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aforesaid agent amendment American appointed armed army arrest attorney authority born called cause citizens City civil claim claimant colony commissioners common Congress Constitution convention conviction course court deemed died direct district duty effect elected ELECTORAL enforce engaged equal escaping establish execute exercise existing flag force foreign fugitive further enacted George Georgia give given hands held hereby hold House hundred important inaugurated Independence interest issued John judge jurisdiction land laws legislature liberty maintain manner March ment military necessary North oath object offences officers opinion party passed peace Pennsylvania person present President proclamation proper protection provisions punishment question reason rebellion receive Representatives respective Senate service or labor slavery slaves South Carolina taken term Territory thereof thousand tion Union United vessel Vice-President Virginia voting Washington Whereas whole York
第 51 頁 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
第 33 頁 - ... 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law have directed.
第 27 頁 - ... 2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it. 3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law, shall be passed. 4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
第 74 頁 - ... the propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itself has ordained ; and since the preservation of the sacred fire of liberty, and the destiny of the republican model of government, are justly considered as deeply, perhaps as finally staked, on the experiment intrusted to the hands of the American people.
第 77 頁 - The period for a new election of a citizen, to administer the executive Government of the United States, being not far distant, and the time actually arrived, when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person, who is to be clothed with that important trust, it appears to me proper, especially as it may conduce to a more distinct expression of the public voice, that I should now apprise you of the resolution I have formed, to decline being considered among the number of those, out of whom...
第 35 頁 - ... 2. A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime.
第 225 頁 - With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive...
第 11 頁 - He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise ; the State remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the danger of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
第 92 頁 - It is important, likewise, that the habits of thinking, in a free country, should inspire caution in those intrusted with its administration, to confine themselves within their respective constitutional spheres, avoiding, in the exercise of the powers of one department, to encroach upon another. The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the powers of all the departments in one, and thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism.