Anniversary of the Unitarian Meet. Clarke, of Norton; Reading of the Scriping-House, Greengate, Salford. tures and dedicatory prayer, by Mr. Pier

pont, of Boston ; Sermon, by Mr. Ha. The Sixth Anniversary of the opening

8 milton, Pastor of the Church; Conclud. of the Unitarian Meeting-house, Greengate, Salford, was held on Sunday and

ing prayer, by Mr. Hodges, of Bridge

water. In the afternoon, above seventy Monday, December 26th and 27th. The

pews were sold at an advance, beyond Rev. J. C. Ledlie, D. D., of Larne, Ireland, aided in the introductory parts by

the appraisement, of more than 700 dol

lars. the Rev. J. G. Robberds, and the Rer. W.

Oct. 13. The edifice recently erected Gaskell, conducted the religious services; and John Bowring, LL.D., F. L. S.

for the Second Congregational Society in

Scituate, dedicated. Introductory prayer MR. A. S., &c., &c., supported in the

and reading of the Scriptures, by Mr. vice-chair by J. E. Taylor, Esq., pre

Kent, of Duxbury ; Dedicatory prayer, by sided at the dinner which took place ou

Dr. Kendall, of Plymouth; Sermou, by the occasion. .

Mr. Deane, Pastor of the Church ; ConThe interest experienced at this reli. gious festival was of the most intense

cluding prayer, by Mr. Brooks, of Hingkind, while the spirit of Christiao love,

ham. The day after the Dedication, all

e, the pews on the floor were sold, and 773 embracing the great brotherhood of man,

dollars raised above the cost of the pervaded every heart and brightened

house. every eye. This latter effect was chiefly

Oct. 13. Mr. Ebenezer Robinson inowing to the truly Christian temper of

stalled as Minister of the Precinct of SaDr. Ledlie's valuable discourses—the

lem and Beverly. Introductory prayer former to the philanthropy, the ardour,

and address to the society, by Mri Sewall, the poetic imagination, the brilliant

of Danvers ; Sermon, by Mr. Bartlett, views, the devout inspiration of the Chairman's mind, which created in the

of Marblehead ; Prayer of installation

aud charge, by Mr. Loring, of Andover ; audience a height and depth, a leugth

right hand of Fellowship, by Mr. Thayer, and breadth, of emotion in favour of the

of Beverly.-Unitarian Advocate. great interests of the human race, such as have never before been felt by ourselves on any similar occasion. Delight

Theological School at Cambridge. ful day! the remembrance of it will live in near two hundred hearts, cherished The state of this important seminary and pleasurable till all earthly emotions is such as to gratify the friends of pure are obliterated, and those scenes are un- Christianity. It has nearly forty stuveiled of which the brightest days on dents, besides candidates for the minisearth are but shadows.

try, receiving instruction from five Pro

fessors; 1, in Natural Religion and AMERICA.

Christian Theology ; 2, in the Hebrew

Language, Jewish Antiquities, and the Unitarian Ordination, Dedications,

Criticism and Interpretation of the Old and Installation.

Testament ; 3, on the Criticism and lu. Oct. 5. Mr. Cazneau Palfrey, from the terpretation of the New Testament; 4, Cambridge Theological School, ordained in the German Language and Literature; as Pastor of the First Unitarian Society 5, in the Composition and Delivery of in the city of Washington, D. C. Intro- Sermons, and the Duties of the Pastoral ductory prayer, reading of the Scriptures, office. and right hand of fellowship, by Mr. The students come together every Goodwin, of Concord; Ordaining prayer, morning and evening for prayers; ouce address to the society, and concluding a week for deliberative discussions; and prayer, by Mr. Burvap, of Baltimore; three times a week for preaching before Sermon and Charge, by Mr. Parkman, of the Professors, at one of which the disBoston.

course is required to be extemporaneOct. 7. The new Church of the First ous. Congregational Society in Tauuton, de- Besides the privileges belonging pecu. dicated. Introductory prayer, by Mr. liarly to the school, the members have access to the library of the University,

NOTICE. and to all the lectures of its Professors.

The Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of The friends of this Institution will be

pe Trustees will be held in Cross street pleased to learn that the Inauguration of Chapel-rooms, Manchester, on Thurs. Rev. Henry Ware, Jun., as Professor of day, the 24th day of February uext, at Pulpit Eloquence and the Pastoral Care, eleven o'clock in the forepoou. took place on the 15th of last month, and that he has entered upon the duties of his office.- 1b.

Manchester, Jan. 22, 1831.

J. J. TAYLER,...

} Secretaries.


A Popular Sketch of the History of

Poland. By W. J. Thoms. Christ and Christianity. By W. di The Life of Sir H. Davy. By Dr. Fox. 2 Vols.

