ePub 版


The celebrated Duke of Buckingham is said to bave written on the Monument, in chalk, the following lines :

"Here stand I,

The Lord knows why.
But if I fall

Have at ye all."

THE CORONATION. The first Coronation Ceremonial recorded to have been performed in the Metropolis was that of Edmund Ironside, 1016.

SIR THOMAS GRESHAM, who built the Royal Exchange, was the son of a poor woman, who left him in a field when an infant, but the chirping of a grasshopper leading a boy to the place where he lay, his life was preserved. From this circumstance the future Merchant took the Grasshopper as his Crest; and bence the cause of that insect being placed over the Royal Exchange.

ANCIENT RESIDENCES. Stationers' Hall was formerly the house of John Duke of Bretagny and Earl of Richmond, in the reigns of Edward II. and III. and the Earls of Pembroke in Richard II. and Henry VI. and Lord Abergavenny in Queen Elizabeth's reign. The house was destroyed in 1666, and the present Hall erected.-A little to the West of Vintners' Hall, Thames-street, lived John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, Lord High Treasurer. In Thames-street also Jived Lord Hastings, beheaded by Richard III. Edward the Black Prince lived in a house opposite the Monument. Tower Royal, Watling-street, was the residence of King Stephen, and afterwards of the Duke of Norfolk, adherent of Richard Ill.


the place where the present Exeter 'Change stands, formerly stood Burleigh or Exeter House, where lived and died the great Statesman, Lord Burleigh; and close by, in Exeterstreet, lived the "Unfortunate" Earl

of Essex*.

William Earl of Craven, the most accomplished Nobleman of his age, married Elizabeth, widow of the Elector Palatine, and Queen of Bohemia;

where Craven Buildings now stands. Richard Neville, the "King Making" Earl of Warwick, lived in Warwick Lane. His Statue is now in the front of a house there.



London is mentioned by Bede as the Metropolis of the East Saxons in the year 504, lying on the banks of the Thames, "the emporium of nany people coming by sea and land." In a grant dated 889, a Court in London is conveyed "at the ancient stony edifice, called by the Citizens kwat mundes stone from the public street to the wall of the same City +. From this we learn, that so early as A.D, 889, the Walls of London existed.

In 857 we find a conveyance of a place in London, called Ceolmundinge haga," not far from the West Gate. This West Gate may have been either Temple or Holborn Bars.

Ethelbald, the Mercian King, gare a court in London between two streets called Tiddberti - street and Savinstreet §.


satires, Duck-lane seems to have been From a passage in one of Oldham's famous for refuse book-shops :

[blocks in formation]

Holebourne is noticed in the Domes

and lived in Drury Lane, on the spot day Survey, where the King is said

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

to bave two Cottages which pay xxd. a year to his vice-comes.-Tanner, in the Notitia Monastica, refers to a charter dated so long back as 1287, in which the grant of a place near Oldbourne, where the Black Friars had before dwelt, to Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincola is recited *. Henry de Lacy died here in 1312, and upon its site the older part of Lincoln's-inn has since arisen.


Here, according to Stowe, died Feb. 3, 1399, John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster.

[ocr errors]

It seems from the following passage in Stow's Annals, that the gardens here were famous for producing fine strawberries. He says, speaking of Richard III." And after a little talking to them, he said to the Bishop of Ely, My Lord, have you very good strawberries at your garden in Holborn, I require you to let me have a messe of them? Gladly, my Lord,' quoth he, would to God I had some better thing as ready to your pleasure as that,' and therewith be sent his servant in all haste for a messe of strawberries."-This circumstance has been minutely copied by Shakspeare in his play of Richard the Third, where he puts the following words in that Prince's mouth: "My lord of Ely, when I was last in Hol. bourne,

I saw good strawberries in your Grace's garden there,

I do beseech you send for some of them."

During the Civil Wars this house was converted into an Hospital, as appears by an entry in Rushworth, vol. II. part iv. page 1097: "The Lords concurred with the Commons in a message sent up to their Lordships, for Ely House in Holbourne to be for the use of the sick and maimed soldiers.". -(Grose's "Antiquities of England and Wales.")


