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its operation upon the responsibility of the Executive, in such manner as to afford an opportunity for such friendly explanations as may be desired during the present Session of Congress."

The President speaks of the South American contest with a manifest leaning to the Independents-either with the view of intimidating Ferdinand, or conciliating the new republics. The progress of the war, he remarks, has operated manifestly in favour of the Colonies; and he glances generally at the probable acknowledgment by the United States of the Independent Governments in South America as an event not far distant. The observance of a strict neutrality between the contending parties is, however, still to be enforced.

The relations between Great Britain and the United States occupy a short, though pitby portion of the Message. The sum of what the President communicates on that head is, that, having found it impracticable to obtain from England a more uurestrained and ample intercourse between the United States and the British colonies, both in the West Indies and on the Continent, he recommends to Congress further "prohibitory provisions" in the laws relating to that intercourse.

The true intent of the article of the treaty of Ghent, in relation to the carrying off, by British officers, of slaves from the United States, has been referred to the decision of a foreign Sovereign, the com. mon friend of both parties; aud his answer is to indicate what further measures are to be pursued by the United States on this subject.

Mr. Monroe describes the revenue as being in a flourishing condition, notwithstanding the pecuniary embarrassments which still continue to exist in various parts of the Union; and which have, he

admits, deeply affected the manufacturing, as well as commercial, interests of the United States. To devise remedies for these evils, he leaves to the wisdom of Congress.

He then notices the new works that are nearly completed, or going on; such as those in the Gulf of Mexico, the Chesapeake Bay, on the Pontomac, below Alexandria, on the Peapatch in the Delaware, and at the Narrows in New York Harbour; as well as the establishment of new stations on the Mississippi and the Missouri.

"Much progress has been made in the construction of ships of war, and in the collection of timber and other materials for ship-building."

The Message concludes by recommending, that the American squadron shall not be withdrawn from the Mediterranean; and states, that it has been found necessary to maintain a strong naval force in the Atlantic, the Pacific, and Indian Seas, to protect their commerce from the piracies of adventurers from every country,-Orders have been sent to the commanders of their public ships, to bring all such vessels, navigated under the American flag, to be proceeded against according to law.

Such are the leading points of this important public document; in which the President of the United States has displayed a degree of wisdom and moderation highly honourable to himself as a statesman; and which, if strictly acted upon, cannot fail to redound to the character and interests of his country.

New South Wales.-The population in 1817, was 17,165: in 1818, 21,294. In 1817, the acres of land in cultivation were 230,361; in 1818, 284,852. In 1818, the colony contained 3454 horses, 6457 horned cattle, 75,361 sheep, and 22,633 hogs.



PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY ADDRESS. Dec. 7. At two o'clock, his Royal Highness the Prince Regent held a Court at Carlton House. His Royal Highness the Duke of Glocester (who arrived in London on Monday evening, to be in readiness to head the University of Cambridge in presenting the Address to the Prince,) came to Carlton House at a quarter past three o'clock, to meet the Members of the University, who arrived in procession, two and two, from Willis's Rooms, where they had assembled at three o'clock. The Duke of Gloucester, as Chancellor, presented the Address, which was as follows:

"We, his Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Chancellor, Masters,

and Scholars of the University of Cambridge, beg leave to offer to your Royal Highness a renewed assurance of our unabated devotion to your Royal Highness, and to his Majesty's Government.

"Connected, by the most sacred obligations, with the support of the civil and ecclesiastical establishments, we trust that the sincerity of our attachment is unquestioned. But we are peculiarly anxious, at this juncture, to express to your Royal Highness how deeply sensible we are of the dangers by which they are assailed.

"The attacks of infidelity and blas phemy, (audacious and persevering beyoud all former example,) have awakened our liveliest apprehensions: convinced as we are that the corruption of the human heart renders it liable to be seduced, by


doctrines flattering the pride of human reason, and favourable to an uncontrolled exercise of the most powerful of human passions; while the general extension of literary acquirements (a signal blessing, if under the controul of good principles), has facilitated the circulation of works subversive of all morality and religion. "We, therefore, beg leave to offer to your Royal Highness our sincerest thanks, for having directed the persons engaged in this pernicious traffic to be brought to justice: and we confidently trust that the decisions of our tribunals will effect its complete suppression.

