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is thoroughly read in the history, and geographical situation, of the country, or state it belonged to, its rise, progress, or decay; to mention for instance, such names as Eckhel, Froelich, Neuman, Pellerin, &c. We have not many collectors, perhaps, of this class in England, but we are not without them, and among others, I may mention R. P. Knight, esq. and Taylor Combe, esq. The practical collector I should define, as one equally well acquainted with coins, as those I have placed in the first class, so far as regards their scarcity, beauty of work, value, and above all, as possessing an equal capability of discernment and discrimination, in determining between an antique coin and any modern imitation or fabrication. It is in this latter class, I should be inclined to place my revered friend; and in this I consider that he held a distinguished rank. I do not consider that when in the full enjoyment of his sight, that he had an equal. Latterly, from the decay of his eyes, he occasionally distrusted his own judgment. In the knowledge of modern coins and medals, more particularly English and Frenchvery few equalled, and certainly none surpassed bim. It will not, I trust, be imagined, that I am representing prac. tical collectors as uninformed men; very far from it. Mr. Miles's historical and Chronological information was very extensive. Indeed, the accuracy and retentiveness of his memory to dates, was beyond any that I have met with; but I have endeavoured to draw the line of distinction between the laborious, erudite, and the amateur Antiquary; and in the latter class Mr. Miles's education, and pursuits, previous to his becoming a dealer in coins, would naturally have a tendency to place him.
On the 26th of November 1782, he was elected Accountant to the Commissioners for paving, &c. Westminster; several candidates for the situation appeared, but his collecting friends, particularly the Rev. Mr. Cracherode, and Mr. Hodsoll, so strenuously exerted themselves in his behalf, that he was brought in by a large majority. This office he resigned the 27th of December 1814, having held it with equal credit to himself, and satisfaction to others, 22 years.
On the 1st of December 1787, he was also appointed accomptant to the British Museum, which he resigned the 7th
Of what I may term the public life of this esteemed individual, my acquaintance having commenced at a late period of his life, does not enable me
to speak more fully. In delineating his private character and habits, I am relieved from the attempt, which I fear I should have but imperfectly accomplished, through the kindness of a friend, much longer and more intimately acquainted with him than I was, and from whose diary, written for private amusement, and never intended to meet any other eye than the writer's, I have been allowed to make extracts relating to Mr. Miles (written at different periods of his life), the truth, justice, and characteristic accuracy of which will be immediately perceived by all who were acquainted with Mr. Miles will, I think, feel pleasure in thus again meeting with one, who was never seen but with feelings of pleasure, seldom parted from without some benefit having been gained, either by being made better one self or by having our opinion of human nature raised by the contemplation of so much moral excellence, and who will always be remembered by those who knew him, with sentiments of the most affectionate gratitude and veneration. It was hard to determine whether one loved or respected him most. Perhaps these feelings are never excited to their utmost strength, when separated, and in the present instance, they respectively predominated only, as we fixed our contemplation on a kindness and benevolence, which calculated and considered for every one in the circle around him, which never thought it could do enough for others, and required nothing for itself; or, rested our thoughts on the sublimity of a moral character, which in all that constituted human perfection, I cannot imagine could be surpassed.
