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TABLE 4.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, MONTH OF YEAR: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY MONTH IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS-Continued. 14 | Musical instruments:

1907. ..(225 cases). - 12.00 6.67 8.44 8.89 9.78 8.00 7.11 8. 44 8. 44 6.23 8.89 7.11
1897

(89 cases).. 8.99 13.48 8.99 7.87 10.11 4.49 4. 49/11. 24 6.75 4. 49 8. 99/10.11
15 Glass:
1907
(347 cases).. 11.52 9.51 5.48 7.78 6.63

9.51 7.787.78 5.761 8.07 11.531 8. 65 1897

(235 cases).. 7.66 7.66 8.51 6.82 8.51 9.36 7.23 11.06 8.51 8.09 9.36 7.23 16 Pottery:

1907 (310 cases).. 10.36 10.03 8.74 6.80 6.80 5.18 9.06 7.44 9.71 10. 68/ 8.091 7.11

1897. -(166 cases). . 7.23 13. 86/12.05 9.04 4. 82 4.82 6. 63 6.02 9.64 8.43 6.63 10.83 17 Brick and tile making:

1907.. (1,931 cases). . 7.35 6.53 5.80 9.79 9. 89 10.10 10.66 10.36 7.77 7.92 6. 68 7.15

1897 -(1,085 cases).. 7.14 4.73 6. 22 8. 35 13.64 10.48 12.52 11. 32 8. 44 5. 66 5. 29 6.21 18 Chemicals: 1907

-(2,038 cases).. 9.09 6. 48 6.53 8.55 8. 84 8. 45 8.74 8. 15 7.81 8. 40 9.53 9. 43 1897 (1,007 cases).. 7.35 6.36 7.75 6.85 7.75 9.33 8. 44 8.64 11.22 7.94 8. 94 9. 43 19 Gas and water works: 1907

-(435 cases). - 10.79 7.59 7. 36 6.90 7.36 7.36 6.67 7.59 7.82 8.05 10.11 12.40 1897

(179 cases). . 12. 28 10.06 4.47 7.26 6. 15) 11.17 7.82 7.82 6.15 7. 82 10.06 8. 94

TEXTILES. 20 Linen: 1907

(280 cases).. 10.36 6.79 9.29 8.57 7.14 7.14 7.14 10.00 11.07 9.64 6. 43 6.43 1897

(202 cases).. 9.41 6.93 5.45 8.91 10.39 6.93 11.87 8. 42 5.45 8. 91 7.929.41 21 North German textile: 1907.

.(546 cases). .8.97 7.88 7.88 7.52 9.34 6.59 8. 61 9.52 7. 69 8.79 7. 699.52 1897. - (343 cases).. | 9.65 10.23 7.606.14 6. 43 5.26 9.65 7.02 7.31 10.53 11.40 8.78 22 South German textile:

1907.... (291 cases).. 10.00 8.62 8.97 7.93 5. 86 5.86 7. 24 8.62 10.00 11.04 7.93 7.93
1897

(228 cases). . 8.33 7.46 8.33 7.02 8.77 5.26 9.21 8.77 13. 60 9.21 7.02 7.02 23 Silesian textile:

1907.. -(187 cases). . 12. 83 10.16 6.95 7.49 4.28 7.49 9.09 9.09 9.09 6.95] 9.09 7.49
1897

(181 cases). . 8. 84 10.50 7.18 4. 43 6.08 8. 84 11. 60 9.94 5.53 11.60 7.73 7.73 24 Alsace-Lorraine textile:

1907 .....(227 cases). - 12.39 6.64 8.85 4.87 6.64 9.73 7.08 9.29 9.73) 7.96 6.19 10. 63

1897. .(203 cases). 9.36 8.87 6.40 4.44 13.30 6.40 10.84 7.88 9.36 4.93 7. 88/10.34 25 Rhineland-Westphalian tex

tile:
1907 .......

.(440 cases).. 8.66 7.29 9.34 6.38 7.97 7.97 7.97| 7.74 10.25 11.39] 6.60 8. 44 1897 (387 cases). . 9.30 7.24 8.53 7.49| 9.03 7.24 8.01 8.53 10.08 8.79 5.68 10.08 26 Saxony textile:

1907. (675 cases).. 10.66 9.48 9.63 7.70 7.41 9.33 6.37 9.04 7.56 5.04 8. 891 8. 89

1897. (782 cases). . 8.06 9.59 8.06 8.70 7.161 7.29 8.57 7.93 8. 31/ 9.84 7.03 9. 46 27 Silk: 1907

(93 cases). . 11. 82 7.54 3.23 9.68 9. 68 6.45 8.60 11.82 11.82 6. 453. 239. 68 1897

.(68 cases).. 16.18 5.88 7.35 5.88 4. 42 4.42 5.88 7.35 5.88 7.35 7.35 22.06 28 Paper making:

1907 (793 cases).. 8.70 7.69 8.32 7.44 7.19 10.09 6. 69 9.33 7.06 9.33 7.44 10.72

1897. (592 cases).. 7.77 8.28 8.45 8.11 8. 281 7.94 8.61 9.63 10.47 7.26 8.611 6.59 29 Paper products:

1907 :(500 cases).. 5.60 8.20 8.20 7.20 9.40 8.60 7.20 7.60 9.60 11.40 9.40 7.60

1897 (271 cases).. 6.64 8. 49 8.12 7.38| 8. 12 9.59 7.01 6.27 8.12 11.07 8.86 10.33 30 Leather:

1907. (537 cases). 8.94 7.26 10.06 7.26 8.94 8. 01 6.89 6.52 9.31 8.571 9.30 8. 94
1897

- (292 cases).. 7.53 9.59 5.14 6.51 7.88 6.16 7.53 10.27 8.56 11.99 9.25 9.59
WOODWORKING.
31 Saxony woodworking:

1907 .(484 cases).. 8.47 8.68 8.88 7.02 8.06 6.61 10. 95 9.30 7.44 9.30 7.85 7.44

1897 (252 cases 8.33 12. 69 6.35 10.31 5.561 9.92 6.75 7.54 6.75 7.94 7.94 9.92 32 North German woodworking:

1907.......(3,344 cases). 9. 06 7.60 8.20 7.51 7.90 7.66 8.20 8. 47 8.47 9.24 8.44 9.25

1897... .(1,872 cases).. 9.30 8.39 7.38 7.43 8.61 8.77 8. 93 8. 44 8.07 8.93 8.07 7.68 33 Bavarian woodworking:

1907 (631 cases). 8.08 8.08 6.66 8. 87 7.61 9.51 8.08 12.36 7.13 8.08 7.14 8.40

1897. (392 cases).. 9.18 9.69 8.16 7.92 6. 63 5. 62 8.16 11.481 10.71 8.16 6.631 7.66 34 Southwest German wood

working:

1907 (821 cases).. 6.58 7.55 8.16 7.19 10.72 10.84 9.74 6.94 8.531 9.26 8. 406.09

1897 (352 cases).. 8.24 4.83 11.08 5.97 8.81 7.95 11.93 9.66 11.36 7.39 8.52 4. 26 35 Flour milling: 1907...

(1,027 cases).. 9. 93 8.96 8.765.75 7.89 7.987.12 9.44 7.79 9.15 9.54 7. 89 1897..

(1,007 cases). - 11.01 8.94 8.54 7.25 8.04 6.26 7.05 9.04 8. 44 8. 94 9.24 7.25 36 Food products:

(789 cases).. 8.37 7.35 7.10 7.86 7.73 9.31 7.98 7.86 8.37 11. 02 9.37 7.86 1897

(340 cases).. 8.55 7.08 6.19 5.601 10.03 9.44 9.73 9.14 7.96. 9.471 9.14 7.67

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TABLE 4.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, MONTH OF YEAR: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY MONTH IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

Association nunber.

