ePub 版



May 22. At Sherborne, the Rt. Hon. James Dutton, Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne in the county of Gloucester. He was born October 27, 1744, and was consequently in his 76th year. His Lordship was married July 7, 1774, to Elizabeth, daughter of Wenman Roberts Coke, of Longford, in Derbyshire, Esq. by whom he had issue John, the present Lord Sherborne, married to the Hon. Miss Legge, only daughter of Henry, Lord Stawell; Elizabeth Jane, married Jan. 1803, to Viscount Andover, now Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire; Anne Margaret, married April 1806, to Prince Beriatinsky, of the Russian empire, died at Petersburgh in March 1807, leaving issue the Princess Beriatinsky; and Frances Mary Dutton, unmarried.

His Lordship had been seriously indisposed for some time past, but we believe no idea of immediate danger was entertained. Distinguished through life by the exercise of every generous and noble quality that could adorn the heart of man, Lord Sherborne enjoyed in unbounded good will the respect and esteem, and the affectionate regard of all to whom the many excellent traits of his nature were known. Possessing an extensive property, his first pride was the character with which the gratitude of his tenantry invested him; and to be known as a "good landlord," was to him the chief gratification derived from his possessions. Proud of the birth-right of an Englishman, he was ever patriotically ranged beneath the banners of our glorious Constitution; and in the domestic circle his virtues were as unostentatious as they were earnest and active. While the remembrance of human excellence, of patriotic purity, and honourable principle is dear to posterity, the name of SHERBORNE will be recollected with melancholy pride; and when the titles of honour of this world have passed away, and are forgotten, the record of his Christian zeal, of his piety, and of his benevolence, will be greeted with a sacred enthusiasm, and a mournful reverence inseparable from the memory of worth.


June 14. At Aske, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, aged 79, the Right Hcn. Thomas Lord Dundas.-His Lordship was Lord Lieutenant and Vice Ad

miral of Orkney and Shetland, and President of the Society of Scots Antiquaries. He married Charlotte, sister of Earl Fitzwilliam, by whom he had six sons and five daughters. He is succeeded in his titles and estates by his eldest son, the Hon. Lawrence Dundas; by whose accession to the Peerage a seat is become vacant in the representation of the city of York.-His Lordship's death has thrown a gloom over that part of the country. It is felt particularly by the regiment now embodied, of which his Lordship was Colonel.


June 4. In Baker-street, Portmansquare, in bis 74th year,' Henry Grattan, esq. M. P. His disorder lately had exhibited dropsical symptoms, and on Saturday morning signs of mortification began to appear in his legs. It was the intention of Mr. Grattan to have made an effort to take his seat on Monday in the House of Commons, and close his eminent career of public services, by laying on the table of the House of Commons a series of Resolutions declaratory of those principles of civil and religious liberty which he thought became the high moral station of Great Britain, and the enlightened character of the age in which we live.

Henry Grattan was born in Dublin. His father was an eminent barrister, and though possessing considerable talents, a competent share of practice in his profession, and a high character for integrity, he never rose to a higher judicial situation than that of Recorder of that City; a place at that time worth 6001. per annum, and to which he was elected by the Corporation.

When of sufficient age, Mr. Grattan was entered a Student of Trinity College, Dublin, where he was soon distinguished as the powerful competitor of two classfellows, whose good fortune and talents afterwards raised them to the highest situations in the State,-Mr. Fitzgibbon, Earl of Clare, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and Mr. Foster, the last Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. taking a degree, Mr. Grattan was called to the Irish Bar in 1772, and for a few years attended the four Courts with an empty bag, and a mind too elastic to be confined to the forms of pleading, and too liberal to be occupied by the pursuits of a mere lawyer.


Disgusted at last with the profession,


he retired from the Bar, not wealthy, but possessing from his father a patrimony which, with economy, might have secured him independence. It was not long before he became acquainted with the Earl of Charlemont, through whose interest he was returned to Parliament for the borough of Charlemont, and took his seat for the first time the 11th of December, 1775.