"Mr. Miles," observes my friend in the diary mentioned," is a man of good understanding, which has been improved by reading and reflection, his disposition and principles excellent. No anxious desire to be rich or remarkable: looking up to the Almighty with humility and gratitude, as the giver of all he possesses; scrupulously consciencious in doing justly to others in all his transactions, in a doubtful case giving things against himself, as he considers self is the great enemy we have to strive against, and this can only be done by habitually looking into ourselves, and taking ourselves to task. An affectionate kind heart, always pleased to hear of the gratification of his friends, and particularly so, if he could do them a service in any way, as he has often remarked,
It is only paying off a small portion of what I owe to the world, for I have met with many kind friends in my voyage through
through life, or I don't know what I might have done, without relations to assist me.' Liberal in disposition, but prudent in his own expences; giving way to no selfish indulgences, but dis posed to consider those of others; grateful for the smalle attentions, and if possible requiting them; he has a pleasure in giving, and would much rather confer than receive favours. Of the narrow-minded, he will not accept them, and does not like to be outdone by the liberal; a more enlarged delicate mind than he possesses, is seldom found. His manners are polite, and he feels pleasure in saying obliging things, consistent with sincerity; for he has always paid the nicest regard to truth, as he says, he has had nothing to recommend him through life, but that he could be depended on. I cannot assent to this limitation, but the words comprehend a great deal. Towards his family he is affectionate and liberal to the extent of his means, paying a regard to those minute attentions, which endear persons to each other, and render life much more agreeable than it otherwise would be. When tolerably free from pain (being at times severely afflicted with the stone) he is cheerful, that sort of cheerfulness which proceeds from good will to all mankind, and a heart at peace with itself; he is very conversable, but has reflected deeply on persons and things, remarking, I have had much time for thought: severe towards his own failings, but generally silent on those of others, or making kind allowance for them. When he does express himself harshly of any one, it may be considered as a heavy reflection, for he puts up with a great deal before he complains, and then with the bad he gives all the good he can, for he is remarkably candid. His temper, from illness and various other circumstances, is disposed to be irritable, but he has greatly checked, and keeps a close watch over it, particularly in reference to his inferiors; for, as he justly observes, it is our duty to render their situation as easy as possible by considerate treatment, and to recollect, that we are all equal in the sight of the Almighty in regard to rank, and that the greatest and the wisest of us are but weak dependent mortals in His all pervading eye."
"Mr. Miles is of a very open disposition, little secrets and mysteries, as he observes, are proofs of a conscientiousness of something wrong in our conduct, or of a little mind, but though open as the day in his own concerns, where secrecy is enjoined him in those of others, he is to be entirely relied on; he always
scrupulously avoids saying any thing that could cause dissatisfaction between parties, for as he has often remarked, "if all that people said of each other, was to be repeated to the parties, the world would be a constant scene of hostility, and therefore, private conversations had always been held sacred."
Being left at the early age of 15, without friends, gave him a thoughtful turn, and while a young man, he became apprehensive of a failure of his eyesight, and was attacked with the stone. It is the nature of this complaint to depress the spirits, so that a mind naturally gay, elastic, and alert, was subject to gloomy apprehensions; on his very entrance into life, as he remarks, he had always something to keep him humble, but though hard to bear, it is right that it should be So. Thus afflicted, it is not to be wondered at, that Mr. Miles has been accustomed to look on, the dark side of things that concerned himself, but latterly, this has been less the case; he has had trials, but he dwells on them less than formerly. As a friend, he has always been steady, attentive, kind, and consoling, to be relied on for rendering any service in his power; he has deserved friends, and has obtained them; and towards those who have not returned his friendship as might have been reasonably expected, he has always preserved a kind disposition.
There is (to use his own expression),' but one rule of conduct to be abided by, that of doing to others as we would they should do unto us," and it is comprehensible to the meanest capacity."
I shall not risk weakening the force of these extracts by any remarks of my own. Mr. Miles's bealth, as may be inferred, was frequently an object of anxiety and alarm to his friends. During the last winter it gradually declined, and after a short confinement, he was removed, as we confidently trust, to a brighter scene of existence, the 14th of April 1819, in the 79th year of his age.
