ePub 版

mised spirits; and the tall man cautioned against drunkenness, as ruinous to a cause like that. They went along the street, two and two, and at some distance, that they might not be observed. There was a cupboard in the room, used for swords, hand grenades, and flannel bags for cartridges, one of which was full. The rest of the arms were in Tidd's rooms; that was the depot. Thistlewood was always in a hurry to carry every thing that was got ready into the depot, lest any officer should see it. Witness carried a brassbarrelled blunderbuss. There were pikes made of old files. Witness as he went on missed all his associates. He turned back, and met Brunt, who returned with him along the Edgeware-road, till they met Thistlewood. They went altogether to the stable in Cato-street. Witness staid behind till Harrison came up, and made him go in. He saw there, Davidson and Wilson below, Thistlewood, Ings, Hall, Bradburn, Strange, Cooper, the tall man, and others, above. There were, as Thistlewood calculated, at last, 18 above, and two below. There was a bench above and arms on it. Some beer was standing on the table. There were lights. There was a chest. Before Tidd came, Thistlewood went out for some time. Witness heard a deal of talk below, and be found Thistlewood, Brunt, Harrison, Davidson, and Wilson. They spoke of the good news; they heard that the carriages were arriving at Lord Harrowby's as fast as they could. Witness went up to the loft, and saw Thistlewood and Brunt much agitated. They spoke of Tidd's absence. Brunt pledged his word that he would come. He soon afterwards came. Thistlewood said, “I hope you will not give up what you are going to do; if you do, this will be another Despard's business." He then counted 20 persons, and said that was enough; 14 would be sufficient to go into the room, and the other six would take care of the servants and doors. They then set apart 14. The gin bottle was then started. Thistlewood said, if Lord Harrowby had 16 servants, that was nothing, as they would not be prepared. A noise was heard below. Thistlewood took a candle and looked down to see who they were, and then set down the candle quite con-, fused, according to witness's judgment. Two officers took command of the room, holding small pistols, and said, "A pretty nest there is of you. We have got a warrant to apprehend you all, and hope you will go peaceably." A man who was on the step of the ladder said, Let me come forward." This was the man murdered. A group of persons had got into the little room, and then came forward, and one of them stretched forward an arm; witness saw nothing in it; another presented a

[ocr errors]

pistol. The man fell. It was impossible for him to give a particular account of the other transactions. He got away, went home, was apprehended on the Friday, and remained in custody since. He identified Davidson, Wilson, Brunt, Ings, Cooper, Harrison, Tidd. There were two he did not know. They were again called forward; he said he could not swear to them. He was sent forward near the dock, but he said he did not know them. One of them, he said, he saw at the meeting.

Joseph Hall, an apprentice to Brunt, John Hector Morrison, James Aldons, Thomas Hydon, were examined, and corroborated the former evidence.

The Earl of Harrowby stated the circumstances of his receiving intimation of the intended assassination.

John Monument, and Thomas Dwyers, who had turned King's evidences, and several of the Bow-street officers, were then examined.

The various articles found in Catostreet, the belt found on Tidd, together with all the other arms and ammunition found on the persons of the prisoners, and at their lodgings, were then produced, and identified by the witnesses. The fire arms were loaded till yesterday, when the charges were drawn-they were loaded with ball. One of the grenades had been given to a person by an order of Colonel Congreve to be examined. The production of Ings's knife excited an involuntary shudder; it was a broad desperate-looking weapon.

The Jury inspected the arms separately, and particularly the pikes, the construction and formation of which were minutely described. The whole had a most formidable appearance.

[Some other witnesses were examined, but their evidence was not material.]

Serjeant Edward Hanson, of the Royal Artillery, examined by Mr. Gurney.—I examined one of the grenades, produced to me at Bow-street. It is composed of a tin case, in which a tube is soldered. The case contains three ounces and a half of gunpowder; the priming in the tube is a composition of saltpetre, powder, and brimstone; the tin was pitched and wrapped round with rope-yarn, which was cemented with rosin and tar. Round the tin, and the rope-yarn, 12 pieces of iron were planted. From the lighting of the fuse to the explosion might take about half a minute. If one of them were to be exploded in a room were there were a number of persons, it would produce great destruction. The pieces of iron would fly about like bullets.