Ireland was at this time in a state of great humiliation, being considered merely as a province to the sister country. Her Legislature was a petty Couneil, incapable of originating laws, and her Courts of Justice subordinate to those of England, and incompetent to a final decision. Destitute of foreign com. merce, from which she had been excluded by British monopoly, her manufactures were crushed by the weight of British competition, and the industry of her population checked from want of encouragement. In short, discontent, bankruptcy, and wretchedness, covered the face of that country.

While other politicians were attributing these evils to various causes, and offering temporizing palliatives for their redress, Mr. Grattan traced them to their source, and found that the root of those calamities was not a temporary stagnation of trade, but was rather to be found in the unjust restraints imposed by Great Britain on the exertions of that country. No sooner, therefore, was be seated in the Irish House of Commons, than he urged the Legislature to complain of those restraints; his efforts were seconded by the unanimous voice of the country; and such was the effect, that after a little besitation on the part of the British Parlianient, the commerce of Ireland was in part opened to her children.

Mr. Grattan's popularity now was at its acme. The Legislature itself participated in the feelings of the people; and in the fervour of admiration, it was proposed that 100,0007, should be voted to him as a mark of approbation; but, at the express instance of his own particular friends, this sum was reduced to 50,000l. which he actually received.

The repeal of the 6th of Geo. I. an Act by which the British Parliament declared its right to bind Ireland by British Statutes, was the result of Mr. Grattan's motion.

In a debate in the Irish Parliament, October 28, 1783, on a Resolution for declaring, that the condition of the kingdom required every practicable retrenchment consistent with the honour and safety of the State, Mr. Grattan made some strong personal allusions to

Mr. Flood, who supported the Resolution, accusing him particularly of having affected an indisposition, and being guilty of apostacy. It was about this time that the memorable altercation between these two distinguisbed men took place, in which they both displayed such unrivalled powers of sarcastic eloquence. This, however, had the effect of making Mr. Grattan exclude himself from politics for some time. During this interval, he married a lady of the name of Fitzgerald, who, although not of the Leinster family, possessed qualities much more valuable than merely those of bigh birth or great connexions.

Towards the close of the year 1785, when an attempt was supposed to be making by the British Ministry, to subvert the newly-acquired independence of the Irish Parliament, we find Mr. Grattan again alert and vigilant at his post. His popularity soon gained its former height, and at the Election in 1790 be was returned Representative of the City of Dublin. From this period we find him an active leader of the country party in the House of Commons, beloved by the People, and dreaded by the Cabinet. Though an advocate for a Reform in the House of Commons, he opposed the extent to which some wished to carry it.

Mr. Grattan approved of the War with France, or rather he considered Ireland as bound with all its might to assist Great Britain, when once engaged in the contest. When the agitated state of Ireland became such as to threaten the rebellion which afterwards followed, Mr. Grattan perceived the danger, and used all his influence to promote conciliation; but failing in this, he retired in disgust from the Senate in 1797: be afterwards procured a seat for the express purpose of opposing the Union with Great Britain. In the year 1805, he represented the Borough of Maiton, in the Imperial Parliament; but, since 1806, he has been regularly returned for the City of Dublin.

There is one subject in the life of Mr. Grattan yet untouched, but it is one with which his name is too closely united ever to be forgotten; it is bis unceasing and powerful exertions during a period of thirty years, to obtain an entire abolition of the penal laws against the Catholics. All that the most splendid talents, the most ardent zeal, and a spirit never to submit or yield,' could do, has been exerted in this cause. In this cause he has lived, in this cause he has died.

