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Tuba's letter on the patriotism and quackery of' All the Talents." 13a
His majesty's proclamation, subjecting all the ports of Europe, except in the powers not at
war with us, to blockade 39c)
• Lines, occasioned by reading certain orders, previous to, and after, the attack on a remote
Message of the American president to congress at the opening of its session * 46*
French reply to his majesty's declaration relative to the expedition to Copenhagen . . . . ibidi
Address to correspondence on some of the Causes of ihe decay of religion 470
Mr.ftEDHEAD YORKEs TVEEKLY POLITICAL REVIEW.
Vol. III. N" I. Saturday, July 4, 1807: Price Wd.
—ii-T~> ■ '.■■:' ■■- T' -i ir.i-.—a
On Friday, the C6th ult. the lord chancellor, in his majesty? name, delivered tn€ following speech to both houses ol parliament:
"My lords and gentlemen,— We have it in command from his majesty to stale to you, that having deemed it expedient to recur to the sense of his people, his ma* jesty, in Conformity to his declared intention, has lost no timtfin causing the present parliament to be assembled.
"His majesty has g< eat satisfaction in acquainting you, that since the* events which led to the dissolution of the last parliament, his majesty has received, in numerous addresses fn m his subjects, the warmest assurances of their affectionate attachment to bis person and government, and of their firm resolution to support him, in maintaining (he just rights of his crown, and the true principles of the constitution; and he Commands us to express his entire confidence, that he shall experience, in ill your deliberations, a determination to afford him an equally loyal, zealous, and affectionate support, under all the arduous circumstances of the present time.
"We are commanded by his majesty to inform you, that his majesty's endeavours have been most anxiously employed for the purpose* of diawing closer the ties by which bis majesty is connected with the powers of the continent: of assisting the efforts of those powers against the ambition and oppressions of France;'of forming such engagements as may ensure their continued co-operation; and of establishing that mutual confidence and concert,- so essential, under any course of events, to' the restoration of a solid arid permanent peace in Europe.
"It would have afforded his majesty the greatest pleasure to have been enabled lo inform you, that the mediulion undertaken by Ins majesty for the pnrpose of preserving peace between his majesty's ally, tie emperor 01 Russia, and the Sublime Port, had proved effectual'fof that important object; his majesty deeply regrets the failure of that mediation, accompanied as it was by the dissappointment of the efforts of his majesty's squadron in the sea of Marmora, and followed as it has since been by the losses which have been sustained by his gallant troops in Egypt.
"His majesty could not but lament the extension of hostilities in any quarter, which, should create a diversion in the war so favourable to the views of France; but lamenting it especially in the instance of a power with which his majesty has been so rlosely connected, and which has been so recently indebted for its protection against he iucroachmentsof France to the signal and successful interposition of his majesty's irms. "His majesty has directed us to acquaint you, that he has thought it right to ptsuch measures as might best enable him, in concert with the emperor of Russia, otake advantage of any favourable opportunity for bringing the hostilities in which, bey are engaged against the Sublime Port, to a conclusion, consistent with his majesty's honour, and the interests of his ally.
"Gentlemen of the house of commons,— His majesty has ordered the estimates )f the current year to be laid before you, and he relies on the tried loyalty and zeal 'f his faithful commeTuS to make such provisions for the public service, as well as or the further application of the suras which were granted in the last parliament, as iay appear to be necessary.
"And his majesty, bearing constantly in mind the necessity of a careful and eonomical administration of the pecuniary resources of the country, has directed us 1 express his hopes that you will proceed without delay in the pursuit of those inies, connected with the public economy, which engaged thf attention of the last Miaroent."
"My lords and gentlemen,— His majesty commands us to state to you,' that be 1 deeply impressed with the peculiar importunce, at the present moment, of cherish
"ing a spirit of union and harmony amongst his people: such a spirit will most effectually promote the prosperity of the country at home, give vigour and efficacy to its Councils, and its arms abroad; and can alone enable his majesty, under the blessing of providence, to carry on successfully the great contest in which he is engaged, or finally to conduct it to that termination which his majesty's moderation and justice have ever led him to seek—-a peace; in wkich the honour and interests of his kingdom can be secure, and in which Europe and the world may hope for independence and repose." *»-.—<■
In the house of lords, the address was moved by the earl of Mansfield and seconded by lord Rolle. Lord Fortescue led "all the talents" into action, and moved the following amendment, which, together with the speech delivered in his majesty'« name, must be considered as the text of the sentiments of the opposition and of the ministry.
"That by a long experience of his majesty's virtues we well know it to be Iiis majesty's invariable wish that all his prerogatives should be exercised solely for the advantage of his people. That om dutiful attachment to his majesty's person and government obliges us therefore most humbly to lay before him the manifest misconduct of his ministers in having advised the dissolution of the late parliament in the midst of its first session, and within a few months after his majesty had been pleased to assemble it for the dispatch of the urgent business of the nation.
"That this measure advised by his majesty's.- ministers at a time when there existed no difference between any of the branches of the legislature, and no sufficient Cause for a fresh appeal to his majesty's people, was justified by no public necessity or advantage. That by the interruption of all private business then depending in parliament, it has been productive of great and needless inconvenience and expense) thereby wantonly adding to the heavy burdens which the necessities of the times require. That it has retarded many useful laws for the internal improvement of the kingdom, and for thp encouragement and extension of its agriculture, manufactures, and commerce. And that it has either suspended or wholly defeated many most important public measures, and has protracted much of the most weighty business of parliament to a season of the year when its prosecution must be amended with ■ the greatest public and private inconvenience. And that we feel ourselves bound still further to submit to his majesty, that all these mischiefs are greatlyjj aggravated by the groundless and injurious pretences <,n which his majesty's ministers have publicly rested this their evil advice; pretences affording no justification for the measure, but calculated only to excite the most dangerous animosities among his majesty's subjects, at a period when their united efforts were more than ever necessary for the security of the empire; and when to promote the utmost harmony and co-operation amongst them would have been the first object of wise and prudcat ministers."
When we consider what a bustle was excited amongst the adherents of the late" ministers previous to the meeting of parliament, and when wo re-call to our recollection the circular note of lord Howick, calling upon those members who had Voted with them to support a division which was intended to bo made on the race t i r,, of parliament, it is impossible not to feel great surprize at the very weak and inconsiderable ground Upon which the leaders of the opposition commenced their attack against the present government. The whole force of their arguments may be compressed into one point, namely, the propriety of the disscVtion of the late parliament; and out of this simple proposition, they availed themselves of the opportunity usually afforded for a great latitude of discussion at the commenccmencement of t session, to travel out of the record, and to make the most extraordinary excursion! from the main subject of the debate. These excursions necessarily constrained the ministry and their friends to follow the opposition, but, under this manifest disadvantage, that the arguments of the ministerial party in reply to their adversaries being usually delivered towards the close of a debate, their speeches are not, as \va* the case I have been informed, of the admirable speeches of lord Eldon and Mr Canning, in the least detailed by the reporters; whereas the.opinions of those mem bers who rise earliest in the house are sure to be published with exactitude. This i an imperfection in the method of reporting the debates which loudly calls for ra ^S&lrSs,»s?frd» ( am persuaded, it would amply repay the reporters for their trouble, i