After the conviction of Thistlewood, all the prisoners were tried and found guilty on the same evidence, as stated in our last.

last. They severally addressed the Jury in their defence.

James Wilson, J. Harrison, R. Bradburn, J. S. Strange, J. Gilchrist, and C. Cooper, were then placed at the bar, and permitted to plead Guilty.

On Friday morning, soon after nine o'clock, the Lords Chief Justices of the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas, the Chief Baron Richards, Mr. Justice Best, and Mr. Justice Richardson, took their seats on the Bench. The prisoners were then placed at the bar, and called in order by Mr. Shelton to urge what they had to say, why sentence of death should not be passed upon them.

After each of the prisoners had severally addressed the Court, the Lord Chief Justice Abbott put on that solemn part of the judicial insignia, the black velvet cap, and proceeded to pass the sentence of the Court, viz.


"That you return to the jail from whence you came, and from thence be drawn on hurdles to the place of execution, there to be hung by the neck till you are dead; your heads cut off, and your bodies divided into four quarters, to be disposed of as his Majesty shall think proper. And I pray to God to have mercy on your souls."


On Saturday, April 29, the Common Serjeant, in consequence of having been written to by the Lord Chancellor, made his report to the King in Council of the eleven men convicted under the late spe. cial commission. After two hours deliberation, and hearing the report of the trials, the following were ordered for execution on Monday morning, in front of Newgate, viz. Arthur Thistlewood, James Ings, John Thomas Brunt, Richard Tidd, and William Davidson. The remaining six, who pleaded guilty to their indictments, were respited. On Mr. Brown, the keeper, communicating the fatal news, Thistlewood immediately (and in the calmest manner) said, "The sooner we go, Sir, the better. Our wish is to die as soon as possible." The others expressed the same sentiments. Being asked if they wished for the assistance of a clergyman, no an. swer was made by either. Mr. Brown then went to the other prisoners, and informed them that their lives would be spared; Strange, Cooper, Bradburn, and Gilchrist, immediately fell on their knees, and after a pause, gave utterance to incoherent and unintelligible expressions of gratitude. Harrison and Wilson were silent, and apparently unmoved.Gilchrist has been respited, without mention of the commutation of punishment; but Harrison, Wilson, Cooper, Strange,and Bradburo, are to be transported for life.

[ocr errors]

The preparations for the execution werd going on during the whole of Sunday, and the Old Bailey was crowded with spec


On Monday morning, as early as five o'clock, the Old Bailey was crowded to excess, and as the time approached for the criminals to be brought out, the ad jacent streets, the windows and roofs of the houses, even to the chimnies, were completely filled.

The arrangements for the preservation of the peace were complete. Bodies of Life Guards were stationed in the Old Bailey, Newgate-street, Ludgate-hill, and other places adjacent, and six pieces of artillery, with about 100 artillerymen, were placed in the centre of Blackfriarsroad, about 300 yards beyond the Bridge. The Civil power was also in great force. The scaffold was lined with black cloth, and on one part immediately behind the drop, five coffins of plain wood were placed, together with a block, on which to lay the heads of the criminals for the purpose of decapitation.

[ocr errors]

At an early hour the five criminals were brought from their cells and placed in a room together, where they were attended by Mr. Cotton, the Ordinary, who, with other gentlemen, was unceasing in his efforts to awaken in their minds some sense of religion. These humane endeavours were, however, fruitless with all but Davidson; who prayed most fervently. He took a glass of wine early in the morn ing, and also received the Sacrament. The others repeatedly refused.

When the irons were displaced, and their bands secured in the usual way, the prisoners were led to the entrance of the prison; and, at a quarter before eight o'clock exactly, Thistlewood came on the scaffold. He walked with a firm step. and appeared perfectly collected. He looked round 'upon the crowd and bowed twice. His demeanour was serious, and becoming his situation. While the final arrangements were making by the execu tioner, Mr. Cotton stood beside the wretched man, and continued exhorting him to pray, and also put the question, if he repented of his crimes; he exclaimed several times, "No; not at all!" He was also heard to say, "I shall soon know the last grand secret."