"Whilst our most revered institutions are thus protected from insult, we are sensible that minds open to conviction must be guarded by the powers of reason and argument. We shall ever bear in mind, that it has been the great glory of Christianity to derive an accession of strength from the most open and powerful attacks of its adversaries. We are proud to reflect that many of the ablest and most devoted Champions of our Faith, both in ancient and modern times, have sprung from the bosom of our University. And we assure your Royal Highness, that we look back to their learned and pious labours, not only as supplying weapons against the renewal of attacks which they have successfully repelled; but as furnishing the strongest incitement to imitate their glorious example, in combating new errors; and in training the minds of those with whose education we are intrusted, in the soundest principles of religion.

"We are aware of the intimate connexion that subsists between the attacks upon our holy religion, and the designs which are carried on against our laws and constitution. The same persons have taken a conspicuous lead in both: and the same evil spirit of presumption and insubordination prompts them to resist all controul, and to rise in rebellion against all laws, both human and divine. They have availed themselves of the distress and sufferings of the lower orders, to excite in them a hatred of the Government, which is equally necessary for the protection of all ranks in every condition, whether of prosperity or adversity.

"They have abused our most valuable privileges, for the worst and most dangerous purposes.

"The right we enjoy of petitioning our Government upon its public measures, they have perverted by meeting for the avowed object of demanding of that Government to put an end to its own existence; by substituting for the established constitution of an essential branch of the legislature, a wild and impracticable democracy, unknown to our laws. Such purposes, we conceive, are equally unconstitutional under the Government over which your

Royal Highness presides, and inadmissible under any Government which pos sesses the right of defending and maintaining itself.

"In other instances they have openly proceeded to carry such revolutionary purposes into execution; and in many more, the meetings which have assembled under pretexts more consistent with the law, have been accompanied with such circumstances, as demonstrated that their real objects were totally foreign to deliberation or discussion among themselves, or solicitation or remonstrance with the Government.

"In this state of the country, we ac knowledge with gratitude the paternal care and prudence of your Royal Highness in assembling the Parliament. We look forward with confidence to its decisions, whether judicial or legislative. And we trust that, with the aid of its deliberations, your Royal Highness will (by the blessing of Almighty God) successfully defend against the machinations of daring and desperate adventurers, that Government which has stood the tests of so many ages, and which, in our own age, your Royal Highness has been the happy instrument, under Providence, of rescuing from the greatest perils, both external and internal, by unparalleled and ever glorious victories, and by firmness, justice, and moderation in council."

After the Address, the Prince Regent returned the following appropriate An


"I return you my warmest thanks for this loyal and dutiful Address.

"It is peculiarly gratifying to me to receive at this time such a testimony of your zealous and unabated attachment to the Civil and Religious establishments of your country and I am fully persuaded that you will ever consider it as your indispensable and first duty to cherish and inculcate that reverence for our Holy Religion, and that firm adherence to the true principles of the Constitution in Church and State, on which the preservation of all that is most valuable to us must wholly depend.

"At this important conjuncture, I rely with confidence on the wisdom of Parliament, and on the active and cordial cooperation of the great body of his Majesty's subjects, to enable me to arrest the progress of infidelity and sedition, to frustrate the designs of the disaffected; and, under the favour of Divine Providence, to restore tranquillity to the nation."

They were all most graciously received.

