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recent human authorities to the autho- tian, who makes copscience of his ways, rity of Christ is not, however, peculiiar to examine the cause, and to look into to Catholics. Many members of the the grounds of this war, whether they be churches of England and of Scotlard not just or not, which cannot be known but only bow to such authorities, but allege by reading the Alkoran, in which we see the vecessity of having such for deter- the Mahometans to be the enemies of the mining the sense of the Scriptures, and cross of Christ in denying his death, and directing the affairs of the church : and of his divinity also, in that they deny his even among the Dissenters, how often godhead. We shall find so many passages does the extravagant admiration of a fa- in it repugnant to, and destructive of, vourite preacher raise him in the minds Christian religion, that Christian princes of his hearers into the place of an angel, are bound to oppose the enemies thereof, and lead them, while they forget their after the example of those glorions emallegiance to Jesus oply, to submit their perors, Constantine, who mnade war minds so readily and willingly to his against the Heatheni princes Maxentius, dictation, that to then he may be consi- Maximivus, and Licinins, of Theodosius dered as bearing the relation of a pope! the Elder against the tyrant Eugenius,
Another expression, which we find in the worshiper of Hercules, of Theodothe ninth chapter, is the following: sius the Younger against the Saraceus,
“ Fight at all times against unbeliev- of Honorius against the Goths, all eneers, as they will fight against you." mies of Christ, by whose assistance they
Here Mohammed grounds his com- got notable victories and glorious trimand upon the principle of self-defence umphs." and retaliation, a principle opposed to But, to come to still more modern the spirit and precepts of Jesus Christ, times, let me request your readers to but in perfect conformity with the pre- consider the spirit which has been mavailing sentiments and habits of his pro- pifested by our own countrymen, in refessed disciples. I presume your readers gard to the contest just ended between must be so fully aware of this fact, that the Turks and the Greeks. How much it would be a waste of words to cite of the animosity against the former was proofs relative to the periods when Mo- grounded in religious motives! The hammed himself took the field, and when English were exhorted to subscribe tohis followers effected their most splendid wards the expenses of carrying on the conqnests. But it may not be so gene- war, because it was “ the cause of the rally present to their recollection, that in cross against the crescent;" and the call very recent times this principle has beeu was repeated from no quarter more enerarowed and acted on by Christians. I getically than from persons connected have made the above extracts from the with the enlightened and orthodox Unifirst English translation of the Koran. versity of Cambridge. It was published A. D. 1649, “newly It has been, I believe, a very general Englished," as the title states, “ for the principle with Mobam inedans, to allow satisfaction of all tbat desire to look jutoto unbelievers the choice of three alterthe Turkish vanities.” A long apology natives, conversion, death, or the paywas deened vecessary for venturing upon ment of tribute. But let Christiaus bethe publication of such a “ Gallimaufry ware of citiug these hard couditions as of Errors," and, accordingly, the learned an accusation against the opposite party, Alexander Ross, Chaplain to Charles I., unless they can shew that themselves was employed to explain the reasons have maintained a different principle. which made it proper that Christians For my own part, I am upable to disshould be acquainted with the conteuts cover that the real difference is in favour of the Koran. This “ needful caveat," of the so-called Christians. Were I to subjoined to the translation, after pour leave Loudon, and reside in a Moham. ing out threats and revilings, exceediug medau country, I should be required to in number and viruleuce all that Mr. pay tribute : last week I was compelled, Madden and other Oriental travellers under pain of imprisonment, to pay trihave written down from the mouths of bute to a church, the worship of which is Saracen infidels, gives the following, in my opinion more objectionable than among other reasons, for the study of that of the Mosque. In any Mohammethe book :
dan country the laws and government “ 12. The Turks are our neighbours, would grant me, I believe, full liberty to and their territories border upon the do- defend and promulgate my opinions : in minions of Christendom. There have Scotland I preached under exposure, acbeen continual wars, and will be still cording to the law of the land, to impribetween us. It concerneth every Chris- sonment and death ; and your readers will recollect that, after that law was re- would probably arise, whether such a pealed by Mr. W. Smith's Act, Dr. Bur. thing could be permitted. The Act of gess, one of the most learned and amia. William and Mary, and the decisions of ble of the Eoglish prelates, published a various Chancellors and Chief Justices, pamphlet, in which he admitied that the would be quoted against it. But, suppunishment of death was too severe, but pose the legal difficulty could be got orer, asserted, that his Right Reverend Bre- how would pious Christians of every thren had been tricked into the lamented sect be dismayed and horror-struck at concession, and recommended that those the proposal ! Not many years ago, a cruel and di-graceful laws, with the ex. mob was raised in Glasgow to prevent cep'ion only of the statutory infliction of the Catholics from building their incapital punishment, should be re-en- tended chapel. With what ten-fold reactel.
