ePub 版



HOUSE OF LORDS, Feb. 21. The Marquis of Cholmondeley presented his Majesty's answer to the Address of Friday, thanking their Lordships for their loyal Address, in which they had anticipated his Majesty's feelings, who received with satisfaction their Lordships' assurance of their readiness to adopt such means for expediting the business of Parliament as public exigency may require.

The Noble Marquis also presented his Majesty's answer to the Address of Condolence on the Death of the Duke of Kent; and the Duchess of Kent's answer to the Message sent to her.

to the Commons, the same day, Lord Morpeth appeared at the bar with the answer of the Duchess of Kent to the Address of Condolence which had been voted to her Royal Highness.

On the motion of Mr. Brougham, afiet some observations from Mr. Vansiliart, an Address was ordered to be presented to his Majesty, for "an account of the total produce of all funds at the disposal of the Crown, and usually deemed not under the immediate controul of Parliament, since the accession of his late Majesty: distinguishing the money arising from droits of Admiralty, droits of the Crown, 4 and a half per cent. West India duties, Scotch revenue, and all other sources not hereinbefore specified."

Mr. Bennet presented a petition from the inhabitants of Cape Breton against the incorporation of that island with the government of Nova Scotia.

Lord Palmerston moved for leave to bring in a Bill to continue the Mutiny Act until the 24th of June. There would be no mention in the Bill of the numbers of the army, nor would any grant of money be proposed. These questions would be left entire for the consideration of the new Parliament.

Colonel Davies objected to continuing the large addition made last year to the standing army.

Mr. Calcraft censured the arrangements made by Ministers, by which those months usually appropriated to Parliamentary business would be lost, and the ensuing session extended into the autumn.

Lord Palmerston said, the increase of the army had met with general approbation. Mr. Hume thought the military establishment much too great.

Mr. Croker said, the Marine Mutiny Bill would be for the same limited period as that for the army. The motion was

then put and carried; and soon after the Bill was brought in, and read the first and second time.

The Bill för suspending the writs for Baristaple, &c. was read a second time, after a discussion of some length, in the course of which Mr. Brougham expressed an opinion, that the House should intera pose to procure some mitigation of the sentence on Sir M. M. Lopes, now 68 years of age; and Sir J. Yorke recommended Mr. Swann to the clemency of the House.

It having been resolved that the House should go into a Committee of Supply, the Speaker was about to leave the chair, when Mr. Hume wished to know what provision was intended to be made for the Queen.

Lord Castlereagh declined going into any details as to the subject just noticed, until the attention of Parliament was regularly called to it. Till that time should arrive, he had only to re-assert that the high person in question would experience no additional difficulty or personal embarrassment, in consequence of the event which had occurred. There was not the smallest ground for apprehending that she would be exposed either to harshness of inattention. A vote was about to be proposed to meet the necessary charges on the Civil List for a limited period.

Mr. Tierney said, that after what had taken place it was time to speak out openly and honestly. An order in Coun cil had been issued for omitting all mention of the Queen in the church service. This implied some ground of suspicion. But was nothing further to be done? He could not agree to grant any portion of the public money to a person labouring under a heavy cloud of suspicion. Either the King had been betrayed, or the Queen had been insulted. Rumours were afloat which, if true, proved the Queen unworthy to sit on the British throne; but they might be mere idle calumny, and in that case Parliament was bound to maintain her in her rights and privileges. It had been even rumoured that an examination had been lately held, with the view of criminating her. Thus they found her name omitted in the liturgy, her pri vate conduct made the theme of public conversation; and then they were told that nothing ought to be said of her in Parliament, because it was intended to provide her with an adequate allowance, her claim on the Consolidated Fund having ceased.