Dec. 21. This day the beautiful new parish Church of Dudley, was opened by the solemn act of consecration. The Bi. shop of Worcester performed the service in a very impressive manner, to a crowded congregation, and the Vicar of the parish


preached an appropriate discourse, from, Gen. xxvII., 16, 17. Surely the Lord is in this place! This is none other but the House of God; and this is the gate of Heaven." The discourse, we understand, will appear in the two volumes, which will soon be published by that Gentleman, towards liquidating, the debt which the great and expensive work of building the Church has necessarily drawn upon the parish. The edifice is in the florid Gothic style, and contains, we are happy to hear, a considerable number of free sittings for the poor. The windows are of cast-iron, covered with a stone paint of the same colour as the structure itself, whose lofty Spire is a fiue object to the surrounding country. In the Parliamentary act for building this church is a clause, which though militating against his own interest, was adopted at the express desire of the preseut Vicar, (viz.) that no vaults or graves be made in the ailes: a practice which, elsewhere, is too prevalent, detrimental not only to the fabrics thus excavated and undermined, but also, perhaps to the health of the living worshippers, without any way benefitting the dead*.

Dec. 21, being St. Thomas's Day, as usual, a stag was turned out from Blenheim Park, the property of his Grace 'the Duke of Marlborough. It directed its course, towards Wickham; from thence it took the high road and proceeded to Oxford; and then formed one of the most beautiful and picturesque, sights that can be imagined. The stag, and dogs in close pursuit, followed by a great number of well-known and experienced sportsmen,, proceeded up the High-street, as far as Brazenose College; when, to the no small astonishment of hundreds of spectators, the stag took refuge in the chapel, during divine service; where it was killed, sans ceremonie, by the eager dogs.

Dec. 21. In a petition presented by the Presbytery of Hamilton, printed by order of the House of Commons, it is stated, that "in many instances nearly one half of the weavers are unemployed at the looms, and even when so employed, the pittance of wages is in most cases so scanty, that when a family has to be supported by the earnings of one man, it is absolutely impossible for him, without other aid, to, keep them in existence. Many families in the several parishes cannot now attend, as formerly, their public ministrations in church from the want of decent clothing; and the education of their children is now, in many cases, neglected from the same cause;" adding, "that if the pressure of want could be removed, they feel perfectly assured peace and quietness, so far as respects the great body of the manufactur

See the Gent. Mag, for last Nov, on this subject, p. 406,

ing population, would follow of course." The heritors of the parish of Rutherglen make a statement concurring entirely with that of the Presbytery of Hamilton as to the inadequacy, of wages, want of employment for, and sufferings of the manufacturing population.

Dec. 26.-As Mr. Puddecombe, a respectable farmer, was returning from Barnstable market with a considerable sum of money in his pocket, he was thrown by his horse over the bridge, and has not yet been found. It is supposed, some persons held a rope across, and by lifting it up when he was passing, frightened the spirited animal; and thus, by an idle frolic, caused his untimely and lamented death. He has left a wife and five sma}} children to bewail his loss.

Dec. 30. Benj. Surr, of Leeds, an unfortunate maniac, was lately discovered chained in bis father's cellar, where he had remained about sixteen years: he was conveyed to Leeds workhouse, and there diedon this day. The warmth and comfort which he experienced during the week that he was in the workhouse, were so different from the rigours to which bis constitution had been habituated, that they produced the evil they were meant to avert.

Sidmouth, Dec. 30.-Yesterday and this day, the weather proving favourable, their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Kent, and the Princess, have been each day on the promenade, where they continued walking a considerable time. The dangerous practice of inexperienced persons being trusted with guns had yesterday been nearly attended with disastrous consequences: an apprentice boy, shooting at small birds, had the audacity to approach so near the residence of their Royal Highnesses, that the shot broke the windows of the nursery, and passed very near the head of the infant Princess, who was in the arms of the nurse. The delinquent was detected; but, at the request of the Duke, he was pardoned, upon a promise of desisting from such culpable pursuits.

Jan. 7. This morning the Birmingham Theatre was totally destroyed by fire. The manager, Mr. Bunn, left the theatre at eleven: about one, the flames were discovered, and at three the roof fell. Pizarro had been performed that evening and the wadding from the pistol fired at Rolla is supposed to have lodged in the scenery. It is remarkable, that to a like cause, in the same play, the destruction of Covent Garden Theatre was attributed. The building was insured for 70001. and the furniture for 20001.

