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to be increased by five other orations, with the supplements to those already printed at Milan. 3. A fragment of an oration, by Q. Aurelius Symmachus, with the supplement of two by the same author, already published by me. 4. The supplements to the homily, or GothicoUlphilan commentary, a portion of which was also found at Milan, together with an
essay of Ulphilas. These valuable works, mixed into two volumes, which were taken for writing parchment in the middle ages, were sent partly to Rome, and partly to Milan, from the Convent of St Columbanus at Bobbie, They will now be again united in a Roman edition of them, which I shall lose no time in publishing.” (Signed)
ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES.
It is expected that the discoveries of M. Cailliaud in Egypt will shortly be published. This Work will doubtless contain many interesting particulars not hitherto known. This gentleman some years ago fortunately discovered near Mount Za barah, the famous emerald mines which were previously known only by the writings of the antient authors, and the stories of the Arabs. They had been almost forgotten for a long lapse of time, and were totally unproductive to the Government of the country. They were discovered by M. Cailliand nearly in the same state in which they had been left by the engineers of the Ptolemies. He pene
trated into a vast number of excavations and subterraneous canals, some of which are so deep, that 400 men may work in them at once. In the mines were found cords, levers, tools of various kinds, vases, and lamps; and the arrangement of the works afforded every facility for studying the antient process of mining. M. Cailliand himself set about working the mines, and he has presented six pounds of emeralds to Mahommed Ali Pashaw. In the vicinity of the mines, the ruins of a little town has been discovered, which, in antient times was probably inhabited by the miners: among the ruins are the remains of several Græco-Egyptian Temples with inscriptions. M. Cailliand has twice visited Zabarah; during his second journey he was accompanied by a considerable number of armed men, miners, and workmen, whom the Pashaw bad placed under his directions. On his way to the emerald mines, the French traveller crossed one of the antient routes for the trade of India, by the way of Egypt. He observed stations, enclosures for the union and protection of caravans, cisterns, &c. M. Cailliand learnt from the Arabs of the tribes of Ababdeh and Bycharyn, that this road led to the ruins of a very extensive town, on the banks of the Red Sea, situated about the 24th degree of latitude, near the mountain of Elbé. This town has since been visited by MM. Belzoni and Bitche, and will probably be better described by them than by M. Cailliand. On the banks of the Red Sea, the traveller
discovered a mountain of sulphur on which some diggings had been made; in the neighbourhood of this mountain, traces of volcanic eruptions were observable, and a quantity of puzzolane, and other igneous substances were found. M. Calliand carefully observed the mountains which separate the Nile from the Arabian Gulf, as well as the calcareous tracts of ground, and chains of mountains between the Nile and the Oasis, which all belong to the primitive soil. Here he examined several antient Egyptian structures, and others of more modern date; he discovered several very antient vaults, thermal spring, &c. Among the Greek and Latin inscriptions which he met with in his excursions, was one containing 70 lines, and about nine thousand letters; it is more copious by at least one fifth, than the Greek in. scription on the Rosetta stone. By dint of vast patience and labour, M. Cailliand succeeded in copying this inscription in three days.-Though it is of recent date compared with the Rosetta monument, since it belongs to the age of the Emperor Galba, it presents some new and curious facts relative to the internal administration of Egypt. M. Cailliand returned last year to Paris, bringing along with him a vast number of drawings, notes, and antiques, found principally in the hypogea of Thebes, &c. These treasures have been purchased by the French Government. The antiques are deposited in the Cabinet of medals and antiques of the King's Library, and the drawings will be engraved and published with descriptions in two vols. folio. M. Cailliand has again set out for Egypt. In November last he was at Booy-Souey, 25 leagues from Cairo. He was about to depart for the Fayoum, and to proceed towards the Oasis of Sivah. He must, ere this, have made many new and interesting observations. At a quarter of a league from one of the pyramids or Sakkarah, he descended into a hypogeum sacred to the deity Apis, where he found, in a kind of labyrinth, several bulls embalmed and preserved like mummies.
