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#s Philadelphia is incorporated, I request the corpo. ration of that city to undertake the management, agreeable to the said directions: and I do hereby vest them with full and ample powers for that pur. pose. And having considered that the covering the ground-plat with buildings and pavements, which carry off most rain, and prevent ils soaking into the earth, and renewing and purifying the springs, whence the water of the wells must gradually grow-worse, and in time be unfit for use, as I find has happened in all old cities; I recommend, that, at the end of the first hundred years, if not done before, the corporation of the city employ a part of the hundred thousand pounds in bringing by pipes the water of Wissahickon-creek into the town, so as to supply the inhabitants, which I apprehend may be done without great difficulty, the level of that creek being much above that of the city, and may be made higher by a dam. I also recommend making the Schuylkill completely navigable. At the end of the second hundred years, I would have the disposition of the four millions and sixty-one tholisand pounds divided between the inhabitants of the city of Philadelphia and the government of Pennsylvania, in the same manner herein directed with respect to that of the inhabitants of Boston and the government of Massachusetts. It is my desire that this institution should take place, and be. gin to operate, within one year after my decease ; for which purpose due notice should be publicly given, previously to the expiration of that year, that those for whose benefit this establishment is intend. ed may make their respective applications: and I hereby direct my executors, the survivors and sur. vivor of them, within six months after my decease, to pay over the said sum of two thousand pounde
sterling to such persons as shall be duly appointed by the select-men of Boston, and the corporation of Philadelphia, to receive and take charge of their respective sums of one thousand pounds each, for the purposes aforesaid. Considering the accidents to which all human affairs and projects are subject in such a length of time, I have perhaps too much flattered myself with a vain fancy, that these dispositions, if carried into execution, will be continued without interruption, and have the effects proposed; I hope, however, that if the inhabitants of the two cities shvuld not think fit to undertake the execution, they will at least accept the offer of these donations, as a mark of my good will, token of my gratitude, and testimony of my desire to be useful to them even after my departure. I wish, indeed, that they may both undertake to endeavor the execution of my project, because I think, that, though unfore. seen difficulties may arise, expedients will be found to remove them, and the scheme be found practicable. If one of them accepts the money with the conditions, and the other refuses, my will then is, that both sums he given to the inhabitants of the city accepting; the whole to be applied to the same purposes, and under the same regulations directed for the separate parts; and if both refuse, the money remains of course in the mass of my estate, and it is to be disposed of therewith, according to my will made the seventeenth day of July, 1788.
My fine crab-iree walking-stick, with a gold head curiously wrought in the form of the cap of Liberty, I give to my friend, and the friend of mankinde General W:ashington. If it were a sceptre, he has merited it, and would become ii.
NOTE. Dr. Franklin's legacy of £1000 sterling, or $4444 44 cts. to the corporation of Philadelphia, for the purpose of being loaned out in small sums to industrious tradesmen, at five per cent. interest, which interest was to be placed out continually on the same conditions, on the 31st of December, 1806, had increased three thousand four hundred and sixty-seven dollars and fifty-one cents.
HUMOUROUS, MORAL & LITERARY
ON EARLY MARRIAGES.
To John Alleyne, Esq. DEAR JACK, You desire, you say, my impartial thoughts on the subject of an early marriage, by way of answer to the numberless objections that have been made by numerous persons to your own. You may remem. ber, when you consulted me on the occasion, that I thought youth on both sides no objection. Indeed, from the marriages that have fallen under my obo servation, I am ratherinclined to think, that early ønes stand the best chance of happiness. The: temper and habits of the young are not yet become so stiff and uncomplying, as when more advanced in life; they form more easily to each other, and hence many occasions of disgust are removed.mm. And if youth has less of that prudence which is new çessary to manage a family, yet the parents and ele. der friends of young married persons are generally at hand to afford their advice, which amply supplies that defect ; and by early marriage, youth is soone er formed to regular and useful life, and possibly sume of those accidents or connections, that might have injured the constitution, or reputation, or both, are thereby happily prevented. Particular circumstances of particular persons, may possibly sometimes make it prudent to delay entering into that state ; but in general, when nature has rendere ed our bodies fit for it, the presumption is in ną.