Mr. Brougham said, it was quite new to him to learn that any parliamentary recognition, and mhdch less any mode of speaking in Parliament, or that any ee remonial of the Church was at all essena tial to make out the title of a Queen, or to vindicate the rights appertaining to that character. According to his understanding of the Constitution, she who was the wedded wife of a King regnant, was ed ipso Queen Consort; and that her claim to that title was as indisputable as that of the King himself. It was not the less so because she was prayed for in no Liturgy, or because her name appeared in no Or der of Council; or because no Addresses either of Condolence or Congratulation were presented to her. As little could she be affected by the Noble Lord preferring to call her a high personage, ra. ther than to describe her by the title to which she had succeeded. How then could be agree with his Right Hon. Friend, who, on account of these things, which appeared to him (Mr. Broughan) to be so immaterial which appeared to him to be trifles light as air," considered her situation as doubtful and uncertain. If, by limiting her expences, the Crown should be pleased to pay 35,000l. a year to her Majesty, Parliament, he thought, ought not to interfere; but he must at the same time state distinctly, that he was wholly unacquainted with any grounds of suspicion. He refused his ears to all such rumours; as long as she was the King's Consort, he knew and should treat her only in the character of Queen Consort. He was wholly ignorant of any inquiries that had been instituted; he listened not to their reported insults; nor would he suffer his mind to receive any sinister impressions. But if a charge should ever be brought forward, he would deal with it as became an honest Member of Parliament; and he would endeavour to do justice between the parties most concerned; though, God knew, they were not the only parties that were concerned. Until that moment, big with importance, with unspeakable importance to the parties, with an importance of which those who were ignorant of the case could form no conception-until, he repeated, that moment should arrive, his lips were sealed. (Hear.) The House might, however, in justice, recollect in justice to her whose character had been so freely dealt with on one side, and whose name even had been suppressed on the other, and without forming any premature opinionthat throughout the whole of her past tribalation, she had never been slow either to meet or to repel accusation! It was not, therefore, too much to give credit to her now, for having the same alacrity in undertaking, and the same facility in

making good, her defence. Never was there a question in which temper and moderation were so indispensable; the voice of party ought to be extinct: for no man could calculate the consequences which might follow.

Lord Castlereagh approved of the delicate mode in which the last speaker wished to have the subject treated for the present. All that was now in coutemplation was to prevent any inconvenience from the lapse of the pecuniary provision al ready made for the illustrious personage in question.

The House having gone into the Committee, grants were voted of 600,0001. før army services in Great Britain, and 200,000l. for similar services in Ireland.

Mr. Vansittart then moved, that "there be granted a sum not exceeding 200,000l. towards satisfying such pensions, payments, and allowances, as would have become payable out of the Consolidated Fund of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or out of the Civil List, in case the demise of his Majesty had not occurred before the 5th of April."

Mr. Tierney could not conceive how, under a vote so worded, the Queen was to be provided for. She could not receive one single farthing, except from the charity of Ministers; for the annuity was granted to her Majesty as Princess of Wales, and Princess of Wales there was none. He did not know, therefore, un less they introduced the word Queen, how her claim could be recognised.


The motion was then agreed to. sum was also granted for certain extraordinary expences of the Civil List, and 2,000,000l. for paying off outstanding Irish Treasury Bills.

In a Committee of Ways and Means, it was resolved, on the motion of Mr. Vansittart, that 7,000,000%. should be appropriated from the unapplied aids of 1819 to the service of the current year.

The second reading of the Insolvent Debtors' Bill and the Conveyancers' Bill was postponed to this day fortnight; by which they are lost for the present Session.

On the motion of Mr. Maberly, accounts were ordered relative to the revenue of last year, and to the deficiencies in the Consolidated Fund, which, he said, was in arrear to between 10 and 11 millions.

Mr. Vansillart contended, that the Consolidated Fund was only in arrears eight millions, and that had been partly made up.

Mr. Maberly reminded the Chancellor of the Exchequer that there were, besides, 3,000,000%. due to the Bank.

Mr. Vansiltart obtained leave to bring in a Bill to continué such Bills as would expire before the mecting of next Parlia


ment. He did this on the precedent of an Act of the 1st of Geo. II. He then brought in the Bill, which was read a first and second time, and ordered to be com. mitted to-morrow.

