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to bave two Cottages which pay xxd. a year to his vice-comes.-Tanner, in the Notitia Monastica, refers to a cbarter dated so long back as 1287, in which the grant of a place near Oldbourne, where the Black Friars had before dwelt, to Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincoln is recited *. Henry de Lacy died here in 1312, and upon its site the older part of Lincoln's-inn bas since arisen.


Here, according to Stowe, died Feb. 3, 1399, John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster.

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It seems from the following passage in Stow's Annals, that the gardens bere were famous for producing fine strawberries. He says, speaking of Richard III." And after a little talking to them, he said to the Bishop of Ely, My Lord, you have very good strawberries at your gar den in Holborn, I require you to let me have a messe of them? Gladly, my Lord,' quoth he, would to God I had some better thing as ready to your pleasure as that,' and therewith he sent his servant in all haste for a messe of strawberries.”—This circumstance has been minutely copied by Shakspeare in his play of Richard the Third, where he puts the following words in that Prince's mouth:

My lord of Ely, when I was last in Holbourne,

I saw good strawberries in your Grace's garden there,

I do beseech you send for some of them." During the Civil Wars this house was converted into an Hospital, as appears by an entry in Rushworth, vol. II. part iv. page 1097: "The Lords concurred with the Commons in a message sent up to their Lordships, for Ely House in Holbourne to be for the use of the sick and maimed soldiers." (Grose's "Antiquities of England and Wales.")


The situation of Beaumont's Inn, perhaps, is not now to be ascertained. It stood in the parish of St. Benedict, in the ward of Baynard's Castle, and belonged to Sir William Beaumont, kat. Viscount Beaumont; and was granted in the 1st year of King Edw, IV. to Lord Hastings.

* Chart. 15 Edw. I. m. 6.


The old ornamented tapestry which bangs over the Judicial Seat in this Court was originally a covering to Queen Elizabeth's state beds, and sold by one of the domestics of the palace at that time to the Upholsterer then fitting up that Court.


or Turnbull Street, near Cow Cross, West Smithfield, appears to have been a place of very ill-repute about two centuries ago. Nash in "Pierce Penilesse his supplication," commends the sisters of Turnbull-street to the patronage of the Devil.

In Middleton's Comedy, called "Any thing for a quiet Life," a French Bawd says, "J'ay une fille qui parle un peu Francois; elle conversera avec vous, à la Fleur de Lys en Turnmille-street." It is mentioned in Shakspeare's Henry IV. part ii. and occurs in the "Knight of the Burning Pestle," by Beaumont and


"This my Lady dear

I stole from her friends in Turnbull-street." We also find it stigmatized in the "Scornful Lady," a Comedy by the same Authors.


Sir Robert Cotton told Weever of a chest of lead found in Ratcliffe Field, in Stepney Parish, the upper part garnished with scalop shells, and a crotister border.-At the head and foot of the Coffin stood two jars, three feet long, and on the sides a number of bottles of glistering red earth, some painted, and many great phials of glass, some six some eight square, having a whitish liquor in them. Within the chest was the body of a woman (as the surgeons judged by the skull). On either side of her were two sceptres of ivory, 18 inches long, and on her breast a little figure of Cupid, neatly cut in white stone. And among the bones were two pieces of jet, with round heads, in the form of nails, three inches long.—(Gough, Weever, Sep. Mon. vol. I. p. 64. Fuo. Mon. p. 30.)

GILTSPUR STREET. Giltspur Street (says Stow) was formerly called Kuight-rider Street, and both that by Doctors Commons, and this for the same reason; the Knights, with their gilt spurs riding


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that way from the Tower Royal, to entertain the King and his Nobles with Justs and Tournaments in Smithfield. They rode from Tower Royal through Great and Little Knightrider Streets, up Creed Lane to Ludgate, and thence up Gillspur Street to Smithfield. G. CREED.


April 19.

