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than the march of ambition is the spread of the Redeemer's kingdom; than the conquest of nations, is the conversion of souls to God! And how much more interesting does it become in a new and unsetiled country, where various causes operate to loosen the bands of religious education, and to give scope and influence to the vices and passions of our nature; where the restraints of religion are not at first easily imposed, and the moral law is either neglected or despised. Under these circumstances, the labours of Missionaries are always great, and oftentimes, from the extent of their Cures, fatiguing and dangerous. When to all these is added, the unhealthiness of the climate, it is deeply interesting to the Christian, to see these Men of God, struggling with sickness, yet faithful and persevering, until they are cut down, in the midst of their usefulness, and in the prime of life.
Before the Revolution, many of the inhabitants resided on their plantations, and the Clergy in their Cures, through the whole of the year. Many, however, soon fell victims to the climate; or carried about with them constitutions, broken down by repeated attacks of disease, and languishing under premature old age. As the country became more cleared, and a larger surface of swamp lands exposed to the influence of the Sun, the lower country became more delelerious of human existence. But few of the Planters now reside on their plantations during the sickly months. At the beginning of summer, they generally remove to the Pine-land settlements, or come to town, and Divine Service, in most of the Parish Churches, is suspended during that period.
Under these impressions, I undertook to collect and arrange, the materials for an Historical Account of the Church. The great objects were, to rescue from total loss, many records now in a state of decay, and, if possible, to discover and preserve those which might be interesting, if not important, to Episcopalians. The Work, however, must rather be considered as a Chronological arrangement of facts, connected with the Church in Carolina, than as an ecclesiastical history; as a record of events, rather than of principles and opinions.
It has been justly remarked by our faithful Historian, that, every day that minute local histories of these states are deferred, is an injury to posterity, for by means thereof, more of that knowledge which ought to be transmitted to them, will be irrecoverably lost." He might likewise have added, that whoever possesses the means of enriching the stock of general information with useful, or interesting facts, and keeps them undisclosed, may justly be charged with this injury. Through the politeness of Mr. Watts, Secretary of State, and Mr. Levy, the Treasurer, I have had access to official records, which preceding Historians have either not seen, or not examined. They contain some interesting particulars of the first settlement of Carolina, hitherto unpublished; and notwithstanding the History of the Church did not strictly require much of the early civil history of the Province, yet, as it was probable, that no historical work would soon be published, in which they might appear, I have recorded the most interesting in the following pages, to preserve them for some future historian.
The work having exceeded the size originally intended, by more than 100 pages, it was found impossible to give the Journals of the Convention entire. They have been shortened by omitting, generally, complimentary resolves to Preachers and Officers, repititions of the same Report, long reports of the Treasurer, Resolutions for printing Journals, &c.
The sources whence the materials for the following work are mostly drawn, are, Humphreys' History of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and some of their subsequent Abstracts; the Register of the Bishop of London's Commissary in Carolina, and other records belonging to the Church; the Journals of the Vestries; Hewatt's, Milligan's, and Ramsay's Histories of So. Ca. and the information of some of our old inhabitants. And I take this opportunity to offer my acknowledgments to the Vestries of St. Philip's; St. Michael's; ChristChurch; St. John's, 'Berkley; St. John's, Colleton; St. Thomas and St. Dennis ; St. Andrew's; Prince George, Winyaw; St. James', Santee; St. James', Goose-Creek, and St. Bartholomew's, for allowing me the use of their Journals, and likewise to many other Gentlemen, who have very obligingly furnished me with much interesting information.
Ramsay's So. Ca. I. Preface, 7.
29. A List of Clergymen of the Church in So. Ca.
II Journals of the Convention in So. Ca.
Settlement of Charles-Town.
In the year 1662, certain noblemen applied to Charles the Second, for a Grant of an extensive territory in North-America. They alleged that they were influenced by a desire to enlarge his dominions, and by " zeal for the propagation of the Christian faith in a country not yet cultivated or planted, and only inhabited by some barbarous People, who had no knowledge of God.” . A Charter was granted by the King on the 24th of March, 1662-3, to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, Lord Chancellor; George, Duke of Albermarle; William, Lord Craven; John, Lord Berkley; Anthony, Lord Ashley, afterwards Earl of Shaftsbury; Sir George Carteret; Sir William Berkley; and Sir John Colleton, their Heirs and Successors; creating them absolute Lords and Proprietors of all the territory
“ extending from the North end of the Island called Lucke-I: land, which lieth in the Southern Virginia Seas, and within Six and Thirty Degrees of the Northern Latitude, and to the West as far as the South-Seas, and so Southerly as far as the River St. Matthias, which bordereth upon the Coast of Florida, and within One and Thirty Degrees of Northern Latitude, and so West in a direct line, as far as the South-Seas aforesaid," — to be called the Province of Carolina. The Faith, Allegiance and Sovereign Dominion, were reserved to the King, his Heirs and Successors forever. The third and eighteenth articles of this Grant, are in these words:
“III. And furthermore the Patronage and Advowsons of all the Churches and Chapels, which as the Christian Religion shall increase within the Country, Isles, Islets and Limits aforesaid, shall happen hereafter to be erected, together with License and Power to build and found Churches, Chapels and Oratories in convenient and fit Places, within the said Bounds and Limits, and to cause them to be dedicated and consecrated according to the Ecclesiastical Laws of our Kingdom of England, together with all and singular the like and as ample Rights, Jurisdictions, Privileges, Prerogatives, Royalties, Liberties, Immunities and Franchises of what kind soever, within the Countries, Isles, Islets and Limits aforesaid."
“ XVIII. And because it may happen, that some of the People and Inhabitants of the said Province, cannot in their private opinions conform to the public exercise of Religion, according to the Liturgy, Form and Ceremonies of the Church of England, or take and subscribe the Oaths and Articles made and established in that behalf, and for that the same, by reason of the remote Distances of these Places, will, we hope, be no Breach of the Unity and Uniformity established in this Nation, Our Will and Pleasure therefore is, and we do by these Presents, for us, our Heirs and Succes