B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS—Continued. 37Sugar:

1907.. (508 cases).. 7.28 5.71 4.92 5.51 4.72 2.56 5.71 6.89 8.07 17: 7216.54 14.37

1897 - (509 cases) 8. 06) 4.911 4.72 6. 88 2.95 5.89 4.52 5.50 6.88 18.6618.66 12.37 38 | Dairying, distilling, and

starch:

1907 (409 cases). - 9: 2910.27 7.58 6.60 6.85 6.85 5.87 6.36 5.87 11.74 10.51 12.21 1897

(360 cases). - 13.06 11.94 8.61 7.50 5. 28 4.72 5.28 6.94 7.22 8.06 7. 22 14.17 39 Brewing and malting:

1907 ....(1,608 cases). . 10.63 8.15 6.72 5.41 6.90 8.27 8.64 9. 64 7.21 8.40 8.15 11.88

1897 -(1,142 cases).. 11.07 7.71 6.91 6.82 8. 50 9.21 7.71 7. 53 6.91 7.53 9.12 10.98 40 Tobacco: 1907.

.(81 cases). . 11.11 6.17 7.41 8.64 4. 95 7.41 8.64 11. 11) 13. 58 6.17 8.64 6. 17 1897 (57 cases). - 12.27 12.27 10.52

5. 26 8.77 12.27 1.75 7.08 5. 26 19.29 41 Clothing: 1907.

(676 cases).. 9.47 7.25 7.10 8.88 6.95 7.25 9.17) 7. 40 8.88 9.75 9.02 8.88 1897

(295 cases). - 11.26 7.17 9.90 6.48 8.19 5. 12 8. 53 8.87 5.46 8.87 9.90 10.25 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907

(34 cases). .8.82 8. 8211.76 11.76 5. 89 5.89 5.88 11.76| 8.82 5.89 5.89 8.82 1897 ..(38 cases). . 21. 62 10.81 3.11 5. 41 5.41 2.70 13. 51 2.70 13. 51 10.81 5. 41 BUILDING TRADES (NOT IN

CLUDING INSTITUTES). 43 Hamburg building trades:

1907 (505 cases).. 4.95 5.74 7.15 7.52 11.08 10.10 9.90 10.88 8. 73 7. 52 6.731 9.70 1897

(302 cases). . 3.32 3.65 5.65 6.64 7.64 11. 63 7.97 11.30 12.96 8.97 11.96 8.31 44 Northeast building trades:

1907.......(1,927 cases).. 5.29 4.88 7.84 9.39 8.93 8. 67 9. 65 9. 65| 9. 91 10.53 7.99 7.27

1897.......(1,680 cases) 4.70 3.28 6. 01 7.68 9.94 9.17 11. 90 9.70 11.31 10.24 10.18 5.89 45 Silesian - Posen building

trades:

1907 ..(1,084 cases). . 4.89 3.51 7.11 7.85 8. 59 10.16 12.00 11.63 10. 62 10.16 7.85 5.63

1897.. .(717 cases). 3.35 2.80 6.09 9.48 8.65 9.90 10.74 12. 41 12.69 11.99 6.56 4.74 46 Hanover building trades: 1907

(629 cases). . 5.90 4.14 6.86 7.18 7.50 11. SO 10.53 10.05 10. 21 9.25 8.61 7.97 1897

(457 cases 3.28 2.84 9.41 9.41 10.28 9.85 10.94 8.10 10.72 9.41 9.85 5.91 47 Magdeburg building trades: 1907

(389 cases). . 5.17 4.39 7.23 6.98 9.82 11.89 9.82 10.08 8.01 11.89 9.56 5.17 1897 (179 cases). . 2.80 2.80 7.24 12. 29 8.94 11.17 16.76 7. 26 8.94 7.26 7.26 7.26 48 Saxony building trades:

1907 (1,109 cases). .4.78 3.79 4.69 8.21 8. 21 9.39 10. 2011.01 10. 65 10.74 11.19 7.13 1897.