The following is an extract of a Letter from M. Caviglia, addressed
to the Editor of the Journal des Voyages, dated Nov. 23, 1819:
"In noticing the voyage of M. de Forbin, in the Levant, in your Number for July, you express his concern, that he was unable to profit by the discovery of the Temple of the Sphinx, which an unpardonable egotism, he says, bad caused to be buried up or covered again. As this leads to an implication, that it was M. Saltalio discovered that beautiful monument, I think it right to exculpate this gentlemen from the above charge of egotism.
"It was I, and not Mr. Salt that caused the temple to be covered up again, and here are my reasons for it. I had already removed obstructions from the newly-discovered passages, and from the new subterranean chamber of the great Pyramid, and finding nothing all around but the live or natural rock stone, I set about exploring the base of the Sphinx, in hopes of lighting on some communication that might lead to any new points of the Pyramid. After having been at work, for several months, with a hundred and fifty Arabs, and not unfrequently at the risk of being buried in the downfalls of sand, I was at length enabled to clear out the area of the Temple of Osiris; its scite at about the depth of 40 feet, and within the very claws of the Sphinx. M. de Forbin is within the limits of strict truth, when he asserts that this is one of the finest monuments of the power of the arts in antient Egypt.
"After having taken the dimensions, and the most correct designs of all these antiquities, I was concerned to find a number of Arab women, allured by superstition, coming at first to worship and kiss the images, on their first view of them, but not content with this proceeding afterwards, to break off fragments or pieces, to serve as amulets or charms; in this way, several hieroglyphics have been already disfigured. At length, being apprehensive that this fine workmanship, which it had cost me so much labour (even at the hazard of losing my sight) to explore, should come to destruction, I resolved to inter it anew, till circumstances more auspicious might authorize the disclosure of it to every eye.
"The Learned will, I hope, be shortly enabled to appreciate these antiquities, whether deserving or not of the care expended for their preservation. It is intended to publish, as soon as possible, the result of my discoveries, in a periodical journal: my plan of the temple, and a brief notice of my labours, bave indeed already appeared, in one of these for January last.
"It appears to me that the whole ag.
gregate of Egyptian antiquities would speedily be laid open for the investigation of European Archæologists, were it not for a sort of jealous rivalship that has crept in among the explorers of these scientific riches. The most valuable, and indeed the most proper instrument for these purposes, in respect of his physical force and capabilities, I mean M. Belzoni, is about to leave Egypt. A report prevails that, ou his return to Cairo from his last expedition, one of the agents of M. D. assaulted, and actually fired a pistol at him. This circumstance was mentioned to me, by M. Briggs, on his arrival from Alexandria.
of Esne, there have been lately discovered, "In Upper Egypt, above the province besides the sulphur mines found some time ago, iron and lead mines; the latter are said to be very rich. The Pacha has sent to those parts several persons to look for the gold and emerald mines, which have been neglected for some centuries.”
There will be a change in one particular of the Royal equipages, interesting to those who care about such things. The Royal carriages have been for a century or more painted of a deep reddish brown colour, and ornamented with carved and gilded mouldings. They will now be bright yellow, and decorated with silver or bras plating. Formerly, the junior branches of the Royal Family had their carriages painted a rich deep green; this had been changed to yellow since the demise of the late Duke of Gloucester.Their crimson, green, and white liveries, which distinguish them from the King, Queen, or Heir Apparent, remain. Those who are possessed of Antiqnarian lore on this subject, know that scarlet, first the Royal Household colour, and now the national colour for the army, is taken, not from the Plantagenet red rose, but from the field gules of the Royal standard, and from Henry's adoption of the scarlet dresses of the Yeomen of the Guard, which at their institution were in shape and colour similar to those of a portion of the French King's household. Admirers of costumes delight in seeing that it makes the most brilliant regal appearance of any of the European Court uniforms. On this account the Emperor Alexander was induced to have a number of the waiting servants in his palace habited after the same pattern and colour, with the exception of dark green for facings, by London tailors. Scarlet is said to have been the national colour of the Spartans. It was the colour of the robe called chlamys, worn by Roman Cónsuls in war, and by the Emperors. That robe is said to have been borrowed from the Gauls. It is not