Tidd was the next brought up. He ran swiftly up the steps, and bowed around, with a hardened smile. There was a partial cheering when he made his appear


Ings then came out. The conduct of this man was truly horrible. The moment he had taken his station, he moved his head to and fro, and cried, "huzza!" three times. He then commenced singing, "O give me death or liberty!" Here


there was a partial cheering from the top of the Old Bailey. He continued now and then exclaiming-" Here we go, my lads you see the last remains of James Ings-remember I die the enemy of tyranny, and would sooner die in chains, than live in slavery." When Mr. Cotton addressed him, he said laughingly, "I am not afraid to go before God and man;" then addressing himself to the executioner, he exclaimed-"Now, old man, finish me tidy! Put the halter a little tighter, it might slip!" He then, as well as he could, waved a handkerchief three times; and said, he hoped Mr. Cotton would give him a good character.

Davidson, the man of colour, came out next. His behaviour presented a gratifying contrast to that of his companions. His deportment was mild, yet firm, and he prayed with great fervency. When he stepped upon the scaffold, he said to those within, "God bless you all! good bye." He joined in the Lord's prayer, and said, "God bless the King!" He repeatedly expressed great penitence for his crimes.

Brunt came out last. He said very little, but was as hardened as any of the rest. He said just before he came out, that he had no snuff box, but he had some snuff in his waistcoat pocket, and requested some stander-by to get some out for him, as his hands were tied. This was done, and he took it with great coolness. He said he wondered where they would put him, but he supposed it would be somewhere that he would sleep well. He added, that he would make a present of his body to King George the Fourth.

Thistlewood, just before he was turned off, said, in a low tone to a person under the scaffold "I have now but a few moments to live, and I hope the world will think that I have at least been sincere in any endeavours."

Tidd said to Ings, about the same moment," how are you, my hearty."

At about six minutes after eight the signal was given by Mr. Cotton, and the unhappy men were launched into eternity. Thistlewood died almost without a struggle. Ings struggled extremely, and appeared to suffer much. It is a remarkable fact, that just as the fatal sig



nal was about to be given, Ings was observed to join Davidson in prayer.

When the bodies had been suspended half an hour, the executioner and an assistant appeared on the scaffold to prepare for the revolting ceremony of decapitation. Thistlewood was first ent down, and being placed with his head on the block, a man disguised in a rough jacket and trowsers, and a mask on his face, appeared with his amputating knife, and the head was almost momentarily severed from the body, and given to the executioner's assistant, who held it up by the hair, and turning North and South, and then to the front of the scaffold, he exclaimed three times, "This is the head of Arthur Thistlewood, a traitor." The body with the head was then placed in a coffin.-The same ceremony was performed with Tidd, Ings, Davidson, and Brunt in succession.-The operation was performed with great skill, and in as short a time as possible. The operator was loudly hissed by the mob, and some atrocious expressions were applied to him. The universal groan, accompanied by some female shrieks, when he first commenced upon Thistlewood, had an awful effect. The bodies were soon after removed to a room in the prison.

When the malefactors first appeared on the scaffold, there was a signal given, upon which the troops stationed in the adjacent streets drew as close as possible to the place of execution. We are happy to state that there was not the slightest indication of disorder amongst the people, and they dispersed quietly after the dreadful scene had finally closed.

Part of the railing of St. Sepulchre's Church fell, on which a great number of people of both sexes had climbed. Several were severely hurt. It was a matter of much surprise that an extraordinary number of women, some of them well dressed, were present at this most awful exhibition.

Five of the men who pleaded guilty to the charge of high treason, viz. Wilson, Strange, Harrison, Cooper, and Bradburn, were removed from Newgate to Portsmouth, on Tuesday, to be transported to New South Wales for life.


The Election projet has been withdrawn from the Deputies, and another substituted; the latter divides the electors into two bodies; each department is to have two electoral colleges; one composed of electors highly taxed, and another of low tax-payers: the latter to return a certain number of candidates to the higher col

[blocks in formation]

fewer than fifty authors or editors under prosecution, either at Paris or in the Departments.