Paris. 4to. The Book of Common Prayer Reform

The Bereaved, Kenilworth, and other ed, according to the Plan of Dr. S.

Poems. By Rev. E. Whitfield. Clarke.

Elements of Plane and Spberical TriThe Rise, Progress, and Present In.

gonometry, with the First Principles of fluence of Wesleyan Methodism.

Analytic Geometry. By James ThomSermons. By James Parsons, York.

son, LL. D., Professor of Mathematics I Vol. 8vo.

in Belfast College. 43. Divarication of the New Testament

An Introduction to the Differential and into Doctrine and History. By T.

Integral Calculus, with an Appendix il. Wirgman.

lustrative of the Theory of Curves. By The True Nature of Christ's Person

James Thomson, LL. D., Professor of and Atonement, in Reply to the Un

Mathematics in Belfast College. 98. scriptural Views of Rev. É. Irving. By w. Urwick. Moderu Fanaticism Unveiled. 12mo.

LITERARY NOTICES. Six Sermons on the Study of the Holy The Rev. Mr. Griesfield has circulated Scriptures. By Rev. S. Lee, D.D. 8vo.

a specimen of a projected Edition of a MISCELLANEOUS.

Greek Testament, to be copiously illus

trated from the Septuagint. Stapleton's Political Life of Mr. Can- Mr. Booth, the Author of “The Anaping. 3 Vols, 8vo.

lytical Dictionary," has a work in the Moore's Life of Lord Byron. 4to. Press on “ The Principles of English Vol. II.


CORRESPONDENCE. “ As speedily as possible," and we shall be very thankful.

The remarks on the Chronology, &c., of the Gospel Narratives, will be resunied next month.

J. is anticipated, is what he proposes be done at all.
“ Dreams may come," as Hamlet says.
We regret that it is our wish to decline number four, but we cannot help it.
0. P. Q. will be acceptable.

Mr. Teggin's message to Theophilus I. S. would be an advertisement, and its insertion would subject us to certain unpleasant consequences.

The communications of a very valued correspondent have been again delayed by being directed to Walworth, instead of Walbrook, Buildings.





MARCH, 1831.


To the Editor. SIR, THERE may be nothing in the following considerations on the Evidence of the Resurrection, which has not been already and better stated by others; but they have at least the merit of being a faithful transcript of the firm convictions of a mind that has reflected with much earnestness on the subject. In the humble hope that the language of deep and sincere belief may prove efficacious in some few instances to excite the attention and confirm the faith of the serious inquirer after truth, I submit them to the candid judgment of your readers.

PHILALETHES MANCUNIENSIS. What constitutes a Christian believer, in the strictest sense ? Simply reverencing the moral character and adopting the moral principles of Christ ? Or is the acknowledgment of his supernatural powers and divine authority indispensable to our properly assuming the appellation ? Christianity, in its indirect influences, has so generally improved and elevated the moral sentiments of mankind, that numbers partake of its spirit, and so far, we hope and believe, fulfil its intentions, who have not examined, or who do not admit the evidences of its miraculous origin : and this diffusion of its moral power, even amongst those who are unconscious of the obligation, is a fact in which every friend to the well-being and happiness of man must heartily rejoice. It cannot, however, be denied, that something more than this general sympathy with the moral tendencies of the gospel is distinctly required by the language of the New Testament, as the test of a proper belief in Christ. The apostles propagated by their preaching the religion which their Master had planted; and their whole testimony bore directly on this one fact, that Christ, in the fulfilment of his divine mission, had risen from the dead. Whoever admits their testimony in this essential point, is converted by their preaching and becomes a Christian. Whoever disputes or denies the fact, thus strongly and unanimously asserted by them, must

VOL. v.


conceive their whole preaching to be founded on a delusion, and that they have transmitted to us a false impression of the character and office of Christ.

It behoves every one, therefore, to examine the apostolic testimony to this fact with the closest attention and the strictest impartiality ; since on the credibility of that testimony rests the solution of the important question, whether Christianity is to be considered of divine, or of merely human, origin. The admission of the resurrection, with all the inferences deducible from it, constitutes the faith of a Christian in the strict and proper sense. When the evidence of that event has once been rendered conclusive to the mind, less difficulty will be felt in aulmitting the other miracles of the Scripture history. If we can only bring ourselves to believe that Christ actually rose from the dead, we may claim our part in the blessings and privileges of the gospel covenant.

Before entering on the examination of the evidence of this fact, let us premise a few words on the value of human testimony, and on the limits by which some have contended it must be circumscribed.

