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the Government, and therefore this pre- it in your Repository may, eventually, cipitate chauge of policy cannot but prove prove serviceable to their interests, as highly beneficial in its results to the well as an encouragement to others under general interests of humanity. The similar circumstances, it is at your serAssembly have offered, it is true, a high vice. bribe to the black and coloured classes,
C. H. by removing all their disabilities; but we think they have formed a most mistaken One of our members had been for seestimate of those classes if they expect veral years a class leader and local their support in any measures of resist. preacher in the Wesleyan Methodist ance to the Government and Parliament connexion in England; he had, for of this country. Their passions, we some considerable time, held opinions are persuaded, have here deluded them, that were not in strict accordance with We nevertheless rejoice exceedingly in the those of his Methodist friends, particuerent.
larly on the subject of future punishThe Assembly appear greaily alarmed ment, the eternal duration of which he also by the freedom with which the could not adinit, pot being able to reperiodical press of the island, and par- concile the doctrine of eternal punishticularly the Watchman and the Chris- ment with the acknowledged perfections tian Record, canvas the conduct of the of God, and the general tenor of divine plauters, and the pature and effects of revelation. His views on this subject slavery, and a bill has been brought in were generally known among the preachto restrain it, which has excited very ers and people ; among the latter there general opposition, particularly on the were many who thought with him; they part of the free black and coloured peo- spake often one to another on this and ple. The bill proposes to give summary other interesting subjects, aud he conpower to magistrates to euter printing- tinued united with them in Christian houses and seize types, papers, &c.; aud love and friendship during his stay among it inflicts on any one convicted of pub- them. On his removal to the island of lishiug seditious libels, the punishment Guernsey, having received an appointof transportation for life. Should such ment in the service of the customs, it so a law pass in the islaud, it could only happened that, in attending the Metholive until it reached England, where it dist chapel, he found one of the travel. must of necessity be disallowed.
ling preachers on the station to whom The House of Assembly was suddeuly he was well known; this man was a streaud unexpectedly prorogued by the muous advocate for the doctrine of Eternal Governor, probably to give them time Punishment; and although he was apto reflect calmly ou their peremptory re- parently very friendly, he secretly insijection of all improvement in their slave nuated among the people that such an code.
one was not sound in the faith, that he Messrs. Lecesne and Escoffery, whose held daugervus opinions, and that it names and whose sufferings are familiar would be advisable that the people should to our readers, had returned to Jamaica, have as little intercourse with him as after an exile of seven long years, and possible. This had its inteuded effect after having received the redress they with regard to the greater part of the had sought from the justice of this coun- members, but it excited the attention of try, for the cruel injuries they had sus others in a more excellent way; these taived from the government of Jamaica. manifested a friendly disposition towards Their return was hailed with the utmost the stranger, and sought opportunities to joy by the free black and coloured in converse with him on the subject of relihabitants.
It was on one of these occasions, when Unitarianism in Guernsey.
three of his Christians friends spent the
evening with him at his house, that Sir,
they expressed themselves as highly graA LETTER in your Repository for Fe- tified with the eveving's conversation ; bruary last, (uuder the head of “ Uni- and oue of them proposed a stated weekly tarianism in Guernsey,”) signed “E. meeting for the purpose of religious conWhitfield," and dated “ Ilminster," in- versation, &c. The proposal was gladly terested me so much, that I entered into embraced, and from that time I date a correspondence with the subject of it, the origin of the Unitarian Church in which, ultimately, led to their sending Guernsey ; not that either of us had any me the iuclosed. If it appears to you, idea of Unitarianism at that time; we had as it does to me, that the publication of scarcely heard of the name, and were al
together unacquainted with the doctrine, nishment for sin. We were not preand unconnected with its professors. pared for this conclusion. We were, I
Our first subject was God's Universal may say, alarmed at the result of our Love-to us a most delighiful theme. discussions on this subject; we saw The gracious declarations with which the clearly that the salration which the gosScriptures abound ou this subject, be- pel reveals is conditional; that repentance, came familiar to us; on this subject we faith, and good works, are essentially delighted to dwell; it excited in our necessary to our final acceptance with hearts sentiments of the purest gratitude, God; and that our state aud condition in and furnished us with the most powerful a future world depends upou our conmotives to love and fear God, and walk in duct in this. . We now beliered that God his way.