Authentic accounts from France communicate the particulurs of a barbarous attempt upon the life of the Duchess de Berri; and, through her, upon the existence of the reigning house of Bourbon. It is stated, that on the 6th at night, soon after twelve o'clock, a man made his appearance very silently at the wicket of the Rue de l'Echelle, near the windows of that part of the Thuilleries where the Duchess de Berri resides, and placed there a petard containing one or two pounds of gunpowder, the match of which he ignited by means of a lighted segar. He was then immediately seized by the Police agents, placed in concealment near the spot by Count Angles, the Prefect of Police; who, it appears, had previous in. formation of what was to take place. The name of the man thus taken into custody is Graviers, and he was formerly an officer in the 5th regiment of Lancers: he is said to have made disclosures, in consequence of which three other individuals were arrested early the next morning.

Discontents, fomented by the inveterate enemies of the Bourbons, and made greater by the irritating conduct of those who profess to be their friends, increase in Paris ; the worst political symptoms shew themselves, and the night patrole service is now performed by mounted grenadiers of the royal guard, upon whose fidelity the greatest reliance is placed. The effect of mental anxiety is visible in the King. The Duke d'Angouleme has, it is asserted, not been received very courteously in his progress throughout the Southern provinces. SPAIN.

On the 4th ult. Cadiz was the scene of an interesting spectacle-the triumphal entry of Quiroga, the great author of their restored liberties, into the city. Quiroga was drawn, in a kind of open car, into the square of the Constitution, which is in the heart of the city, and there crowned with laurel amid the shouts and benedictions of his fellow-citizens.

The King has issued a decree, permitting the return to Spain of the persons called "Josephinos ;" in other words, those who followed the fortunes of Joseph Buonaparte.

The King of Spain, to gratify his troops, has declared himself the first soldier in the nation; and has appointed as his Aides-de-Camp eight of the most popular Generals, including Quiroga, Riego, O'Donohue, and Ballasteros.

Ferdinand has issued two decrees; one of which orders, that all children shall be taught the "Sovereignty of the People !" the other is for organizing a national militia.

An important proclamation has been addressed by Ferdinand to his American subjects. Its main object is, to produce a reconciliation between the colonies, now fighting for independence, and the parent country.

Mina has received a reprimand from the Provisional Junta, for having undertaken to raise troops in Navarre, and levy arbitrary contributions.


Letters from Berlin of the 14th ult. state, that on the preceding day a tumult of a very formidable nature occurred in that city. About 300 individuals of the working classes-by what motives impelled, or by whom instigated, is not known-suddenly made an attack on the guard- house, which was occupied at the time by not more than thirty soldiers. It was not till two or three detachments of the military had been brought against them, that the insurgents were reduced to submission; when several of the ringleaders were secured and thrown into prison.


The Emperor Alexander has taken the resolution of banishing the whole body of Jesuits from his dominions; and confiscating their property, whether in land or money, to pious and charitable uses. The reason of this is, their repeated abuse of the toleration they enjoyed.

ASIA, &c.

Letters from St. Helena, dated March 26, have been received by the Waterloo. Buonaparte was enjoying excellent health. He continued to occupy himself in the mornings by working in the garden; and, as he wore a white jacket and straw hat, was not to be distinguished, except on a very close approach, from his servants. AMERICA.

American papers confirm the statement of the death of Commodore Decatur, who was mortally wounded, on the 22d, in a duel with Commodore Barron, also of the United States' navy, and expired the same evening.

The question relative to the cession of the Floridas has been put off until the next Session of the Congress, as appears by the President's message to Congress. New York papers of recent date, however, say, that General Vives, the new Spanish Minister, had, immediately on his arrival, delivered in to the Government the Florida treaty, ratified by King Ferdinand, without any restrictive conditions.

The Senate of the United States have passed their new Navigation Act, with only one dissentient voice. The purpose

of the Act is avowed: it is to coerce Great Britain into a relaxation of her own Navigation Act, as it affects her colonies. To this end, the American Legislature declares, that, as we will not admit their


shipping to the ports of our colonies, they will not admit any British shipping from those colonies to the ports of the United States.