PEAK of me as you find," is a

are attainable, the first fesson is humility. Whenever the Gospel is taught in all its extent and all its pu rity, men of impure, opiniative, unsubdued minds will oppose and con tradict it. Our Lord' was deserted by many of his Disciples. The Apostles, in their day, were in like manner for. saken by many of their followers; and if you could place Apostolical men, a Hooker, or a Herbert, in every

general Kingdom,

approbation; and if one who has been a Clergyman upwards of forty years, and, for more than half that time, constantly resident on a benefice in the midst of Dissenters, is at all entitled to regard, I am fully persuaded, that if, in the Letter signed CLERICUS ECCLESIA ANGLICANE" (1819. ii. 597.) a direct negative were given to every observation in praise of Dissenters, and to every remark in dispraise of the Clergy (their "supineness," their "hauteur," their want of "familiarity," and hospitality to wards the "inferior part of the body," and their "unwillingness to give them advice,") the statement would be much nearer the truth, than it is at present. "An anecdote" is related" of a Clergyman in Glamorganshire, who had not been three months absent from his parish for the space of 35 years; the consequence of which," it is said, "was, that there was not a Dissenter in the whole parish." Far be it from me to wish to undervalue the important duty of residence in the Parochial Clergy, knowing, as I do, that in a populous parish, not a day, and scarcely an hour passes, in which the Clergyman is not wanted, or consulted, by Dissenters as well as others (if there are Dissenters in the parish) in some of their temporal or spiri tual concerns. But the sources of Dissent are far more deep, and of a very different nature from what your Correspondent seems to imagine. The Apostle reckons "heresies" among the works of the flesh (Gal. v. 20.); and while the guilt of schism (no trivial matter, if the Scriptures are to be regarded) attaches to all Dissenters, there are few of them, I fear, whose erring doctrines, if not absolutely involved in Heresy, do not approach the ambiguous confines of that tremendous sin. The first sin of man was pride; and in the school of Christ, whence alone remedies for every sin

that unity and truth would not prevail more than at present; but of this I have no doubt, that even then, while men are such as they are, and the times such as they are, Dissenters would be numerous,

Take a few specimens of their maxims and notions. A Dissenter, not of the lowest rank, said, "If our Religion were established, I would be on the other side." 66 Why should he have so much, and I so little?" "What is he but a man, like myself?" "I would have an opinion of my own, and judge for myself”— when the question has been one by no means connected with any essential article, either of faith or prac tice, and, at the same time, such as the self-erected judge was just as competent to decide upon, as to find out the Longitude.

Of the "harmony and affection subsisting among the different sects of Dissenters," I know nothing, except that they are reported to have a Society in London for defending and promoting the holy business of Dissent, or, as they call it, "the Dissenting Interest," throughout the King. dom.

You would not have been troubled with this letter, had not some of your Correspondents, by referring, with apparent approbation, to the communication of C. E. A. given it a consequence, to which, in itself, it was scarcely entitled.


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As Author of has

received such universal applause, it is reedless to declaim on his merits, and perhaps it were dangerous to mention his faults. On this account I own that I feel some compunction in saying that I think there is a very glar ing, absurdity in that Author's last production, termed "The Monastery.”


This Work, we are induced to believe,
isa History of the Abbey of St. Mary's,
the Ruins of which are now to be seen
at the Village of Fennaquair in Scot-
land. When I have been reading of
Characters introduced in this book,
which our Historians have taught me
to consider as true, I am surprized to
find them rendered fabulous, by being
described in the same Chapter in which
a preternatural appearance is telling
a fortune. What can be more absurd
than to say that a man, awake, and
in his senses too, should see an airy
vision in the shape of a Woman, who,
after having sung several very wild
songs, vanishes away? But this is not
seen only once; Halbert sees it three
times successively, and consults it
concerning his fate; and on one oc-
casion, after having told him his for-
tune in strains worthy of the famous
Pythia, it causes him to burn bis arm
in a certain supernatural fire, and, by
one touch of its hand, heals it. Again,
a grave is unaccountably found by
two men, who are about to fight,
and ere night no traces of it left:
one of the combatants being pierced
through the body, after having lain
apparently dead for some time, is
lost, and appears in the evening with
bis wound healed. And all this is
told in a history; no poetical fiction,
Mr. Urban, but historical fact.

Livy knew, that not even Pagans would credit him with regard to those prodigies which he so often relates; therefore, to preserve his reputation, he expresses himself in some such manner as this, "Augebant metum prodigia ex pluribus simulocis nunciata." But this Author, to a more enlightened age, asserts the incredibility which I have above stated.