sent his Son not to satisfy his justice by Amoug other arguments to prore the paying the sinner's debt, but to bless manuniversality of God's love to mankind, kind by turning them from their iniquiwe laid no small stress upon what we had ties; that obedience to his precepts and been taught to believe as the doctriue conformity to his example is the best of atonement, that the justice of God had proof we can give of our love to Christ, been sa'isfied for the sins of mankind and we determined accordingly. by the sufferings and death of Christ, - About this time, reading in “ Evans's that he had not only paid a debt, but had Sketch," we found a reference to a book also purchased salvation for us. Such called the “ Antisatisfactionist;" this were the ideas which pervaded every we immediately procured; it was to us part of our religious services, to which we a most valuable acquisition, and conhad been accustomed for years; we had firmed us in our change of opiniou on been taught to sing repeatedly,
the doctrine of Atovement. We next
rentured to discuss what we had been “ Lord, I believe were sinners more
taught to believe as the divinity of Tbav sands upon the ocean shore,
Christ, that it was essential to the saThou hast for all a ransom paid, tisfaction required for the sins of manFor all a full atonement inade."
kind, that Christ should be God as well “ For all my Lord was crucified,
as man, otherwise it could vot be an inFor all, for all, my Saviour died,
finite satisfaction. The following is the His blood atoped for all our race,
language of our hymus in reference 10 And sprinkles now the throne of
“ Equal with God most high, “ Behold the Lamb of God who bears
He laid his glory by, The sins of all the world away,” &c.
He, the Eternal God was born /"
“ God, in this dark vale of tears, The reiteration of the doctrine of A man of griefs was seen ; Eternal Punishment, (commonly a more Here, for three and thirty years, harsh expression,) which sounded in our He dwelt with sinful meu." ears in almost every sermon, appeared to
Then he dies. us so inconsistent with our hymns, and so contradictory to the positive declara- " Come see, ye worms, your Maker die ! tion of the Almighty, “I will not con- And say was ever grief like his." tend for ever, neither will I be always And again. wroth; for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made," "The Immortal God hath died for me."" Isaiah lvii. 16, that it excited our as- We now perceived the impropriety of such conishment, and led us to a more parti- language, and having given up the doccular consideration of the subject, than, trine of satisfaction, the argument for perhaps, we otherwise should have given the Deity of Christ, arising from the it, uvuil we came at length to perceive supposed necessity of an infinite satisthat the doctrine of Atonement, as we faction, lost all its force, and we soon had been taught, was not ouly inconsist- came to the conclusion, that as there is ent with eternal punishment, but incom- but one God, and that one God is so patible with any punishment at all; for it clearly distinguished in scripture as a now appeared to us, that if full satisfac- distinct being from Jesus Christ, as hay. tion has been made to Divine Justice for ing sent him, anointed him, raised him the sins of mankind, and if the whole from the dead, &c., &c., that Jesus Christ world be included in that satisfaction as could not be God in the strict and proper stated above, then in that case, it struck sepse of the word. us forcibly, there could be no future pu- Our friends now began to feel dissa
tisfied in attending public worship at we call the church book,) to which we those places where they were under the all signed our names, and solemnly enpecessity of hearing many things which gaged to walk so as to please God, by they could not approve; and being firmly carefully guarding agaiust wery thing persuaded, from a careful atteution to which we know to be contrary to his the Holy Scriptures, that the God and revealed will, and, by a conscientious Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is the discharge of moral and religious duties, only proper object of religious worship, to maintain coneciences void of offence it was finally agreed, that we should towards God and man. meet together at the house of one of our We then had a room fitted up for the frieuds on the Lord's-day, for the pur- public worship of the only true God, in pose of uniting in the worship of God, the name and as the disciples of Jesus in what appeared to us a more scriptural Christ, whom he had sent. We also comway than we could find elsewhere. menced preaching twice on the Lord's