On the 4th of April the theatre at Philadelphia was totally destroyed by fire: it is supposed, by incendiaries.

Advices from Rio Janeiro, bring the information that Artigas, the Independent Chief on the banks of the Rio Plata, had a battle in December last with the Portuguese; when it is said he was defeated with the loss of 1300 meo.-The Spanish Patriotic Governments in that quarter are stated to be literally falling to pieces from disunion among themselves.

Letters from the head-quarters of General Bolivar state, that the Independent General Paez lost his life while in the act of forcing an important pass. He was immediately succeeded by Gen. Soubletree.

Letters from Monte Video, dated 6th of February, communicate the important intelligence, that a revolution had taken place at Buenos Ayres. This important change, it is said, was occasioned by the entrance of the Monteneros, or Indian Mountaineers, commanded by Colonel



Bustos, who were previously joined by the forces under General Belgrano. The Supreme Director, Puerreydon, having no force sufficiently numerous to render opposition likely to be attended with success, fled from the place, taking refuge on board the American sloop of war John Adams. It is stated further, that the British vessels of war on that station had ap proached as near as possible to Buenos Ayres to afford protection to British persons and property. A new Constitution, termed Federal, had been formed, and all the old Members of the Government displaced, and other persons had been nominated to discharge their several functions. A new island has been discovered off Cape Horn, in latitude 61 deg. longitude 55 deg. by the ship William, on a voyage from Monte Video for Valparaiso. The same ship having been dispatched by Captain Sheriff, of the Andromache frigate to survey the coast, explored it for 200 miles. The Captain went ashore, and found it covered with snow, and uninhabited abundance of seals and whales were found in its neighbourhood. has named the island New Shetland.


PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. March 29. A numerous and respectable meeting took place at the Three Crowns Inn, in Leicester, for the purpose of establishing a society for the dispersion of cheap Tracts to counteract infidel and disloyal principles. His Grace the Duke of Rutland presided. It was resolved that the society be called, "A Committee of Subscribers for Promoting the Circulation of useful Publications in the County of Leicester, and be attached to the Diocesan Committee for Promoting Christian Knowledge."

April 23. An occurrence, we believe unparalleled in the annals of this county, took place at Stopsley, in Bedfordshire. A man named Bean, by trade a wheelwright, took out his two children, one aged about three years, and the other about fourteen months, in a small child's chaise cart, into a lane, at a short distance from his house; where, having almost severed their heads from their bodies with a razor, he cut his own throat with the same instrument.

April 29. A dwelling-house, and the furniture therein, with a range of farm buildings, nine cows, a horse, and several sheep, belonging to a tenant of Sir Wm. Napiers, bart. in Renfrewshire, were all destroyed by fire; supposed to be the act of an incendiary, from political disaffection against the landlord and tenant,


on account of the active part they took in the armed associations of the district.

So serious is the depression in the price of wool, that farmers who sold it at this time last year at 241. per pack, can now obtain 137. only for it.

In the course of the last two years, it is said, the woollen manufacture of Yorkshire has declined, from a fifth to a fourth part of its entire amount-a depression wholly unprecedented.

A site has been fixed upon for the erection of the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge; but the probable expence of completing it, requiring a sum little short of twenty thousand pounds more than the Fitzwilliam Fund is competent to defray, an application is to be made to the Uni versity, to contribute the sum necessary for its completion. May 1. The Dowager Duchess of Norfolk's fine coppice-wood at Brock hampton, in Herefordshire, was set fire to, and nearly consumed.

Oxford, May 3. The Vice-President and Fellows of Magdalen College went in procession from St. Mary's Church to the dis solved College of Hertford, for the pur. pose of laying the foundation-stone of the new buildings intended for the future residence of the members of Magdalen Hall : the Principal and Vice Principal of that Society were also in the procession. The stone was laid by the Rev. T. N. Blagden, B.D. Vice-President of Magdalen College, assisted

« 上一頁繼續 »