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A. Z. states that our Correspondent A. (vol. LXXXVIII. ii. 486) will find in Wotton's Baronetage, vol. II. p. 61, that Sir Thomas Lyttelton, bart. Treasurer of the Navy, &c. was the son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, bart. of Stoke Milburgh and North Oxendon, by Anne, daughter and sole heiress of Edward Lord Lyttelton, Lord Keeper. The title becoming extinct in this branch of the Lyttelton family, at his death in 1709, may account for Wotton's omission of his marriage. But the entry of the marriage of "Sir Thomas Lyttelton, knt. and bart. with Anne, daughter of Benjamin Baron, esq." in 1682, may be seen in the parish Register of Westcott, Gloucestershire; and Atkyns mentions this Sir Thomas Lyttelton as possessing "a fair mansion at Westcott, in right of his wife."-A. Z. I does not know in what manner the Barons of Westcott were connected with the Barons of Therfield, of Eversden, and of Lynn, but has some reason to believe they were all of one family.
HUGH CALPERS observes, "Your estimable friend and correspondent Dr. Booker, has fallen in a great error in p. 39 of your last month's Magazine, by representing Shenstone as the author of the notices concerning Spence, which the Doctor has there communicated. "Shenstone (writes Dr. Johnson) died at the Leasowes, of a putrid fever, about five on Friday morning, February 11, 1763." How then could he record the death of Spence, which occurred in 1768? I the more wonder at Dr. Booker's committing this anachronism, as he has so long resided in the neighbourhood of HalesOwen."
"Surely your Correspondent (vol. LXXXIX. ii. p. 30) does not properly translate the first motto which he has stated. He says, Henry III. King of England, was fond of receiving presents, and ordered the following line, by way of device, to be written over his chamber at Woodstock: Qui non dat quod amat, non accipit ille quod optat. The obvious meaning is, that one who prefers a petition to the King, will not obtain what he asks, unless he gives what he (either the petitioner or the King) values."-The same Correspondent makes the following re, marks: Vol. LXXXIX. i. p. 587, b. l. 42, the Rev. Mountagu Barton was brother to Admiral Barton, who was shipwrecked on the coast of Africa in 1758, but escaped, and died in England in 1796 (LXVI. 81.) -P. 588, a. 1. 31, Prince Walsh Porter had the manor of Alfarthings in Wandsworth, but sold it before he died.-P. 588,
b. the Rev. T. G. Clare was presented by the Duke of Buccleugh to the living of St. Andrew, Holborn, on the resignation of Dr. Luxmore, now Bp. of St. Asaph; but he had a short enjoyment of it.
A CORRESPONDENT remarks, in volume LXXVIII. p. 104, in reference to p. 1192 of vol. LXXVII. " you may add Telyt, Baron of Mullingar, which, as well as other titles there stated, were, I believe, not Barons of Parliament, but soi-disant Lords."-A Constant Reader, in allusion to this passage, says, “I cannot but presume that he wrote Petyt, which family were, for a long period, styled Barons Palatine of Mullingar in Ireland. Their ancestor William Petyt (or Petit), was Lord Justice of Ireland in 1191, and in 1208 had a charter of Free Warren at Mullingar from K. John; but his chief Barony was called Matherothernan. His desceudants rose to the highest ecclesiastical and military offices in Ireland, and kept possession of a large territory in West Meath, &c. until the time of Charles II.; but the only Lord of Parliament now to be found in the lists, appears to have been Peter Le Petit, who was a Lord of the Irish Parliament, 30 Edw. I. in which year he was also one of the Magnates Hyberniæ, to whom letters were sent from Edw. 1."
G. submits the following etymological remarks: "It has occurred to me, that ch in the English language formerly was either pronounced like k, or has been-substituted for k. Upon this assumption, the derivation of many English words from the Saxon becomes manifest. The following are some of them: Church, kirch -chaff, kaff-chest, kist-chicken, küchen -churn, kernen-chin, kinn-chalk, kalck
cheese, käse. Upon investigation, by whom this change might have been introduced, it appears to me evident, that this has been effected by the Normans; for they have in the same manner substituted the ch for the c, in the Latin language, which c is expressed by k in the Saxon. Thus have they changed Cantare into chanter-candela, chandelle-caritas, charité-castigare, chatier-castitas, chastité -caminus, cheminée. All the Castra in Britain they have turned into Chester, and may not the word chum be derived from the Latin cum, an associate, who lives mecum tecum, &c.?
R. C. says, "To the interesting notices of the celebrated traveller, Sir John Char. din, given in your last volume (Part ii. 512), from that fascinating book, the Memoirs of Mr. Evelyn, it may be added, that there is a whole-length portrait of him, if I remember, in the Picture-Gallery at Oxford."
THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE III.
volves upon us of announcing the death of our revered Monarch; who expired, full of years and of honours, at half-past past eight o'clock on Saturday evening, January 29th. He breathed his last in the arms of his Royal Son and Guardian, the Duke of York.
About three months since, a gradual loss of strength and flesh was perceptible; since which time the medical gentlemen attendant on him considered themselves bound to prepare the public mind, by alluding to the infirmity of his age in the monthly bulletin. A slight bowel attack about six weeks ago gave his medical attendants considerable alarm; and although it lasted but two days, it left his Majesty much debilitated. No actual bodily malady, however, existed from that time until a few days prior to his death, when the renewal of the bowel complaint, which showed that the bodily functions had lost their power, announced a probability that the King's dissolution could not be very far distant. Every thing that he took passed through him as he received it, so that nature bad become entirely exhausted, and refused her office. In this state it is not surprizing that the decay should be rapid; the retentive powers only a short time before his dissolution lost their command-the Royal Patient sunk without a struggle.
At the moment of the King's dissolution, there were present, besides the usual attendants, his Royal Highness the Duke of York, Lord Henley, Lord Winchelsea, all the Physicians, and Gen. Taylor. In the Palace were the Duchess of Gloucester and the Princesses Augusta and Sophia. The
Princesses had been most
in their attention. The Royal etiquette on these occasions requiring that none of the Royal Family shall sleep under the roof that contains the corpse of a branch of that Family, the Duchess of Gloucester departed shortly after for Bagshot. The Princesses remained in the neighbourhood of Windsor.
Thus terminated the Reign of George the Third, after a duration of fifty-nine years, three months, and nine days;-a Reign distinguished alike by the public and private virtues of the Monarch, and by the extraordinary vicissitudes in the affairs of the world, in which the British Cabinet has taken so prominent a part.
Upon the news of this melancholy event arriving in London, the Lords of the Privy Council assembled at Carlton House, and gave orders for proclaiming his present Majesty; who made a most gracious Declaration to them, and caused all the Lords and others of the late King's Privy Council, who were then present, to be sworn of his Majesty's Privy Council. On Monday, about noon, his Majesty was proclaimed; first before Carlton House, where the Officers of State, Nobility, and Privy Counsellors were present, with the Officers of Arms, all being on foot. Then, the Officers being mounted on horse-back, the like was done at Charing-cross, within Temple-bar, at the end of Woodstreet in Cheapside, and lastly at the Royal Exchange, with the usual so lemnities; the Principal Officers of State, a great number of the Nobility, and of other persons of distinction, attending during the cere mony.
GEORGE III. the second child of Frederick Prince of Wales, son of George II. and of Augusta Princess of Saxe-Gotha, was born in Norfolk House, St. James's-square, the 4th of June, 1738. His constitution was sound and vigorous, though he came into the world at the term of seven months. The education of the young Prince, upon whose principles and abilities so much of the future happiness of these kingdoms was destined to depend, was conducted upon a somewhat narrow system. His acquirements were neither very extensive, nor very important; but the conscious strictness in morals, and the uniform impressions of piety, which he ever so strikingly displayed, are the best proofs that, in the most essential points, the cultivation of his mind had not been neglected.
The Princess of Wales, his mother, communicated to a friend the following character of the young Prince, at the age of 17. The passage is in Doddington's Diary. She said,
"He was shy and backward; not a wild, dissipated boy, but good-natured and cheerful, with a serious cast upon the whole; that those about him knew him no more than if they had never seen him. That he was not quick; but with those he was acquainted with, applicable and intelligent. His education had given her much pain. His book learning she was no judge of, though supposed it small or useless; but she hoped he might have been instructed in the general understanding of things."
He was brought up in great privacy, as far as regarded a familiar acquaintance with the prevailing manners of the young nobility; and the prejudices which George II. entertained against the Princess Dowager, effectually excluded his grandson from the splendours and allurements of a Court.
George III. having completed his 22d year, ascended the Throne on the 25th of October, 1760. The death of George II. was unexpected. The young Sovereign was somewhat embarrassed by the novelty of his situation; but, in his first public act, the good sense and modesty of his character were manifested in the following address to his Council:
"The loss that I and the Nation have sustained by the death of the King my
grandfather, would have been severely felt at any time; but coming at so critical a juncture, and so unexpected, it is by many circumstances augmented, and the weight now falling on me much increased, I feel my own insufficiency to support it as I wish; but, animated by the tenderest affection for my native experience, and abilities of your Lordcountry, and depending upon the advice, ships, on the support of every honest man, I enter with cheerfulness into this arduous situation, and shall make it the business of my life to promote, in every thing, the glory and happiness of these kingdoms, to preserve and strengthen the Constitution in both Church and State; and as I mount the Throne in the midst of an expensive, but just and necessary war, I shall endeavour to prosecute it in a manner the most likely to bring on an honourable and lasting peace, in concert with my allies."