But, supposing this work is not
what it aspires to, supposing that in
stead of a History it be a Novel, and
on that account may deal in fictions;
yet still that does not justify any
thing that is so improbable as I have
here remarked. Horace says,
"Ficta, voluptatis causâ, sint proxima


This rule of that great Critic has been in this book most certainly violated; and in such a way that I cannot find excuse for it myself, and therefore have written this in hopes that some of your Correspondents will show me a cause, if it be possible, why this is not unnatural.

R. S.


May 3.

Mr. URBAN, TOTWITHSTANDING the gene rous efforts of thoughtful and opulent persons in this Metropolis, and throughout this populous Empire, to establish National Schools for the education of the young children of the poor; the depravity of the youth of that class has increased in a considerable degree, though not coequal-there must be assuredly some radical deficiency either in the inducements offered for their instruction, or in its effect. Its utility depends on these points, which there fore deserve the highest consideration by those who laudably devote their talents to these investigations.

In visiting several of these Schools, I have greatly rejoiced to see the early ardour of youth devoted to the main object that would qualify them for useful and honest callings as their years advance-it has afforded me unspeakable gratification to see them take pleasure in obtaining a knowledge of their lessons, and the meaning of them,—to remark a studious

care to

"make their sum right" before they ventured to "shew it up" and a glad triumph when they had overcome what had at first presented itself as an insuperable difficulty in the question, which they thought "so hard;" these indications of spirit in their education offered a full answer to all that has been advanced by speculatists against the system in general; and when I have seen them turn readily to any reference in their Bible or Testament, and not only read well, but answer intelligently to any question which they could not have been prepared to expect; and afterwards, at the close of their school-hour, to join their companions in prayers and in bymus before they departed, I have assured myself that the souls of these children must be saved from rain! their school-conduct and their innocence were edification for myself!— But I turn to the melancholy reverse of the picture-I see children of the same age and class dragged before the Magistrate, and punished for the most depraved, and even experienced wickedness; I hear their replies, masked with cunning and craft far beyond their years.-1 see them laugh in their sleeve at confinement; and if they shrink at the lash, they


say, "they knew they could not be hanged for it." If I follow to the Old Bailey, I read a long calendar of Criminals under 15, and some at 12 or 10 years of age! I turn with horror from this melancholy fact; aud, hoping to find some argument in extenuation, I learn that this is Dow, not a new case, but is the course of every day's experience. Tell me then, Mr. Urban,-for among your numerous and able Correspondents I am well aware one will be found to unlock this mystery, and shew a cause why the influence of early education does not spread farther than the Schools-why, as I have been told none of these scholars are found in those wretched calendars of sin and woe, do they not go as Missionaries among the purlieus of fraud, and bring into protection these juvenile ministers of Satan-why does not their own example touch those who, one might suppose, are their companions and acquaintance?-why do not the Directors of these Schools, who take so much and laudable pains in their promotion, and in the cultivation of truth and goodness amongst them, divide into several walks of the Capital and its suburbs, and, as the "Stranger's Friends," seek and save that which is lost ?-and why do not the more studious, who devote their study to such arrangements, suggest some method by which the benefit of the Schools may be so extended as to recover from ruin those early students of mischief and depredation! -This imperious call of duty, to render our works consistent will, I hope, produce from some of your fellow citizens an effectual method of blunting the fiery darts of evil. A. H.



(Concluded from p. 315.) IDDING adieu to my Scotch friends, from whom I separated with regret, pleased with the sobriety of their manners, and their steady conduct; I pursued my rout to a place that has given an aching heart to many a parent; and if I object more particularly to one thing than another, it is the abominable system of matrimony upon an anvil, and uniting persons by the means of an horseshoe-maker. Gretna Green was the only place passed on the

North side the Tweed in disgust, and it arose from this contemptible adop tion of means for an honourable connexion between the sexes. I must also observe, that my feelings were somewhat shocked at the naked feet and ancles of the females, fearing that they would be lacerated by sharp stones, and bruised by hard roads. My friend observed, "that they required not my sympathy; observe," says he, "their feet are perfect, free from wounds, and capable of the greatest freedom of action, better, Sir, than yours and mine, which have been cramped in the cobbler's stocks from our infancy." As facts speak louder than words, I was silent. The Borderers, however, determined stili to be in opposition, adopted on the English line thick clumsy heavy oppressive wooden shoes; and in the towns I found the term "clogger" written up as a branch of business, and a delectable one it seems to be.