pugdance would they have heard of the Iudeed, I am persuaded that, notwith. erection of a mosque ! standing our boasting accusations against If we go to Rome, the metropolis of the professors of Islamism, we are quite Christendom, we go from church to as intolerant as they. I do not mean church, survey its works of art and its that they have written large books, such reliques, and find each attendant ready as “ Locke on Toleration," but that they with a lie for every paul we gire bin. bare in many instances inculcated the Amidst other wonders, we are told of principles of that book by their practice. one, which is a real fact, the opening of The publication of such learned and la. an Euglish Episcopal chapel, which Pins borious treatises would have been useless VII. allowed to be established without among them, however necessary for us. the walls, as a special farour in cousiNor was it possible that the learned Mo- deration of the services rendered by the hammedans, however liberal, could have Euglish authorities in preserving his dowritten such a book as Linborch's His minions from spoliation at the Congress tory of the Inquisition, not because they of Vienna. Iu England, we often hear had not draughtsmen and engravers to this Protestant chapel at Rome menexecute its heart-withering decorations, tioned as a gratifying proof of the inbut because the ingenious and protracted creasing light and liberal spirit of the tortures, the gorgeous array, the secret age. But the fact is one which should tribunal, the classification of penitents, give us more cause for shame than tridistinguished by the different forms and umph, at least if we apply the circumarrangements of flames and devils painted stauce to the comparison between Chrison their robes, the banuers of the various tianity, so called, and Islamism. The inquisitorial colleges, and the whole Mohammedans have commonly acted on pomp and circumstance of the Auto da the principle of Solymau the Great, that, Fe, were unknown among them.
as in a collection of flowers the beauty There has been, I believe, one period, of one kind is augmented by contrast and one only, since the general esta- and combination with the rest, so mublishment of Christianity, when Spain tual advantage is derived from the mixmight be said to enjoy the blessings of ture of differeut nations and religious toleration. This was the splendid pe- professions under the same just and riod of Moorish domination. Under the equal government. Hence, not only is governident of the Moors, liberty of there no exclusion of Mohammedays by worship was granted to both Christians other sects of Mohammedans, but Jews and Jews ; but since that time the Ca- and Trinitarian Christians are allowed tholic Church, far from permitting Mo- to exercise their various rites and forms hammedans and Jews to worship at of worship. their ease, has not been able to endure I t wow only remains for me to add a that even Christians of another sect, word or two in reply to your correthough varying ever so little in doctrines spondent's last paragraph, in which he or ceremonies, should establish them- refers to the result of the late war with selves in Spain.
Russia, to disprove the “ steady patriotWe call ourselves an enlightened pa- ism” of the Turks. On referring again tion, and on this ground assume to our- to my letter, he will observe that the selves the right of waging war against evidences of Turkish patriotism, wbich I the Turks, whom we stigmatize as igno- produced from Tournefort, did not conrant, ferocious bigots. Let us suppose, sist in military achievements, but in the then, that a numerous conipany of Mos. acts of a peuceful and enlightened patriotlems were to arrive in Londou and to ism, such as a consistent Christian can express their intention of opening a commend and justify, namely, in en. mosque, In the first place, a question dowing colleges for education, in build
ing hospitals for the sick, in making and ly magazines; and as many of them have repairing, gratuitously, roads, fountains, been industrious, single-minded men, they and conduits. If, however, your corre- sought honour, the reward of repubspondent thinks that such displays of licans, and the bare smoothed head of a patriotism are of too humble and insig- magazine engraving was bay enough for nificant a kind, I believe courage aud fe- Methodist preachers. On this, and much rocity in the field of battle have never more experience, I would suggest to the been denied to be characteristics of the Unitarian Tract Societies to publish a Turkish soldier; and, with regard to the series of Unitarian Biographies jo shilling late war, my impression is, that the numbers, giving an engraving as a frooRussians met with a far more vigorous tispiece to each. I have before now seen resistance than was expected; and if, in a Methodist's parlour and bed-room the contest, which I tremble to antici- hung rvuod with engravings from the pate, with the Poles, the same arms Methodist Magazine, and certainly the shall be successful, in this case, as in print led to inquiry; I hare uo doubt that of Turkey, it will be allowed by im also but inquiry led to emulation. See. partial judges, that the victory is to be ing even the portraiture of the practiser ascribed to the overwhelming numbers of a theory, is giving more vividvess to of the assailants, and not to their supe- his teaching : it is coming near the adage, rior courage, any more than to the jus- that example is better than precept. I tice of their cause,
am sure the fine manly picture of RamJAMES YATES. mohun Roy has given additional interest
to the iuquiry as to the state of Hindoo ps. Jan. 17th. Since writing the Unitarianism. Who can look at the above remarks, I have read “ the Life of mild yet speaking portrait of the late Mahomet," published by the Society for Mr. Broadbent, and pot feel that he had Diffusing Usefu Knowledge. It would, I lived enough to leave many who hoapprehend, be difficult to shew, that the
the poured his memory, and could almost philosophers and chieftains of Islamism
say on looking at it, “ Though you dehave put forth many books containing so parted early, yet would that my end much prejudice, ignorance, and bigotry, should be like thive"? There are many as this tract, which has within a few
rew amongst the Unitarian body whom it months appeared in London under the would be an advantage to point the young auspices of Lord Brougham, and a pu: Unitarian's attention to. It should be merous host of those who are usually chiefly the religious and moral history reckoned among the great promoters of
of those men which should be the suball that is enlightened and liberal in our
ject of these memoirs ; but some men country.
have so largely coloured the times they
have lived in, or hare shewed up so On the Publication of Uniturian Li
strongly the characteristics of their times,
that a certain proportion of collateral terature.
matter would inevitably and most justly To the Editur.
steal upon their biography. I will in.
stance Priestley. Scarcely a Unitarian The circulation of popular productions who would not give a shilling for an encounected with any topic, invariably graving of Priestley; but add to that a tends to bring its merits fairly before the popular sketch of what he suffered for public; and by engaging the general civil and religious liberty, his discoveries atteution in associated circumstances, to in science, bis industry, his daring; and wiu a candid and even favourable bear his life would be enough to make maring to every matter touched on in the tyrs endure, writers and preachers berelation. Never did any thing more pro- come indefatigable, and to fire with mote Protestantism than the relations of religious zeal the most cold-hearted and Fox's Book of Martrys. The saints of insensible. Theophilus Lindsey-what the Catholic Church have doue more for conscientious integrity ! Rammoliun Roy, her in their deaths than in their lives. a convert under extraordinary difficulties ! Their legends have been believed against I think that if notice were given of an faith, because they ipterested the taste alphabetical series of such biographies, for the marvellous, pathetic, and even including both ancient and modern, a for a certain class of the sublime. The volume of great interest and value might Methodists have made good use of their be put forth, say in monthly numbers, low class of saints, the pictures and and sold first to subscribers, and afterbiographies of their preachers having wards introduced into the Tract Socieformed the leading article of their inouth- ties' catalogues. Religious and moral