Jan. 15. On Sunday morning last, about half-past three o'clock, the range of building in the northern part of Magdalen Hall, in the University of Oxford was discovered (by the guard of a mail coming

to Oxford) to be on fire. The inmates of the Hall and of Magdalen College were 'speedily alarmed, and by four o'clock the cry of "Fire" through the city brought the timely aid of engines, and a considerable number of persons to the spot, when every possible exertion was made to 'subdue the dominion of the destructive element. The severity of the weather had rendered most of the nearest pumps useless, which made it necessary to form a fine with three engines to supply water from the river Cherwell-a distance from the fire of two baudred yards. There was a fourth engine, which was supplied (though not fully) with water in buckets from the pamps. At this point of time, there appeared no hope of saving a single room out of the sixteen sets composing that part of the Hall, which, being built mostly of timber, offered but little resistance to the then raging flames; and, as the wind blew directly towards the Principal's lodgings, the chapel, and the hall, it was deemed prudent to demolish a small shed which connected them, and to apply the full force of the engines to prevent the communication of the fire which seemed to threaten. These measures, together with "the praiseworthy exertions of the persons assembled, albne saved those parts of the Hall. Several Members of the University rendered their assistance; amongst whom no one was more assiduous than the learned, amiable, and venerable Diocesan."About six o'clock, the engines were played on the yet remaining part of the northern extremity of the building, and unexpectedly, though fortunately, preserved four sets of rooms, one of which is on the ground floor, and the other three storied above. Before eight, the fire was nearly extinguished: it was, however, thought necessary to work the engines until nearly twelve o'clock, when no appearance of danger any longer existed. We are unable to state the occasion of this fire satisfactorily we only know that it commenced at or very near to the Common Room. Happily no lives were lost, and we live not heard that bodily injury was sustained by any person. Besides the destruction of the twelve sets of rooms, we are sorry to say, that a considerable number of valuable books *were burnt, together with several musical instruments, some plate, and most of the furniture.

Several informations have lately been laid against Clergymen in Essex and Suffolk, for omitting to read the act against profane swearing.

On opening a cod-fish, a few days ago, by the cook of the King's Arms tavern, at Plymouth-dock, a worm, about four inches "long, was found in the fish, in shape like a sole, covered with green feathers, equal in brilliancy to those of the peacock: between the feathers are small sharp quills,

resembling those of the porcupine. This extraordinary production of nature is now in the possession of the printer of the Plymouth paper, for the inspection of the na'turalist.

A person crossing over the Severn, at the "New Passage, was asking the master of the boat, whether there were ever any people lost in the passage "No Sir," answered the 'Monmouthshire tar," never; my brother was drowned here last week; but we found him again' the next day."

"A'short' time ago, as a young man of Beckley, Kent, named Bates, and a relation of his, were passing each other, in a stooping attitude, under the mantle-piece of the kitchen fire-place, their heads came in contact; by which Barns 'received a blow in the frontal bone that produced an inflammation of the brain, and unhappily caused his death.

About the second year of the present King's reign, a man of the name of George 'King was convicted in Dublin of a capital felony. He drew up a memorial to the King, which he forwarded with the following lines:

George King to King George sends his
'humble petition, [King's condition;
Hoping King George will pity George
If King George to George King will grant
a long day,
George King for King George for ever will

The man was pardoned.

A few days ago was shot, near the entrance of Kilkenny-harbour, a large seafowl, having, through its neck an arrow, such as those described by Captain Cook, to be used by the natives of the islands of the Pacific Ocean; the shaft of the arrow, which is about eight inches long, is of a kind of wood resembling bone, and is rudely bearded with iron. The beard and shaft shot at least four inches through the neck; and the flesh round the shaft is not only healed, but perfectly hard and callous.

