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the perpetual patronage of several livings in Cambridgeshire. So, that the founder being a Bishop of Ely, a Bishop of Ely having given them statutes", some of the principal benefactors having been Bishops of Ely, the Bishops of Ely having been its regular visitors, and possessing the right of disposing of the mastership, these circumstances all give the Bishop of Ely a peculiar interest in this college: accordingly, the Bishops of Ely, I borrow the words of Mr. Parker, when they came hither in the years 1556 and 1557, are said, in the registers of Ely, to have resided in their own house of Jesus College. Among the benefactors, also, are recorded Sir Robert Read, justice in the Court of Common Pleas—of whom in another place—under Henry VIII. who gave 100l. to found a fellowship and a brewery near the bridge, since sold. John Fuller, L.L.D. master of the college, who founded four fellowships, gave the manor of Gravely, in the county of Cambridge, and the advowson of the living there, and at his death bequeathed the fourth part of his estate. Mr. Sutton, also, the founder of the Charter House, who gave the impropriated rectories of Elmstead, near Colchester, together with the perpetual advowson of the vicarage. Many more benefactors might be enumerated, but I shall close the account with Mr. Rustat.
et Comberton, vel potius a regina Maria obtinuisse, centum libris ei debitis sub privato sigillo. MS. Wren.
* Bishop Stanley gave the statutes, and Julius II. the Roman Pontiff, confirmed them, and the foundation of the college at the same time.
These statutes hold out, (cap. 1.) one master, twelve fellows, and eight boys: quod si posthac reditus vel possessiones Collegii ita angeretur, ut major numerus quam qui praescribitur infra idem collegium commode sustentari possit, tune ad Dei laudem, suiq. cultus augmentum numerus sociorum vel puerorum augeatur; & vice versa, addicti episGopi arbitrium.
For there are several scholarships and exhibitions belonging to this college, and good ones of above 40l. a year, of which the principal are those left by Tobias Rustat, Esq. for the orphans of clergymen in any county in England or Wales. This gentleman, son of the Rev. Robert Rustat, A. M. (1587,) formerly of this college, was yeoman of the robes to Charles II. and died a bachelor in 1698, aged eighty-seven : there is a very elegant mural monument erected to his memory in the north transept of the chapel, and a fine original portrait of him, by Sir Peter Lely, between the portraits of Archbishop Cranmer and Sterne, in the hall.
Among the members who have distinguished themselves by their talents, or writings, may be reckoned the follow
"Pig- z William Chubbes, or Chuffs, sometimes called Chuffs", was first of Pembroke Hall, but made master of this college, by Bishop Alcock, 13 Hen. VII.; by his advice, it is said, Alcock first converted the monastery into a college. Mr. Parker says he published an Introduction to Logic, and Scotus's Declaration in Secund. Thomas Goodrich was admitted a pensioner of Bene’t College, but chosen fellow of Jesus, in 1510. He was distinguished by his acquaintance with the civil and canon law; and having taken side with Henry VIII. in the dispute about the marriage of Queen Catherine, was promoted, at length, from the less splendid tokens of royal favour to the see of Ely. According to Bishop Godwin, he was consecrated April 9, 1534, and was Bishop of Ely above twenty years and twenty days".
* At all events, those are wrong who call him Chubb.
* De praesulibus Ang, p. 333, and Bentham’s Hist. and Antiq. of the Church of Ely, p. 190. In the Appendix, p. 37, may be seen (E Regis
Goodrich was an advocate for the Reformation, though he trimmed a little in Queen Mary's reign. For though he was one of the revisors of the translation of the New Testament, and though he was in the commissien for reforming the Ecclesiastical Laws, under Henry VIII. and though he retained his bishopric under the Protestant King, Edward VI. he also continued to possess it after Popery came in. But, indeed, he died soon after, viz. May 10, 1554, at Somersham.
