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pened under Henry VIII. and as, in the original foundation, no two houses coalesced into one, nor yet the revenues of the former house constituted any part in those of the latter, all historical or biographical research into the state of the monastery lies beyond our inquiry. That Emmanuel College was, in some measure, origimally a nursery for Puritans, is known to every one; and every one too will remember the curious old song, called the MAD Puritan, meant as a banter, but characteristic of the place—
In the house of Pure Emanuel
Boldly I preach, -
f Nine times a day, - •
And fill your head with crotchets”.
It is not less known, that the celebrated Butler made excellent fun this way (I borrow Gray's language on another subject), when we understand him. Never was humour more plentifully poured forth, nor satire less equitably distributed: for observed it ought to be, that at the time we are alluding to, * the greatest part of the learned of the land were either eagerly affected, or fa
vourably inclined that way".”
• Pierce's Colleetion of English Ballads. b Letter of Mr. George Cranmer to Mr. Hooker, pref to his Eeele, siastical Polity.—My edition, of 1631, has met this letter iaio,
This is the concession of those very men, who opposed Puritanism; and the fact is, that the Reformers wished to have carried their principles further than they did : Puritanism was but an effort to give them fuller effect, and to carry them further. From the time of Henry VIII. to Charles II. great was the conflict among
Papists, Episcopalians, and Puritans, throughout the nation; and in the conflict politicians and theologians were alike engaged. In Henry's, Edward's, and Elizabeth's reigns, many who inclined to Popery conformed to Episcopacy, and in Mary's, many who had conformed to Episcopacy embraced Popery": in Elizabeth's, James the First's, and the two Charles's reigns, numerous were the Puritans who kept in with the church". These public facts gave birth to the popular ballad entitled “THE VICAR of BRAY.” ... . .
Whether this fluctuating state of opinion was influenced by policy and state expediency, or conviction and mere Christian simplicity, matters not. Many became satisfied with the established church. Many were secretly disaffected, wished for some alteration, or publicly opposed the established form. Those intended by Puritans in the course of this work, are of the latter description. g - :
These distinctions are made with two views; one, a desire, expressed before, to keep an even balance between contending parties; the other, with no censurable respect for my old founder; a desire that his nursery of Puritans should not be thought of too con
* See Bishop Burnet's Travels, p. sl, 52; ed. Rotterdam, 1686, Hist. of the Reform. Part 2. - . . . ,
“Hume's Hist, of England,
temptibly. Dr. Dillingham says, that Sir Walter spake of his act in founding the college, “as that of planting an acorn, of which he could not then see the issue”. Dr. Fuller makes this observation turn into a discourse, which Sir Walter had with Queen Elizabeth: “So, Sir Walter, you have been founding a college for Puritans.” To which he replied, “I have been sowing an acorn", and God only knows what fruit it will bear; but I hope it will produce nothing unfavourable to your majesty's government.” The principal of Elizabeth's ministers were Puritans. s On the north entrance is to be read, Sacrae Theologiae studiosis posuit Gualterus Mildmaius, A. D. 1584: that is, Walter Mildmay erected this house for students of sacred theology, A. D. 1584. He was descended of an ancient family, chancellor of the exchequer, and a privy counsellor of Queen Elizabeth". But to be more particular. Walter Mildmay was a younger son of Thomas Mildmay, Esq. of Chelmsford, in Essex, and a student, as before stated, of Christ College, under Mr. Chadderton. He was advanced for his skill in the mathematics", by Henry VIII. to a very profitable office in the Court of Augmentation, and knighted
f * Sic ergo glans quernea a Mildmaio plantata (ut de sese gaudebat loqui) aliquando in arborem evasura. Vita Chaddertoni. A Willelmo Dillingham, S.T. P.
* Hist, of Cambridge. * Charter of Foundation. The Mildmays were a very ancient family, and of consequence in the reign of King Stephen. One attended Ri
chard I. to the Holy Land, and received from that monarch an achievement, which now constitutes the arms of the family.
* As being in bellis suis non inutilem. Wit. Chaddertoni.