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STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS, AND AGGREGATE WORKING

DAYS LOST. (“Aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work” include aggregate duration in specified

years of disputes which began in preceding years, and excludes duration in the following year of disputes which began in the specified year.)

1908.

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STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS, AND OTHER

EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK.

1908.

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In 1908, of all employees directly affected by labor disputes, 8.6 per cent were engaged in disputes settled in favor of the employees; 25.2 per cent in those settled in favor of the employers; 65.6 per cent in those that were compromised; and 0.6 per cent in those the results of which were indefinite or unsettled. In 1909, the corresponding percentages are 11.2, 22.2, 66, and 0.6.

The following table shows the number of strikes and lockouts, employees thrown out of work, and working-days lost, according to classified number of employees thrown out of work: STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, AND WORKING

DAYS LOST, BY CLASSIFIED NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK. (“Aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work” refers exclusively to disputes which began in the specified year, and includes working-days lost in the following year due to disputes which extended beyond the specified year.)

1908.

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1 Disputes involving fewer than 10 work people and those which lasted less than 1 day have been omitted, except when the aggregate duration exceeded 100 working-days.

In 1908 there were 6 and in 1909 there were 5 disputes in which the number of employees involved was 5,000 and over; in 1907 there was only 1 dispute of like magnitude. The disputes affecting 500 employees and over in 1908 were but 17.5 per cent of the total number of disputes, while these disputes affected 86.9 per cent of all employees thrown out of work. The disputes affecting 500 employees and over in 1909 were 26.8 per cent of the total number of disputes, and involved 88.2 per cent of all employees thrown out of work.

In the following table are given the number of strikes and lockouts, employees thrown out of work, and working-days lost, classified according to duration of the disputes:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, AND WORKING

DAYS LOST, BY DURATION. (“Aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work” refers exclusively to disputes which

began in the specified year, and includes working-days lost in the following year due to disputes which extended beyond the specified year.)

1908.

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In 1908 the number of strikes and lockouts which lasted under 2 weeks formed 49.6 per cent of all disputes, and the number of persons thrown out of work in these two groups formed 26 per cent persons thrown out of work by strikes and lockouts. The strikes and lockouts which lasted 6 weeks and under 8 formed only 6.8 per cent of all strikes and lockouts during the year, yet involved 42.2 per cent of all employees thrown out of work and 46.1 per cent of the total working-days lost during the year. There were 21 disputes, or 5.3 per cent of all disputes, which had a duration of 25 weeks and over. While the number of employees involved in disputes in this group formed but 5 per cent of all employees affected by strikes and lockouts, yet the aggregate days lost by strikers and locked-out employees was 20 per cent of the aggregate working-days lost by all employees engaged in disputes of the year.

In 1909 the number of strikes and lockouts which lasted under 2 weeks formed 57.8 per cent of all disputes, and the number of

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persons thrown out of work in these 2 groups formed 50.4 per cent of all persons thrown out of work by strikes and lockouts. There were 15 disputes, or 3.4 per cent of all disputes, which had a duration of 25 weeks and over. While the number of employees involved in disputes in this group formed but 0.9 per cent of all employees affected by strikes and lockouts, yet the aggregate days lost by strikers and locked-out employees was 16.1 per cent of the aggregate working-days lost by all employees engaged in the disputes of the year.

The following tables, in which the disputes are classified by results, show the number of disputes and of persons affected and the number of working-days lost in each group of industries:

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS, BY RESULTS, AND WORKING-DAYS LOST, FOR EACH

GROUP OF INDUSTRIES. ("Aggregate working-days lost by all employees thrown out of work" includes aggregate duration in

specified years of disputes which began in preceding years, and excludes duration in the following year of disputes which began in the specified year.)

1908.

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STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY RESULTS, AND OTHER EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, FOR EACH GROUP OF INDUSTRIES.

1908.

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In both years, 1908 and 1909, the number of disputes, persons directly affected, persons indirectly affected, and aggregate workingdays lost in the mining and quarrying, metal, engineering, and shipbuilding, and textile groups of industries exceed similar items in every other industrial group. Of the total in 1908, there were 79 disputes, involving 19,185 workpeople, which resulted in favor of employees; 171 disputes, involving 56,437 workpeople, which resulted in favor of employers; and 144 disputes, involving 146,850 workpeople, which were compromised. The remaining 5 disputes were indefinite or unsettled as to results. Of the total in 1909, there were 79 disputes, involving 19,123 workpeople, which resulted in favor of employees; 199 disputes, involving 37,846 workpeople, which resulted in favor of employers; and 153 disputes, involving 112,307 workpeople, which were compromised. The remaining 5 disputes were indefinite or unsettled as to results.

STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS DURING FIVE YEARS.—During the 5-year period 1905 to 1909 there was a yearly average of 456 disputes, affecting an average of 211,020 employees yearly and entailing an average yearly loss of 4,253,866 working-days.

The following table shows the number of strikes and lockouts, employees thrown out of work, and working-days lost in each year of the period named.

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