In the course of the preceding summer, at the particular request of Thomas Dimsdale, esq. a friend to whom he considered himself under many obligations, Mr. Miles sat for his portrait to Mr. Kemp, whose drawing, a threequarter length, is equally honourable to the artist, for the excellence of the execution, and the accurate characteristic resemblance, it bears to Mr. Miles. With that liberality which always distinguishes Mr. Dimsdale, that gentleman has had an admirable engraving taken from the drawing, by Mr. Worthington, impressions of which he has presented
presented to all Collectors of Coins who were in the habit of knowing Mr. Miles, Mr. W. Wyon, one of the engravers of his Majesty's mint during the winter also succeeded in modelling his portrait in profile, from which it is his intention of engraving a medal, as a testimony of the regard he bore to Mr. Miles, which, considering my late friend's pursuits, is certainly a most appropriate mode of testifying it; and the powers that this rising artist has evinced, prove that he not only bears the appellation, but participates in the ability, which distinguished the short, but splendid career, of his cousin, the late chief engraver; and leave no apprehensions, but that the tribute, will be as worthy the subject, as the nature of it will allow. To say that it can equal it, would be (in the writer's estimation at least) passing the bounds of truth; for those who knew Mr. Miles, are little disposed to flatter themselves with the expectation, of easily meeting such a perfect cha racter, as a Christian or a gentleman; or that they shall be favoured by the friendship of two such persons, in the course of a life.
I shall conclude this very imperfect notice, by an abstract from the communication of a gentleman, who bad long known and respected Mr. Miles, and received since writing the preceding." I have now only to add, the great outline of a character so unexceptionable, as it appears to me, as that of the late worthy and excellent Mr. Miles: possessing the mind of a Prince, most noble and generous: extremely grateful for the least favour or kindness, conferred upon, or attention paid him; and possessing that rare virtue, of being incapable of doing a mean act; although he could not, at times, help observing such conduct in others, which used to ruffle him, conceiving it derogatory to any human being. Upon the whole he was a strictly honest and conscientious man, and a perfect gentleman of the old school; a strenuous supporter of our invaluable Constitution; and a model for a life of a Christian."
MR. HENRY ANDREWS.
Jan. 26. Aged 76 years, Mr. Henry Andrews, of Royston, Herts, for many years one of the assistants in the calculations necessary to be made in the preparation of Moore's highly- useful and popular Almanack.-By his own industry, from a limited education, he made great progress in the liberal arts, and was justly esteemed one of the best astronomers of the age. He was many
years engaged as computer of the Nautical Ephemeris, and on retiring from that situation, received the thanks of the Board of Longitude, accompanied by a handsome present, as a just tribute for his long and arduous services. His profound knowledge of astronomy and the mathematics was acknowledged by all scientific men who were acquainted with his abilities, but the greatness of his mind was never more conspicu ous than during the period of his last illness; and on his deathbed not a murmur escaped his lips, but serenity of mind, patience, and resignation were constantly depicted in his countenance, in which amiable situation he continued until the vital spark had fled.
DR. JOSEPH ARNOLD.
Joseph Arnold, M. D. F. L. S. was born at Beccles, in the county of Suffolk, in the year 1783, and was the fourth son of Mr. Edward Arnold, an opulent tanner in that town. He was apprenticed to a surgeon and apothecary in 1799, and at the same time placed under an able classical tutor, to receive instruction in the learned languages: for hitherto his education had been confined to a common English grammar-school, in his native place. At the end of the five years, having profited as much as possible by his studies, both scholastic as well as medical, his father very wisely, and liberally determined he should proceed to Edinburgh, where with unabated industry he pursued his professional views and received the honour of a diploma in 1807. A reward never more deservedly obtained.