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stable was called in, who broke it open, and found the man dressed, lying across inside the door, and the woman undressed, lying on the floor naked, both quite dead. There was some bread and butter in the room, and the man had one shilling in his pocket. They were very poor; but some persons used to bring them food. On Tuesday evening all the lodgers came to their room-door, in consequence of hearing them in the morning; and, finding the door shut, called to them to open it, but they made no answer, although the woman was beard to say to her husband, "where are you?" and he auswered, "here I am." The constable and the beadle, who opened the door, were of opinion that they perished in consequence of the inclemency of the uight; they had no bed nor firing. Mr. Taylor, one of the overseers, said, he gave the man a shirt, a pair of shoes and stockings, a shift aud a pair of shoes and stockings for his wife, in November last; and during the last fortnight he paid them six shillings per week. The Jury thought as there was bread and butter in the room, they were not starved to death; but, not having clothing, bed, nor fire, during the inclement season, they perished.-Verdict to that effect.

Thursday, Jan. 6.

Chief Justice was of opinion, that the vote had been improperly rejected; but he considered that an action was not sustainable against the returning officer, unless improper motives could be proved. Of that the Jury were the best judges. The Jury retired for an hour and half, but could not agree upon a verdict; and, at the Judge's suggestion, and by consent of the parties, a juror was withdrawn. This case remains undecided,

A debate took place at the East India House, in the Court of Proprietors, upon the subject of erecting a statue to Warren Hastings, to testify the respect of the Company for his memory, and the approbation of his services while Governor-General of India. The motion was warmly opposed by Mr. R. Jackson, and also by Mr. Charles Grant, whose residence in India at the period of Mr. Hastings's government, and his official rank, enabled him to form a correct estimate of the proceedings that marked the administrations of that extraordinary man. The motion was, however, finally adopted by a very great majority.

As some workmen were felling timber in a wood called Cold fall, situated to the east of Finchley Common, they discover

A wretched man named George Simp-ed, under the stump of an old oak, within son, of Walthamstow, was this morning found in a ditch, in the Homerton fields, where he bad attempted to commit suicide (through distress), by hanging himself. He was taken care of, and afterwards sent to his parish.

Wednesday, Jan. 12.

A case of considerable importance to electors for Members of Parliament in all parts of the kingdom, but more immediately interesting to the householders of Westminster, was tried in the Guildhall of the city of London, before Chief Justice Abbot and a special jury. Mr. Cullen, a respectable householder of the city of Westminster, brought an action against Mr. Morris, the High Bailiff, for refusing to accept his vote, which he tendered at the last election of a citizen to serve in Parliament for Westminster, in the room of the late lamented Sir S. Romilly. It appeared in evidence, that Mr. Cullen had for many years uniformly and puuctually paid his rates and taxes; but that, from some remissness on the part of the tax-gatherer, or other parish officer, some arrear was due at the period of the last election; and in consequence of this, when Mr. Cullen tendered his vote for one of the candidates, it was refused by the High Bailiff. Mr. Culley immediately paid the arrear then due, and again tendered his vote; but the High Bailiff persisted in his original determination, and again refused to receive it. The Lord

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four feet of the surface of the ground, two large wooden chests, much decayed, in which were deposited several tin boxes, containing pistols, flints, remnants of wearing apparel. a quantity of brass buttons, and a few silver coins of George II. It is supposed, that they must have been placed there for safety, many years back, by some highwayman; a class of desperadoes who about 90 years ago greatly infested that particular spot.

Thursday, Jan. 13.

A meeting was held at Mr. Hick's warehouses, London-wall, to consider the propriety of adapting those premises to the reception of the indigent and houseless for the night, during the present inclement season. The meeting was respectably attended. Among those who assembled on this benevolent occasion, were observed the Bishop of Chester, Archdeacon Nares, rector of All-Hallows, Sir C. Flower, bart. Mr. Rowcroft, Mr. D. Barclay, and Duncan Campbell, esq.

The Lord Mayor, having taken the chair, said, that every one must see the necessity of providing an asylum for the destitute and houseless poor during the present severe winter. The numbers of applications to Magistrates for relief were almost incredible to those unacquainted with such matters. The present meeting was convened to endeavour as much as possible to alleviate the distress of our suffering fellow ereatures; and he was sure


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