(767 cases). 3.52 3.13 5.74 6.92 9. 40 9.14 10.84 9.92 12.14 13.71 9.53 6.01 49 Thuringian building trades: 1907

(391 cases) 4.36 6.39 8.187.67 11.51 7.67 10.74 10. 49 6. 91 9. 46 9. 97 6. 65 1897

(239 cases 2.09 3.35 8. 79 8.37 7.95 8.37 13.38 10.46] 14. 22 11.30 7.95 3.77 60 Hessen-Nassau building

trades:

1907 (694 cases). . 6.34 3.90 6.77 7.64 10.81 9. 65 10. 66 9. 51 10.37) 8. 93 7.64 7.78 1897.

(474 cases). . 3.17 5.50 6.55 6.34 10.57 11.21 10.36 10.36 11.42 9.73 9.50 5.29 51 | Rhineland - Westphalian building trades:

..(1,855 cases).. 7.01 5.24 6.69 7.76 8. 19 7.65 9.70 9.65 9.16 10. 62 10.03 8.30 1897.......(1,063 cases).. 5.08 4.43 6.40 5. 94 8.37 7.24 11.38 12.32 10.25 10.72 10.91 6.96 52 Wurttemberg buildingtrades: 1907

.(583 cases). . 4.46 4.12 4.46 9.95 8.75 11.83 12.17 9.78 10.29 10.81 7.38 6.00 1897

- (403 cases). 4.96 2.48 5.71 6.70 12.90 10.67 15.88 8.68 9.93 11.41 7.94 2.74 53 Bavarian building trades:

1907... ....(1,149 cases). . 4.44 4.44 6.70 9.40 9.66 11. 23 12.96 10.27 7.05 10.10 7.48 6. 27

1897. (1,175 cases 4.86 5.36 6.981 9.87 10.30 9.53 11.83 9.70 9.36 8.17 8.00 6.04 54 Southwest building trades:

1907. .(716 cases). . 5.59 3.77 6.01 4.89 10.06 9.92 10.75 11.87 7.96 12. 56 10.06 6. 56

1897. .(474 cases) 3.384.22 5.70 6.75 9.28 10.13 10.76 11.39 12.86 10.76 8.44 6.33 55 | Printing and publishing:

1907. (428 cases). 7.94 8.18 6.31 7.24 11.21 7.48 8.64 5. 62 6.54 9.81 10.75 10.28

1897. (252 cases).. 9.52 7.94 9.52 5.17 8.33 7.14 8.33 6.75 9.92 7.54 9.92 9.92 56 Private railroads: 1907

.(168 cases).. 2.98 8.93 8.32 7.74 7.14 10.70 7.74 6.55 8.32, 9.57 7.14 14.87 1897

(125 cases) 8. 06/12.10 6.45 1.61 8.87 3.23 6.45 8.87 12.90 6.45 7.26 17.75 57 Street and small railroads:

1907 ..(485 cases).. 8.25 8.66 7.22 7.01 7.84 7.01 8.04 9.69 7.84 8.66 10.71 9.07 1897

-(168 cases).. 7.14 8.93 4.77) 8.93 8. 33 8.93 11.31 9.52 3.57 10.71 5.36 12.50 58 Express and storage:

(3,932 cases). 9.51) 7.53 7.33 7.53 7.25 7.07 7.89 8. 90 7.71 9.82 9.31 10.15 1897 (1,426 cases) 10.53 6.95 7.93) 7.72 7.30

6.88 7.16 6.46 8.63 9.96 9.68 10.80 59 Livery, drayage, cartage, etc.:

1907.......(2,500 cases).. 8.84 7.60 7.96 8.28 8.40 7.76, 9.32 9.28 8.08 8.92 7.32 8.2 1897. ...(1,242 cases).. 9.57 8.45 6.761 5.72 7.17 9.18 9.185 8.781 9.101 9.741 7.571.p

TABLE 4.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, MONTH OF YEAR: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY MONTH IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Concluded.