Feb. 22.

The Bill for suspending the writs for Barnstaple, &c. went through a Committee, and after some opposition from Sir C. Hawkins, was read the third time and passed.

The Report of the Committee of Supply was brought up. On the vote being read for 200,000l. to discharge pensions, &c. chargeable on the Consolidated Fund and Civil List,

Mr. Tierney wished to know how, under this vote, provision could be made for the Queen.

Mr. Vansittart said, the vote would authorize the Treasury to continue to pay the annuity granted to the Princess of Wales. Mr. Tierney said, the grants expired with the life of the King. There was now Do Princess of Wales, and if it were intended to renew to her Majesty the allowance which she had as Princess of Wales, it should be explicitly so stated in the vote.

Mr. Vansittart replied, that the annuity would be payable to the individual who, notwithstanding her change of political situation, would, under the vote of the House, retain a personal interest in the annuity.

Mr. Tierney repeated bis objections to the vote as it now stood, and continued"I know the Right Hon. Genileman must not mention the word Queen." (A laugh.)

Mr. Vansittart said, That which was formerly granted to the Princess of Wales will now be payable to the Queen, and to no other person." (Hear.)

After some further conversation (in which Mr. Hume and Sir R. Wilson supported the view of the question taken by Mr. Tierney, and Mr. Lushington contended, that if the Queen's name were introduced, so must those of all the other parties whose annuities were continued,) the resolution was agreed to.

On the question for going into a Committee on the Expiring Laws Bill, Lord Althorp moved an instruction for leaving out the Insolvent Debtors' Act, from which so much inconvenience had arisen to creditors, that he thought it should be suffered to expire.

Mr. Vansittart thought, with all its errors, it would be better to continue it until the meeting of the new Parliament, than to revert to the old system, which was universally condemned.

Sir R. Wilson concurred in what had fallen from the Chancellor of the Exchequer. The motion was then negatived.

Feb. 23.

Mr. Vansillart, with the leave of the House, brought in a bill "to indemnify such persons in the united kingdom as have omitted to qualify themselves for certain employments." The bill passed through all its stages.

In a Committee of Supply a grant of 7,000,000l. was agreed to, for paying off Exchequer Bills.


Lord Lauderdale objected to the pecuniary grants made by the House of Commons, without any view to an Appropriation Act, by which the expediency of such grants would come under the consideration of the House of Lords. He concluded with proposing three resolutions; the first set forth the few money votes of the Commons; the other two were as follow:-Resolved, That the Commons House of Parliament, informed by his Majesty's Message of the intended Dissolution of Parliament, have, in these resolutions, attempted to appropriate money to be paid for services subsequent to the dissolution, which can only legally be effected by an Act of Parliament appropriating the supplies voted; and that they have further, in a most unprecedented manner, assumed the power of providing for, and authorizing the payment of certain pensions and annuities, subsequent to the dissolution of Parliament, which by law are declared to be at an end. Resolved, that, under these circumstances, we feel it our duty to declare, that, though we regard these proceedings as derogatory to the privileges of this House and of Parliament, yet we are induced, by a sense of the state in which public business is now placed, to forbear from any immediate proceedings, and to declare that we will concur in indemnifying those who may pay money, or otherwise act under these resolutions, which we must nevertheless deprecate, as threatening the subversion of the best and wisest principles of the Constitution of our country."

The Earl of Liverpool was not unwilling to meet any fair proposition on the subject, for removing the scruples of the Noble Earl, if he gave up parts of the resolutions which could not seriously be intended to be pressed. Before their Lordships could agree to resolutions censuring the other House, they must be assured that there had been a departure from the usual practice, but no such thing bad been shewn. He would therefore propose, that, after the first resolution, words should be inserted, stating in effect that this House was induced, in consequence of the state of public business, to acqui


esce in the payments voted by the House of Commons, though no Act of Appropriation had been preferred, or had come before them.