We now began to feel some incon- day, which we still continue; our convenience from the want of proper hymns gregations have never been large, but to assist us in singing the praises of God; they have been in general regular, from those to which we had been hithertó five-and twenty to thirty, upon an aveaccustomed now appeared to us as highly rage, and seldom more. It is now someerceptionable. We had heard of Mr. thing more than nine years ago the Aspland, as the respectable Editor of the Guernsey Unitarian Church was formed; Monthly Repository, and took the liberty and having obtained help of God we couof writing to him for his advice respect- tinued to this day; our present prospects ing a Hypn Book. He, in the most ob- are not very cheering—the disadvantages liging manver, replied to our request; under which we labour are well describand having subsequently had an oppor- ed by our excellent friend Mr. Whitfielt tunity of seeing his “ Selection of Psalmis in the Monthly Repository. As you have aud Hymns for Vuitarian Worship,” it seen this, there is the less necessity of my met with our mutual approbation; we entering into a more circumstantial acaccordingly sent for a few copies, and count in regard to this particular. I pray Mr. Aspland had the goodness to send God to continue his gooduess towards us, with them a present of various Unitarian by keeping us in the right way, that we publications, including several copies of may stand fast in one spirit, with one his owo published Sermons, which was mind, striving together for the faith of to us a most valuable acquisition, not the gospel. only confirming us in the belief of the truth as far as we understood it, but also as it increased our means of infor
Locke's Monument. mation. We shall ever feel a grateful On Wednesday, Feb. 9th, a Meeting remembrance of this kiudness, and also of the Subscribers to a Fund for the his further kindness towards us shortly erection of a Monument to John Locke, afterwards, in procuring for us a dona- was held at the Freemasons' Tavern. tion of books from the Unitarian Society, The subscription for the uudertaking which were transmitted to us by Dr. Rees, commenced in ihe year 1808, when a the Secretary, who kindly added to them small suin was collected. In 1816 the some of his own Tracts.
amount in hand was 4551. 8s. 6d., which Our meeting for worship was at first was invested in the Funds, and, with the rather of a private nature than otherwise. accumulatious, now amounts to 8461. 68, We met together for singing, and prayer, 3d. In consequence of the large sums de. and reading the Scriptures. The bre- manded for fees, the Monument could not thren in turn also read a sermon. We be erected in St. Paul's Cathedral or Westhad, however, excited public attention, minster Abbey; and it was therefore proand soon had occasional visiters at our posed that it should be placed in the Hall meetings, until at length circumstances of the London University, to which it appeared favourable to our opening a was stated there would be no objectiou. place of worship in a more public way. The Monument is to be similar to that We therefore thought it expedient to of Lord Erskine, in Lincoln's Inn Hall, form ourselves into something like church the expeuse of which was 12001. Mr. order, and mutually pledged each other Westmacott is the artist. The subscripin the fear of God and as the disciples of tion has been augmented by a donation his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, to submit of 1001. from Lord King, the faithful to certaiu regulations, unanimously adopt- biographer of the great metaphysician. ed for our church government, discipline, &c., which was inserted in a book, (which
The Auniversary of the Southern liniThe Jews are at this moment taking
tarian Fund will be held at Portsmouth,
8 on Good Friday, April 1st. There will a very active part in the Polish Revolu
be service in the forenoon at the General tion. They are publishing at Warsaw a
Baptist Chapel, after which the business newspaper in Hebrew, of which we have
of the Society will be transacted ; and seen several numbers in Paris. — Le
in the evening at the Chapel in High Globe.
Street. The Rev. E. Chapman, of DeptNOTICES.
ford, is expected to preach. A MEETING of the Somerset and Dorset Unitarian Association will be holder at The Annual Sermon for the relief of Ilminster, on Good Friday, April 1. The the necessitous Widows and Children of Rev. Robert Cree, of Bridport, is expect. Protestant Dissenting Ministers, will be ed to preach in the morning, and the preached on Wednesday, the 13th April Rev. W. S. Brown, of Bridgewater, in the next, at the Rev. John Clayton's Chapel, evening. The business of the Association in the Poultry, by the Rev. John Burwill be transacted immediately after the nett, of Camberwell. Service to begin morning service, aud a full attendance of at Twelve o'clock at noon precisely. The the subscribers and friends is particularly subscribers and friends to the Society desired.