[graphic]

B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS-Concluded.

INLAND NAVIGATION. 60 West German inland naviga

tion:

1907 .(276 cases). . 5.07 6.52 9.42 7.25 10.87 7.97 5.80 7.25 11.96 7.61 10.14 10.14

1897 (155 cases).. 5.81 5.81 8.39 11.61 6.45 11.61 6.45 9.68 7.74 12.26 9.03 5.16 61 Elbe inland navigation:

1907.. (325 cases).. 5.23 3.39 9.85 11.38 8.92 11.38 8. 92 10.77 5.54 5.54 9.23 9.85

1897...... (216 cases). . 8.33 6.94 11.57 8.33 10.19 7.41 6.03 6.94 10.19 8.33 6.48 9.26 62 | East German inland naviga

tion:

1907 ..(152 cases). 3.95 2.63 6.58 11.84 11.18 12.50 4.61 11.18 9.21 6.58 12.50 7.24 1897

.(156 cases).. 3.21 1.28 11.54 10.26 10.26 11.54 10.26 8.32 5.13 10.26 14.09 3.85 63 Marine navigation (not in

cluding institute):

1907 ..(459 cases). - 5.66 10.68 13.51 6.32 6.32 7.63 6.75 8.28 6.97 9.80 9.15 8.93

1897 (397 cases).. 8.78 3.19 13.30 6.12 5. 32 8.24 6.65 6.38 11.70 5.85 7.45 17.02 64 Engineering, excavating, etc.

(not including institute):
1907 (2,143 cases).. 7.98 5.23 7.56 7.56

9.01 9.01 8.54 8.63 9.05 10.35 8.59 8. 49 1897 (1,226 cases).. 6.69 4.24 7.01 6.85 9.71 9.54 9.38 8. 65 7.26 11.09 11.34 8.24 65 Meat products:

1907 ..(1,120 cases).. 10.53 8.57 8.66 7.95 7.95 7.86 7.95 7.32 9.19 8.84 6.88 8.30

1897 .(329 cases).. 6.69 6.39 7.29 6.99 7.29 9. 42 9. 12 12.76 12.16 5.78 6.99 9. 12 66 Blacksmithing, etc.:

1907 .(929 cases).. 7.64 5.71 7.00 6.46 8.72 9.47 10.54 10. 66 9. 69 10.01 7.75 6. 35 1897.

(1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) C. PUBLIC AUTHORITIES. Establishments of the naval administration:

1907. .....(105 cases).. 5.71 5.71 7.62 8.58 5.71 9.52 9.52 11.43 9.52 8.58 7.62 10.48

1897 ..(86 cases) 5.81 2.33 4.65 13.95 8.15 11.63 13.95 10. 47 4.65 9.30 9.30 5.81 Establishments of the military administration:

1907 ...(157 cases).. 8.92 8.28 9.55 11. 46 4. 47 7.01 12.10 8.92 7.64 6.37 5.73 9.55

1897 .. (190 cases).. 8.42 8.42 7.89 7.89 5.26 10.00 14.21 18.95 10.53 5.79 6.32 6.32 Postal and telegraph administration:

1907 (122 cases).. 4.92 4.92 6.567.38 3.28 5.74 8.20 12.29 8.20 12.29 9.02 17.20 1897

(54 cases).. 1.59 3.17 11.11 6.36 12.70 12.70 7.94 11.11 12.70 4.76 7.92 7.94 Railway administration:

1907. (3,316 cases).. 8.93 8.27 8.07 7.05 7.49 7. 49 8.12 7.76 8.06 10.44 8.51 9.81

1897 ..(2,233 cases).. 9.91 7.26 8.30 7.76 6.68 7.31 7.76 7. 40 9.28 9.33 9.33 9.68 'Dredging, towing, etc.: 1907

(79 cases).. 10.13 3.80 11.39 12.66 10.13 6.33 5.06 10.13 6.33 6.33 11.38 6.33

(52 cases).. 11.54 5.77 7.69 7.69 9. 62 3. 85 7.69 7.69 9.62 7.69 13.46 7.69 Building operations (States and Empire):

1907 (248 cases).. 7.29 7.29 8.10 5.66 8.50 8.50 9.72 8. 91 9.31 9.31 9.31 8.10 1897

(188 cases). - 12.97 2.70 5.95 5.41 9. 73 8.11 8.65 8.65 9.73 8.65 8.65 10.80
Marine navigation:
1907.
.(1 case)..

