed. In 7 strikes the results were indefinite and in 1 strike the result was not reported.
In 1908 a larger proportion lasted not longer than 7 days, the number being 66 and the percentage 62.9; of these, 34.8 per cent succeeded, 22.7 per cent succeeded partly, and 37.9 per cent failed. Of strikes reported as of more than 7 days' duration, 37 in number, but 1 succeeded; 11, or 29.7 per cent, succeeded partly, and 19, or 51.4 per cent, failed.