E. W., Sec. will afterwards dive together at the Al.
bion Taveru in Aldersgate Street. The Half yearly Meeting of the Hull, East York, and North Lincoloshire Unitarian Association, will be held at Lin.
Ministerial Settlement. colp, on Friday the 1st of April; when
The Rev. GeoRGE SKEY has accepted the Rev. J. R. Beard, of Manchester, and
an invitation to become Pastor of the the Rev. E. Higginson, of Hull, are ex
Unitarian Congregation at Hinckley, Leipected to preach.
cestersbire. Lincoln, Feb. 19, 1831.
Historical Sketch of the Bank of E11The Doctrine of the Trinity founded glavd: with an Examination of the Quesneither on Scripture, por ou Reason and tion as to the Prolongation of the ExcluCommon Sense. By W. H. Drummond, sive Privileges of that Establishment. D. D. Third edition. With considerable Letter to the Right Hon. Francis Jef. additions. 58. 6d.
frey, Lord Advocate of Scotland. Objections to Unitarian Christianity Castle's Manual of Surgery. Third considered. By Dr. Channing. 4d.; on edition. 10s. 6d. common paper, for distribution, 2d.
The American Almanac and ReposiHints illustrative of the Duty of Dis. tory of Useful Knowledge for 1831. sent. By a Congregatiopal Nouconfor- The Marchmont Papers. By Sir G. mist. 6d.
Rose. 3 Vols. 8vo. Remarks on the present State of the Crotchet Castle. By the Author of Dissenting Interest. By One of the Headlong Hall. Laity. 28. 6d.
Essay on the Distribution of Wealth A Brief Statement of the Proceedings and the Sources of Taxation. By Rev. of the London Presbytery, in the Case of R. Jones. the Rev. E. Irving
American Stories for Children. Edited A Treatise on the Nature and Causes by Miss Mitford. 3 Vols. of Doubt in Religious Questions. 58. MISCELLANEOUS
Preparing for Publication. Hinton's History and Topography of A second Volume of Sermous designed the United States. Parts VII. VIII, IX. to be Used in Families. 38. each.
CORRESPONDENCE. 0. P. Q. next month. Communications received from Te Tace; W. L.; L.; and H.
THE MONTHLY REPOSITORY
NEW SERIES, No. LII.
PHYSICAL CONSIDERATIONS CONNECTED WITH MAN'S ULTIMATE
THERE are three ways of regarding the condition of the human being after death, each of which has its advocates, since the subject presents but a choice of difficulties. Men will not cease to speculate on a subject in which each has an individual interest, though a very scanty portion of evidence can, from the nature of the case, be obtained at present, and science, both physical and metaphysical, must have advanced to a degree which we can scarcely anticipate before any thing like certainty can be established as to the essence of human identity, the mode in which that identity is preserved, and the circumstances by which it shall be surrounded after death. There are a multitude of accessories to the interest which attends this very obscure inquiry. A being, whose individual fate was in no way involved in the question,-one who could contemplate humanity without being subject to its ordinary conditions—the Wandering Jew, for instance, or St. Leon-could not but feel a stirring curiosity about the destination of such a creature as man, after it was known that death is not the end of being. He would look on him one day, every fibre thrilling with life; and every limb, powerful in its muscular strength, made tenfold more powerful by the direction given to that strength by some internal existence made known only through its controul over the outward man. He would look on him again and see the external frame, fearfully wonderful in the delicacy of its organization, but cold, insensible, tending to decay ; and as for the power within—what and where is it? Is it asleep? Is it departed ? Is it there, conscious and watchful, though in no way manifested to the observer? How intense, how irritating would be the curiosity such a wanderer of the earth would feel as he tracked the steps of death age after age through many climes, keeping
* An Essay on such Physical Considerations as are connected with Man's Ultimate Destination; the Essential Constitution of Superior Beings; and the Presumptive Uuity of Nature. By Andrew Carmichael, M. R. I. A. Dublin. 1830.