100.00
1897.
.(5 cases)

60.00
20.00

20.00
Building operations of local
governments:

1907 (505 cases).. 10.50 7.33 7.33 6.73 9.70 7.52 7.52 7.72 6.73 7.14 10. 69 11.09
1897 (262 cases).. 9.58 6.51 7.66 7.28 13.79 9.58 6.90 6.13

9.58 6. 51 9.58 6. 90

1 Included in associations 4 to 11.

DAY OF THE WEEK.

The day of the week on which the accidents occurred is shown in Table 5.

As would naturally be expected, the smallest proportion of accidents occur on Sunday; in fact, it is in some respect surprising that the number of accidents on that day is as large as the table shows. For 1907 the grand total for all industries shows that 2.52 per cent of the accidents occurred on Sunday. Of the week days, Monday shows the highest proportion of accidents, this day having 16.94 per cent of the total. The proportion occurring on Tuesday is much less than that occurring on Monday, the proportion on Wednesday decreases still further, but on Thursday the proportion again increases and continues until Saturday, which has a proportion but slightly less than that for Monday. These proportions vary considerably from those shown by investigation of accidents in the year 1897. For the year 1897, Monday was also the day on which the highest proportion of accidents occurred, Tuesday showed a decrease, while Wednesday and Thursday had identically the same proportion, Friday had the lowest of any in the week, and Saturday showed a sharp increase over Friday, though still less than the proportion for Monday. The editors of the report suggest that the high accident rate for Monday, and also, perhaps, for Tuesday, may be caused by the holiday on Sunday; the use of alcohol and the fatigue following the Sunday holiday are suggested as the most likely causes of this higher proportion. In the following table special attention is given to the accident rates on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon.

For the separate industries, the accidents are distributed in practically the same way as shown by the total for all industries, though many of those groups show striking variations to the general rule of a lower proportion in the middle of the week with a high proportion at the beginning and end of the week. Thus, in case of the group designated as musical instruments (association 14) the highest proportion in 1907 occurs on Wednesday and Thursday with the lowest proportion on Tuesday and Saturday, while in 1897 the distribution followed the general rule; in the case of the South German Metal Working Association (association 12) the lowest proportion occurs on Saturday and the next lowest on Monday, with the highest on Tuesday, Friday, and Thursday. These exceptions, however, only emphasize the general rule that the first day of the week and the last day of the week contain the greatest risk for the workmen. The textile associations are conspicuous in having an unusually high proportion of their accidents on Saturday, and in some of the assotions, such as the association for Alsace-Lorraine (association 24), the proportion is practically double what it was during the middle of the week.

TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED. Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beiheft, I Teil. Gewerbe-Unfall

statistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 300 to 308.]

[graphic]

12 South German precious and non

precious metal working:
1907.

.(424 cases). 47 15.88 18. 25
1897.

.(199 cases 1.51 18. 59 20.09 13 North German metal working: 1907.

..(1,109 cases).. 55 18. 12 14. 75 1897.

-(335 cases)..

.90 17. 66 13. 17
14 Musical instruments:
1907.
-(225 cases)..

16.44 15.11
1897
(89 cases)..

21.45 11.36
15 Glass:
1907

(347 cases).. 3.79 23.03 12.54
1897

(235 cases). 9.01 15. 45 17.17
Including blacksmithing, etc., in 1897.

15. 74
19.31

1

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