A reliance on the uniformity of causation-in other words, the assumption, that like causes will always produce like effects-is the criterion of all evidence, and the foundation of all belief, in regard both to moral and to physical events. We confidently expect a certain result under given circumstances, because we have always found it occur ; and if the result varies from what we anticipated, we conclude at once, that some change has taken place in the foregoing circumstances, of which we were not aware. Under given circumstances, we place the most implicit trust in the testimony of individuals, because, in those circumstances, we have never known them deceive or be deceived.

This fundamental principle, implied in all our reasonings and expectations, has been recently illustrated with great force and beauty by the author of Essays on the Pursuit of Truth, &c.; and it is indeed impossible to contest it, as soon as ever the terms in which it is stated are clearly understood. To one of the illustrations, however, adopted by this ingenious writer, in weighing the force of human testimony against an assumed contrariety to the uniformity of physical causation, we feel ourselves compelled to demur. In reference to the disposition of mankind, on particular occasions, to place a disproportionate trust in human testimony, he observes, * and justly, that the force of that testimony rests on the very same principle on which the evidence of physical facts is admitted, viz. that like causes will always produce like effects; and he adds, “ it not unfrequently happens that, while external circumstances tend to confirm the testimony, the nature and circumstances of the facts attested render it highly improbable that any such facts should have taken place, and these two sets of circumstances may be so exactly equivalent as to leave the mind in irremediable doubt.” He supposes a case, t in which “ a great number of people- people too of reputation, science, and perspicacity,” with “ no motive for falsehood,” with “ discernment to perceive, and honesty to tell the real truth," " whose interests would essentially suffer from any departure from veracity," bear their “ concurrent testimony" to the fact of having seen “a cubic inch of ice exposed to a temperature of 200 degrees of Fahrenheit,” and of having found “ at the expiration of an hour that it retained its solidity.” In this case, he contends that the unexceptionable character of the testimony could

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not overcome the alleged repugnance of the fact to the laws of nature, and render it credible. Is he justified in that opinion ? With deference to the judgment of so able a writer, we humbly conceive not. Under the circumstances supposed, it seems impossible that testimony should be false. Are we then to admit a suspension of the uniformity of causation-in other words, an effect without a cause? Most assuredly not: but we submit that, in this case, our knowledge of the laws of the human mind lies more within Our compass, and must be more complete, than our knowledge of the laws and agencies of nature; and that if an effect, like the one supposed, were actually attested in the way supposed, it must have arisen from some unknown cause having been called into operation, some new element or principle having been introduced into the foregoing circumstances, which had changed their character, but which had escaped the attention of the observers. To adopt any other conclusion, would seem to imply that there could be no laws of nature, no modes of divine agency, but what had fallen under our own notice, to bind the Deity by rules that we had deduced from a narrow survey of his works, and to measure the possibilities of creation by the limited results of our own experience. It is true, that the fixed and constant uniformity of causation is what first leads us to the acknowledgment of a Supreme Intelligence; but, when we have thus arrived at the knowledge of that First Cause, when the regularity and harmony of creation have compelled us to have recourse to a Creator, we can reason downwards from God to his works and his laws, and instead of supposing them to subsist in their present order and connexion from any inherent necessity, can view them as the spontaneous effects and voluntary combinations of his comprehensive wisdom and universal providence. That there is in some minds, and in certain periods of society, an unthinking and incautious proneness to rely on human testimony, is at once admitted; but there has also existed, and there still exists, in the world—perhaps the result of a resiliency against the former state of mind, and one of the collateral effects of a too exclusive cultivation of the exact sciences and the inductive philosophy-as unreasonable an incredulity in the best attested facts that have not chanced to coincide with the actual tenor of recorded experience. Testimony does not spring up of its own accord; it results from determinate causes, and is governed by determinate laws; nor are we at liberty to dispute the facts, to the existence of which it clearly and steadily points, though we may be unable to account satisfactorily for their origin.

Let us now consider the evidence for the resurrection of Jesus. We assome, without hesitation, the authenticity and general credibility of the books of the New Testament. Whatever view be taken of the miraculous in their narratives, no rational doubt can any longer be entertained by persons of competent information, that those books have come down from the first age of Christianity, and that they contain a faithful representation of the character and teachings of Christ, and of the testimony borne to him by the apostles. The genuineness of the writings of John and of most of the Episcles of Paul, is universally admitted. The Acts of the Apostles is unanimously ascribed to Luke, and may be traced back to the apostolic age. Should we even admit that the three first gospels are not independent authorities, but have drawn their materials from a common source, yet that common source is referred by Eichhorn, the most fearless and sagacious of inquirers, to the very commencement of the Christian dispensation, and is supposed by him to have contained all the leading incidents of the public ministry of Jesus, including bis resurrection, and our Lord's prophetic an

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