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goes along with the voice of the actor who pronounces it, as the violin or harpsichord accompanies the Italian recitativo.

It has often supplied the place of the ancient chorus, in the words of Mr. ***. In short, a bad poet has as great an antipathy to a catcall as many people have to a real cat.

Mr. Collier, in his ingenious essay upon music has the following passage:

'I believe it is possible to invent an instrument that shall have a quite contrary effect to those martial ones now in use; an instrument that shall sink the spirits, and shake the nerves, and curdle the blood, and inspire despair, and cowardice, and consternation, at a surprising rate. It is probable the roaring of lions, the warbling of cats and screech-owls, together with a mixture of the howling of dogs, judiciously imitated and compounded, might go a great way in this invention. Whether such anti-music as this might not be of service in a camp, I shall leave to the military men to consider.

What this learned gentleman supposes in speculation I have known actually verified in practice. The cat-call has struck a damp into generals, and frighted heroes off the stage.. At the first sound of it, I have seen a crowned head tremble, and a princess fall into fits. The humorous lieutenant himself could not stand it; nay, I am told that even Almanzor looked like a mouse, and trembled at the voice of this terrifying instrument. As it is of a dramatic nature,

and peculiarly appropriated to the stage, I can by no means approve the thought of that angry lover, who, after

an unsuccessful pursuit of some years, teok leave of his mistress in a serenade of cat-calls.

I must conclude this paper with the account I have lately received of an ingenious artist, who has long studied this instrument, and is very well versed in all the rules of the drama. He teaches to play on it by book, and to express by it the whole art of criticism. He has his bass and his treble cat-call; the former for tragedy, the latter for comedy; only in tragi-comedies they may both play together in concert. He has a particular squeak to denote the violation of each of the unities, and has different sounds to show whether he aims at the poet or the player. In short, he teaches the smut-note, the fustian-note, the stupid-note, and has composed a kind of air that may serve as an act-tune to an incorrigible play, and which takes in the whole compass of the cat-call.

L.

ADDISON.

No. 362. FRIDAY, APRIL 25.

Laudibus arguitur vini vinosus,

HOR. The man who praises drinking, stands from thence 'onvict a sot on his own evidence.

MR. SPECTATOR,

Temple, April 24. «SEVERAL of my friends were this morning got together over a dish of tea in very good health, though we had celebrated yesterday* with more glasses than we could have dispensed with, had

April 23; the Anniversary of the Queen's Coronation.

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we not been beholden to Brooke and Hellier. In gratitude therefore to those good citizens, I am, in the name of the company, to accuse you of great negligence in overlooking their merit, who have imported true and generous wine, and taken care that it should not be adulterated by the retailers before it comes to the tables of private families, or the clubs of honest fellows. I can not imagine how a Spectator can be supposed to do his duty, without frequent resumption of such subjects as concern our health, the first thing to be regarded, if we have a mind to relish any thing else. It would therefore very well become your Spectatorial vigilance to give it in orders to your officer for inspecting signs, (See No. 28) that in his march he would look into the itinerants who deal in provisions, and

inquire where they buy their several wares. Ever since the decease of Colly-Molly-Puff (See No. 251) of agreeable and noisy memory, I can not say I have observed any thing sold in carts, or carried by horse or ass, or in fine, in any moving market, which is not perished or putrefied; witness the wheel-barrows of rotten raisins, almonds, figs and currants, which you see vended by a merchant, dressed in a second-hand suit of a foot soldier. You should consider that a child may be poisoned for the worth of a farthing; but ex

poor parents send to one certain doctor in town, they can have no advice for him under a guinea. When poisons are thus cheap, and medicines thus dear, how can you be negligent in inspecting what we eat and drink, or take no notice of such as the abovementioned citizens, who have been so serviceable to us of late in that

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partcular? it was a custom among the old Romans, to do him particular honours who had saved the life of a citizen; how much more does the world owe to those who prevent the death of multitudes? As these men deserve well of your office, so such as act to the detriment of our health, you ought to represent to themselves and their fellow-subjects in the colours which they deserve to wear. I think it would be for the public good, that all who vend wines should be under oath in that behalf. The chairman at the quarter-sessions should inform the country, that the vintner who mixes wine to his customers, shall (upon proof that the drinker thereof died within a year and a day after taking it) be deemed guilty of wilful murder, and the jury shall be instructed to inquire and present such delinquents accordingly. It is no mitigation of the crime, nor will it be conceived that it can be brought in chance medley or man-slaughter, upon proof that it shall appear wine joined to wine, or right Herefordshire poured into Porto Port; but his selling it for one thing, knowing it to be another, must justly bear the foresaid guilt of wilful murder, for that he, the said vintner, did an unlawful act willingly in the false mixture, and is therefore with equity liable to all the pains to which a man would be, if it were proved he designed only to run a man through the arm, whom he whipped through the lungs. This is my third year at the Temple, and this is or should be law. An ill intention well proved should meet with no alleviation because it outran itself. There can not be too great severity used against the injustice as well as cruelty of those who play with men's lives, by pre

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paring liquors whose nature, for aught they know, may be noxious when mixed, though innocent when apart; and Brook and Hellier, who have insured our safety at our meals, and driven jealousy, from our cups in conversation, deserve the custom and thanks of the whole town; and it is your duty to remind them of the obligation.

• I am, sir,
. Your humble servant,

TOM POTTLE.'

MR. SPECTATOR. I

I am a person who was long immured in a college, read much, saw little; so that I knew no more of the world than what a lecture or view of the map taught me. By this means I improved in my study; but became unpleasant in conversation. By conversing generally with the dead, I grew almost unfit for the society of the living; so by a long confinement l contracted an ungainly aversion to conversation, and ever discoursed with pain to myself, and little entertainment to others. At last I was in some measure made sensible of my failing; and the mortification of never being spoke to, or speaking, unless the discourse ran upon books, put me upon forcing myself amongst men. I immediately affected the politest company, by the frequent use of which I hoped to wear off the rust I had contracted; but by an uncouth imitation of men used to act in public, I got no further than to discover I had a mind to appear a finer thing than I really was.

Such I was, and such was my condition, when I became an ardent lover and passionate admirer of the beauteous Belinda; then it was that I real

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