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according advantageous afford againſt almoſt America annual produce bank BOOK bounty Britain Britiſh called capital carried caſe cent coin colonies commerce commodities conſequence conſumption continue corn cultivation demand duties effect employed employment encouragement England equal eſtabliſhed Europe European exchange expence exportation fame farmer favour firſt five fome foreign foreign trade France frequently give gold and ſilver greater hundred importation improvement increaſe induſtry inhabitants intereſt Italy kind labour land leſs maintain manner manufactures means ment merchant monopoly moſt muſt naturally neceſſarily never occaſion ordinary otherwiſe paid particular perhaps perſon Portugal pounds preſent probably produce profit prohibition proportion purchaſe quantity raiſe regulations rendered reſpect returns ſame ſeems ſhillings ſhould ſmall ſome ſometimes ſtate ſtill ſtock ſubject ſuch ſupply ſuppoſed themſelves theſe thing thoſe tion town trade uſe wealth whole
第 181 頁 - ... every individual necessarily labours to render the annual revenue of the society as great as he can. He generally, indeed, neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it.
第 181 頁 - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain; and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
第 16 頁 - It tends therefore to increase the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country. It puts into motion an additional quantity of industry, which gives an additional value to the annual produce.
第 2 頁 - That subject, or, what is the same thing, the price of that subject, can afterwards, if necessary, put into motion a quantity of labour equal to that which had originally produced it. The labour of the menial servant, on the contrary, does not fix or realize itself in any particular subject or vendible commodity. His services generally perish in the very instant of their performance, and seldom leave any trace or value behind them for which an equal quantity of service could afterwards be procured.
第 182 頁 - It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy.
第 186 頁 - Whether the advantages which one country has over another be natural or acquired, is in this respect of no consequence. As long as the one country has those advantages, and the other wants them, it will always be more advantageous for the latter rather to buy of the former than to make.
第 484 頁 - It is a very singular government in which every member of the administration wishes to get out of the country, and consequently to have done with the government, as soon as he can, and to whose interest, the day after he has left it and carried his whole fortune with him,* it is perfectly indifferent though the whole country was swallowed up by an earthquake.
第 244 頁 - Commerce, which ought naturally to be, among nations as among individuals, a bond of union and friendship, has become the most fertile source of discord and animosity.
第 22 頁 - The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition, the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived...