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ARTS AND SCIENCES.
A new ship intended to ply as a regular packet between New York and New OrJeans, has recently been built, called the Robert Fulton. She is said to be, in every respect, one of the finest steam-vessels ever constructed. She is upwards of 750 tons, of a very great length, rigged with Jug sails; has three kelsons, (the centre one large enough for a ship of the line), together with bilgeways, and the whole secured and bolted in a very superior manner; ber frame timber and plank are of live oak, locust cedar, and Southern pine, copper bolted and coppered.
She will afford accommodation for more than 200 persons, and is fitted up with high and airy state rooms, thoroughly ventilated by means of sky-lights the whole Jength of the cabin, which is very extensive. Her after-cabin is neatly arranged for the accommodation of ladies, and separated by means of folding-doors, in the modern style. She has also a range of births fore and aft, together with a commodious fore-cabin. And, what adds to the greatest comfort and security of all, her engine and other machinery are completely insulated, and unconnected as it were with the other part of the ship. In the centre, lengthwise, is a kind of wellhole or square trunk, made both fire and water-proof; no possible accident, therefore, by the bursting of the boiler, can reach either of the cabins. This trunk or well-hole being inclosed by very thick plank, caulked and leaded, may be inundated with water at pleasure, without any inconvenience to the passengers.
The furnace is also completely sur rounded by the continuation of the boiler, so that no part of the fire can ever come in contact with wood. There is a space of about nine or ten inches filled in with materials, nonconductors of heat, which answer the double purpose of excluding the heat from the cabin, and at the same time deadening the disagreeable noise of the engine. She is also provided with a leather hose, similar to those used by our fire-engine companies in this city, which will enable the hot or cold water to be conveyed to any part of the ship, and furnish ing at the same time the great conveniency to the passengers of a warm or cold bath at pleasure. Her engine was constructed by Mr. Allaire, and is supposed to be the most powerful and most exact piece of workmanship ever turned out in America; and her boiler is said to be the largest ever known to have been made in that or any other country.
By far the greater number of the paintthere are a few of high merit; but those ings are more curious than excellent; that prove insufficiency of knowledge, or mediocrity of mind, occupy the larger space; indeed, several are attributed to artists to whose acknowledged works they bear no resemblance whatever, except in the imitation of faults, which have ble nius. The works of Holbein are the most mished even the brightest originals of gecurious and interesting for their subjects and their antiquity, as also for the great detail they so remarkably display; those manual precision and quaint richness of of Vandycke are the most valuable as specimens of art full of intrinsic excellence. Those of Lely, Riley, Kneller, and Hudson, are a great falling off from the elevation to which Vandycke had pictures of Reynolds are, of course, far raised the art of portrait-painting; the superior to what these last-mentioned artists have produced, as to their character, drawing, expression, and management of colours, but they are greatly inferior in that part which merely depends on mechanical preparation: the tricks that Sir unhappy smattering of chemistry which Joshua played with his colours, from the he possessed, have given up his produc pidly passing off into utter oblivion, sevetions to premature decay; they are raral of them uniting the beauty of form and the truth of colour to nature's expression, historic dignity. A few from the pencil of Rubens are next in merit; they possess a great deal of his colouring and motion, but they are far from being his happiest productions; they have more of his faults with less of the peculiar traits of bis genius than we usually see in his works. There is a painting of great merit by Thorston, which comes nearest to the power of Vandycke. There are seve part a compound of feebleness and forral by Zucchero, which are for the most superior. There are two paintings by mality; some by Hoare, in a style a little Copley, which consists of groups of excellent portraits, connected together by the common bond of an historical subject, of history. One of the most characteristic but possessing little of the feeling or action portraits in the Exhibition is by Hogarth, and it is worth hundreds of the formal insipid things which overload this branch physiognomy. The sine nomine corpora of art with so many varieties of mindless occupy a very large space in this gallery, which gives a great opportunity to ingenious connoisseurs for the exercise of their conjectural faculty.
On our Revered MONARCH'S DEATH, and the Event of the late TRIALS for TREASON,
BRITANNIA mourns her Father and her
What votive offerings should his subjects
Not weak regret! the tribute he requires,
[feel. "A Briton barn," like him let Britons lu vaiu! our tears embalm his sacred dust, [bust; In vain! we hang o'er his lamented Hollow and cold our echoing voices die, Our life a libel, and our grief a lie, Except we feel his virtues in our soul, And scorn to bend to passion's wild controul;
Deep graven in our hearts, our lives pro
This best memorial to his honour'd name. As his long day a bright example gave, Faith's brilliant halo circles round his
It is said that a late incursion on the residence of the Bishop of Clonfert by the deluded insurgents of the county of Galway, appeared to threaten the fulfilment of a prophetic apprehension expressed some years since in a copy of Valedictory verses, written by his Lordship upon quitting a friend's house in Somersetshire on his return to Ireland. We subjoin a copy of them-with a translation, in compliance with a request by the Correspondent of the 5th instaut. Cara Domus, valeas!-carique valete Penates,
Editus unde mihi connubialis amor. Seu me vis rapiat, truculenta rebellibus armis,
Seu sortem expectat senecta suam, His laribus (canit augurium præsaga male mens)
Pes meus, his laribus non rediturus abit.
O pia spes amanda! tuum est optare
Rursus in æterna posse coire domo, Purior æthereos ubi pascet spiritus artus, Nostraque nobilior corda beabit amor.
DEPARTURE OF ST. PAUL FROM MELITA. Illustrating the state of things at that period. THE suu new risen above the ocean bed
Shattered profuse his light of rosy
And the glad gale among the forest trees Sung sweetly to the murmur of the seas; Forthwith, uprising from his lowly rest, Each mariner himself for toil addressed, Flung o'er his shoulders the loose cloak, and took [tain brook, His scrip and from the neighbouring mounDrew the chill nectar of its virgin wave, And sought with merry heart his pinnace brave.
His pinnace rode upon the swelling tide, With white sail drooping o'er ber dusky
Meantime, with lazy strength-at intervals
And flashing for a transitory light,
Slowly she passes underneath the brow
And now the morning rushes on her sail,
Opens around-and Oh how joyously
The oars are in; the seaman's vacant eye
The voice melodious of that fabled bird:
And his own hamlet in the shady trees,
SONNET TO THE MOON.
PALE wanderer, through your starry welkin's height,
That smil'st serenely on this earthly ball; How oft attentive to the midnight's call I hail thy balcyon beams of heavenly light,
And view thee in celestial beauties dight,
Shedding thy gentle influence over all, Save when the murky clouds, with mantling pail,
Conceal thy heavenly charms from earthly sight.
Beloved moon! how sweet it is to stray,
And to enraptured Fancy's sight display,
LOVE is no flame
That would destroy the earthly tene-
Within its solitary residence :
The man by that irradiate is at peace,
It hath no burning, neither madness in it;
But there's a flame which though hot
Do call it Love, is only Lust, and that
Which is the pure ethereal spark of God,
For the Anniversary of the LITERARY FUND,
BLESS'D be the task to yield relief
To want, disease, or pining care!
NO BUTLER find a thankless court
Our KING bids genius raise his head,
Of all the charities that bind
Affection's cords about the breast,
That gave your lib'ral system birth!
STANZAS FOR MUSIC.
FROM a willow suspended
Its chords were unstrung!
And the flowers that still crowned it
His fond hopes were thwarted
He wandered alone.
Yet not always dejected,
Unknown, or unloved;
Was laid in her grave.
The lyre he forswore ;
And the bright beam of gladness
Now sweet vigils he keepeth
Where woe cannot come,
And beneath the sod sleepeth
The Grave of the Bard.
UPON the holy dames of God,
The fair, the wonderful, the wild,
The dread, the grand, thy soul confessed, Thou wert a true poetic child,
And with an eagle-spirit blest! But yet that spirit was too strong
For the weak frame that held her flight, And strained its powers too oft and long, Stretched forward to the zenith height! Thus poised between the two extremes Of matter and of spirit wrought; Too weak to drink the solar beams, For earth too much of subtle thought. Ethereal Essence! spark of heaven! The lightning shot into the soul ! Whose shocks electric, hourly given, Prey on the life, and wear the whole! Yet the Sun's glory he inhaled,
And stretched his soul beyond his strength,
Till the worn threads of being failed, Rare and refined, and burst at length [ Around thy grave shall fairies meet,
And youths, and maids, who loved thy
And Fancy scatter flowerets sweet,
And Pity plain her dirge along!