After some observations from the Marquis of Lansdown and Lord Donoughmore, the resolutions, as proposed to be amended by Lord Liverpool, were agreed to.

Lord Lauderdale presented a petition from the Mayor and Aldermen of Barnstaple, praying to be heard by Counsel against the Writs Suspension Bill. His Lordship made a motion accordingly, which being, on a division, carried in the affirmative by 12 to 11, it was ordered that counsel should be heard to-morrow.

Feb. 25.

The order of the day being read for the second reading of the Writs Suspension Bill, Lord Carnarvon moved for discharging the order for the hearing of Counsel, intending, if that should be carried, to move for a suspension of standing orders, that the Bill might go through all its remaining stages to morrow.

Lord Liverpool and the Lord Chancellor strenuously opposed the disfranchising the borough in question without evidence.

The Marquis of Lansdown and Lord Grosvenor supported the motion; and the latter, in urging the expediency of Parliamentary Reform, took the opportunity of again expressing his unqualified detestation of the crime recently perpetrated in France, and of the atrocious conspiracy against the lives of his Majesty's Ministers.

Lord Lauderdale opposed the motion, and moved that the further discussion of the subject should be postponed to this day fortnight. This amendment was, on a division, carried by 22 to 11.

In the Commons, the same day, Mr. Hume detailed the cruel treatment of the master and crew of the brig Charles, of Aberdeen, by the Governor of Teneriff; and concluded with moving for several papers relative to the transaction in question.

After some conversation, in which Mr. Brougham, Mr. C. Hutchinson, Mr. C. Forbes, and Lord Castlereagh joined, Mr. Hume withdrew his motion.

In answer to a question from Mr. Knox, Lord Castlereagh stated, that it was not intended to renew the Irish Insurrection Act, it being hoped that the measures taken by gentlemen of the country, supported by the troops and by the police, would have the effect of repressing the disturbances occasioned by the Ribbon-men.


The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Marquis Camden, and the Earls of Liverpool and Westmorfard, having taken their seats on the

Woolsack, as Royal Commissioners; and the Commons, with the Speaker, attending at the Bar; the Royal assent was given by the Commissioners to the Mutiny, the Expiring Laws, the Annual Indemnity, and the Irish Elections Bills.

The Lord Chancellor then delivered the following speech:

[ocr errors]

My Lords and Gentlemen,

"We are commanded by his Majesty to inform you, that it is a great disappointment to his Majesty, that on this first and solemn occasion He is prevented by indisposition from meeting you in person. It would have been a consolation to His Majesty to give utterance in this place to those feelings with which His Majesty and the Nation alike deplore the loss of a Sovereign, the common Father of all his people. The King commands us to inform you, that in determining to call, without delay, the new Parliament, his Majesty has been influenced by the consideration of what is most expedient for public business, as well as most conducive to general convenience.

"Gentlemen of the House of Commons, "We are directed by His Majesty to thank you for the provision which you have made for the several branches of the public service from the commencement of the present year, and during the interval which must elapse before a new Parliament can be assembled.

"My Lords and Gentlemen,

"We are commanded to inform you, that in taking leave of the present Parliament, his Majesty cannot refrain from conveying to you his warmest assurances of the sense which his Majesty entertains of the important services which you have rendered the country. Deeply as his Majesty lamented that designs and practices such as those which you have been recently called upon to repress should have existed in this free and happy country, he cannot sufficiently commend the prudeuce and firmness with which you have directed your attention to the means of counteracting them. If any doubt had remained as to the nature of those principles by which the peace and happiness of the Nation were so seriously menaced, or of the excesses to which they were likely to lead, the flagrant and sanguinary conspiracy which has lately been detected must open the eyes of the most incredulous, and must vindicate to the whole world the justice and expediency of those measures to which you judged it necessary to resort, in defence of the Laws and Constitution of the Kingdom."

