網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, AND WORKING

DAYS LOST, BY YEARS, 1905 TO 1909. (“Aggregate working days lost by all employees thrown out of work” includes aggregate duration in each

year of disputes which began in previous years and extended beyond the year in which they began, and excludes the duration in 1910 of disputes which began in 1909.]

[blocks in formation]

The number of strikes and lockouts and employees thrown out of work in each year from 1905 to 1909 are shown in the following table, by industries: STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS AND EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES

AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

The following table shows, by groups of industries, the aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work for each year of the period 1905 to 1909: AGGREGATE DURATION IN WORKING-DAYS OF STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, BY INDUS

TRIES AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909. (“Aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work” includes aggregate duration in each year of disputes which began in previous years and extended

beyond the year in which they began, and excludes the duration in 1910 of disputes which began in 1909.)

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

There were more strikes and lockouts during 1907 than during any other year of the 5-year period, but the number of employees thrown out of work in 1907 is less than the number thrown out of employment in any other year, except 1905. During the 5-year period the greatest number of disputes arose in the mining and quarrying industry, the yearly average being 133, and in 1909 the number of disputes constituted 47.5 per cent of all disputes in the year. The textile industry ranks second, and the metal, engineering, and shipbuilding industry third in number of disputes for the period, the yearly averages being 94 and 91, respectively. In 1908 the textile trades show the greatest number of employees thrown out of work and of aggregate working-days lost. In 1909 similar items are greatest in the mining and quarrying industry.

The number of strikes and lockouts and the number of strikers and employees locked out for each year of the period 1905 to 1909 are shown in the next table, by principal causes.

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS AND STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY

PRINCIPAL CAUSES AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909.

[blocks in formation]

The number of disputes relative to wages in 1909 made no significant change from the number in 1908, but shows a material decrease from the number recorded in 1906 and in 1907. The number of strikers and employees locked out in 1908 by far exceeded the number in any other year of the period, but in 1909 decreased by nearly onefourth the number recorded in 1908. The number of disputes in 1908 relative to hours of labor was practically the same as in the three preceding years, but nearly doubled in 1909, while the number of strikers and employees locked out in 1909 was more than ten times the number in 1908. Disputes in 1908 and 1909 on account of the employment of particular classes of persons numbered 54 and 63, respectively, as compared with the high number 88 in 1907, while the employees involved numbered 11,078 and 13,492, respectively, as compared with 13,699 in 1907, the greatest number in the 5-year period. Disputes arising from the remaining named causes show for 1908 and 1909 a record not strikingly different from that of the preceding years.

The following table shows, by results, the number of strikes and lockouts and employees directly affected during each year, 1905 to

1909:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS AND STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY

RESULTS AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909. [The figures for years previous to 1909 have been revised to include the results of disputes terminated after

the reports of those years were published.]

[blocks in formation]

This table shows that for each year during the 5-year period the number of disputes resulting in favor of the employees was less than the number in which the employers were successful. The total number of disputes during the 5-year period was 2,280, of which 575, or 25.2 per cent, were settled in favor of the employees; 968, or 42.5 per cent in favor of the employers; 729, or 32 per cent, were compromised, and 8, or 0.3 per cent, were indefinite or unsettled. In 1909, of the 436 disputes, 18.1 per cent were favorable to the employees and 45.6 per cent to the employers, 35.1 per cent were compromised, and 1.2 per cent were indefinite or unsettled at the end of

the year.

During the 5-year period there were in the aggregate 720,480 employees directly affected by strikes and lockouts. Of this number, 155,342 employees, or 21.6 per cent of all employees directly affected, were involved in disputes in which employees were successful; 184,631, or 25.6 per cent in disputes in which the employers were successful; 379,469, or 52.7 per cent, in disputes which were compromised, and 1,038, or 0.1 per cent in those of which the settlement was indefinite or which were unsettled.

In the following table the number of strikes and lockouts and the number of strikers and employees locked out are shown by methods of settlement for each year of the period 1905 to 1909:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS AND STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY

METHODS OF SETTLEMENT AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909. [The figures for the years previous to 1909 have been revised to include the results of disputes terminated

after the reports for those years were published.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

In each year most of the disputes were settled by direct arrangement or negotiation, the per cent of disputes settled by this method being 61.5, 70, 65.7, 62.9, and 62.2 of all disputes for the respective years 1905 to 1909. Disputes settled by submission of employees, replacement of employees, and closing of works together formed 28.8, 21, 26.6, 22.6, and 22.5 per cent of all disputes for the respective years. Sixty-two disputes, involving 46.3 per cent of all persons directly affected, were settled by arbitration and conciliation during 1909. The number of disputes so settled, however, is greater than the average for the four preceding years, which is 43.

NETHERLANDS.

Werkstakingen en Uitsluitingen in Nederland gedurende 1907. Werkstakingen en Uitsluitingen in Nederland gedurende 1908. Uitgegeven door het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. 1908. lxxviii, 69 pp. 1909. Ixxx, 62 pp..

These two volumes are the seventh and eighth annual reports of the Central Bureau of Statistics of the Netherlands on strikes and lockouts. As in previous reports, the information is given in the form of an analysis, with summary tables and a tabular statement showing in detail the important facts concerning each strike and lockout.

STRIKES. — The number of strikes reported in 1907 was 138 and in 1908 it was 108. These strikes involved 478 establishments and 11,646 strikers in 1907. Data are reported in 19

Data are reported in 1908 for only 106 strikes, affecting 502 establishments, with but 5,650 persons striking. The number of strikes, establishments involved, strikers, and the aggregate days lost by strikers and by other employees in each group of industries are shown for each year in the table on next page.

STRIKES, STRIKERS, AND AGGREGATE DAYS LOST BY STRIKERS AND BY OTHER

EMPLOYEES, BY INDUSTRIES.

[merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

It is seen by reference to the foregoing table that in both years the greatest number of strikes occurred in the building trades. Mining furnished the largest number of establishments involved in 1907, and agriculture in 1908. In 1907 transportation furnished the largest number of strikers, while in 1908 the largest number was found in agriculture. The greatest loss in working-days to strikers in 1907 took place in the transportation industry, and to employees other than strikers in textiles; in 1908 textiles showed the greatest loss in respect of both these items, though the reported loss to strikers in agriculture is nearly as great.

« 上一頁繼續 »