quite certain whether the borders called purple, which edged the robes of the Roman Senators, were scarlet, or what we commonly call purple, a tint combined of crimson and dark blue, which was perhaps an episcopal or pontifical colour originally. They have been represented in each tint on the Stage: the Italians used the red one. What was the Tyrian dye, the imperial purple, is not decided; but from the passages in which the word is nsed, it appears to have been a tiut of great richness and splendour. Cardinals are said to be raised to the purple, though their dresses and hats are red, as may be seen in Wolsey's bat at Strawberry-hill. The Pope's state carriages are, or were, covered with red velvet, and be has many rooms in the Vatican so lined. Bernardin St. Pierre, in the " Etudes de la Nature," maintains red to be the perfection of colour, as a circle is of form, and says that both are preferred by children and uncivilized nations. As to the colour among the ancients, possibly the name of the Red Sea, Mare Purpureum, may have some weight in so grave a question. Buonaparte took the amaranthine hue for his and his Empress's Coronation robes; but his household were in dark green. The
King of England's Coronation robes are of deep purple, like Kings' and Bishops' mourning; and lined and bedecked with ermine. They are as old as the Stuarts, and the colour is now very dark. The best print of them is in a whole-length portrait of James the First. It is gratifying to a profound Antiquary to know, that shortly after the accession of George the First, a book was published, giving some general account of Great Britain and of Hanover, in which the pious author mentions, as one of the providential signs, or coincidents, in favour of the Brunswick line, that the Elector and the King of England had guards dressed in exactly the same colours! With a view to further valuable information it may be noticed, that the households of all the Bourbon Kings, and of the Portuguese, Prussian, Swedish, and Netherlandish, and of most of the German Princes, wear blue; those of the Emperor of Austria black and yellow, those of Russia dark green; but those of our Monarch alone blaze in scarlet. In China yellow belongs to the Imperial family alone, like the dragons with the additional claws; and in Mahometan countries green appertains only to the faithful.
ARTS AND SCIENCES.
This monumental groupe is finished, with the exception only of the figure of the infant, which is to be borne in the arms of one of the angels which accompany the spiritual form of the Princess. The arrangement of this part of the groupe admits of the most interesting display of her likeness and form, whilst it is strongly contrasted by the part beneath, where the mortal remains are lain lifeless on a bier surrounded by four figures, quite enveloped in solemn drapery, expressive of the deep lamentation of people from every quarter of the globe; whilst blind mortals are seen weeping over the earthly remaius, celestial virgins accompany the pure spirit, which for corruptible has put on incorruption, and for mortal has put on immortality.
The whole groupe will shortly be ready for public inspection, and an engraving will be published of it by Mr. Wyatt.
The chief merit of this invention consists in its power to multiply engravings of the most exquisite, as well as those of Inferior kinds, and substituting steel in place of copper plates, in certain cases. This process of stereotyping the fine arts,
is simple, and easily understood, and is effected in the following manner :—Steel blocks or plates are prepared in a peculiar way, of sufficient softness to receive the tool of the engraver, who is able to produce upon them even better and sharper work than upon copper. This block or plate is then hardened by a new process, without injury to the most delicate lines. A cylinder of steel, of proper diameter and width, is then prepared to receive the impression on its periphery in relief; this is effected by being applied to a singularly. constructed press, invented expressly for the purpose. The cylinder is then hardened, and fac similes may be produced upon steel or copper plates ad infinitum ; and in this way, bank note plates may have the talents of the most eminent artists in England transferred to them, great advantage of this invention, as applied to secure bank notes from forgery, is, that it produces perfect identity in all the notes, and admits of a test, whereby each note may be identified, as all the notes may be perfectly alike except the denomination; and every individual who will take the trouble to furnish himself with an original impression from any one of the test dies, may, by comparison, determine whether the note is genuine or
By the late Mr. SHENSTONE, of the Leasowes.
THE ROSES RECONCILED.
BY party rage and stern debate
Idalia's realm was tore;
Two beauties sought to rule the State, And rival hues they wore.
The gentle Cloe soft and kind
The Rose she bore was pale ; The rival Dian hop'd to find
Her crimson buds prevail.