notices of Newton, Locke, Whiston, introduction for the poor man's purPeus, Samuel Clarke, and several other chase. The subject of the biographies is bold sons of heteredosy, should be given, important; the manner of their publicaand the proofs of their believing the tion relates more to wealthy Englaud gospel and not the creeds. Arius, Ser than to Ireland ; but undoubtedly the vetus, Socinus, Biddle, Firmin, Emlyn, style and price at which lay literature is and so on to Rees, and others our cou- sent into the world, makes it imperative temporaries, would be invaluable speci- on those interested in circulating ecclemeus of what inen can do who deeply siastical literature to give it every posfeel a duty. It would be most desirable sible attraction of execution and ecothat all the biographies should be of one pomy which can be attained. Meu really size and type, as at present it is not easy will not, if avoidable, take up a book on to bind Unitarian pamphlets, which are bad paper, with small crowded type, to of every size, type, and paper, possible. read. We are all physiognonists, and Allow me respectfully to suggest to the the first impression does much : it is several Book Societies, that it would be a then a matter of some consequence to very great advantage if they would all invite the eye, and see whether a subject agree on the size of the paper employed will engage the understanding. The in their publications, and also that they deaths of Unitarians are by the orthodox would print on two qualities of paper, esteemed an experimeutum crucis in marking in the catalogues the two prices. biography. Whatever detail may be had Medium octavo would be the most ge- would be desirable ; for although with uerally approved size, and would ensure us we seek more how men live, yet we bound volumes of pamphlets in every ought to be able eseu to satisfy the gain. Unitarian family. À taste for order, sayer as to how they die. Perhaps even neatness, and even beauty, in libraries while mer still remain amoug us who and book-cases, is very fast pervading have made themselves reinarkable in the society; and far as I would be from es- cause of true religion, it may be well to tablishing an aristocracy of theological say to their contemporaries, Look at their books, which would be out of the reach lives, Go and do likewise. I might inof the humbler classes, yet I should think stance Dr. Stokes, once a fellow of Triit well to bare Unitarianism so put for- vity College, Dublin, and several of the ward, that the man of taste could place Reinonstrant ministers of the Presbyit in his library with the proudest author terian Synod of Ulster, as men who have in his collection. It would be an ad: suffered loss, and contumely, and revantage also if catalogues of writers on proach, for that reward which is above all the subjects of the Unitarian Coutroversy rewards. To draw your attention once were grouped so as to make volumes. more to the influence of biography, may No one writer perhaps has given all the I make use of the Novelist? With how valuable views on any of these subjects, many of the desceudants of the Puritaps at least in pamphlet shape. If, then, were the martyrdoms of their ancestors lists of works on the Atopemeut, Vica- become as a tale which was told and rious Suffering, Universal Restoration, forgotten ! Sir Walter Scott has stirred Tripity, Right of Iudividual Judgment, their ashes,-he has moved their boves ; lopocency of Involuntary Error, Exist- and the patriot fathers of Christian lience of a Devil, &c. &c., were furuished berty have arisen amougst their posterity in the Repository, they would be im- as those that but slept. Their cold and portant to subscribers, and enable per perished blood has flowed again in moSons to supply themselves with matter dero veins, as if its early fire was refor instructire reading, and lending to stored; and I am sure that Sir Walter inquirers, at a much less cost of trouble Scott, though he may be a Tory in pothan at present. The writer of this litics, has made thousands in these paper, in suggesting means for sending realms emulate the boldness and perUnitarianism into the upper classes of sistevcy of the ancient Dissenters, who, society, feels that some may think it a in the language of the time, “stood superfluous work; but if elegance of firm in the liberty with which Christ had pablication, a certain degree of finish iu made them free,” even against kingcraft engraving, good print, white paper, and and priestcraft. Put, then, before the a facility of being bound in a decent people the lives of the noble who hare manner, be an introduction to the rich striven to adorn the faith they professed. man's library, (and there is much wealth
A. M CREADY. DOW among Unitariads,) I think it as necessary to attend to his wants, as it surely is to make cheap publications the
Lewis's Collection of Hymns. better adapted for general congregational
singing. Then be adds, with something To the Editor.
