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CHAPTER VIII

Century XIX

THE CENTURY OF THE NOVEL

The "Lake Poets"

William Wordsworth -S. T. Coleridge;
Lyrical Ballads; Rime of the Ancient Mariner — Robert
Southey; his works - Coleridge's poetry; its incompleteness -
Wordsworth's life; slow appreciation of his poems Walter
Scott; boyhood; early literary work; Minstrelsy of the Scottish
Border; Abbotsford; failure of publishers; the historical novel
Lord Byron; Hours of Idleness; English Bards and Scotch
Reviewers; Childe Harold; Byron's later life and poems; two
subjects that interested him; attempts to aid the Greeks
Percy Bysshe Shelley; best poems; poetic qualities; death —
John Keats; Endymion and its reviews; later poems; Ode to a
Grecian Urn - Charles Lamb; his friends; poems; play; Tales
from Shakespeare; Specimens of Dramatic Poets, etc.; Essays
of Elia; freedom - Thomas De Quincey; first literary work;
Confessions of an English Opium-Eater; dependence; two of
his best known essays; his style; Edinburgh Review· Quarterly
Review Blackwood's Magazine - Jane Austen; her novels;
their excellence - 1832 a natural boundary - Charles Dickens ;
early struggles; The Pickwick Papers; later work; qualities
of his characters; method of caricature; hard work — W. M.
Thackeray; slowness of general appreciation; Vanity Fair;
Thackeray and Fielding; lectures; burlesques; best novels

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George Eliot ;" character of her first work; first fiction; The
Mill on the Floss; Silas Marner; character of her later books;
her work contrasted with Scott's; her seriousness of purpose
T. B. Macaulay; precocity; memory; first great essay; in poli-
tics; Lays of Ancient Rome; History of England - Thomas
Carlyle; his indecision; failures; marriage; Sartor Resartus ;
History of the French Revolution; Heroes and Hero-Worship;
Frederick the Great; final honors - John Ruskin; Modern
Painters; interest in workingmen; industrial ideas; poetical
titles; style-Matthew Arnold; The Forsaken Merman; Greek
restraint; prose criticism Robert Browning; Miss Barrett and
her poems; Browning's marriage; his dramas; Pippa Passes:

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

GEOFFREY CHAUCER. From the National Portrait Gallery.
Painter unknown
Frontispiece
PORTION OF The First Page of Beowulf. Folio 129r of
MS. Cott. Vitellius A. XV in the British Museum .
THE RUINS OF WHITBY ABBEY. From a photograph
MONK AT WORK ON THE BOOK OF KILDARE. From a MS.
in the British Museum

MEDIEVAL AUTHOR AT WORK. From a MS. in the library
at Soissons in Cutts's Scenes and Characters of the Middle
Ages

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KING ALFRED. From an engraving by Vertue in Annales
rerum gestarum Alfredi Magni by Asserius Menevensis
DEDICATION OF A SAXON CHURCH. From a MS. in the li-
brary at Rouen used in Knight's Popular History of England 20
SIR LAUNCELOT AND A HERMIT. From an illuminated MS.
of 1316 copied in Cutts's Middle Ages . .

A BAND OF MINSTRELS. From a fourteenth century MS. in
Cutts's Middle Ages

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SIR JOHN MANDEVILLE ON HIS VOYAGE TO PALESTINE. From a MS. in the British Museum copied in Cutts's Middle Ages

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JOHN WYCLIF. From the South Kensington National Por-
traits

THE PRIORESS. From the Ellesmere MS. .
THE WIFE OF BATH. From the Harleian MS.
THE SQUIRE. From the Ellesmere MS.

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A MYSTERY Play at CovenTRY. From an old print
A SCENE FROM "EVERYMAN." From a photograph of the
reproduction given by the Ben Greet Company.
CAXTON PRESENTED TO EDWARD IV. From Strutt's Ec-
clesiastical and Regal Antiquities

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EARLIEST KNOWN REPRESENTATION OF A PRINTING-PRESS.
From Blade's William Caxton

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SIR THOMAS MORE. From Holbein's Court of Henry VIII 72 A MASQUER. From John Nichol's Progress of James I 76 EDMUND SPENSER. From South Kensington National Portraits.

SIR PHILIP SIDNEY.

THE RED CROSS KNIGHT. From the third edition of the
Faerie Queene, 1598

SHAKESPEARE'S BIRTHPLACE AT STRATFORD.

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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. From the Chandos Portrait
BEN JONSON. From a painting by Gerard Honthorst .
JOHN MILTON. From a crayon drawing at Bayfordbury
PRINTING OFFICE OF 1619. From the title-page of a book
printed by William Jones in 1619

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JOHN BUNYAN. After a drawing from life in the British
Museum

JOHN DRYDEN

ALEXANDER POPE. From a portrait by Richardson

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JOSEPH ADDISON

JONATHAN SWIFT

DANIEL DEFOE

SAMUEL RICHARDSON

SAMUEL JOHNSON. After Sir Joshua Reynolds

OLIVER GOLDSMITH

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ROBERT BURNS. From the painting by Alexander Nasmyth

in the National Portrait Gallery

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SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE

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SIR WALTER SCOTT IN 1820. From the Chantry Bust
JOHN KEATS

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CHARLES DICKENS. After a crayon drawing by Sol Eytinge,
Jr.

WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY

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POETS' CORNER, Westminster ABBEY. From a photograph 251

MAP

PLACES MENTIONED IN ENGLISH LITERARY HISTORY (indexed double-page colored map)

Facing I

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