Upon leaving Edinburgh, he made several attempts to settle as a Physician, but in none of these succeeding to his wishes, he was induced upon the recommendation of a friend, to make trial of the Naval service. He entered agreeably to the regulation of that department as an assistant-surgeon on board the Victory, a flag-ship, under the command of Sir James Saumerez, appointed to the Baltic. This was in April 1808, and in the month of March of the following year, he was promoted to the surgeoncy of the Indostan, then under orders for our Settlement in New South Wales. Not to particularise the several changes in his medical career, it may be sufficient to remark in a general way, that he served on board different ships of war, the Hibernia, the America, and the Alcmene, and in various stations in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic, to the period of 1814, when many vessels were dismantled, and he was, to use the seamen's phrase, once mure adrift,
At this crisis, when many applications were rejected, though supported by great interest, and strong claims of preference, he was amongst the fortunate few who succeeded. And by a friend at the Transport Board who entered most cordially into his design of prosecuting Natoral History, he procured an order to join the Northumberland, a convict ship taken up by Government for Botany-bay. In this voyage he united the office of supercargo to that of surgeon, and received in consequence an increase of profit by the appointment, but his great object was to enrich himself and his country by the products of another hemisphere, pecuniary advantages were only a secondary consideration; his fortune was fully equal to the exigencies of his situation, and no motive, I am persuaded, could operate so powerfully with him as the real love of science. On his passage from Port Jackson his hopes and expectations were in a great measure defeated, for unfortunately for himself and the publick, the natural curiosities which he had collected at New South Wales were destroyed at Batavia by the vessel taking fire when she had nearly compleated her cargo for England. His detention at Java was prolonged for many weeks by this accident, and in the course of his stay on that island, he was introduced to the Governor, and lived chiefly at the hospitable mansion of Sir Thomas S. Raffles.
After his arrival in England in 1816, he was stationary for some months at his brother's in Suffolk, earnestly courting some opportunity to renew his travels without much probability of success; but his former acquaintance, the late Governor of Java, was sent in the year 1817 to the island of Sumatra, and upon the recommendation of Sir Joseph Banks, the Doctor accompanied him as Naturalist, under the patronage of the Hon. East India Company. From the Idate of his departure no letters were ever received by his family, and after he reached the place of destination, the first intelligence they had was a communication from Sir T. S. R. which announced the melancholy tidings of his death. He died at Padang, on the island of Sumatra, on the 26th of July 1818, in the 35th year of his age. It appears he was attacked with a violent fever immediately upon his return from an excursion into the interior, in which he accompanied the Governor; and the excessive fatigue which he (and indeed the whole party) underwent on the occasion in this unhealthy climate, was, we fear, the cause of this deplorable event; he fell thus an early sacrifice to
his exertions in pursuit of knowledge.In reflecting upon the peaceful habits of his mind, it is somewhat difficult to reconcile his choice of a sea-life in preference to the delights and comforts of a settled home, but we must seek for an explanation in the ruling passion, which was to visit and explore distant regions, whatever sacrifices it might cost; and so insatiable was this desire, that although he had twice circumnavigated the globe, and witnessed the many wonders of Italy, &c. he yet accepted with eagerness the offer of going to Sumatra as a new field of discovery; under a strong presentiment, from the insalubrity of the climate, that when he departed from England, he should never return to relate the history of his adventures.
"Onward he flies, nor fix'd as yet the goal
Where he shall rest him on his pilgrimage,
And o'er him many changing scenes must roll,
Ere toil his thirst for travel can as
Or he shall calm bis breast or learn ex
The above quotation from a wellknown poet was found amongst his papers, and was undoubtedly intended to be self applied, as giving a faithful representation of his own feelings.-He published, beside his inaugural thesis, several papers on detached subjects in the Physical and Philosophical Journal, and left to the Linnæan Society a large collection of fossils and shells to be de
posited in their museum. His last will contained directions for a mural monument to be erected in the parish church of Beccles, with emblematic designs of his own, expressive of his sentiments, and as an authentic memorial of the principal events of his life, to be written in Latin by Dawson Turner, esq. of Great Yarmouth.
In delineating the features of his character we should say with the poet, he was no vulgar boy.