The situation of Beaumont's Inn, perhaps, is not now to be ascertained. It stood in the parish of St. Benedict, in the ward of Baynard's Castle, and belonged to Sir William Beaumont, knt. Viscount Beaumont ; and was granted in the 1st year of King Edw IV. to Lord Hastings.

* Chart. 15 Edw. I. m. 6.


The old ornamented tapestry which hangs over the Judicial Seat in this Court was originally a covering to Queen Elizabeth's state beds, and sold by one of the domestics of the palace at that time to the Upholsterer then fitting up that Court.


or Turnbull Street, near Cow Cross, West Smithfield, appears to have been a place of very ill-repute about two centuries ago. Nash in "Pierce Penilesse his supplication," commends the sisters of Turnbull-street to the patronage of the Devil.

In Middleton's Comedy, called "Any thing for a quiet Life," a French Bawd says, "J'ay une fille qui parle un peu Francois; elle conversera avec vous, à la Fleur de Lys en Turnmille-street." It is mentioned in Shakspeare's Henry IV. part ii. and occurs in the "Knight of the Burning Pestle," by Beaumont and


"This my Lady dear

I stole from her friends in Turnbull-street."

We also find it stigmatized in the "Scornful Lady," a Comedy by the same Authors.


Sir Robert Cotton told Weever of a chest of lead found in Ratcliffe Field, in Stepney Parish, the upper part garnished with scalop shells, and a crotister border.-At the head and foot of the Coffin stood two jars, three of bottles of glistering red earth, feet long, and on the sides a number some painted, and many great phials of glass, some six some eight square, having a whitish liquor in them. Within the chest was the body of a woman (as the surgeons judged by the skull). On either side of her were two sceptres of ivory, 18 inches long, and on her breast a little figure of Cupid, neatly cut in white stone. And among the bones were two pieces of jet, with round heads, in the form of nails, three inches long.-(Gough, Sep. Mon. vol. I. p. 64. Weever, Fun. Mon. p. 30.)

[blocks in formation]

that way from the Tower Royal, to entertain the King and his Nobles with Justs and Tournaments in Smithfield. They rode from Tower Royal through Great and Little Knightrider Streets, up Creed Lane to Lud. gate, and thence up Giltspur Street to Smithfield.




April 19.

PEAK of me as you find," is a maxim sanctioned by general approbation; and if one who has been a Clergyman upwards of forty years, and, for more than half that time, constantly resident on a benefice in the midst of Dissenters, is at all entitled to regard, I am fully persuaded, that if, in the Letter signed "CLERICUS ECCLESIA ANGLICANE" (1819. ii. 597.) a direct negative were given to every observation in praise of Dissenters, and to every remark in dispraise of the Clergy (their "supineness," their "hauteur," their want of "familiarity," and hospitality towards the "inferior part of the body," and their “unwillingness to give them advice,") the statement would be much nearer the truth, than it is at present. "An anecdote" is related" of a Clergyman in Glamorganshire, who had not been three months absent from his parish for the space of 35 years the consequence of which," it is said, “was, that there was not a Dissenter in the whole parish." Far be it from me to wish to undervalue the important duty of residence in the Parochial Clergy, knowing, as I do, that in a populous parish, not a day, and scarcely an hour passes, in which the Clergyman is not wanted, or consulted, by Dissenters as well as others (if there are Dissenters in the parish) in some of their temporal or spiri tual concerns. But the sources of Dissent are far more deep, and of a very different nature from what your Correspondent seems to imagine. The Apostle reckons "heresies" among the works of the flesh (Gal. v. 20.); and while the guilt of schism (no trivial matter, if the Scriptures are to

are attainable, the first lesson is humility. Whenever the Gospel is taught in all its extent and all its purity, men of impure, opiniative, unsubdued minds will oppose and contradict it. Our Lord' was deserted by many of his Disciples. The Apostles, in their day, were in like manner forsaken by many of their followers; and if you could place Apostolical men, a Hooker, or a Herbert, in every parish in the Kingdom, I do not say, that unity and truth would not prevail more than at present; but of this I have no doubt, that even then, while men are such as they are, and the times such as they are, Dissenters would be numerous.

Take a few specimens of their maxims and notions. A Dissenter, not of the lowest rank, said, “If our Religion were established, I would be on the other side." "Why should he have so much, and I so little " "What is he but a man, like myself?" "I would have an opinion of my own, and judge for myself”— when the question has been one by no means connected with any essential article, either of faith or practice, and, at the same time, such as the self-erected judge was just as competent to decide upon, as to find out the Longitude.

Of the "harmony and affection subsisting among the different sects of Dissenters," I know nothing, except that they are reported to have a Society in London for defending and promoting the holy business of Dissent, or, as they call it, "the Dissenting Interest," throughout the Kingdom.

You would not have been troubled with this letter, had not some of your Correspondents, by referring, with apparent approbation, to the communication of C. E. A. given it a consequence, to which, in itself, it was scarcely entitled.



April 1. the Author of "Waverley" has

be regarded) attaches to all Dissent. A received auch universal applause,

ers, there are few of them, I fear, whose erring doctrines, if not absolutely involved in Heresy, do not approach the ambiguous confines of that tremendous sin. The first sin of man was pride, and in the school of Christ, whence alone remedies for every sin

it is reedless to declaim on his merits, and perhaps it were dangerous to mention his faults. On this account I own that I feel some compunction in saying that I think there is a very glaring, absurdity in that Author's last production, termed "The Monastery."

This Work, we are induced to believe,

May 3.

Tea History of the Abbey of St. Mary's, Nous efforts of thoughtful and

the Ruins of which are now to be seen at the Village of Fennaquair in Scotland. When I have been reading of Characters introduced in this book, which our Historians have taught me to consider as true, I am surprized to find them rendered fabulous, by being described in the same Chapter in which a preternatural appearance is telling a fortune. What can be more absurd than to say that a man, awake, and in his senses too, should see an airy vision in the shape of a Woman, who, after having sung several very wild songs, vanishes away? But this is not scen only once; Halbert sees it three times successively, and consults it concerning his fate; and on one occasion, after having told him his fortune in strains worthy of the famous Pythia, it causes him to burn bis arm in a certain supernatural fire, and, by one touch of its hand, heals it. Again, a grave is unaccountably found by two men, who are about to fight, and ere night no traces of it left: one of the combatants being pierced through the body, after having lain apparently dead for some time, is lost, and appears in the evening with bis wound healed. And all this is told in a history; no poetical fiction, Mr. Urban, but historical fact.

Livy knew, that not even Pagans would credit him with regard to those prodigies which he so often relates ; therefore, to preserve his reputation, he expresses himself in some such manner as this, "Augebant metum prodigia ex pluribus simulocis nunciata." But this Author, to a more enlightened age, asserts the incredibility which I have above stated.

But, supposing this work is not what it aspires to, supposing that instead of a History it be a Novel, and on that account may deal in fictions; yet still that does not justify any thing that is so improbable as I have here remarked. Horace says, "Ficta, voluptatis causâ, sint proxima veris."

This rule of that great Critic has been in this book most certainly violated; and in such a way that I cannot find excuse for it myself, and therefore have written this in hopes that some of your Correspondents will show me a cause, if it be possible, R. S. why this is not unnatural.

opulent persons in this Metropolis, and throughout this populous Empire, to establish National Schools for the education of the young children of the poor; the depravity of the youth of that class has increased in a considerable degree, though not coequal;-there must be assuredly some radical deficiency either in the inducements offered for their instruction, or in its effect. Its utility depends on these points, which therefore deserve the highest consideration by those who laudably devote their talents to these investigations.