The Lord Chancellor then prorogued the Parliament to Monday the 13th day of March next. But ou the 29th of Feb. the late Parliament was dissolved by Royal Proclamation, and a new Parliament to meet on the 23d of April,


The Colony of SIERRA LEONE is not subject to the usual proportions of deaths occurring in the West Indies, while it has greatly the advantage of those islands in its freedom from hurricanes and contagious diseases. The national system of education has been introduced with good success into the Free-town schools, so that all the schools of the Colony, under the Church Missionary Society, are now conducted on one uniform plan. In January 1819 there were 574 scholars there, and 1530 in the country schools, which is an increase of 740 since the former return in 1817. At the end of February the total of the population of the Colony, including an increase of 449, amounted to 10,014, of whom there were 1554 negroes liberated from captured slave ships.

There were 321 marriages in 1819. The roads, and public and private buildings, were in a state of rapid improvement, all atchieved by the labours of liberated negroes, under the direction of their ministers and superintendants. The royal munificence and the national liberality have pursued, with great cost and perseverance, the generous object of the deliverance and civilization of the once devoted victims of barbarism and bondage and we can anticipate with delight, the sublime gratification which the friends and supporters of this great cause will derive from seeing, so soon, such an excellent practical confirmation of their hopes and reasonings, such benign fruits of their zeal and exertions.

In respect to the distribution of the Holy Scriptures, we state from their last report, that the Committee, in visiting Free-town from house to house, found, of 240 Christian families, scarcely one without some one who could read, and above 400 Bibles and Testaments were ascertained to be in use among them; they at the same time witnessed the domestic comforts and good habits of the people, affording the strongest inducements to all classes to aid in its more ample diffusion. A Missionary Society had been establish ed there, and the objects of its care, its labourers and their negroes, were become so eager to assist, according to their means, as to have subscribed nearly 70%. for the sending the Scriptures to their countrymen which had proved such a blessing to themselves.

The sanction of the Governor has acquired great influence; for he has expressed his wish that the Colony should become "a focus of Christianity" for the benefit of the neighbouring tribes. They have in the Colony converts of almost all the nations about them. Even from the banks of the famous and unexplored river Niger, and from various countries beyond Timbuctoo. Mr. Johnson writes, that "an

European accustomed to the climate may go through any part of Africa, if he go as a beggar, and give no presents—an evil which has been too much countenanced." In Regent's Town alone, there are natives of 20 different nations, all varying from one another in language, but now holding intercourse among themselves, and with their Christian teachers, by means of that common tongue which they have imperfectly acquired in that state of freedom to which they have arrived, As the na tive tongues shall by these means become well understood, and shall be reduced to writing on fixed principles, and able teachers of them provided, so will the Christian institution come into most im. portant action, in the propagation and printing of elementary books and the Scriptures, and the supply of competent teachers to the different tribes,

The cultivation of the Arabic language will be another important branch of la bour in the Institution; natives well prepared in that tongue will be received with respect in all parts of the country, and will have a medium of communication with Mahomedans, wherever found, on the coast or in the interior; and being previously masters of the questions between Christians and Mahomedans will be the means, doubtless, of preserving and res cuing many from the delusions of the Impostor. (See Church Miss. Rep.)

At Regent's Town the young men in the space of one month brought a road by a new line, avoiding the most steep descents and declivities, without much extending the course, as far as the Leicester mountain, whence it is to be continued to Free Town.

This road is two rods wide, solid and level to a degree not easily attainable in that country: the work has been effected, under the direction of Mr. Johnson, by blowing up the rocks, which was sug gested to him by a tornado, which one day extinguished a large fire kindled on a rock, and left the rock so split in many places, that the workmen found its removal greatly facilitated. It is not more than three or four years since the greater part of these men were taken out of the holds of slave ships. He states that the Church was always well attended; and the people, in general, were become more moral and industrious, upwards of 500 maintaining themselves, and much land being cleared and cultivated. A considerable improvement is manifested by their enlarging their Churches and building them of stone. The recent transfer of the Isles de Less to the British, may af ford, as Governor Macarthy suggested, superior advantages for communicating religions instruction to the natives at large, &c.


« 上一頁繼續 »