Thomas Cranmer, the well known Archbishop of Canterbury, son of John Cranmer, of Arslecton in Nottinghamshire, was first a student, then, in 1515, a fellow of this college, and commenced D.D. in 1525. According to MS. Jes. he was a proctor” in 1515, and the first theological lecturer on Dr. Batemanson's foundation. He also excelled in the civil and canon law, and taking the orthodox, that is, the royal side, in the dispute on the King's marriage, rose to the first station in the church: for, in his manner of considering the matter, to adopt the King's phrase, “he having caught the sow by the right ear,” the King determined, nolente volente Cranmero, that he should be his Archbishop, though, according to Bishop
ter, Goodrich, f. 15) his mandatum, &c. ut nomen papae in omnibus libris ecclesiasticis deleatur.
* According to MS. Jes. he left this appointment on his marriage, and went to read at Buckingham College, (afterwards Magdalen,) and returned to it on the death of his wife. Strype, too, says, and he is followed by the Biographia Britannica, that he married again when in Germany. It is true, that he had ao children. But Mr. Pridden, (who is followed by Mr. Wakefield, in his Life,) must have been greatly mistaken, in saying, he died a bachelor. It seems also a mistake, that states him to have been the eldest of several children. See Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire, p. 138.
Burnet", at an enormous expense to the Pope for bulls; and, it is said, with considerable reluctance on the side of Cranmer. However, “it was as fatal to refuse Henry's favours, as to offer him injuries".” He wrote a book, which was presented to the Pope, “proving God's law to be indispensable by the Pope.” He was also said, whether truly or not, to have assisted the King in writing , his book against Luther; had a principal hand in the Institutions of a Christian Man, and wrote on the corporal presence against Bishop Gardiner. He was also one of the fourteen who composed the Common Prayer, and had a principal hand in drawing up King Edward's Injunctions. - Bishop Burnet says, he saw two volumes in folio, written with his own hand, containing upon all the heads of religion, a vast heap, both of places of scripture, and quotations out of ancient fathers and later doctors and schoolmen, by which he governed himself in that work of the Reformation. - - He had also perused an original letter of Lord Burghly's, in which he says he had seen six or seven volumes of his writing. Pity it is, there was too much ground for what Bishop Burnet adds of Cranmer, that he was a cruel persecuter of heretics, and inclined to believe fanatical stories In Queen Mary’s reign, however, he was condemned for heresy, and, notwithstanding his recantation, was burnt at Oxford, in 1555. Previously to his martyrdom under Mary, it should seem that Cranmer acquired great estates under Edward. For, by a history of Nottinghamshire, that principally
* History of the Reformation, Book i. - . b Lloyd's Statesmen and Favourites of England, &c. p. 17.
concerns matters of property, it appears, that for the sum of 4291. 13s. 2d. he obtained numerous grants: the site of the priory of Arslecton, with the lands: the site of Kemsted, with the demesne lands, both in Yorkshire; and the rectory of Whatton and Arslecton, with the advowson of the churches, in Nottinghamshire, also the manor of Wood Hall, in Radcliffe, in Nottinghamshire; and the advowson, also, of Kingsworth, in Kent”. There are three portraits of the Archbishop in this college, of which one, at least, is original: it is in the Combination Room, and was given by Lord Middleton. This nobleman married a Cartwright, who was allied, by marriage, to the Cranmer family, in Nottinghamshire. There was a good engraving made from this painting, at the expense of a Mr. Cartwright, which may be seen in Thoroton's History. Among our Bishops of a more early period, most distinguished by his writings, was John Bale, the well-known antiquary, author of Summarium illustrium Britannicae Scriptorum; Bishop of Ossery, in Ireland, in 1552. Among those who would not take the covenant, there were ejected, by the parliament, in 1643, ten A. M.s, four B.D.s, and one D. D.". I am not aware that any are known by their writings; none, at least, are noticed by Walker, except Dr. Sterne, the master. He was chaplain to Archbishop Laud, and assisted in the Polyglott: he also wrote two or three pieces, noticed by Anthony Wood". At the Restoration he was made Bishop of Carlisle, and in May, 1664, translated to the Archbishopric
a Thoroton’s History of Nottinghamshire, p. 138. * Querela Cantabrigiensis, Walker mentions one more.
c Walker's Suffer. of the Clergy, p. 146.