Having entered Carlisle, and walking sedately about to take a view of the City, I was insulted by a drunken Elector, for it was during the agree able time of the General Election that I found myself in this pleasant situation.-I expostulated; the reply was, "all was fair at an Election;" now I thought otherwise; for meeting two out of three tipsy, I thought all was foul; and felt comfortable (that is negatively so) that we had not yet improved so far as to have Annual Elections or General Suffrage.

A fresh day brought fresh ideas and fresh circumstances. Happily for us mortals, we do not here" continue in one stay;" events are but passing, and we ought to make them as agreeable or as pleasant as we can. To attain to the first, we are to be attentive to duty; and walking past the venerable red stone Cathedral of the time of red-huired William Rufus, I attended Divine Service on a Prayerday; the simple Choristers, some with fine expressive countenances, gave me new feelings, new ideas, and completely did away the unpleasantries of the City-a few pious women and myself were the Congregation. Such characters were to be found when Christianity was in its infancy they were to be found at the foot of the Cross, when all else had fled! and they are still to be found in our week-day worship, where male idlers seldom are seen. To such women as


these how much are we indebted! to such as these, who have been heads of families, how much good may be traced, to Individuals, to Families, and to our Country! Whether I was noticed as a stranger seated in an antient stall, I cannot say; but I felt the Anthem from the 121st Psalm, and verses 7 and 8, as exceedingly appropriate to my present case; and the consequent aspirations of gratitude were made. Farewell to the momentary acrimony arising from the insult in the street; and welcome gratitude; from a sense of duty, and thanks to these good Choristers, for occasioning the proper selection of it. Returning homeward, after an extended ramble of 1100 miles in 35 days, not having had for so many years an absence from business, I will beg leave to conclude with the following neat little Epitaph, taken from the Cathedral-yard.

On R. and M. BARLY, aged 3 years. "Ere Sin could blight, or Sorrows fade, Death came with friendly care, The opening buds to Heav'n convey'd, And bade them blossom there."

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ITH the decay and final destruction of Roman genius, and of Roman power, their Mythology was at length extinct, and the powerful impulse and ascendancy which, in the hands of a skilful artist, it was calculated to exercise over the mind for a series of ages, vanished and was forgotten.

The Middle Ages introduced, as is well known, a species of fabling equally heroic, but widely different in its essential incidents, and the character and complexion of its agents, -less regularly beautiful, but more wild, monstrous, and terrific, legendary narratives teeming with prodigies, fairies, giants, and enchanters.

Originating with the Crusades, and the offspring of magnificent equip. ments, pompous pageants, and all the imposing associations which would powerfully strike untutored minds, warmed to enthusiasm but incapable of relishing intellectual enjoyments inore refined, these eventful and por

tentous tales of chivalry' which the genius of their bards soon elicited from the sanguinary combats and deeds of heroism which took place on the theatre of Palestine, occupied a large portion of the works of imagination, and for a long period maintained a very extensive influence over the human passions. The alleged virtues or endowments, and more than mortal prowess of the Saracen chieftain and the Christain knight, served, in a dark age, to fill and expand the imbecile energies and confused sphere of thoughts, of intellect, which had neither known nor could appreciate higher sources of contemplation. The human mind, which, as far as regarded intellectual converse, and a perception of beauty, was, in those periods, again in its early infancy, was however gradually and slowly recovering from a great moral convulsion, which had shattered and distorted the general features of the mind, and, during a series of ages, had buried its noble faculties in primeval chaos. The wild tissue of prodigies and enchantments therefore, and the mystic rites and incantations, which formed, in their poetry, so powerful an engine for fixing the attentions and administering to the superstitions of a race of men whose passions were easily moved, and whose highest mental pleasures centered in pomp, and show, and mystery, were admirably calculated for their day.

But we have been told that the machinery in use in these days, was more adapted to the great ends of epic poetry, than the system of antiquity; that the Gothic fabling has more in it of beauty than the classic. "The current popular tales," says a writer, "of elves and fairies, were fitter to charm the credulous mind, than those of the old traditionary rabble of Pagan divinities; the mummeries of the Pagan priests were childish, but the Gothic enchanters shook and alarmed all nature."

Whether these figments of a strong and vivid fancy were in the nature of things, and in the effect which they are calculated to produce on a wellinformed and well-cultivated taste, so intrinsically beautiful, may be matter of question; but it is certain, that they were then best adapted to publie taste and opinion, aud these rude but magnificent

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