Though the conflicts of party were, within a few years after the acces sion, unusually violent, the King was highly popular at the commencement of his reign. Looking at the National character, it would have been impossible to have been otherwise, when a Sovereign, interesting from his birth and education in England, his youthfulness, and his unimpeached conduct, delivered himself to his people in a Speech from the Throne, containing many passages as notable and patriotic as the following:
"Born and educated in this country, I glory in the name of Briton, and the peculiar happiness of my life will ever consist in promoting the welfare of a people whose loyalty and warm affection for me I consider as the greatest and most permanent security of my Throne; and I doubt not but their steadiness in those principles will equal the firmness of my invariable resolution to adhere to and strengthen this excellent Constitu tion in Church and State; and to main. tain the Toleration inviolable. The civil and religious rights of my loving sub jects are equally dear to me with the most valuable prerogatives of my Crown; and as the surest foundation of the
whole, and the best means to draw down the Divine favour on my reign, it is my fixed purpose to countenance and encourage the practice of true religion and virtue,"
His Majesty very soon evinced that his consideration to preserve the wel fare of his people, by constitutional principles and actions, was not con
fined to professions. Within six months after his accession to the Throne, he recommended the famous alteration of the law by which the Judges were rendered independent of the Crown. Of the importance of this measure, we cannot better speak than in the words of Blackstone:
"By the noble improvements of the Law, in the Statute of 1 Geo. III. c. 23,
enacted at the earnest recommendation of the King himself from the Throne, the Judges are continued in their offices during their good behaviour, notwithstanding any demise of the Crown (which was formerly held immediately to vacate their seats), and their full salaries are absolutely secured to them during the continuance of their commissions; his Majesty having been pleased to declare that he looked upon the independence and uprightness of the Judges as essential to the impartial administration of justice, as one of the best securities of the rights and liberties of his subjects, and as most conducive to the honour of the Crown'."
The same love of constitutional freedom, and the same desire to exercise his prerogative for the benefit of his subjects, were manifested by his Majesty throughout his life. "The King," said Lord North frequently, "would live on bread and water, to preserve the constitution of his country; he would sacrifice his life to maintain it inviolate."
On the 8th of July, 1761, the King announced to the Privy Council his intention to marry. In thus declaring the object of his choice, he manifested the prudence which uniformly characterized him. The union was completed on the 7th of the following August.
The early years of the reign of George III. were distracted by party conflicts of the most virulent nature. These produced changes of Ministry, which demanded from the King the exercise of the strongest forbearance, as well as the greatest address. On the resignation of the first Mr. Pitt in 1761, the King displayed at once the firmness and benevolence of his nature. His Majesty expressed concern at the loss of so able a Minister; and, to show the favourable sense he entertained of his services, made him an unlimited offer of any rewards in the power of the Crown to bestow; at
the same time be avowed himself tisfied with the opinion which the majority of the Council had pronounced against that of Mr. Pitt. The great Minister was overpowered by the nobleness of this proceeding. "I confess, Sire,” he said, “ I had but too much reason to expect your Majesty's displeasure. I did not come prepared for this exceeding goodness: pardon me, Sire; it overpowers, it oppresses me." He burst into tears.
About this period of his reign, his Majesty had to bear up against a spirit, not only amongst the populace, but displaying itself very violently in some constituted authorities, which, to the dispassionate observation of of the character of licentiousness than the present day, must present more of a genuine love of freedom. The of the factious violence of Wilkes and popular commotions which arose out his adherents are as disgraceful to the character of the people, as some of the measures which were taken to repress them were inconsistent with justice. The King's conduct, throughour present notions of constitutional out this trying occasion, was manly and consistent,
lent mother, the Princess Dowager In 1772, George III. lost his excelof Wales. His father, the Prince of Wales, had died 18 years before, in
The American war commenced in 1773. This contest has already been subjected to the impartial scrutiny of History. It is quite clear that the it was unnecessarily prolonged. But, war was originally impolitic, and that although it has been the fashion to ascribe much of the perseverance in this calamitous contest to the personal character of the Sovereign, it will, we think, be conceded, that the his hereditary dominions was no deabdication of so large a portion of termination to be lightly or hastily adopted by the King of England. His Majesty's sentiments on this subject were magnanimously evinced on his first interview with Mr. Adams, the Ambassador of the United States. "I was the last man in the kingdom, Sir," he said, "to consent to the independence of America: but now it is granted, I shall be the last man in the world to sanction a violation of it."