And undisturbed thy shrouded rest!
A SUMMER EVENING SUN-SET. -THE blood-red orb Sinks slowly down, and with his burning
Appears to fire the sky; the billowy clouds,
The moonlight sweet and lovely fell, To the far East the crimson splendour
And on the flowery turf it glowed,
Of a meek Poet's narrow cell.
There 'gainst the arching cypress trees,
And all the dead rushed on his mind; Then from his harp he sought relief,
And poured these numbers undesigned. Dear son of Fancy! fare thee well!
Be thy abode in heaven blest, Peace be within thy narrow cell,
And undisturbed thy shrouded rest!
The mist upcurling from the stream,
To gaze the meteor's vagrant glare:
With thrilling breast, and blissful tear!
[up And the blue vault itself seems reddening To general conflagration. Dense, dark [rocks
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, May 8. Mr. Baring presented a petition from a most respectable body of merchants of the City of London against the present restrictive system of trade, and praying for the repeal of the prohibitory duties imposed upon articles imported into England from foreign countries. The Petition, among other allegations, stated, "That of the numerous protective and prohibitory duties of our commercial code, it could be proved, that while all operate as a very heavy tax on the community at large, very few are of any ultimate benefit to the classes in whose favour they were originally instituted, and none to the extent of loss occasioned by them to other classes."
Mr. F. Robinson (President of the Board of Trade) said, that the subject excited great feeling throughout the country, and many individuals in that House would feel it their duty to bring the subject distinctly under consideration. When it came before the House, Government would give it their best consideration; but he had never been able to persuade himself that there was anything so radically wrong, or so essentially prejudicial, in the nature of the present law, as to make an alteration necessary.
Mr. George Phillips, Mr. W. Douglas, Mr. Beaumont, Lord Millon, Mr. Ricardo, Mr. Ellice, Mr. Marryatt, and Mr. T. Wilson, severally spoke on the subject. The petition was ordered to lie on the table, and to be printed.
On the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the report on the Civil List was read, and the resolutions were read the first time. On the motion that the resolutions be read a second time, Lord John Russell urged the necessity of inquiry, and the abrogation of many offices, which might be spared without derogating in any respect from the dignity of the crown. That such an office as that of master of hawks belonged to olden times, and had once contributed to the splendour and dignity of the crown, was surely no reason for continuing it at the present day, when it was entirely useless. If such situations were to be held from respect to ancient usage, and without any regard to their utility, the king ought still, on the same principle, to have his fool, and be allowed straw for his beds, and litter for his chambers. After some further discussion, in which Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Tierney, Mr. Canning, and Mr. Brougham par
ticipated, the House divided, when the amendment was negatived by 256 to 157. The resolutions were read a second time.
Sir James Mackintosh said, that the Committee, of whose sentiments he was the humble organ, were persuaded that some alteration might safely be ventured upon with regard to that large class of crimes which ranged themselves under the head of forgery. They were of opinion, that the offence of simply uttering what was forged might be expiated by a less punishment than that of death. Transportation, or hard labour for life, seemed to them an equally wise alternative in such cases. They thought also, that the act making it capital to steal to the amount of 40s. in a dwelling house, might be repealed without any danger to society. Sir James concluded by moving for the appointment of a select committee to consider the state of our laws with regard to the punishment of crimes. (Hear, Hear.)
Mr. Bennet would recommend the abo lition of the present mode of punishtnent of high treason. There never was an execution which left behind it feelings of a more painful nature than the late melancholy executions at the Old Bailey. The last act of that dreadful ceremony-the appearance of a disguised individual as an assistant, had not a little increased the universal horror. He hoped this barbarous ceremony would be repealed.
Mr. Canning said, that no resistance would be offered to the motions of which notice had been given; but this remark must be understood as applying only to the introduction of the subject, and that Government should not stand committed to any fixed opinions until an opportunity was offered of further and mature deliberation.
Lord John Russell obtained leave to bring in a Bill for disfranchising the borough of Grampound from sending Members to Parliament, and for extending the right of suffrage to the borough of Leeds. The bill to operate at the conclusion of the present Parliament, or in case any vacancy occurred in the borough of Grampound before that period. The right of suffrage, which he proposed for the borough of Leeds, would extend to persons renting houses of the value of five pounds per annum. The bill was brought in, and read the first time. May 10.