We give the character of Mr. Grattan in the words of Sir James Mackintosh in the House of Commons, when he


rose to move a new writ for the City of Holland, and Lord William Fitzgerald; Dublin:

"Mr. Grattan was the sole person, in the history of modern oratory, of whom it could be said, that he had attained the first class of eloquence in two Parliaments, differing from each other in their opinions, tastes, habits, and prejudices, as much, possibly, as any two assemblies of different nations. This great man died in his progress to the discharge of his Parliamentary duties. He risked his life to come into that House, to propose a measure which he believed would be the means of healing the long bleeding wounds of his suffering Country; of establishing peace and harmony in a kingdom whose independence he had himself achieved; of transmitting to posterity, with the records of her political, the history of her religious liberation; of vindicating the honour of the Protestant Religion; of wiping from it the last stain that dimmed its purity, and of supporting the cause of Religious Liberty, whose spirit went forth in emancipated strength at the Reformation, though its principle was long unknown to the Reformers themselves. He furnished an unmixed example for the admiration of that House. The purity of his life was the brightness of his glory. He was one of the few private men whose private virtues were followed by public fame; he was one of the few public men whose private virtues were to be cited as examples to those who would follow in his public steps. He was as eminent in his observance of all the duties of private life as he was heroic in the discharge of his public duties. Among all the men of genius he had known, he had never found such native grandeur of soul accompanying all the wisdom of age, and all the simplicity of genius, as in Mr. Grattan. He had never known any one in whom the softer qualities of the soul had combined so happily with the mightier powers of intellect. If he were to describe his character briefly, he should say, with the antient Historian, that he was "Vita innocentissimus ; ingenio florentissimus; proposito sanctissimus." As it had been the object of his life, so it was his dying prayer, that all classes of men should be united by the ties of amity and peace."

On the 16th of June the remains of this venerable and distinguished Patriot were conveyed from Richmond House to Westminster Abbey, with all the solemn pomp suitable to the occasion. The pall-bearers were, on one side, the Dukes of Norfolk and Wellington, Lord

on the other, the Earl of Harrowby, the Marquis of Downshire, the Earl of Donoughmore, and Lord Castlereagh. Many individuals of both Houses of Parliament, and Gentlemen of every part of the Empire, and the whole of the distinguished characters who compose that respectable body the English Catholic Board, amounting altogether to upwards of five hundred, were in the Procession.

The tomb of this illustrious individual lies nearly between the spot of earth which encloses all that was mortal of Fox and Pitt. It adjoins the grave of the great Lord Chatham, and is surrounded by the tombs of Lord Mansfield, and other eminent public characters. The foot of Mr. Grattan's coffin nearly touched that of Mr. Fox.


May 27. At his residence in Belvedere, Bath, aged 60, the venerable Archdeacon of Bath, Josiah Thomas, M.A. one of the Chaplains of his Majesty, Rector of Kingston-Deverell, Wilts, and of Street-cum-Walton, in the county of Somerset, and Minister of Christchurch, Bath. Both as a private calamity, and a public misfortune, the demise of this distinguished Divine will be keenly felt, and sincerely deplored. If the kind and uniform exercise of the domestic charities and social virtues had endeared him, in the strongest manner, to a large and affectionate family, and a wide circle of antient and steady friends; his conscientious fulfilment of the duties of dignified and responsible ecclesiastical office had deeply impressed upon the public mind the conviction of his utility and importance in a professional character. Of the Church of England, sober, simple, and venerable, as she was moulded by the hands of the Reformers, he was the firm friend and fearless champion : not merely because he bore her honours, and received her wages, but because he loved her "reasonable worship," respected her primitive forms, and revered her Scriptural doctrines; because she presented to his mind a system of faith, equally removed from latitudinarianism and enthusiasm; and alike adapted to unfold, foster, and mature, all the best and most useful faculties of man in this world, and, at the same time, to prepare him for, and make him partaker of, the exalted happiness of a future and better one. The relict who has to,lament the loss of such a man, is the daughter of the late Dr. Harington, a character which Bath once reckoned among its chief ornaments. This distinguished Divine had attended the late crowded

crowded Levee to pay his earliest respects to his new Sovereign; returning, he visited some friends in the cool vales of Berkshire, where he imbibed so severe a catarrhal affection, as baffled the first professional skill, administered with the anxiety and perseverance of a long experienced medical friend.

He published a "Poetical Epistle to a Curate," 4to, 1786; "Strictures on Subjects relating to the Established Religion and the Clergy," 1807, 8vo, 2d edit.; "Remarks on some popular Principles and Notions," 8vo, 1813. His spirited "Protest against the Proceedings of the Church Missionary Society at Bath, and the Controversy it gave rise to, is, no doubt, in the recollection of our Readers see vol. LXXXVIII. i. 314.

Lately, REV. CHARLES LEWIS SHIPLEY. Descended from a good family in Yorkshire, he was born at Pontefract in that county, in April 1756. After having made a sufficient proficiency in classical learning, he was, at the age of eighteen, placed at Catherine Hall, Cambridge, where his deportment was marked by a diligent application to his studies, and an uniform propriety and correctness of moral conduct. His literary attainments, if not profound, were at least of that class which, from their extent and variety, might justly entitle him to be considered as a sound Scholar. In 1779, having taken the degree of M. A. he quitted Cambridge; and soon after being ordained Priest, he was appointed Curate of St. Martin's Church, and subsequently Lecturer of St. Philip's Church in Birmingham, the duties of which arduous and responsible situations he successively discharged, not less creditably to himself than satisfactorily to the inhabitants of that populous and respectable town. About the year 1788, he accepted of the Mastership of the Free Grammar School at Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, to which he for several years united the Curacy of that very extensive and laborious parish. The unprecedented regret expressed by the inhabitants at his departure, and the affectionate regard with which his memory is still revered by his pupils, afford the most unequivocal testimony of the high esteem in which he was held, both as a Minister of the Gospel, and an instructor of youth. In 1799, being then in the 43d year of his age, he was presented by the late Bishop Hurd, to whom he had been strongly recommended, in consideration of his meritorious professional services, to the small vicarage of Grimley and Hallowe, in the county and diocese of Worcester, where he

sustained the character of an active, faithful, and vigilant pastor, to the period of his dissolution. Modest, unassuming, unpretending, simple in bis manners, simple in his taste of life, this truly excellent man was altogether free from ostentation or vanity. He acted uniformly upon the purest Christian principles; and firm and steady in maintaining what he judged to be right, no man ever possessed a more independent spirit, combined with the most unfeigned Christian meekness. About the advantages of worldly fortune he was little solicitous. He was easily contented and satisfied; and as he was entirely free from covetousness, so he was a stranger to envy, being ever forward to do justice to the merits of others, nor was his eye evil when they prospered.

To the poor he was a cheerful, generous, and kind-hearted benefactor, equally attentive to their spiritual as to their temporal wants. The latter be frequently relieved to a degree beyond what could have been required from bis limited resources.

Suitable to such a life were the manner and circumstances of his death. It pleased Providence to remove him, after an illness of a few hours, from the discharge of that duty in which he delighted, to the enjoyment of its reward. Enduring no long continuance of pain, undergoing no violent struggle, he was permitted to escape, in a great measure, the melancholy approaches of the last enemy. The garment of mortality easily dropped off, and the servant of God fell asleep in the Lord.

"Mark the upright man, and behold the perfect man, for the latter end of that man is peace."

THE REV. JOSEPH Pickering, M.A.

March 5. The Rev. Joseph Pickering, M. A. perpetual Curate of Paddington. The humble efforts of the biographer, the simple lines which gratitude may trace upon his tomb, are indeed but inefficient mementoes of the virtues of this revered, lamented friend. We should be, where he has been; we should see what he has seen; we should feel, as he has fell; ere we can record his blameless, virtuous life. The house of mourning where he was an earthly comforter, now mourns for him. From the bed of sickness is absent that Minister of Heaven who spoke peace and hope to the departing spirit,—deeply is that absence felt; the infirm, the aged, the distressed, whose wants he relieved, bewail the loss of their benefactor. The widow and the fatherless in silence weep the soother of their grief. These are tributes

tributes to the memory of Mr. Pickering, now registered in Heaven, where we may humbly presume he rests in the bosom of his Father and his God.

With meek and unaffected piety, he walked in the service of his Maker; destined in early life to have enjoyed all those earthly advantages which fortune bestows, great was the reverse; - it would have been so to an earthly mind; but in his, the only deprivation was, that it lessened the power of doing good: yet, with a very limited income, large in proportion were his charities; with a heart and hand ever open to the tale of suffering, which sought for it, in the haunts of poverty and obscurity; his selfdenial was rigid in the extreme. fortune early marked him for her own; many and severe were his trials through life, yet the breath of murmur never escaped his lips; he knelt with meek submission, and kissed the chastening band that dealt the blow.


He was the father, the friend, the protector of his flock; clothed with humility he prayed in the House of God; yet elevated with all the dignity of pure and heartfelt devotion, every ear listened to his precepts, every heart acknowledged his practice, and wished to follow his example. The individual who offers this humble tribute of grateful recollection to the shade of a departed friend, laments that she cannot do him justice; but few and sad were the days in which she knew him; yet that too short season of his almost parental friendship, empowers her to state this blessed truth, "He visited the fatherless and widow in affliction, and kept himself unspotted from the world."


At Bath, in the 80th year of his age, Dr. James Sims, M.D. and LL.D. This eminent Physician was for 19 years President of the Medical Society of London; he was also Vice-President of the Philanthropic Society, F.S.A. and R. Ir. Ac. Hon. Fellow of New York and Massachusetts Medical Societies, &c. Dr. Sims was the first Chairman and VicePresident of the Philanthropic Society, successfully contributed to its forma. tion, and, with the late Duke of Leeds, continued to support it under all its early difficulties; indeed, it may be said to be owing to his unremitting exertions that this important Institution is at present in existence. The Westminster General Infirmary and several other Charitable and Scientific Institutions, were much benefited by his exertions. Er. Sims, a few years since, retired from practice; since which time

he has resided at Bath. An excellent Portrait of Dr. Sims was painted by S. Medley, and engraved by N. Branwhite, It was inserted in his friend Dr. Lettsom's "Hints to promote Beneficence," &c.


June 3. At Statfold, co. Stafford, Samuel Pipe-Wolferstan, Esq. aged 69. To the estimable character of an old English country gentleman, Mr. PipeWolferstan superadded the acquirements of an accomplished Scholar; but his memory is most of all endeared to his family and friends by their recollection of his domestic virtues, united to those undeviating principles of religious integrity which he exhibited through life, and which gave serenity and confidence to his hopes as a Christian upon the bed of death. In this excellent Scholar we have lost a valuable Correspondent; and a further account of him shall be hereafter given.


June 13. At Croydon, aged 78, John Thomas Herrissaut Des Carrieres, a native of Paris. This gentleman has done honour to his own country by the services be has rendered to this. For almost half a century he has been an indefatigable teacher of the French language, and the author and reviser of many useful books for that purpose. About the time of the Revolution, he published a History of France, in two volumes; and lately, an abridged History, in one volume, up to the year 1815. Many noble personages in this country have received the benefit of this gentleman's instruction. He was a man of strict integrity, of a most ingenious mechanical turn of mind; but for the last twenty years had applied himself much to the science of gardening, by which his health, which had been impaired by study and close application, became firm and established, but in which he spent all the earnings of his former days.


April 21. At Workington Hall, in her 55th year, Mrs. Curwen, wife of John Christian Curwen, Esq. M. P. for Cumberland. The sole heiress of a wealthy and very antient family, she was, perhaps, in early youth, but too much caressed by fortune and friends. Yet it is but justice to her to say, that she bore the trials which came upon her in afterlife, to the full share of humanity, with fortitude and equanimity. The seeds of Religion, which had been sown in her youthful mind by a mother, of whom


« 上一頁繼續 »