In visiting several of these Schools, I have greatly rejoiced to see the early ardour of youth devoted to the main object that would qualify them for useful and honest callings as their years advance-it has afforded me unspeakable gratification to see them take pleasure in obtaining a knowledge of their lessons, and the meaning of them,-to remark a studious care to "make their sum right" before they ventured to "shew it up;" and a glad triumph when they had overcome what had at first presented itself as an insuperable difficulty in the question, which they thought "so hard;" these indications of spirit in their education offered a full answer to all that has been advanced by speculatists against the system in general; and when I have seen them turn readily to any reference in their Bible or Testament, and not only read well, but answer intelligently to any question which they could not have been prepared to expect; and afterwards, at the close of their school-bour, to join their companions in prayers and in bymus be fore they departed, I have assured myself that the souls of these children must be saved from rain!their school-conduct and their innocence were edification for myself!— But I turn to the melancholy reverse of the picture-I see children of the same age and class dragged before the Magistrate, and punished for the most depraved, and even experienced wickedness; I hear their replies, masked with cunning and craft far beyond their years. I see them laugh in their sleeve at confinement; and if they shrink at the lash, they


say, "they knew they could not be hanged for it." If I follow to the Old Bailey, I read a long calendar of Criminals under 15, and some at 12 or 10 years of age! I turn with horror from this melancholy fact; and, hoping to find some argument in extenuation, I learn that this is now, not a new case, but is the course of every day's experience. Tell me then, Mr. Urban,—for among your numerous and able Correspon dents I am well aware one will be found to unlock this mystery, and shew a cause why the influence of early education does not spread farther than the Schools-why, as I have been told none of these scholars are found in those wretched calendars of sin and woe, do they not go as Missionaries among the purlieus of fraud, and bring into protection these juvenile ministers of Satan-why does not their own example touch those who, one might suppose, are their companions and acquaintance ?—why do not the Directors of these Schools, who take so much and laudable pains in their promotion, and in the cultivation of truth and goodness amongst them, divide into several walks of the Capital and its suburbs, and, as the" Stranger's Friends," seek and save that which is lost?-and why do not the more studious, who devote their study to such arrangements, suggest some method by which the benefit of the Schools may be so extended as to recover from ruin those early students of mischief and depredation! -This imperious call of duty, to render our works consistent will, I hope, produce from some of your fellow citizens an effectual method of blunting the fiery darts of evil. A. H.


SCOTLAND. (Concluded from p. 315.) IDDING adieu to my Scotch friends, from whom I separated with regret, pleased with the sobriety of their manners, and their steady conduct; I pursued my rout to a place that has given an aching heart to many a parent; and if I object more particularly to one thing than another, it is the abominable system of matrimony upon an anvil, and uniting persons by the means of an horseshoe-maker. Gretna Green was the only place passed on the

North side the Tweed in disgust, and it arose from this contemptible adop tion of means for an honourable connexion between the sexes. I must also observe, that my feelings were somewhat shocked at the naked feet and ancles of the females, fearing that they would be lacerated by sharp stones, and bruised by hard roads. My friend observed, "that they required not my sympathy; observe," says he," their feet are perfect, free from wounds, and capable of the greatest freedom of action, better, Sir, than yours and mine, which have been cramped in the cobbler's stocks from our infancy." As facts speak louder than words, I was silent. The Borderers, however, determined stili to be in opposition, adopted on the English line thick clumsy heavy oppressive wooden shoes; and in the towns I found the term "clogger" written up as a branch of business, and a delectable one it seems to be.

Having entered Carlisle, and walking sedately about to take a view of the City, I was insulted by a drunken Elector, for it was during the agree able time of the General Election that I found myself in this pleasant siluation.-I expostulated; the reply was, "all was fair at an Election;" now ! thought otherwise; for meeting two out of three tipsy, I thought all was foul; and felt comfortable (that is negatively so) that we had not yet improved so far as to have Annual Elections or General Suffrage.

A fresh day brought fresh ideas and fresh circumstances. Happily for us mortals, we do not here "continue in one stay;" events are but passing, and we ought to make them as agreeable or as pleasant as we can. To attain to the first, we are to be attentive to duty; and walking past the venerable red stone Cathedral of the time of red-huired William Rufus, I attended Divine Service on a Prayerday; the simple Choristers, some with fine expressive countenances, gave me new feelings, new ideas, and completely did away the unpleasantries of the City-a few pious women and myself were the Congregation. Such characters were to be found when Christianity was in its infancy they were to be found at the foot of the Cross, when all else had fled! and they are still to be found in our week-day worship, where male idlers seldom are seen. To such women as


« 上一頁繼續 »