of the ardour belovging to the “ genus
Dorchester, irritabile vatum," “if the two succeedSIR,
Jan. 14, 1831. ing stanzas must be omitted, what hand In your number for January, you were has had the temerity to substitute for favoured with a notice of a Selectiou of them the following ?" Hymns which I lately published, and intended for the use of such Societies as “ A holy quiet reigns around, employ the Exeter Collection. That A calm which life por death destroys; notice appears to me to require a few
Nothing disturbs that peace profound, observations.
Which his unfetter'd soul enjoys." The Reviewer euters his protest against the " common practice" of altering
Must he be told that this temerity is to hymys, and yet this practice has been
be laid to the charge of Mrs B. herself, adopted by Unitarians for many years,
with the exception of some slight verbal aud sanctioned by some “ dear and vene
alterations; the original stanza, as it rated fellow-servants of Jesus." With
stands, at least in all the copies I have out formally examining if the maxim of
seen, being as follows: doing evil that good may come, be truly " A holy quiet reigns around, applicable to this practice, a task which
A calm which nothing can destroy; I shall leave to those who “ have taken
Naught can disturb that peace profound, far greater liberties” than myself, I may Which their unfetter'd souls enjoy." be permitted to offer a remark on one of the Reviewer's “ strong reasons” against The Reviewer is very tender of disalterations. He says that “ succeeding joining the hymns used by Christian Editors restore the name, but often neg- worshipers from the names of their lect to repair the damage," of what he authors. Is it always desirable to concalls the “ corruptions of the text ;' vect the name of the writer with the " and thus an author is made respon- “divine song"? Have we not known or sible for words and sentiments which he heard of hymn-makers whose names would never put together." Taking all this not well serve to excite any very pleafor granted, (which common honesty, sant sensations or devout recollections ? one would think, might prevent,) to Besides, how few among the generality whom should the blame be attached ? of our congregations have much acquaintCertainly not to those who have scru- ance with the character of “the writers pulously avoided that “ damage," by of Hymns !” and this number would be entirely omitting the names of any still less if the questionable practice of authors.
attaching pames to Hymns, as well as to The Reviewer, to serve his “own Prayers, designed for public worship, purpose," has made au exception to his were altogether discoutinued. What is rule, where his strong reasons shall be it to the heart, engaged in its holy mupowerless. It is “ where the doctrine is sings in the sanctuary, whether its sacred so objectiouable as to annihilate all sym- stirrings be excited by a Watts or a Dodpathy between ourselves aud the writer." dridge, a Moore or a Montgomery, a “ Suus cuique mos.” Who is to deter- Steele or a Barbauld, or by any others mine where this sympathy begins, and who think it best to make some alterwhere it ends ? May pot others think ations, taking the sufficient precaution they find in some antiquated phraseology, by omitting all names, of not "lowering" or ludicrous ideas, io grammatical inac- the literary “ reputatiou” or poetic taste curacies or awkward collocations, in of the original authors ? impertinent metaphors or disagreeable As to the view which the critic has allusions, a sufficient cause to annihilate taken of the alterations, designating this much-cherished sympathy between them indiscriminately and " per saltum” them and the writer ? May not these as “ po improvements," I will only obthings furuish good ground for changing serve, “ valeat quantum valere potest." “ words, liues and stanzas," without The selection is before the public; and justly incurring the charge of “ sin” and may I be allowed to say, that in the “ shame'.?
course of six months from its publica“ Why, abore all," asks the Reviewer, tion, five hundred copies of it were " is Mrs, Barbauld's excellent poem," bought up. I never entertained the vain “Sweet is the scene,” &c., to begin, hope that it would suit the taste and “ How blessed the righteous"? &c. feelings of all; but it has met with a Simply because the latter is thought far more general reception and approba