'Pity Love's gen'rous train should grow, Or shou'd continue foes;
Go forth, my dear, my Delia, go,
These civil feuds compose.
Soon wilt thou see thy pow'r divine,
O'er ev'ry eye extend;
Since ne'er did cheek so soft as thine
RESPECTFUL CONGRATULATIONS TO J. N.
On his Birth Day Lines *, HAIL, Veteran Bard! thy Muse I greet, Choice are her notes, divinely sweet! Joys such as these of "green old age," At "Seventy five" illume thy page. No peevish plaints corrode her lay; Joyous she notes thy natal day: With gratitude reviews the past;
Enjoys this day-nor fears her last!" True, "Age hath pains" and ills to grieve; But Heaven and Hope those pains relieve. "My strength in age!" expels the ill, We lean on Him-are happy still. Submissive bow to God's behest, All He appoints is (doubtless) best.
Thus tacit sang thy pious Muse;Thoughts she transmits that thought infuse; Inspires a distant Muse's lay To gratulate thy natal day,
And chase her own dark glooms + away!
Say, can the Muse such glooms divert? No! she but hints a near support. Religion's aids, and counsels kind, Alone can soothe the anxious mind; Alleviate the poignant woes, Which from a wounded spirit flows. Digression done-thy strains amendFelicitate thy worthy Friend. Let gratulations, warm, sincere, Suppress awhile thy rising tear! Though "long bereft of early loves"And dearest friendships-heavenly dores, Calm and serene his evening proves.
Bright was his noon, and gay his morn; Nor will his night be dark *, forlorn : For Piety still cheers the good;
And Faith perceives a present God + ! Whilst Children's Children" round him play,
Blessing their Grandsire's natal day! With harmless sports, aud Birth-day wine, Prophetic hint of eighty-nine!
I join their wish, ideal see,
Fresh "pledges" mount great-grandsire's knee,
As scions grace the parent tree.
Ah! Vice! could'st thou such scenes re
view[true? Would'st thou not own chaste Virtue And, like thy Sire on Eden's plain, "Pine thy sad loss"-but pine in vain! Shipton on Stour, March 6, 1820.
Since we must die, the minde must neither be
REMEMBER, Gellius, since thou must
"God is Light."
See our present Number, p. 317.
And in best state from haughty glorying free,
Whether thou all thy life time pensive be,
Being in some secret Arbour laid to rest,
To knit in one an hospitable grove.
To run with murmurs by his winding sides.
Of the three sisters do afford us meanes.
By which the yellow-sanded Tiber flowes
Your riches raised to a mighty heape
Thou'rt but a feast for all-devouring hell:
To everlasting banishment must ferry.
He commendeth the sweetnesse of the aire
Septimius, that must goe to Cales with me,
To beare our yoakes, and to the barbarous
Where still the Mauritanian Ocean roares:
Would Tibur, by the Argive builder laid, Might be the mansion of my old age made;
Be that the bound to him that's wearied
With navigations, travellings, and fight,
And Aulor, loving to the fertile vines,
Together with my selfe, doe wish for you;
Of me that am thy poet and thy friend.
Vagitusque infantum in limine primo. Eneid VI. An endless succession of infant Riddells (without any other designation) occur in the Register of St. Nicholas, Newcastle.
+ On the 28th of January, 1683, Andrew Mills murdered three of the children of his master, John Brass, for which he was hung in chains near the spot. Part of the gibbet is still visible, and bears the name of Andrew's stob. See Merrington Register.
Mr. John Fenwick, of Rock, stabbed Mr. Fardinandoe Forster, esq. Parlyment Man for Northumberland, the twenty-second day of August, 1701, betwixt the Whitt Cross and the Thorn Tree. St. Andrew's Register, Newcastle. Appendix.
Sir Timothy Whittingham, son of Dean Whittingham, is reputed to have slain three wives; and the tradition certainly derives some accession of strength from the following entry in the Register of All-Saints, Newcastle.-" Dame Whittingham, murthered by her husband, bur. 17 April, 1604."
Sir Timothy lived long after this fact, if fact it be; and he was appointed Provost Marshall to the Levies in the county of Durham, being recommended by the Bishop, as an ancient Knight and a severe justicer!!