"Concourse and noise, and toil he ever fled,
Nor car'd to mingle in the clamorous fray
Of squabbling imps, but to the forest
Or roam'd at large, the lonely moun
To deep untrodden groves his footsteps led,
There would he wander wild till Pho
bus beam, [the weary team." Shot from the Western cliff, released There
There was truly in his natural disposition an indifference or unwillingness to engage in puerile amusements, and his reluctance to join with young associates was accompanied, as perhaps will generally be observed to be the case, by meekness of temper and great shyness of behaviour. This sort of idiosycracy, to which might be added his taciturnity, gave an unfavourable coldness to his manner, which he never conquered by his intercourse with the world. And so far as it precluded his general acquaintance from much interesting conversation, it was to be lamented, as well as that he likewise became chargeable himself with the odious imputation of apathy. Such as shared his confidence however, and had the best means of judging, will attest he was a warm-hearted man, and was neither deficient in feeling or benevolence; many instances might be cited of the most unostentatious kindness: may we not therefore explain, if not excuse, his silence by his caution not to obtrude common-place remarks, and by his great modesty in forbearing to impart intelligence which he supposed his hearers might already possess. In witholding his encomiums upon living characters another reason may be assigned with great probability; his inflexible integrity and rectitude of mind, made him dread any, the least approach to flattery, than which nothing could be more abhorent to his nature: he scorned those arts that bore even the semblance of dishonesty, and he made little distinction in his code of morals, between the practised sycophant and the accomplished knave. It was the suppleness and adulation ascribed to our Northern neighbours that made an unfavourable impression upon him; indeed, though he had just and strong reasons to think highly of his Alma Mater, and always expressed the most unfeigned respect for the candour and learning of the different professors of the University, he would sometimes inveigh against the prejudices of the Scotch nation, and regret the overwhelming influence attending such unworthy practices, to the great injustice, he would say, of their brethren on this side the Tweed. His abilities as an attentive observer, are best exemplified by his papers addressed to the Linnæan Society, and his industry and application are incontestably proved by the voluminous manuscripts he left behind him, the contents of which hereafter may be thought worthy of publication, more especially those concerning the duties and defects of the regulations in Naval Surgery. In his manner, he might be
said to want the amenities of polished life; few scholars are quite at ease in the drawing-room, and the Graces had very little share in his contemplation; but let it be remembered, on the other hand, he was free from any moral stain, that he never disgraced himself by unmanly compliances, and deserved the noblest appellation to which we can aspire, the title of a good and honest man. Such in the estimation of the writer is a faithful portrait of Dr. Joseph Arnold, not without its blemishes and shades of imperfection (for who, alas, is exempt), but with failings of a kind so venial, that we may rely upon the justice of posterity to respect his memory as a valuable member of the community.
Dec. 27. Universally regretted, in the 65th year of his age, Rear-Admiral John Faithful Fortesque, of Writtle Lodge. It cellence of his exemplary character. His is scarcely possible to do justice to the exheart was an inexhaustible fountain of charity to the poor, and he doubled his liberality by the warmth with which his benevolence flowed. His house was the hall of hospitality to all his acquaintance, and he constantly enlivened it by the cheerful suavity of his mauners. His friends will seldom pass it without a sigh, or the poor without a tear.
JOHN TRENCHARD, Esq.
Dec. 26. At his house in Welbeckstreet, in his 94th year, John Trenchard, of Stourmiuster Marshall, co. Dorset, esq. many years one of the Commissioners of Taxes. He was in that situation at the accession of his present Majesty, which he held till 1798. He was the son of George Trenchard of Litchet Maltravers and of Wolverton, esq. (who died 1758), and grandson of Sir John Trenchard, of Bloxworth, knt. Chief Justice of Chester, one of the Principal Secretaries of State, and of the Privy Council to King William and Queen Mary.-This respectable Dorsetshire family trace their pedigree as far back as the reign of Henry 1. In 1506, Philip I. King of Castile, and Joan his Queen, designing to surprise the King of Arragon, set forth with a great armada, but they had scarcely left the coast of Flanders, when encountering a violent tempest, they put into Weymouth in distress; where they were received and nobly entertained by Sir Thomas Trenchard, at his house at Wolveton; for whose hospitality and great attention, they presented him with their portraits, as a signal mark of their esteem. They left also at Wolverton a white chiua bowl, on a foot silver-bound. The portraits were engraved at the expence of the late